Writing about Literature: Quoting

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Writing about Literature: Quoting"

Transcription

1 Writing about Literature: Quoting When writing about literature, direct quotes from your primary source is your best evidence to prove your point. Using quotes correctly, however, is also a difficult skill to master, especially in reference to format and grammar. This hand-out is designed to show the different ways to set-up, use and punctuate direct quotes. NOTE: It is not necessary to use the entire quote or even a complete sentence from the original quote. HOWEVER, it is unethical to manipulate a quote in such a way that it changes its original meaning. The easiest way to think of this is with movie reviews. Often bits of a review are quoted to make the movie seem exceptionally spectacular even if it had received only modest praise. Example: The original review reads: This film has some spectacular moments, infrequent though they may be. Jane Doe, The Springfield Gazette, section B, page 17. The ad in the paper reads: SPECTACULAR Jane Doe METHODS With few exceptions, quotes should NEVER stand on their own as sentences. Instead, they must be attached to or inserted within other sentences of your text. There are three primary methods for inserting quotes into papers: 1) blending 2) traditional comma or dialogue format 3) colon Blending Blending is the combining of the writer s (meaning your) prose with a direct quote from another source. Blends are generally used with shorter quotes, often a key phrase or even a single word. Often times the writer will begin a sentence and use the quote to finish it, but a blend can appear virtually anywhere within a sentence. When using this technique, a comma is usually NOT required to set up the quote. Example: Original quote is taken from The Martian Chronicles: No matter how we touch Mars, we ll never touch it. And then we ll get mad it, and you know what we ll do? We ll rip it up, rip the skin off, and change it to fit ourselves (Bradbury 54). Possible uses in a paper: 1) Spender notes that humans will never touch Mars (54), suggesting either that they will be unable to be that gentle, or unable to understand the true essence of the culture.

2 2) Spender does not believe humans will embrace the Mars or the Martian culture. Instead, he believes humans will change it to fit ourselves (54). NOTE: Rarely would you begin a sentence with the quoted portion. Such sentences tend to be awkward. NOTE: In the first example, the citation does NOT immediately follow the actual quotes. Instead, the citation is placed immediately preceding the nearest end mark, i.e. comma, period, etc. Standard Comma or Dialogue Introduction This type of quote set-up is often used when quoting what a character says, but it is not limited to such a role. One can quote a narrative portion of the text with the same format, which usually has a word of speaking, writing or thinking to set-off the quote. A comma is then used. Examples: 1) Quoting dialogue : Spender s views about mankind are evident when he says, We Earth Men have a talent for ruining big, beautiful things (54). 2) Quoting narrative: The general mood of despair is further established as the narrator notes, As suddenly as it happened, the wind died (55). NOTE: 1) Please note that whether quoting dialogue or narrative, standard double quotation marks are used. Do not confuse the issue of quoting from the text with whether or not the text is actually a character speaking. Both examples are punctuated the same way. 2) If you choose a quote which is broken up with dialogue prompts (the he said she said ), do NOT include those prompts. Set up the quote so that you do not need them. Colon At times, you can formally introduce the quote with a complete sentence statement. Instead of ending the sentence with a period, a colon would be used to connect the statement to the followup quote. In each case, the quote is essentially fulfilling the promise of the statement.

3 Examples: 1) Early on, Greene establishes the mood and a major theme of the novel with an unusual comparison: The man s dark suit and sloping shoulders reminded him uncomfortably of a coffin (14). (The example above refers to the Graham Greene s novel The Power and the Glory.) 2) Spender s feelings about mankind can be seen in his assessment of what humans will do to Mars: We ll rip it up, rip the skin off, and change it to fit ourselves (54). NOTE: 1) The first example quotes narrative and the second example quotes dialogue. The colon technique is viable for each. 2) Again, many of you will be tempted to place a period where I have placed a colon. Remember, QUOTES do not follow periods. They follow commas, colons or are blended into the structure of the sentence. Quotes should not stand on their own, but rather must be connected to a sentence in one of the three ways offered. FORMAT Aside from the basic ways to insert quotes, there are some formatting rules to be aware of and understand: 1) prose short quote format 2) prose long quote format 3) verse short quote format 4) verse long quote format Prose Short Quote Format Prose refers to non-verse writing, i.e. writing without meter or poetic structure. Standard prose works would be novels, short-stories, modern plays, essays, etc. Prose short format is used when the length of the quote takes up LESS than four lines of YOUR text. Each example you have seen thus far is prose short quote format. In short quote format, when writing about one work, the author s last name is included along with the page number of the quote the first time you quote from the text. Thereafter, only the page number need be included. The in-text citation is placed outside the quotes, and immediately in front of the nearest end mark (period, comma, semi-colon, colon)

4 Example: Spender notes that humans will never touch Mars (54), suggesting either that they will be unable to be that gentle, or unable to understand the true essence of the culture. Prose Long Quote Format (Block Format) For prose, long quote form is used only when the quote would take up four or more complete lines of YOUR paper BEFORE being offset (sometimes this requires some adding up of partial lines). When using quotes of over four lines of YOUR paper, you must set it off from the rest of your text by beginning a new line, indenting one inch (usually two TAB spaces), and continuing double spacing. Quotation marks are no longer needed. Quotes will be introduced with either a comma or colon depending on the situation (but, generally speaking, do not blend long quotes). The citation is placed after the period. Begin a new line (not indented) to return to your writing NOTES: 1) To restate, with prose, even if you quote a passage that is twelve lines of the work you are reading, if it only takes up three lines in your paper, you use SHORT format. 2) Conversely, if the quote is only a line or two in the text, but for some reason takes up four or more lines in your paper (BEFORE YOU OFFSET IT), then long form is required. 3) Again, line totals refer to standard format. Three-and-a-half lines will become four if you offset them in long format, but you would be wrong to do so because the test is the number of lines before being offset. Sample quote taken from page 147 of Graham Greene s The Power and the Glory : It was an odd thing that ever since that hot and crowded night in the cell he had passed into a region of abandonment almost as if he had died there with the old man s head on his shoulder and now wandered in a kind of limbo, because he wasn t good enough or bad enough Life didn t exist anymore; it wasn t merely a matter of the banana station. Now as the storm broke and he scurried for shelter he knew quite well what he would find nothing. Quote put into a paper with long format: Later in his journey, the Whiskey Priest makes a grim revelation that reveals his hopeless mindset:

