1 Descriptive Bibliography: Its Defmnition and Function Roy Stokes I AM BEGINNING WITH A TWIN-PART ASSUMPTION; NAMELY THAT THERE are two basic definitions which are now sufficiently widely accepted as not to be seriously challenged. These are two of Greg's definitions. First, that bibliography is the study of books as material objects' and, second, that books must be regarded as all those material means which have served from time to time by which literature is transmitted.2 This being so, the briefest and probably most accurate definition of descriptive bibliography is that it is the study of the correct description of the bibliographical aspects of all those material means which have served for the transmission of the text. I wish to make this point at the outset, because I think it is unfortunate that we frequently start on the problems of descriptive bibliography with a clearly implied limitation. We are usually thinking solely of the description of printed books and, although this is the study on which the majority of bibliographers are engaged, it is not a limitation inherent in the discipline. Moreover, it is unfortunate if we ignore the contribution which the study of the description of other physical forms can bring to benefit the whole of the work. I am thinking particularly of the problems in the description of manuscripts which are frequently completely ignored and yet which may help us in at least one aspect of the present study. I should also express my personal opinion that the majority of the problems in descriptive bibliography are not really those of the description itself. We are much more affected by the problems of analytical bibliography than of descriptive. Descriptive work is fundamentally the recording in accurate, convenient, and understandable form of the results of analysis. There are not normally insurmountable difficulties ahead of us in description if we know precisely what it is we are trying to record. Many a time when a bibliographer is faced with the question: 'How can I most adequately describe this?' the answer lies in a full understanding of exactly what it is to be recorded. We have become much more conscious of this in recent years when studies in analytical bibliography have revealed more and more problems and an ever widening variety of different aspects of the books under discussion. When J.D. Cowley published his book Bibliographical Description and Cataloguing in
2 20 Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada xv III 1939, he was concerned with nothing more than the forms and methods of setting down the description.3 Although there has been a great deal of refinement in this kind of methodology in the last forty years, it is due much more to advances in analytical bibliography and our knowledge of the complex nature of the material which we are studying than to any refinement in the entry itself. A comparison of Cowley's book with Bowers' Principles of I949 makes it clear that, although there is still concern with the matter and formi of the ei;try, there is much more regard for the bibliographical problems which lie behind the description.4 This becomes even more evident when we consider the relationship between descriptive bibliography and the other areas of bibliographical work, namely, analytical and historical bibliography, and also the relationship between descriptive work and the application of bibliography to textual studies. This does not, however, mean that, even though we are able to achieve a very simple definition of descriptive bibliography, there are no problems left. There are many problems and they are fundamental ones, but they are of a different nature from those which engaged bibliographers in the earlier days of descriptive work. The first of these is a very basic concern, namely, what is it that we are setting out to describet This is the area where I regret that we so rarely discuss the description of manuscripts as a part of descriptive bibliography. We are always very conscious when talking of manuscripts that we are describing a unique item in each case. Therefore we approach that kind of description in a very particular way. We realise that we have to regard every bibliographical feature as important, because only through our description can there be any understanding of the manuscript by those who have no opportunity to consult the manuscript itself. When we are discussing printed books, we make the very obvious and correct statement about them, that they differ from manuscripts in that printing allowed the multiple publication of copies. We can say, almost without fear of contradiction, that no printed book was ever printed as a single copy. Yet even though we accept this basic clich6 to be correct, we frequently proceed to describe a printed book as though it had the unique quality of a manuscript and ignore the fact that it was one of a group. In such circumstances we provide the bibliographical record of a single copy with no visible consideration of the fact that hundreds of other copies of the same printing existed at one time or another and, in all probability, a comi~paratively high percentage of those copies may still be extant. Yet frequently, without even identifying the copy which has been described, such a description is allowed to stand for all copies. I realise that this is an acknowledged problem which has been with us for a very long time and one which most of us would acknowledge. It is now nearly seventy years since Falconer Madan first made the statement, challenged at the time, that there is no such thing as a duplicate.s In the years since then his, then gener-
