Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll. A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll. A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray"

Transcription

1 Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll ENGL 305 Psychoanalytic Essay October 10, 2014 A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray All art is quite useless, claims Oscar Wilde as an introduction to his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (2). Contrary to this radical claim, however, Wilde s ensuing story, a work of art, is immensely useful in painting a moral lesson: an example of the potentially fatal consequences of an unblanaced personality. Reading such a personality is most facilitated through the principles of psychologist Sigmund Freud and his theories on the id, ego and superego. Most notably, the story of Dorian Gray exposes how the willing allowance of the id to supercede the superego, resulting in a physically and mentally unhealthy devotion to the pleasure principle, can only end in destruction and can only be ended by the destruction of self. The titular portrait, then, exists to Dorian as a manifestation of his superego, with its gradual worsening an indicator of the severity of his unbalanced mind. Lord Henry leads both the characters in The Portrait of Dorian Gray and the reader of the same to believe that an imbalance of the id, ego and superego is desirable. The id, or instinctual desires, acts in opposition to the superego, or the recognition of the consequences often times negative which those desires will have. The ego, then, mediates the desires in accordance with the superego. With an ideal harmony between these three counterparts, a person is able to please him- or herself in ways which do not detriment the society or self, i.e. ways which are not destructive. Raise one of the triarchy to greater import than the others, though, and there will be

2 Carroll 2 destructive results to either others, self or both parties. Lord Henry suggests that Nowadays most people die of a sort of creeping common sense, instigating in the reader s mind the notion that the superego the human s natural inhibition to elevating the id unreasonably is in fact the cause of destruction, rather than an imbalance of the three parts (Wilde 40). Thinking of the superego as inherently destructive is a twisted and untrue idea, but it is enough to have Dorian consider abandoning the superego to allow his id to run free with his ego. Furthermore, Lord Henry s assertion allows the reader to conceive how Dorian changes from a harmonious individual to a selfish, destructive man. The push that catalyzes the change itself lie in Lord Henry s words I represent to you all the sins you have never had the courage to commit, thereby giving both Dorian and the reader a manifestation of the id: Lord Henry Wotton (Wilde 76). With no one stepping forward to vocalize for the superego, Dorian submits himself entirely to the id and disenfranchises his psychological checks and balances. The prominence of Dorian Gray s id over his superego creates in him an unbalanced personality, which the reader observes manifested in his interminable devotion to the pleasure principle and the transformation of the titular portrait. Whereas the id has received a vocal representation, the superego has representation solely in Basil Hallward s portrait of Dorian, just as Mark Edmundson interprets Freud s theories in Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego: we want to sink back into easy pleasures... by letting a masterly object take the place of the super-ego (Edmundson 28). However, not only is this masterly object a non-vocal source, Gray actually locks the portrait away, thus removing it from the story and consequently the reader s attention. Without the superego immediately present, the reader sees only the id and its pleasure principle in Dorian s life save for the occassions when Dorian returns to the uppermost

3 Carroll 3 room and confronts his portrait the manifestation of the superego and its reality principle. It is during these confrontations that Dorian (and thereby the reader as well) can observe the grotesque transformations of the painting which non-vocally urge Dorian to recognize the destructive consequences of his actions. The painting s transformations are more than a simple moral compass, though: they are a representation of the man s severe psychological un-health due to the imbalance between his id, ego and superego. Whereas the beautiful, unmarred painting is of Dorian in his natural, balanced state, the deformation of the painting mirrors the dissolution of Dorian s harmonious psyche, exhibiting the supremecy in his mind of the destructrively unrestrained pleasure principle. Dorian s confrontations, then, do not serve well at all to reinforce the existence of the reality principle, as the narrator points out that Dorian, when thinking of the portrait, speaks with the madness of pride, and furthermore, the man himself attributes his perception of the portrait s changes as a product of that tiny scarlet speck that makes men mad (Wilde 146, 88). Although to Dorian this explanation saves him from confronting his superego and its implicit consequences, to the reader the explanation serves as an example of the delusions or hallucinations... [which] have their origins primarily in the fears and wishes within [the mentally ill] (Brenner 2). As Dorian essentially admits that his desire for an imbalance in his id, ego and superego has made him mentally ill, the reader no longer even expects him to acknowledge the reality principle, leaving him solely with the id and pleasure principle and their destructive ends. The reader finds in the imbalanced, mad antihero a life which, due to its subscription to the pleasure principle, is thus inescapably destructive to others and self alike. With the reality principle s general absence from the novel, Dorian s devotion to the pleasure principle leads to