5 It was an odd thing that ever since that hot and crowded night in the cell he had passed into a region of abandonment almost as if he had died there with the old man s head on his shoulder and now wandered in a kind of limbo, because he wasn t good enough or bad enough Life didn t exist anymore; it wasn t merely a matter of the banana station. Now as the storm broke and he scurried for shelter he knew quite well what he would find nothing. (Greene 147) The Whiskey Priest s thoughts show his gradual degeneration as his faith continues to be test and eroded. Even the word choice of the narrator reinforces this ideas, as it states the Priest is in a kind of limbo, a term associated in Catholicism with Purgatory. Verse (Poetry) Short Quote Format Verse can include traditional poems, epic poems and plays (primarily Shakespeare) that are written in meter. Short format is used when quoting three lines or fewer of the verse. When quoting from a poem (traditional or epic), the in-text citation should include the line numbers of the passage being quoted, NOT the page of the passage. Insert a virgule (slash mark) between the end of one line and the beginning of the next, leaving a space before and after the virgule Do NOT include a virgule at the end of the final line being quoted Example using a passage from Robert Browning s Meeting at Night : Browning s vivid imagery is evident as he describes the long black land; / And the yellow halfmoon large and low (1-2). Verse Long Quote Format (Block Format) When quoting more than three lines from verse, it is necessary to offset (or block) the quote, just as with the long quote prose example. Begin a new line and indent one inch (double tab usually) No quotes are needed End each line in your paper where the line ends in the original poem No slash marks are used

6 Quote is DOUBLE-SPACED The citation follows the period at the end of the quote Begin a new line (not indented) to return to your writing Sample passage to be quoted (lines 5-8 of John Donne s Valediction Forbidding Mourning ): So let us melt, and make no noise, No tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move; Twere profanation of our joys To tell the laity our love. Incorrect format example #1: Out of respect for their love, Donne believes he and his lover should not make an emotional scene at their parting: So let us melt, and make no noise, / No tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move; / Twere profanation of our joys / To tell the laity our love. (5-8) The mistake: Even though the writer correctly realized the quote s length required long format, he does not end lines in his paper where they end in the text. The poem does not appear the way it does in the original. Incorrect format example #2: Out of respect for their love, Donne believes he and his lover should not make an emotional scene at their parting: So let us melt, and make no noise, / No tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move; / Twere profanation of our joys / To tell the laity our love. (5-8)

7 The mistake: While the writer has correctly ended the lines so that they begin and end as they do in the original poem, he has also included virgules (slash marks), which are unnecessary. Correct example: Out of respect for their love, Donne believes he and his lover should not make an emotional scene at their parting: So let us melt, and make no noise, No tear-floods, nor sigh-tempests move; Twere profanation of our joys To tell the laity our love. (5-8) QUOTING FROM PLAYS A play written in prose is quoted in the exact same manner as a novel. Include the page number in the citation, and follow the prose formats. If a play is divided into acts, scenes AND line numbers (which is more typical of plays written in verse, notably Shakespeare), then all three of those elements and NOT the page number are included in the citation. Example (taken from act 3, scene 1, line 64 of Shakespeare s play Hamlet): As he contemplates life s irony, Hamlet wonders whether it is better To be or not to be (3.1.64). If the play is written in verse, then follow the verse (poetry) formats. Example (again, from Hamlet): Soon after seeing the Ghost, Hamlet tells a skeptical Horatio, There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, / Than are dreamt of in your philosophy ( ). Note the use of the virgule to distinguish the end of one line and the beginning of the next.

8 NOTES ABOUT IN-TEXT CITATIONS (or PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS) 1) The citation is not always placed immediately after the quote; it is always placed after the quote and immediately preceding the next end-mark. Example: Spender notes that humans will never touch Mars (54), suggesting either that they will be unable to be that gentle, or unable to understand the true essence of the culture. Here, the nearest end-mark after the quote occurs after the word Mars, and thus the citation is placed in front of the comma that follows Mars. 2) For the first citation, when writing about only one work, include the author s last name along with the page number, but after that, include only the page number. ELLIPSIS Sometimes it is necessary to edit quotes because of their length. As long as the meaning remains intact, use an ellipsis (... ) to indicate edited material. The ellipsis can occur in the middle of quote, at the end of a quote (although this is no longer required), or occur in any combination thereof. Generally, the ellipsis is not used to begin a quote, even if quote is picked up in the middle of the original. The capitalization, or lack thereof, of the first word in the quote will let us know if you have picked it up in the middle of a sentence or not. Original quote (from page 147 of Graham Greene s novel The Power and the Glory): It was an odd thing that ever since that hot and crowded night in the cell he had passed into a region of abandonment almost as if he had died there with the old man s head on his shoulder and now wandered in a kind of limbo, because he wasn t good enough or bad enough Life didn t exist anymore; it wasn t merely a matter of the banana station. Now as the storm broke and he scurried for shelter he knew quite well what he would find nothing. Possible uses: 1) The narrator notes that the priest now wandered in a kind of limbo (147). (N.B. Again, generally, when blending, the ellipsis is NOT used at the beginning despite the quote being picked up mid-stream. An ellipsis at the end of a quote is only used when ending the quote mid-sentence. Here, because I ended the quote in the middle of a sentence, I could have ended with an ellipsis, but new MLA format does not require it.)