3 21 Stokes: Descriptive Bibliography: Its Definition and Function ally regarded outlandish, statement has come to be accepted as a clear and demonstrable truth, especially for books up to ISoo. If we ever needed final assurance, Charlton Hinman's survey of the First Folio removed any lingering doubt forever.' The basic problem in descriptive bibliography, therefore, is a simple one: 'What are we describing?'are we describing the single copy? Are we compiling a catalogue, even though it be a catalogue with descriptions of considerable range and detail? This is an eminently justifiable exercise, but it should only be undertaken in the clear understanding of the distinction between a catalogue and a bibliography. That there is still confusion on this score is demonstrated by the issue of the Bulletin of our Society of May 1979 which announced today's programme. On page eight it referred to a number of 'bibliographies' in process of which several were, in fact, catalogues and not bibliographies at all. It is apparent that there is a general state of confusion over this problem in that many self-styled bibliographies, which have based their descriptions on single copies, do not even identify the copy in question which has been described. The alternative to this method is, of course, that which has been preached at us for years by bibliography's grey eminence in Charlottesville. Many years ago Fredson Bowers was urging us not to describe a work until we had collated and compared at least five or six copies. At any rate, his score about twenty or twenty-five years ago was five or six copies. Since then he has advanced this number as time went by and required us to collate and compare ten copies, then fifteen, then twenty, then thirty, before we can produce an acceptable description. Now his attitude is best described as demanding the collation and comparison of as many copies as can be located before a description is made. Only then can there be sufficient information for the creation of the description of the 'ideal copy' which alone can serve as the basis for comparison with other copies which may; emerge from various fastnesses. It would be unfair not to state that there have been those who have worried that this was such a counsel of perfection as to make biblio>graphical work difficult almost to the point of impossibility. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that one of the root problems in descriptive work is the necessity for certainty as to whether we are producing descriptions for a catalogue, and therefore of a single copy, or for a bibliography, and therefore an ideal copy, based on an examination of many copies and the resolution of all the problems raised by them. The second major problem is the decision as to exactly what facts are to be recorded, whether it be for a catalogue or for a bibliography. This matter is complicated by two factors. First, much of the bibliographical descriptive work on which so many later studies were based consisted of descriptions of single copies. Much of the early work of the pioneers, such as Bradshaw and Proctor, and most perfectly exemplified in the BM Catalogue of fifteenth-
4 22 Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada xv III century books, produced tools which are essentially catalogues of single works.7 This, in one sense, limits the range of information which it appears necessary to record because there is no basis of comparison with other copies. Second, bibliographical studies throughout this century, and in the last forty or fifty years in particular, have brought to us a clear understanding of the importance of certain bibliographical features of which the earlier bibliographers had not been aware. When the first attempts began towards a codification of bibliographical description, there was a tendency to move, perhaps too readily, into a required number of pre-determiined parts of description. There were also attempts to set out very precisely the differences between short descriptions, short standard descriptions, and full standard descriptions, as though these were acknowledged stopping places along the descriptive route. For a generation or so, many bibliographers would have agreed that there were normally seven parts to a full bibliographical description, but these proved inadequate for recording some of the information laid bare by later bibliographical discoveries. By the time that Allan Stevenson wrote his memorable preface to the Hiunt Botanical Catalogue, we moved from seven major parts to ten major parts.8 Although I think that his codification is the most useful which we have been given to date, it is as likely to show signs of inhospitality as the previous one had done. There is no doubt that had he lived he would have discovered that ten parts were not necessarily sufficient and should certainly not stand for all time. Some of his expansions of a