Prof.SALTIK 1

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1 Prof.SALTIK 1

2 Tables and Graphs : Construction & Tricks Ahmet SALTIK, MD Professor of Public Health AU Medical School Dept. of Public Health Prof. SALTIK 2

3 M e t h o d f o r C o n d u c t i n g S y s t e m a t i c R e v i e w s C o n s i s t s o f F i v e S t e p s Develop conceptual framework Search for and retrieve evidence Rate quality of evidence Summarize evidence Translate strength of evidence into recommendation Prof.SALTIK 3

4 This is a kind of «pictogram».. 1th August 192, The Sevres Treaty approved by the Last Ottoman Sultan Vahdettin the 6th! Prof. SALTIK 4

5 This is a «poster» type graph Prof.SALTIK 5

6 Avian influenza epidemics in Türkiye, 9th Jan. 26, Another sample of «pictogram» Prof.SALTIK 6

7 Avian influenza epidemics in Türkiye, 1th Jan. 26, One more «pictogram» Prof.SALTIK 7

8 Avian influenza epidemics in Türkiye, 18th Jan. 26, Once again «a pictogram» Prof.SALTIK 8

9 Map type graph Prof.SALTIK 9

10 Bar graph Prof.SALTIK 1

11 Table : Industrial production indice in Turkey and in the World (1929 = 1). (11x3 cells) Years Türkiye World Prof.SALTIK 11 ECONOMICAL MIRACLE By Ghazi Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK

12 Table : Amazing improvment in basic economic indicators during Atatürk s rule! (+deep notes) National income Popul. Per capita Year Million TL Million National income,tl (75 $) GNP has grown by 62.5% in 12 years.. But, population has grown only 28.7% (3.9 million) in the same period.. Per capita income was elevated from 73 TL, up to 95 TL by an increasing 32 %. Cumulative inflation rate is only 2.2 for 12 years! ( ) ECONOMICAL MIRACLE By Ghazi Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK Prof.SALTIK 12

13 Türkiye, driven by the IMF & WB.. Büyüme oranı Development rate, % parameter line graph with (-) trend Economic development rates of Türkiye, by intervals, %. www. selim somcag. org/ Prof.SALTIK 13

14 Türkiye, driven by the IMF & WB Development rate in agriculture, % Tarımda büyüme oranı 1 parameter line graph with (-) and stable trend Agricultural development rates of Türkiye, by intervals, %. www. Selim somcag. org/ Prof.SALTIK 14

15 Türkiye, driven by the IMF & WB.. Inflation rate by TEFE wholesale prices,% parameter line graph with inclining trend Inflation rates in Türkiye from 1939, through today, %. www. Selim somcag. org/ Prof.SALTIK 15

16 Türkiye, driven by the IMF & WB Public KKBG/GSMH debts / GNP, % 1 parameter line graph with rapid escalation www. Selim somcag. org/, Acceleration of Public debts / GNP ratio, as % Prof.SALTIK 16

17 Suffocating Türkiye in the debt swamp.. BORÇ BATAĞINDA BOĞULUYORUZ! 6 GNP-211 : 772,3 BN $ 5 1 parameter cylindirical columns Prof.SALTIK 17

18 Turkiye; foreign trade deficit, Bn $ parameter columns; increasing deficit levels Prof.SALTIK 18

19 Turkiye, Currency deficit, Bn $ parameter spike columns.. Deficit is reaching climax Prof.SALTIK 19

20 Public expenditures in the budget, % variable cone graph.. Decreased government exp. in comparison wit h OECD OECD Türkiye Prof.SALTIK 2

21 1 $ = TL 16 Melting TL against US $ Time by value of TL, colons.. Wrong parameter in y axis Prof.SALTIK 21 24

22 1 $ = 1 TL 16 Melting TL against US $ Time by value of $ colons.. Wrong parameter in y axis Prof.SALTIK 22

23 Melting TL against US $.. 1 $ =log 1 TL 3,5 3 Seems to be wise math. but not.. 2,5 2 1,5 1,5 -, Prof.SALTIK 23

24 Melting TL against US $.. 1 $ = ln 1 TL Totally collapsed rationality in formation of graph Prof.SALTIK 24

25 Melting TL against US $.. 1 $ = log TL Wrong mathematical approach again Prof.SALTIK 25

26 Exactly subjective definition of y axis parameter.. Pay attention for the shortest colon : Only «1» patient! Prof.SALTIK 26

27 Exactly subjective definition of y axis parameter.. Pay attention for the middle colon : Only «1» patient and its percentage!? Prof.SALTIK 27