9 2) The desperation of the Whisky Priest is revealed in his seeming state of hopelessness: Life didn t exist anymore... Now as the storm broke and he scurried for shelter he knew quite well what he would find nothing (147). 3) The way the Whisky Priest has given up hope is best explained in his belief that Life didn t exist anymore (147). NOTE: Even though this is a blend, and the word Life would not normally be capitalized, it is capitalized here because that is the way it appears in the quote. The capitalization tells us that the quote was picked up at the beginning of a sentence. FINAL OBSERVATIONS 1. The MLA Guide to Writing Research Papers will have further examples regarding how to use quotes properly. USE IT. 2. Be sure to maintain balance in using quotes. You do not want the majority of your paper to be quotes, but you should include them in every body paragraph. There should be more of your writing in an essay than quotes (at least a 3-1 ratio). 3. Always be sure to reproduce the quote accurately in your text. 4. Vary the way you use quotes. If you always use the dialogue form, your writing will feel less sophisticated than if you also use blending and direct statement introductions from time to time. 5. There is nothing wrong with using more than one quote in a paragraph, but avoid using two or more longer quotes in one paragraph, or even one paper. 6. Remember that quotes are meaningless unless you explain their respective significance. 7. There is nothing wrong, even having a variety of sources at your disposal, to double check with me to make sure that you are using quotes properly. I will appreciate your interest in getting it right. Work Cited Gatewood, David. Writing about Literature: Quoting Benjamin School. Palm Beach Gardens, FL.

10

If your quotation does not exceed four lines, put it in quotation marks and incorporate it directly in your text.

If your quotation does not exceed four lines, put it in quotation marks and incorporate it directly in your text. QUOTING Once you are committed to source acknowledgement, you have to do so in a particular way. What follows is a summary of the most important conventions of quotation and source acknowledgment. Quotations

More information

Use this information as a guide to help you cite your sources in your essays!

Use this information as a guide to help you cite your sources in your essays! Use this information as a guide to help you cite your sources in your essays! MLA citation format is a method for formatting your paper and documenting the sources of information you use in your paper.

More information

Mini Research Paper. Finding Sources

Mini Research Paper. Finding Sources Mini Research Paper Finding Sources Reliable Sources What would you consider a reliable source? Reliable Sources are NOT... -Wikipedia -Blogs -Forums -Social media -Biased Information Ask yourself these

More information

Share. There are no full stops in the above passage so it would be very difficult to read.

Share. There are no full stops in the above passage so it would be very difficult to read. Home About Us Write For Us Partners Blog Contact User Login Username Password Forgot Password? Click here to register and contribute to How To. Writing >> Improve Your Written English Punctuation Marion

More information

The prose prompt will always be an excerpt from a short story or novel.

The prose prompt will always be an excerpt from a short story or novel. AP Lit & Comp 3/1 17 1. Under the Feet of Jesus and Where are you Going? 2. AP Essay Tips & What AP Readers Look For 3. Prose prompt timed writing: 40 minutes Prose Prompts The prose prompt will always

More information

FORMAT CONTROL AND STYLE GUIDE CHECKLIST. possible, all earlier papers should be formatted using these instructions as well.

FORMAT CONTROL AND STYLE GUIDE CHECKLIST. possible, all earlier papers should be formatted using these instructions as well. 1 FORMAT CONTROL AND STYLE GUIDE CHECKLIST This format control checklist is offered as an aid to the student in preparing the final document for the United Doctor of Ministry program. In order to learn

More information

Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1. Title of Paper. Student Name. Austin Peay State University

Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1. Title of Paper. Student Name. Austin Peay State University Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1 Title of Paper Student Name Austin Peay State University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for EDUC 5000 Spring 2015 Dr. John R. McConnell III SHORTENED TITLE 2

More information

MANUSCRIPT FORM - LEARNING GOALS

MANUSCRIPT FORM - LEARNING GOALS 1 MANUSCRIPT FORM MANUSCRIPT FORM - LEARNING GOALS IN THIS CHAPTER WE WILL STUDY HOW TO PRESENT YOUR COMPOSITION TO A READER SO THAT HE OR SHE CAN READ IT EASILY. 1. WHAT SHOULD YOUR COMPOSITION LOOK LIKE

More information

A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning By John Donne

A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning By John Donne By John Donne As virtuous men pass mildly away, And whisper to their souls to go, Whilst some of their sad friends do say The breath goes now, and some say, No: So let us melt, and make no noise, No tear-floods,

More information

4 Ways to Integrate Quotations into Sentences

4 Ways to Integrate Quotations into Sentences 4 Ways to Integrate Quotations into Sentences Using Quotations Quiz You should never have a quotation standing alone as a complete sentence, or, worse yet, as an incomplete sentence, in your writing. IVCC's

More information

Hamlet: Argumentative Essay English 12 Academic

Hamlet: Argumentative Essay English 12 Academic Name: Date: Block: Hamlet: Argumentative Essay English 12 Academic In Hamlet, think about Hamlet s relationship with Ophelia. Does he love her? Does he stop loving her? Did he ever love her? What evidence

More information

INSERT YOUR TITLE HERE

INSERT YOUR TITLE HERE INSERT YOUR TITLE HERE Your Name Here, Your Department Here ABSTRACT Insert your abstract here. Your abstract should not exceed 150 words. This document conforms to the style sheet configurations, so you

More information

*Theme Draw: After you draw your theme in class, find and circle it below. *THIS THEME WILL BE THE FOCUS OF ALL THREE PARAGRAPHS OF YOUR ESSAY

*Theme Draw: After you draw your theme in class, find and circle it below. *THIS THEME WILL BE THE FOCUS OF ALL THREE PARAGRAPHS OF YOUR ESSAY Name: Hour: Literary Analysis Essay Packet: Brainstorm Literary analysis essays analyze specific literary elements within a given text. Often, a literary analysis essay will focuses on one specific literary

More information

Contents Chapter 1 What is MLA Style?... 3 Chapter 2 Basic Format... 5 Chapter 3 In-text Citations Print Sources Online Sources...