bibliographical description are perfect examples of the currently accepted necessity for recording material which had hitherto not been regarded as of any particular significance. When A.W. Pollard, one of the outstanding bibliographers of our time, wrote the preface to the first volume of the 8>< Catalogule of fifteenth-century books in I908, he could say, without need for any apology, that very little use had been made of paper evidence and that 'other kinds of evidence are almost always preferable'.' Now, due to one or two notable cases, and above all due to the work of Allan Stevenson, we know that paper evidence is frequently of prime importance and should never be forgotten in a bibliographical description. The second field on which Stevenson concentrated was that of press figures. When McKerrow wrote his Introduction, he regarded 'working with figures' as 'seldom of much bibliographical importancel'.x No one now could possibly echo that comment, any more than McKerrow could have made it had he lived on through the bibliographical investigations of the last thirty or forty years. Yet both these areas, although no one would now dispute their bibliographical importance, still raise problems. Our researches into the bibliographical significance of paper and press marks are still insufficient to enable us to
5 23 Stokes: Descriptive Bibliography: Its Definition and Function know exactly how to describe such evidence when we see it before us. It is, therefore, necessary to accept that, at any stage in the development of bibliographical description, there will be some areas in which a very detailed record is essential even though it may not yet be possible to express it in a very carefully designed and codified form. This is particularly noticeable in the two instances already mentioned. Much of the bibliographical importance of paper lies, for example, in a detailed survey of watermarks. The percentage of watermarks which have been recorded and firmly attributed to mill and to date out of all those which have existed is still lamentably small. We have been crippled by the fact that it was by no mreans easy to record watermarks and thereby make them available for comparison. Only with the advent of the beta-radiographic method of recording watermarks do we have a method which can, if all goes well, be increasingly applied to this area of study. Unhappily, Allan Stevenson left few bibliographers behind him working in the field of paper evidence. Yet it is one of the most vitally important areas and our ability to describe paper accurately depends upon future research. Similarly with press numbers, it is difficult to know exactly how they should be described, when we do not yet know exactly why and how they were used. There has been a significant increase in the amount of writing on press numbers during the post-war years and our present method of recording them seems to be in the right direction. It is of paramount importance that they should be recorded for any book in which they may be found and especially in the multiple copies which would be collated and compared prior to the description of an ideal copy. Only when there is a large number of books for which the press numbers have been recorded are we likely to achieve the next breakthrough in our understanding of the exact usage of these pieces of evidence. Another interesting area which is often neglected in bibliographical description is the background of historical evidence. There has been a tendency in much thinking on bibliographical description to pay scant attention to historical evidence. Indeed, in many definitions of bibliography, historical bibliography has either been ignored or sometimes openly regarded as not making any real contribution to bibliographical studies. It is frequently the backgroundlaistorical setting of a book or a work which receives inadequate treatment in many descriptions and yet on which we rely for the solution of many problems. We suffer from a lack of detailed Iinformation relating to the figures of the book trade, whether they be printers, booksellers, stationers, publishers, artists, engravers, binders, and so forth. It is obvious that we shall never reconstruct the full history of the book trade itself as an essential background to much of our analytical work until these figures have been searched out and recorded. Some of this will come only through diligent
6 24 Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada xv III searching of historical records, but our knowledge of the book trade should also grow through descriptions which have analysed and recorded imprints, colophons, plates, binders' tickets, etc. Our descriptions should also recognise the fact that books were designed to be read and will, frequently, bear internarl signs of ownership, which is at least a step towards reading. This can range from the motto, signature, and binding which proclaims a book to have come from the library of John Donne to the subscription lists which are being analysed at Newcastle. This latter project is likely, in due course, to provide some of the clearest factual information as to the reading tastes of a particular period. For example, some of the works published in England at the end of the eighteenth century on