28 Similar graph tricks.. Leading mis-perception Prof.SALTIK 28

29 TABLE : What changed from 1997 to 28? Parameters 1997 data 28 data Domestic debts 28 billion $ 21 billion $ Foreign debts 81 billion $ 29 billion $ Currency deficit 2.6 billion $ 45 billion $ Real intrest (net) 12.4 % % 1.7 Public debt / GNP 43 % % 63 Currency deficit/gnp 1.4 % 7.5 % Domestic debts term 16.3 month, mean 12 months, mean Loans to the IMF NONE 8 billion $ Foreign share in the ISEM (IMKB) 36 % 73 % Development rate, % 8.3 % 3% Deficits of Social Security Funds.7 quadrillion TL 23.5 quadrillion TL Prof.SALTIK 29

30 TL, one of the most worthless notes in the World! Picture animation for exagerating the message 1.85 TL= 1 USA Dollar! 31st May Prof.SALTIK 3

31 TABLE : Example of successful prevention program in Cuba. VACCINATION PROGRAM RESULT POLIO ELIMINATED SINCE 1962 DIPHTHERIA ELIMINATED SINCE 1969 NEWBORN TETANUS ELIMINATED SINCE 1972 CONGENITAL RUBELLA ELIMINATED SINCE 1989 MENINGITIS POST MUMPS ELIMINATED SINCE 1989 MEASLES ELIMINATED SINCE 1993 WHOOPING COUGH TRANSMISSION INTERRUPTED SINCE 1994 RUBELLA TRANSMISSION INTERRUPTED SINCE 1995 MUMPS TRANSMISSION INTERRUPTED SINCE 1995 MORBIDITY MENINGOCOCCAL DISEASE REDUCTION 93% TYPHOID FEVER REDUCTION 75% B HEPATITIS REDUCTION 52% Prof.SALTIK 31

32 Correlation of Age and DM 1.8 Olasılık Probability 1 variable linear correlation graph with a strong and significant r value.. D Diyabet M Yaş Age Grupları groups Prof.SALTIK 32

33 Normal P-P Plot of Regression Standa Dependent Variable: BPDCM 1,,75,5,25,,,25,5 Observed Cum Prob,75 1, Linear correlation association of cumulative measurements Prof.SALTIK 33

34 FLCM 1 8 Representing case clusters by their arithmetic mean & SD.. + linear trend N = GESTAGE n= Prof.SALTIK 34

35 Schematic demonstration of linear regressin analyse. Linear regresion model Prof.SALTIK 35

36 Correlation of Gestational Age (week) and AC Measurements (cm) Gest. age in week GA = AC, R 2 =.914, n = 1411; GA = AC +.16 AC AC 3 ; R 2 =.922 (cubic correlation) Correlation of Gestational Age (week) and AC Measurements (cm). Varol F, Saltık A et all. Evaluation of Gestational Age Based on Ultrasound Fetal Growth Measurement s. Yonsei Medical J, Vol 42, No 3, pp , A real experimental design and best fitting curve.. Advanced biomath. Observed Linear Cu bic Abd. circ. in cm Abd. Circ. İn cm Prof.SALTIK 36

37 Estimated impact of AIDS on under-5 child mortality rates Selected African countries, per 1 live births with AIDS without AIDS Botswana Kenya Malawi Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe Source: US Bureau of the Census Overlapping categories, 2 variables, 2colons Prof.SALTIK 37

38 A typical PF configuration.. Pine tree Prof.SALTIK 38

39 Antropometric Indicators, Turkey 1993, 23 Mean TDHS-1993 TDHS-23 Height 155,4 156,7 Weight 62,2 65, BMI 25,8 26,5 BMI 25-3 (%) BMI TABLE : By PIAR-GALLUP, in October 2 mean weight for 71,6, for 61.2 kg Prof.SALTIK 39

40 Comparing 3 trends by time and to each others; escalation, plateau and declining phases Prof.SALTIK 4

41 Component bars for multiple comparisons TDHS Prof.SALTIK 41

42 Component horizontal bars for multiple comparisons of 8 parameters.. TDHS Prof.SALTIK 42

43 A typical 2-dimension pie chart Prof.SALTIK 43

44 Vertical bars for multiple comparisons Prof.SALTIK 44

45 E 2 Serum Levels pmol/l 9 8 Follow up of 2 trends but insufficient observations and extreemly fluctuating values tarama aylar Implanon N = Norplant N = (Croxatto and Mäkäräinen. Contraception 1998; 58: 91S-97S) Prof.SALTIK 45

46 Data processing in the virtual media : Just a revolution or breakthrough! Prof.SALTIK 46

47 The basis of the Universe is Mathematics.. Lecture is over. Thanks for your interest. I expect your questions and comments Prof.SALTIK 47

48 I wish you all, a happy, peacefull and prosperous new year.. Your moderator; Thanks you sincerely for your contribution and patience. Greets you with love and respect.. Ahmet SALTIK, MD Prof.SALTIK 48