Contents Chapter 1 What is MLA Style?... 3 Chapter 2 Basic Format... 5 Chapter 3 In-text Citations Print Sources Online Sources... MLA Tutorial Contents Chapter 1 What is MLA Style?... 3 Chapter 2 Basic Format... 5 Chapter 3 In-text Citations... 6 3.1 Print Sources... 6 3.2 Online Sources... 7 3.3 Indirect Sources... 8 Chapter 4 Works

More information

MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION DOCUMENTATION. Honors English 1 MLA - 8th Version

MODERN LANGUAGE ASSOCIATION DOCUMENTATION. Honors English 1 MLA - 8th Version Take one piece of each color of paper Place the first sheet on the bottom Place the second sheet on top of that, leaving an inch of space in between (see picture) Do the same for the third and fourth sheets

More information

How do I cite sources?

How do I cite sources? How do I cite sources? This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor. First, you have to think about how you want to

More information

Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University

Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1 Example of an APA Style Paper Justine Berry Austin Peay State University EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 2 Abstract APA format is the official style used by the American

More information

Style Guide Gardner-Webb University Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy

Style Guide Gardner-Webb University Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy Style Guide Gardner-Webb University Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy Basic Directions for Laying Out the Text Margins Leave a margin of one inch on all four edges of the page. Only the left

More information

Running head: AN INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an Intermediate-Level APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University

Running head: AN INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an Intermediate-Level APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University Running head: AN INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL APA STYLE PAPER 1 Example of an Intermediate-Level APA Style Paper Justine Berry Austin Peay State University AN INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL APA STYLE PAPER 2 Abstract APA format

More information

LOGIC EXERCISE #4: HINT: The Thesis Statement. The Thesis Statement. How can you. connect nine dots in. three straight rows of three

LOGIC EXERCISE #4: HINT: The Thesis Statement. The Thesis Statement. How can you. connect nine dots in. three straight rows of three LOGIC EXERCISE #4: How can you connect nine dots in three straight rows of three with four straight lines without raising the pencil from the paper? HINT: Think outside the box literally. Think inside

More information

Blue - 1st. Double Blue - Yellow. Double. Green - Double Green - Orange - Pink - Free - Reader

Blue - 1st. Double Blue - Yellow. Double. Green - Double Green - Orange - Pink - Free - Reader Bishop Tufnell CofE Infant School Reading Book Bands April 2015 How to help your child enjoy their reading Old Bands Blue - 1st 2nd New Bands Double Blue - Yellow - 1st 2nd Double Yellow - 1st 2nd Green

More information

Purdue University Press Style Guide

Purdue University Press Style Guide Purdue University Press Style Guide Reference materials Style guides. For journals and books in a particular academic field, we follow the style guide for that field as designated by the journal or series

More information

CST/CAHSEE GRADE 9 ENGLISH-LANGUAGE ARTS (Blueprints adopted by the State Board of Education 10/02)

CST/CAHSEE GRADE 9 ENGLISH-LANGUAGE ARTS (Blueprints adopted by the State Board of Education 10/02) CALIFORNIA CONTENT STANDARDS: READING HSEE Notes 1.0 WORD ANALYSIS, FLUENCY, AND SYSTEMATIC VOCABULARY 8/11 DEVELOPMENT: 7 1.1 Vocabulary and Concept Development: identify and use the literal and figurative

More information

Format and Style of a MLA Paper

Format and Style of a MLA Paper Office of Student Success 318.795.2486 (Fax) 318.795.2488 One University Place Shreveport, LA 71115-2399 Format and Style of a MLA Paper Basics In general, there will be two components to an academic MLA-style

More information

How do you quote a book title in an essay. How do you quote a book title in an essay.zip

How do you quote a book title in an essay. How do you quote a book title in an essay.zip How do you quote a book title in an essay How do you quote a book title in an essay.zip 13/10/2017 Get an answer for 'When writing an essay, do you have to italicize the name of the author as well as the

More information

MLA Annotated Bibliography Basic MLA Format for an annotated bibliography Frankenstein Annotated Bibliography - Format and Argumentation Overview.

MLA Annotated Bibliography Basic MLA Format for an annotated bibliography Frankenstein Annotated Bibliography - Format and Argumentation Overview. MLA Annotated Bibliography For an annotated bibliography, use standard MLA format for entries and citations. After each entry, add an abstract (annotation), briefly summarizing the main ideas of the source

More information

Dashboard Lesson 3: Cite Right with APA Palomar College, 2014

Dashboard Lesson 3: Cite Right with APA Palomar College, 2014 Lesson 3 Cite Right with APA 1. Get Started 1.1 Welcome Welcome to Dashboard. This tutorial is designed to help you use information accurately and ethically within your paper or project. This section of

More information

Writing a College Paper Step-by-Step: The Value of Outlining SEE BELOW FOR PROPER CITATION

Writing a College Paper Step-by-Step: The Value of Outlining SEE BELOW FOR PROPER CITATION Writing a College Paper Step-by-Step: The Value of Outlining SEE BELOW FOR PROPER CITATION Writing an Outline Many college students are confused about the many elements utilized in the writing process

More information

The BOOK BAND GUIDE. Find the right book, for the right child, at the right time.