exploration in the Pacific Northwest area were issued not only by subscription but in part issues. It would be fascinating to be able to assess the readership in England of such works and to analyse it region by region, town by town, and possibly, in due course, build up a partial profile of an individual subscriber. Unfortunately many of the books published by subscription since 16I7 have never been described at all or have inadequate descriptions which do not record subscription lists. It is important that descriptive work should always have sufficient flexibility not to be tied to any arbitrary number of parts or layout of entry and also have a special regard for areas of contemporary research. If fully developed, it is, perhaps, the most satisfactory method of making widely available the fruits of research in analytical and historical bibliography. The recording of the findings of analytical bibliography is, additionally, a pre-requisite to applying those results to textual studies. For this purpose, a fully developed Stemma is as much a requirement for printed texts as it has always been necessary for manuscripts. A family tree, thinking back to Bradshaw's 'natural history method', which relates not solely one printing to another but also one copy to another within a printing. There is a sentence of Charlton Hinman's on the First Folio which reads, 'These plays present many problems, many textual problems, which need examination in the light of full and accurate bibliographical information.'" The provision of 'full and accurate bibliographical informiation' is the duty and the function of descriptive bibliography; a duty which has not yet been widely fulfilled. Frequently when we are discussing bibliographical description, we think almost inevitably of the long-established, formal description with quasi-facsimile transcription, and so on. This has certainly been the method used throughout the past century. It has proved an invaluable tool, and yet at the same time one cannot but admit its imperfections and limitations. Let me take just one example. If one were discussing the usage of the fifteenthcentury printer in employing the abbreviations of Et, Con, and Rum at the end of the signing alphabet, it would not be unreasonable to enquire, for
7 25 Stokes: Descriptive Bibliography: Its Definition and Function example, what percentage of Italian fifteenth-century books used such symbols. The only answer would be to suggest a steady reading through of the Italian entries in the BM Catalogule of fifteenth-century books and noting how many signing alphabets extended the range by these three contractions. It is not a highly satisfactory method for the easy retrieval of information, and that one example could obviously be multiplied a hundred times. Therefore our traditional method is excellent in order to record the information, but it is less satisfactory from the standpoint of retrieval. During the past five years or so at Unc, we have been experimenting to see whether it is possible to put an absolutely full and detailed bibliographical description into machine readable form; hoping, thereby, to make retrieval that much easier and miore satisfactory. Whether this will ever emerge as a practical method it is too early to tell. We have now a fairly well established basic manual and we are hoping that, within this coming year, we can input our first entries in order to find what further problems lie ahead of us. I am not advancing this as some novel or necessarily important step in descriptive bibliography. It only underlies the point which I was making earlier, that we are still at a stage at which there should be every encouragement given to experimenting in forms of bibliographical description before we feel tempted to settle down to a final co difi cation. The final question is one frequently asked by students: 'How shall I know when I have completed my description?' My answer has not changed for thirty-three years: 'You have finished when you have recorded and explained every bibliographical feature within thie book which might be of interest to any enquirer. Then you can rest from your labours.' Notes I. W.W. Greg, 'Bibliography - a Retrospect,' The Bibliographical Society : Studies in Retrospect (1945), P W.W. Greg, 'Bibliography - an Apologia,' The Library 4th ser., 13 ( ): 115; reprinted, W.W. Greg, Collected Papers, ed., J.C. Maxwell (1~966), p J.D. Cowley, Bibliographical Description and Cataloguing (1939). 4. Fredson Bowers, Principles of Bibliographical Description (1949). 5. Falconer Madan, 'The Duplicity of Duplicates' and 'A New Extension of Bibliography,' TrZansactions of the Bibliographical Society 12 (1911-I3): Charlton Hinman, The Printing and Proofreading of the First Folio of Shakespeare, 2 vols. (1963)- 7. British Museum, Catalogue of Books Printed in the xvth Centiur now in the British Museum (1908-in progress). 8. Allan Stevenson, 'A Bibliographical Method for the Description of Botanical Books,' Catalogu~e of Botanical Books in the Collection of Rachel McMasters Miller Hunt ( I ), vol. 2, part I (1961), pp. cxli-ccxliv. 9. British Museum, op. cit., vol. I, p. xv. Io. R.B. McKerrow, An Introduction to Bibliography for Literary Students (1927), p. 81. II. Hinman, op. cit., vol. I, p. 13.
THELMA EATON THESEFEW REMARKS on bibliographical research are not concerned with the technique of assembling lists of books on a single subject, or preparing a list of books printed in a given place. They
University of Iowa From the SelectedWorks of Sidney F. Huttner April, 1987 Hannah Dustin French. Bookbinding in Early America Sidney F. Huttner, University of Iowa Available at: https://works.bepress.com/shuttner/30/
Guidelines for the Preparation and Submission of Theses and Written Creative Works San Francisco State University Graduate Division Fall 2002 Definition of Thesis and Project The California Code of Regulations
BIC Standard Subject Categories an Overview November 2010 History In 1993, Book Industry Communication (BIC) commissioned research into the subject classification systems currently in use in the book trade,
The need for theoretical knowledge in architectural practice Lars Marcus Architecture is epistemologically a complex field and there is not a common understanding of its nature, not even among people working
1 MODULE 8: COOPERATIVE CATALOGUING, CENTRALIZED CATALOGUING UNION CATALOGUE AND MARC PROJECT Dr. S.P. Sood Objectives of the Module Objectives of the module are as follows: 1. To define Cooperative cataloguing
New Challenges : digital documents in the Library of the Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation, Bonn Rüdiger Zimmermann / Walter Wimmer Archives of the Present : from traditional to digital documents. Sources for
Writing Essays: An Overview (1) Essay Writing: Purposes Writing to Learn Writing to Communicate Essay Writing: Product Audience Structure Sample Essay: Analysis of a Film Discussion of the Sample Essay
Australian Broadcasting Corporation Submission to the Senate Standing Committee on Environment, Communications and the Arts Inquiry into the effectiveness of the broadcasting codes of practice May 2008
Chapter 3 SOURCING INFORMATION FOR YOUR THESIS SOURCING INFORMATION FOR YOUR THESIS Mary Antonesa and Helen Fallon Introduction As stated in the previous chapter, in order to broaden your understanding
THEORY OF MUSIC REPORT ON THE NOVEMBER 2009 EXAMINATIONS General Accuracy and neatness are crucial at all levels. In the earlier grades there were examples of notes covering more than one pitch, whilst
The Public and Its Problems Contents Acknowledgments Chronology Editorial Note xi xiii xvii Introduction: Revisiting The Public and Its Problems Melvin L. Rogers 1 John Dewey, The Public and Its Problems:
INDIANA UNIVERSITY SOUTHEAST MASTERS IN INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES GUIDE TO THE PREPARATION OF THESES 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Master s Theses Traditional method page 3 Formatting Theses page 5 Appendixes Sample
International Conference on the Principles and Future Development of AACR Toronto, Canada, October 23-25, 1997 AACR2 and Catalogue Production Technology by Rahmatollah Fattahi Department of Library and
Distr.: LIMITED UNITED E/ECA/ARSTM/35 4 April 1995 NATIONS -,^.»tfx cu^r* a T rvilttvrtt ORIGINAL: ENGLISH ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA African Regional Symposium on Telematics
Six Variant Readings in the First Folio of Shakespeare Charlton Hinman UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS LIBRARIES 1961 THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PUBLICATIONS LIBRARY SERIES NUMBER 13 PRICE: 50C COPYRIGHT 1961 BY THE
Continuities The Serialization of (Just About) Everything By Steve Kelley Recently, as part of a profile in the newsletter of the organization for serials specialists NASIG (full disclosure: as of this
LIS 703 Bibliographic Retrieval Tools Nancy Jansen 1/26/2011 Bibliographic retrieval tools exist due to the need to retrieve organized resources about a specific set of information, materials, or knowledge.
LeBar s Flaccidity: Is there Cause for Concern? Commentary on Mark LeBar s Rigidity and Response Dependence Pacific Division Meeting, American Philosophical Association San Francisco, CA, March 30, 2003
Professur für Betriebswirtschaftslehre, insb. Rechnungslegung und Corporate Governance Prof. Dr. Andreas Dutzi Guidelines for Thesis Submission - Version: 2014, September - I General Information 1 Format
Untying the Text: A Post Structuralist Reader (1981) Robert J.C. Young Preface In retrospect, it is clear that structuralism was a much more diverse movement than its single name suggests. In fact, since
World Library and Information Congress: 71th IFLA General Conference and Council "Libraries - A voyage of discovery" August 14th - 18th 2005, Oslo, Norway Conference Programme: http://www.ifla.org/iv/ifla71/programme.htm
DEVELOPMENTS Book Review - Christian Gero Stallberg, Urheberrecht und moralische Rechtfertigung (2006) By Matthias Leistner * [Christian Gero Stallberg, Urheberrecht und moralische Rechtfertigung, Duncker
THESES AND DISSERTATIONS FOR Ed.D. and M.S.Ed. DEGREES TABLE OF CONTENTS Doctoral (Ed.D.) Dissertation Submission Guidelines Doctoral (Ed.D.) Dissertation Component Specifications Master s (M.S.Ed.) Theses
Pavel Pudlák Logical Foundations of Mathematics and Computational Complexity a gentle introduction January 18, 2013 Springer i Preface As the title states, this book is about logic, foundations and complexity.