The BOOK BAND GUIDE. Find the right book, for the right child, at the right time. The BOOK BAND GUIDE Find the right book, for the right child, at the right time. The BOOK BAND GUIDE What are Book Bands? Book Bands are a proven approach to developing successful readers. The Book Band

More information

Literary Research Paper MLA Format Self- Assessment #1 (March 4, 2014) Name Date Attendance #

Literary Research Paper MLA Format Self- Assessment #1 (March 4, 2014) Name Date Attendance # 1 Literary Research Paper MLA Fmat Self- Assessment #1 (March 4, 2014) Name Date Attendance # MLA fmat, Proper Citations, Wks Cited, and Wks Consulted Student has checked, and double-checked: HEADERS AND

More information

semicolon colon apostrophe parentheses dash italics quotation marks

semicolon colon apostrophe parentheses dash italics quotation marks PUNCTUATION semicolon colon apostrophe parentheses dash italics quotation marks Use a SEMICOLON 1. Between independent clauses not joined by coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)

More information

Independent Research Flood Project Sophomore Honors English

Independent Research Flood Project Sophomore Honors English Independent Research Flood Project Sophomore Honors English There are three parts to this project. Read the instructions completely before beginning work on your project. You are to choose one of several

More information

Wayne Huizenga School of Business & Entrepreneurship. Nova Southeastern University

Wayne Huizenga School of Business & Entrepreneurship. Nova Southeastern University Wayne Huizenga School of Business & Entrepreneurship Nova Southeastern University Assignment for Course: Submitted to: Submitted by: Date of Submission: Title of Assignment: GMP5821 Comparative International

More information

Basic in-text citation rules

Basic in-text citation rules *Adapted from OWL @ Purdue Basic in-text citation rules In MLA style, referring to the works of others in your text is done by using what is known as parenthetical citation. This method involves placing

More information

Formatting a document in Word using APA style

Formatting a document in Word using APA style Formatting a document in Word using APA style 1. Using MS Word various versions 2. Using Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6 th ed. 9/10/2012 Be Prepared - Have All note cards

More information

American Psychological Association (APA) Formatting Guide

American Psychological Association (APA) Formatting Guide American Psychological Association (APA) Formatting Guide A Guide For: General Formatting In-Text Citations References Jackson Christian School Updated-- Fall 2006 2 1. General Format APA (American Psychological

More information

Parenthetical Citations A Tutorial

Parenthetical Citations A Tutorial Parenthetical Citations A Tutorial Gary Enns, Professor of English Last Updated 11/15/12 1 Parenthetical Citations A Tutorial What is a parenthetical citation? A parenthetical citation (a.k.a. parenthetical

More information

APA. Research and Style Manual. York Catholic High School Edition

APA. Research and Style Manual. York Catholic High School Edition APA Research and Style Manual York Catholic High School 2017-2018 Edition Introduction Over the course of their careers at York Catholic High School, students are required to research and to properly cite

More information

MLA Style In-Text Citations

MLA Style In-Text Citations Academic Support Center Writing Center MLA Style In-Text Citations Why do we need in-text (parenthetical) citations? Citations are needed to give credit. As stated within the MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition,

More information

APA Writing Style Guide

APA Writing Style Guide LIBERTY CHRISTIAN SCHOOL ENGLISH DEPARTMENT 2012 APA Writing Style Guide The APA (American Psychological Association) style is widely used in writings documenting research in psychology and the social

More information

What s New in the 17th Edition

What s New in the 17th Edition What s in the 17th Edition The following is a partial list of the more significant changes, clarifications, updates, and additions to The Chicago Manual of Style for the 17th edition. Part I: The Publishing

More information

How to Cite Sources. By Kevin Gary Smith

How to Cite Sources. By Kevin Gary Smith How to Cite Sources By Kevin Gary Smith In academic writing, it is imperative that you credit the sources you use in writing a paper. Failure to credit your sources is a form of stealing called plagiarism.

More information

Guidelines for Authors of Monographs

Guidelines for Authors of Monographs Guidelines for Authors of Monographs The following guidelines, which are intended for manuscripts prepared in Microsoft Word or other wordprocessing programs, are designed to streamline the process of

More information

a lesson about embedding quotations

a lesson about embedding quotations a lesson about embedding quotations What is a QUOTE? The word is short for A is a group of words from a text used and repeated by someone other than the original author It is important to include quotations

More information

4. What is happening in this very moment of the quote? and Where are they?

4. What is happening in this very moment of the quote? and Where are they? Character Personality Profile Paragraph Worksheet English 1 Honors/IB Writer s Name: I. Introduction A. Name of novel: To Kill a Mockingbird B. Author s Name: Harper Lee C. Brief Synopsis (2-3 sentence

More information

the lesson of the moth Poem by Don Marquis

the lesson of the moth Poem by Don Marquis Before Reading the lesson of the moth Poem by Don Marquis Identity Poem by Julio Noboa Does BEAUTY matter? RL 1 Cite the textual evidence that supports inferences drawn from the text. RL 4 Determine the

More information

A Student s Guide to American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Style. Genesee Community College

A Student s Guide to American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Style. Genesee Community College APA Format 1 Running head: A BRIEF GUIDE TO APA FORMAT A Student s Guide to American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Style Timothy P. Tomczak Genesee Community College APA Format 2 Abstract

More information

APA Style American Psychological Association 6 th edition, 2010

APA Style American Psychological Association 6 th edition, 2010 APA Style American Psychological Association 6 th edition, 2010 PAGE LAYOUT: Double-space all lines of manuscript, i.e., title, quotations, references, etc. Leave uniform margins of 1 in. (2.54 cm) at

More information

Continuum for Opinion/Argument Writing

Continuum for Opinion/Argument Writing Continuum for Opinion/Argument Writing 1 Continuum for Opinion/Argument Writing Pre-K K 1 2 Structure Structure Structure Structure Overall I told about something I like or dislike with pictures and some

More information

MLA Formatting and Style Guide

MLA Formatting and Style Guide MLA Formatting and Style Guide The MLA (Modern Language Association) format is the writing and documentation system used primarily in the Arts and Humanities. As with any referencing system, it is important

More information

Quick Guide for the MLA Handbook: 8 th Edition

Quick Guide for the MLA Handbook: 8 th Edition The Betty East Tutoring Center at Victoria College Johnson Hall Room 106 2200 E Red River St Victoria TX 77901 wwwvictoriacollegeedu/tutoringcenter 361-571-6473 Quick Guide for the MLA Handbook: 8 th Edition

More information

Pensacola Christian College. Factual Fiction. Project # A Project Submitted to. Instructor s Name. in Partial Fulfillment of

Pensacola Christian College. Factual Fiction. Project # A Project Submitted to. Instructor s Name. in Partial Fulfillment of Use 12-point Courier New or Time New Roman font for the entire paper. If all the parts of the title page do not fit on the page, use exactly 12-point spacing. If the title is more than 4 ½" wide, divide

More information

COMPARATIVE ESSAY QUICK TIPS

COMPARATIVE ESSAY QUICK TIPS COMPARATIVE ESSAY QUICK TIPS BEST QUOTES TO KNOW o Fair is foul and foul is fair. The Weird Sisters o Macbeth does murder sleep! Macbeth o unsex me here, / And fill me from the crown to the toe topful

More information

MindFire Press Report

MindFire Press Report MindFire Press Report ABCs of APA Style by Robert E. Levasseur, Ph.D. Doctoral Series MindFire Press (www.mindfirepress.com) ABCs of APA Style by Robert E. Levasseur, Ph.D. If you are a student who is

More information

EDITING STANDARDS TUSCARORA HIGH SCHOOL The following are practical standards which students are expected to meet in all revised writing:

EDITING STANDARDS TUSCARORA HIGH SCHOOL The following are practical standards which students are expected to meet in all revised writing: EDITING STANDARDS TUSCARORA HIGH SCHOOL The following are practical standards which students are expected to meet in all revised writing: Sentence Structure 1. Avoid sentence fragments. Example: Running

More information

Compare/Contrast Writing: Romeo and Juliet Adaptations

Compare/Contrast Writing: Romeo and Juliet Adaptations Compare/Contrast Writing: Romeo and Juliet Adaptations Goal: You will write a compare/contrast essay on the various adaptations of Romeo and Juliet. The different versions you will write about are: Romeo

More information

The OWL at Purdue MLA Style Guide This should always be with you as you work on your research paper so that you are successful

The OWL at Purdue MLA Style Guide This should always be with you as you work on your research paper so that you are successful The OWL at Purdue MLA Style Guide This should always be with you as you work on your research paper so that you are successful General MLA Guidelines Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard,

More information

NMSI English Mock Exam Lesson Poetry Analysis 2013

NMSI English Mock Exam Lesson Poetry Analysis 2013 NMSI English Mock Exam Lesson Poetry Analysis 2013 Student Activity Published by: National Math and Science, Inc. 8350 North Central Expressway, Suite M-2200 Dallas, TX 75206 www.nms.org 2014 National

More information

Step 1: Research and Works Cited Page Step 2: Research Paper Step 3: Artifact Creation Step 4: Presentation at Museum Day

Step 1: Research and Works Cited Page Step 2: Research Paper Step 3: Artifact Creation Step 4: Presentation at Museum Day PROJECT DUE: Ancient Egypt Museum Research Project Dear Student, We have just studied the amazing civilization of Ancient Egypt! You have learned much about the culture, geography, and history of the Egyptians.

More information

Word Tutorial 2: Editing and Formatting a Document

Word Tutorial 2: Editing and Formatting a Document Word Tutorial 2: Editing and Formatting a Document Microsoft Office 2010 Objectives Create bulleted and numbered lists Move text within a document Find and replace text Check spelling and grammar Format

More information

APA and Plagiarism Q&A Hour Tuesday, July 26, 2016, 7 8 pm ET Presenter Amy Sexton with Julie Freydlin Kaplan University Writing Center Please click

APA and Plagiarism Q&A Hour Tuesday, July 26, 2016, 7 8 pm ET Presenter Amy Sexton with Julie Freydlin Kaplan University Writing Center Please click APA and Plagiarism Q&A Hour Tuesday, July 26, 2016, 7 8 pm ET Presenter Amy Sexton with Julie Freydlin Kaplan University Writing Center Please click here to view this recorded workshop: http://khe2.adobeconnect.com/p7m2zo6y2bo/

More information

Citing references: MLA style

Citing references: MLA style What is referencing? Citing references: MLA style When writing coursework, you may refer to work that has been written or produced by someone else. It is important that you acknowledge all the resources

More information

Name: Ancient Egypt Detective: Research paper

Name: Ancient Egypt Detective: Research paper Name: Ancient Egypt Detective: Research paper Dear Student, Did you know? Historians and Archaeologists are detectives. They solve the mysteries of the past using artifacts, primary sources, critical thinking,

More information

ACT English Test. Instructions. Usage and Mechanics Punctuation (10 questions) Grammar and Usage (12 questions) Sentence Structure (18 questions)

ACT English Test. Instructions. Usage and Mechanics Punctuation (10 questions) Grammar and Usage (12 questions) Sentence Structure (18 questions) ACT English Test The multiple-choice English test focuses on proper grammar, punctuation, and sentence flow. You are asked on this ACT test to correct sentences identified within a passage. The passage

More information

Who will make the Princess laugh?