MEI: how to use a crash course for the Material Evidence in Incunabula database For further enquiries about this guide contact Geri Della Rocca de Candal firstname.lastname@example.org 1 MEI: HOW
B usiness Object R eference Ontology s i m p l i f y i n g s e m a n t i c s Program Working Paper BO1 BUSINESS ONTOLOGY: OVERVIEW BUSINESS ONTOLOGY - SOME CORE CONCEPTS Issue: Version - 4.01-01-July-2001
An User Satisfaction about Library Resources and Services: A Study Dr. S. Ravi Professor Library and Information Science Wing Directorate of Distance Education Annamalai University Annamalainagar - 608002
Tinnitus help for Android Operation Version Documentation: Rev. 1.1 Datum 01.09.2015 for Software Rev. 1.1 Datum 15.09.2015 Therapie: Technik: Dr. Annette Cramer music psychologist, music therapist, audio
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE (IJEE) AUTHORS GUIDELINES 1. INTRODUCTION The International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE) is open to all scientific articles which provide answers
Technical Report RP/1975-76/4.221.2 ARAB REPUBLIC f^c CfVDT Development of documentation, library and archives infrastructures Piease return to D.B.A. Publications Section Introduction of Machine-Readable
How do I cite sources? This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor. First, you have to think about how you want to
Kant: Notes on the Critique of Judgment First Moment: The Judgement of Taste is Disinterested. The Aesthetic Aspect Kant begins the first moment 1 of the Analytic of Aesthetic Judgment with the claim that
CONTENTS Preface Foreword xvii xix 1. An Overview of Writing and Publishing in the Health Sciences 1 Part I: How to Write in the Health Sciences 2. How to Write Effectively: Making Reading Easier 29 3.
A-R Online Music Anthology http://www.armusicanthology.com/anthology/default.aspx free instructor access; $60 for six-month subscription for students Alice V. Clark, Loyola University New Orleans The essential
Journal of Advanced Chemical Sciences (www.jacsdirectory.com) Guide for Authors ISSN: 2394-5311 Journal of Advanced Chemical Sciences (JACS) publishes peer-reviewed original research papers, case studies,
Navigating Bacon s New Atlantis: beyond the old texts and the new Francis Bacon s New Atlantis is a complex and difficult text, and one which has hitherto been insufficiently served by critical editions.
THESIS AND DISSERTATION FORMATTING GUIDE GRADUATE SCHOOL A Guide to the Preparation and Submission of Thesis and Dissertation Manuscripts in Electronic Form April 2017 Revised Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1005
1 of 11 Standards for International Bibliographic Control Proposed Basic Data Requirements for the National Bibliographic Record By Olivia M.A. Madison Dean of Library Services, Iowa State University Abstract
Selected Members of the CCL-EAR Committee Review of The Columbia Granger s World of Poetry May, 2003 During spring 2003, selected members of the California Community Colleges Electronic Access and Resources
Writing Styles Simplified Version MLA STYLE MLA, Modern Language Association, style offers guidelines of formatting written work by making use of the English language. It is concerned with, page layout
PHIL CLAPP - PRESIDENT, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF CINEMAS (UNIC) AUSTRALIAN INTERNATIONAL MOVIE CONVENTION WHAT DO YOUTH AUDIENCES REALLY WANT Slide 1 Delighted to be here and thank Terry Jackman, Michael
ALEXANDER NEHAMAS, Virtues o f Authenticity: Essays on Plato and Socrates (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998); xxxvi plus 372; hardback: ISBN 0691 001774, $US 75.00/ 52.00; paper: ISBN 0691 001782,
Original article published in Serials - 20(3), November 2007, 225-230. Authors attitudes to, and awareness and use of, a university institutional repository SARAH WATSON Information Specialist Kings Norton
Overview EE: Music An extended essay (EE) in music gives students an opportunity to undertake in-depth research into a topic in music of genuine interest to them. Music as a form of expression in diverse
Georg Muffat on Performance Practice: the texts from Florilegium Primum, Florilegium Secundum, and Auserlesene Instrumentalmusik. A new translation with commentary Edited and translated by David K. Wilson.