Who will make the Princess laugh? 1 5 Male Actors: Jack King Farmer Male TV Reporter Know-It-All Guy 5 Female Actors: Jack s Mama Princess Tammy Serving Maid Know-It-All Gal 2 or more Narrators: Guys or Girls Narrator : At the newsroom,

More information

Undergraduate Basics of APA Tutorial Colorado State University-Global Campus

Undergraduate Basics of APA Tutorial Colorado State University-Global Campus Undergraduate Basics of APA Tutorial Colorado State University-Global Campus Basics of APA 2 What is APA? Why do we need to use APA? APA stands for the American Psychological Association. This association

More information

Curriculum Map: Accelerated English 9 Meadville Area Senior High School English Department

Curriculum Map: Accelerated English 9 Meadville Area Senior High School English Department Curriculum Map: Accelerated English 9 Meadville Area Senior High School English Department Course Description: The course is designed for the student who plans to pursue a college education. The student

More information

In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.

In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward. What is Plagiarism? Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense:

More information

General Writing Research and Citation Teaching and Tutoring Subject-Specific Writing Job Search Writing ESL

General Writing Research and Citation Teaching and Tutoring Subject-Specific Writing Job Search Writing ESL General Writing Research and Citation Teaching and Tutoring Subject-Specific Writing Job Search Writing ESL This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/). When printing

More information

Research Publishing: Avoiding the Pitfalls of Plagiarism

Research Publishing: Avoiding the Pitfalls of Plagiarism Research Publishing: Avoiding the Pitfalls of Plagiarism Reminders All source material needs adequate reference citation Self-plagiarism When in doubt, follow the spirit of the law Always provide a reference

More information

TEACHERS COLLEGE - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF DOCTORAL STUDIES GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING DOCTOR OF EDUCATION DISSERTATIONS:

TEACHERS COLLEGE - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF DOCTORAL STUDIES GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING DOCTOR OF EDUCATION DISSERTATIONS: TEACHERS COLLEGE - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF DOCTORAL STUDIES GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING DOCTOR OF EDUCATION DISSERTATIONS: A MANUAL OF STYLE Revised September 2016 TABLE OF CONTENTS GENERAL

More information

MRHS English Presents: A Shakespearean Historical Tragedy Written in Performed First in Macbeth. By William Shakespeare

MRHS English Presents: A Shakespearean Historical Tragedy Written in Performed First in Macbeth. By William Shakespeare MRHS English Presents: A Shakespearean Historical Tragedy Written in 1603-1607 Performed First in 1611 Macbeth By William Shakespeare Opening: January 4, 2010 At Coffin Theatre Room 229 Morell High School

More information

The Explication: an essay that analyzes EVERY line of a short text

The Explication: an essay that analyzes EVERY line of a short text The Explication: an essay that analyzes EVERY line of a short text How Does a Text Mean?: Throughout the course of this year, I have asked you to consider the following question: How does a text mean?

More information

Century 21 Keyboarding. Cycle 1: Unit 10. Lessons South-Western / Cengage Learning

Century 21 Keyboarding. Cycle 1: Unit 10. Lessons South-Western / Cengage Learning Century 21 Keyboarding Cycle 1: Unit 10 Lessons 31 34 2010 South-Western / Cengage Learning Lesson 31 Objectives To learn format features of unbound reports. To process a one-page unbound report in proper

More information

General Guidance for Writing a Thesis or Dissertation

General Guidance for Writing a Thesis or Dissertation General Guidance for Writing a Thesis or Dissertation Todd C. Rasmussen, www.hydrology.uga.edu May 5, 2005 General Guidelines 1. All manuscripts for review should be double spaced except labelling for

More information

English Language Arts Scoring Guide for Sample Test 2005

English Language Arts Scoring Guide for Sample Test 2005 English Language Arts Scoring Guide for Sample Test 2005 Grade 7 Contents Standard and Performance Indicator Map with Answer Key...................... 2 Question 8 Reading Rubric Key Points.........................................

More information

Policy Statement on Academic Integrity and Plagiarism

Policy Statement on Academic Integrity and Plagiarism Academic Integrity and Plagiarism 1 Policy Statement on Academic Integrity and Plagiarism For all courses in the Writing Program of the English Department at the University of Michigan-Flint including

More information

Avoiding Format Problems in Thesis & Dissertation Document

Avoiding Format Problems in Thesis & Dissertation Document OFFICE OF GRADUATE STUDIES Avoiding Format Problems in Thesis & Dissertation Document The NJIT approved format for Master's Thesis and Doctoral Dissertations is given in the second edition (1992 printing

More information

Syracuse University Press Manuscript Preparation Instructions. Please read carefully!