The Shock of the News: Media Coverage and the Making of 9/11 Brian A. Monahan New York and London: New York University Press, 2010. (ISBN-13: 978 8147-9555-2, ISBN-10: 0-8147-9555-2) Brute Reality: Power,
THE IMPACT OF COLLECTION WEEDING ON THE ACCURACY OF WORLDCAT HOLDINGS A Master s Research Paper submitted to the Kent State University School of Library and Information Science in partial fulfillment of
Read Online and Download Ebook HAMLET'S MILL: AN ESSAY INVESTIGATING THE ORIGINS OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE AND ITS TRANSMISSION THROUGH MYTH BY GIORGIO DE SANTILLANA, HERTHA DOWNLOAD EBOOK : HAMLET'S MILL: AN
COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT POLICY BOONE COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY APPROVED BY THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, FEBRUARY 2015; NOVEMBER 2017 REVIEWED NOVEMBER 20, 2017 CONTENTS Introduction... 3 Library Mission...
An Institute of Physics report January 2012 Bibliometric evaluation and international benchmarking of the UK s physics research Summary report prepared for the Institute of Physics by Evidence, Thomson
R. W. MEYER and REBECCA PANETTA Two Shared Cataloging Data Bases: A Comparison The Ohio College Library Center (OCLC) and Blackwell North America (BIN A) have data bases used by many libraries to produce
Provenance, Journal of the Society of Georgia Archivists Volume 4 Number 2 Article 2 January 1986 From Clay Tablets to MARC AMC: The Past, Present, and Future of Cataloging Manuscript and Archival Collections
ISBN 978-1-349-22161-5 ISBN 978-1-349-22159-2 (ebook) DOI 10.1007/978-1-349-22159-2 G.R.Conyne1992 Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition 1992 978-0-333-54168-5 All rights reserved. For information,
Group 2 Subjects Overview A group 2 extended essay is intended for students who are studying a second modern language. Students may not write a group 2 extended essay in a language that they are offering
Self-Publishing and Collection Development Holley, Robert P Published by Purdue University Press Holley, Robert P.. Self-Publishing and Collection Development: Opportunities and Challenges for Libraries.
Cataloging Principles: IME ICC by Dr. Barbara B. Tillett Chief, Cataloging Policy & Support Office Library of Congress for Tennessee Library Association April 5, 2006 1 Agenda Conceptual models FRBR, FRAD,
ART216: Term Project There are two possibilities for e term project: a visual essay and a traditional term paper. Expectations, requirements and grading schemes are provided for eier choice. Bo choices
The John Rylands University Library, The University of Manchester: Special Collections Division Printed Books Collection Development Policy February 2002; revised January 2005 1. Introduction 1.1 History
Roderick Cannon s A Bibliography of Bagpipe Music John Donald Publishers Ltd Edinburgh 1980 An update by Geoff Hore 2008 The writing in black font is from A Bibliography of Bagpipe Music. The update comments
TO BE PUBLISHED IN THE GAZETTE OF INDIA EXTRAORDINARY, PART III SECTION 4 TELECOM REGULATORY AUTHORITY OF INDIA NOTIFICATION New Delhi, the 14 th May, 2012 F. No. 16-3/2012-B&CS - In exercise of the powers
The Journal of Value Inquiry (2004) 38: 375 381 DOI: 10.1007/s10790-005-1636-z C Springer 2005 Moral Judgment and Emotions KYLE SWAN Department of Philosophy, National University of Singapore, 3 Arts Link,
The Annals of Iowa Volume 48 Number 7 (Winter 1987) pps. 457-459 Ordinary People and Everyday Life: Perspectives on the New Social History ISSN 0003-4827 No known copyright restrictions. Recommended Citation
OCDE OECD ORGANISATION DE COOPÉRATION ET ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ÉCONOMIQUES CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATIONS OUTLOOK 1999 BROADCASTING: Regulatory Issues Country: BELGIUM
The University of the West Indies Institute for Gender and Development Studies (IGDS), St Augustine Unit IGDS MSc Research Project Preparation Guide and Template March 2014 Rev 1 Table of Contents Introduction.
Scholarly Use of Renaissance Printed Books HOWARD W. WINGER IN SURVEYING RECENT scholarship concerned with books printed during the Renaissance, it is useful to examine the methods which were used in some
quantity and quality questions of quantity, quality and info-anxieties September 5, 2007 how much information? print and beyond "How much new information is created each year" Newly created information
Ronald N. Morris & Associates, Inc. Ronald N. Morris Certified Forensic Document Examiner Obtaining Requested Known Handwriting Specimens The handwriting comparison process starts with the investigator!
Action Theory for Creativity and Process Fu Jen Catholic University Bernard C. C. Li Keywords: A. N. Whitehead, Creativity, Process, Action Theory for Philosophy, Abstract The three major assignments for
Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1 Title of Paper Student Name Austin Peay State University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for EDUC 5000 Spring 2015 Dr. John R. McConnell III SHORTENED TITLE 2
When Methods Meet: Visual Methods and Comics Eric Laurier (School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh) and Shari Sabeti (School of Education, University of Edinburgh) in conversation, June 2016. In
1 Catalogues and cataloguing standards Catalogue. 1. (Noun) A list of books, maps or other items, arranged in some definite order. It records, describes and indexes (usually completely) the resources of
Novel Ties A Study Guide Written By Mary Peitz Edited by Joyce Friedland and Rikki Kessler LEARNING LINKS P.O. Box 326 Cranbury New Jersey 08512 TABLE OF CONTENTS Synopsis.....................................
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences MS in Clinical Investigation Preparing for your Master s Thesis and Graduation AY2014/2015 Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Timeline for Completion and Graduation
CBA05--08.LFL 9/22/2015 1 A5 LORD JIM 1900 A. First English edition. (1) First domestic printing LORD JIM A Tale BY JOSEPH CONRAD It is certain my Conviction gains infinitely, the moment another soul hill
by Philip G Jackson email@example.com P O Box 10240, Dominion Road, Mt Eden 1446, Auckland, New Zealand Abstract Four simple attributes of Prime Numbers are shown, including one that although
Teaching Improvisation and the Pedagogical History of the Jimmy Giuffre 3 - Peter Johnston Peter Johnston: Teaching Improvisation and the Pedagogical History of the Jimmy Giuffre 3 The growth of interest
'Ideal Copy' versus 'Ideal Texts': The Application of Bibliographical Description to Facsimiles Joseph A. Danet The present paper considers the implications of technical bibliographical language when used
Demorest (2004) International Journal of Research in Choral Singing 2(1). Sight-singing Practices 3 Choral Sight-Singing Practices: Revisiting a Web-Based Survey Steven M. Demorest School of Music, University
the oxford handbook of WORLD PHILOSOPHY GARFIELD-Halftitle2-Page Proof 1 August 10, 2010 7:24 PM GARFIELD-Halftitle2-Page Proof 2 August 10, 2010 7:24 PM INTRODUCTION w illiam e delglass jay garfield Philosophy
HEGEL S CONCEPT OF ACTION MICHAEL QUANTE University of Duisburg Essen Translated by Dean Moyar PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge,
Introduction: Use of electronic information resources This guide highlights some of the most important general reference resources available both in hardcopy in the University Library and via our electronic
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY Overall grade boundaries Grade: E D C B A Mark range: 0-7 8-15 16-22 23-28 29-36 The range and suitability of the work submitted As has been true for some years, the majority
TEACHERS COLLEGE - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF DOCTORAL STUDIES GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING DOCTOR OF EDUCATION DISSERTATIONS: A MANUAL OF STYLE Revised September 2016 TABLE OF CONTENTS GENERAL
Legality of Electronically Stored Images Acordex's imaging system design and user procedures are important in supporting legal admissibility of document images as business records or as evidence. Acordex
MGIS EXIT REQUIREMENTS Part 1 Guidelines for Final Oral Examination Part 2 Guidelines for Final Document Page 1 of 16 Contents MGIS EXIT REQUIREMENTS...1 Contents...2 Part I Comprehensive Oral Examination...3
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.