Syracuse University Press Manuscript Preparation Instructions. Please read carefully! Syracuse University Press Manuscript Preparation Instructions Please read carefully! Delivery Requirements Syracuse University Press appreciates your careful attention to detail when preparing your final

More information

Introduction to APA. Format, Citation, and References

Introduction to APA. Format, Citation, and References Introduction to APA Format, Citation, and References What is APA? The manuscript and documentation style of the American Psychological Association (APA). Specific and in-depth information about APA style

More information

CMU WRITING CENTER QUICK TIPS GUIDE: WRITING IN MLA STYLE

CMU WRITING CENTER QUICK TIPS GUIDE: WRITING IN MLA STYLE CMU WRITING CENTER 1 QUICK TIPS GUIDE: WRITING IN MLA STYLE I. GENERAL GUIDELINES & BASIC FORMATTING IN MLA (based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Modern Language Association, 8 th

More information

Introduction to APA Style

Introduction to APA Style University of North Alabama Introduction to APA Style Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE David MacMillan III Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr. May 2011 Introduction to APA Style Contents Overview and elements of citation:

More information

Student Name. Course/Number. Date. Instructor Name

Student Name. Course/Number. Date. Instructor Name An APA running head is not needed for undergraduate or master s courses per the University Writing and Style Guidelines. If you are a student in a doctoral program, or otherwise require a running head

More information

AP Lit & Comp

AP Lit & Comp AP Lit & Comp 8-30-16 1. Demystifying poetry 2. Patty s Charcoal Drive-In 3. All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace and There Will Come Soft Rains 4. For next class Poetry can be intimidating Know

More information

Proofed Paper: ntp Mon Jan 30 23:05:28 EST 2017

Proofed Paper: ntp Mon Jan 30 23:05:28 EST 2017 page 1 / 10 Paper Title: No. of Pages: GEN 499 General Education Capstone week 4 journa 300 words Paper Style: APA Paper Type: Annotated Bibliography Taken English? Yes English as Second Language? No Feedback

More information

Punctuation Workbook

Punctuation Workbook Punctuation Workbook A brief look at punctuation + exercises Full stops Capital letters Commas Colons and semi-colons Speech marks Hyphens and dashes From www.howtospell.co.uk www.howtospell.co.uk CAPITAL

More information

APA Research Paper Chapter 2 Supplement

APA Research Paper Chapter 2 Supplement Microsoft Office Word 00 Appendix D APA Research Paper Chapter Supplement Project Research Paper Based on APA Documentation Style As described in Chapter, two popular documentation styles for research

More information

MLA Formatting and Style Guide

MLA Formatting and Style Guide General Writing Research and Citation Teaching and Tutoring Subject Specific Writing Job Search Writing ESL This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/). When printing

More information

Quotations, Paraphrases, and Summaries. Dr. Karen Petit

Quotations, Paraphrases, and Summaries. Dr. Karen Petit Quotations, Paraphrases, and Summaries Dr. Karen Petit Borrowed Ideas and Words Borrowed ideas and words are communicated in papers and speeches by using quotations, paraphrases, and summaries. idea words

More information

Style MLA Formating What does MLA stand for? MLA means Modern Language association style. MLA is one of the most commonly used style to write papers

Style MLA Formating What does MLA stand for? MLA means Modern Language association style. MLA is one of the most commonly used style to write papers Style MLA Formating What does MLA stand for? MLA means Modern Language association style. MLA is one of the most commonly used style to write papers and cite sources. Other styles: APA style, The Chicago

More information

Easy Peasy All-in-One High School American Literature Final Writing Project Due Day 180

Easy Peasy All-in-One High School American Literature Final Writing Project Due Day 180 Easy Peasy All-in-One High School American Literature Final Writing Project Due Day 180 Choose a fiction novel or a play by an American author for your project. This must be something we have not read

More information

Title Author Illustrator Date Published: Directions:

Title Author Illustrator Date Published: Directions: Picture Book Analysis Guide From fineprint.edublogs.organd The Children s Picture Book Project by Junius Wright Quotations from Literature and the Child by Lee Galda, Bernice Clluinan, and Lawrence Sipe,

More information

SCSU. Blue Book. Writing Guide for English Majors and Minors. English Department Southern Connecticut State University

SCSU. Blue Book. Writing Guide for English Majors and Minors. English Department Southern Connecticut State University English @ SCSU Blue Book Writing Guide for English Majors and Minors English Department Southern Connecticut State University How to Use this Guide This Blue Book is for you in several senses. First, it

More information

PLAGIARISM (HOW TO NOT DO IT)

PLAGIARISM (HOW TO NOT DO IT) (WHY PEOPLE DO IT) Don t know what it is Don t consider it wrong Path of least resistance Procrastination and pressure Personal academic insecurities The thrill of evil (CONSEQUENCES IN COLLEGE) Failure

More information

Upper School Summer Reading Assignments

Upper School Summer Reading Assignments Sixth Grade Students 1. Read one of the following books: The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien, ISBN# - 0618260307 Anne of Green Gables by Lucy Maude Montgomery, ISBN# - 055321313-X 2. Project: Create a book jacket

More information

The Kiss of Death Errors

The Kiss of Death Errors If any of the following errors appear in your writing, it will receive the Kiss of Death. These are all major errors that are unacceptable in senior university level writing. Check your typed papers carefully

More information

What is a historical paper? The Basic Framework. Why Should I Choose the Paper Category? History Day Paper Formatting

What is a historical paper? The Basic Framework. Why Should I Choose the Paper Category? History Day Paper Formatting What is a historical paper? A paper is the traditional form of presenting historical research. A History Day paper is not simply a biography or a book report. It is a grammatically correct and well-written

More information

To Kill a Mockingbird

To Kill a Mockingbird Literature and Composition To Kill a Mockingbird Expository Essay Analysis Student Objectives: * to demonstrate knowledge of reading and discussion of To Kill a Mockingbird * to develop a three-point thesis

More information

INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA

INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA Office circular (legal) 2001/2 INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA RULES FOR THE PREPARATION OF TYPED AND PRINTED TEXTS Issued by the Registry on 27 September 2001 Paragraph 1 of the Guidelines

More information

Mini Lesson Internal citations.notebook. February 04, Internal Citations

Mini Lesson Internal citations.notebook. February 04, Internal Citations Internal Citations I can apply Modern Language Association, MLA, components such as internal citations, heading and format requirements and Works Cited page when writing my research paper. (W.8.2b) 1 Journal

More information