4 Carroll 4 the deaths of his friends and acquaintances and ultimately Dorian himself. Since the mentally ill Dorian has no drive but for pleasure, he fails to sympathize with the needs of others and only cares for the immediate satisfaction of himself. When Sibyl admits that I have not pleased you, Dorian has no qualms about leaving his unpleasurable fiancé in her grief, and though after reflection he believes that reconciliation with her is possible, the reader knows by now that Dorian cannot be sincere about indefinite, committed relationships, only immediate gratification (Wilde 85). Hence, Sibyl s suicide comes not as a surprise but rather as the obvious resolution of an encounter with the unbalanced Dorian and his formidable pleasure principle. After some time, Basil confronts Dorian with an entire list of victims: Why is your friendship so fatal to young men? There was that wretched boy in the Guards who committed suicide. You were his great friend. There was Sir Henry Ashton, who had to leave England with a tarnished name. You and he were inseparable. What about Adrian Singleton and his dreadful end? What about Lord Kent s only son, and his career?... What about the young Duke of Perth? (Wilde 144) The reader knows by now that Basil s plea for Dorian to recognize the reality principle that he needs to moderate his pleasure-seeking to avoid claiming more victims comes as a threat to Dorian s id and consequently must be snuffed out; just so, Dorian murders Basil in a show of fanatical devotion to the pleasure principle, which thusly claims another victim through its acolyte. Still unchecked, the id drives Dorian to further destruction which eventually must culminate in his own demise. Dorian Gray can only stop his pleasure principle s destructive rampage by allowing it to claim his own life. Dorian himself never realizes this; however, his necessary sacrifice is

5 Carroll 5 apparent to the reader after he continuously resolves to change his pleasure-seeking ways before reconsideration and rejoicing in the tragedies which he sows, such as calling his brief escapade with Sibyl a marvellous experience and wondering if life has still in store for me anything as marvellous (Wilde 100). Indubitably, when the narrator begins to expose Dorian s thoughts, claiming that he would never again tempt innocence. He would be good, the reader recognizes not an impending change but rather more destruction (Wilde 212). Dorian s subsequent attempt to temper his pleasure principle once and for all cannot be successful, just as all other efforts conceived from his alleged changes of heart have not succeeded; without the superego to influence him, Dorian cannot truly abandon his idish desires. Because change is impossible for the story s main character, the story s only possible resolution is the death of Dorian. Just so, in his final attempt to be good, Dorian ends up killing himself along with his id and its desires, and too finally the destruction which accompanied them. Consequently, the work of art which his destructive, pleasure-seeking nature tainted so vilely returns to its normal, beautiful state; it no longer portrays a man whose unrestrained id led him into unfathombale destruction, but a man who allows his superego to temper his id and thus is psychologically and physically healthy. Though the ruin of Dorian Gray may seem to the reader too harsh given his efforts to change his hedonistic ways, he or she understands that the once-innocent man s death is necessarily tragic in order to make the useless art piece s moral lesson impactful. Whether coincidence or more probably principle, Wilde s sole novel provides a legitimizing study for a psychoanalytic reading of literature, and Freud s theories place Dorian Gray in an illuminating psychological context. Through psychoanalysis, the reader finds him- or herself within the troubled mind of a young man instead of an implausible fantasy. Once acknowledged, the

6 Carroll 6 troubling story of this troubled, id-dominated mind, mirrored by a work of art that portrays the man s psychological state instead of his physical one, leads the reader to the conclusion that the quest for unrestricted pleasures ends only in destruction. The story thereforewarns readers against treating others humanity as a means to self-serving pleasure instead of an immutable reality to avoid a fate such as Dorian s. Works Cited: Brenner, Charles. Chapter IV. The Psychic Apparatus (Continued). An Elementary Textbook of Psychoanalysis. Madison: International Universities Press, PDF file. Edmundson, Mark. Introduction: Freud in Love. Beyond the Pleasure Principle and Other Writings Scribd. Web. October 25, Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray. New York City: Barnes & Noble, Print.

Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll. A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray

Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll. A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll ENGL 305 Psychoanalytic Essay October 10, 2014 A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray All art is quite useless, claims Oscar Wilde as an introduction

More information

Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll. A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray

Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll. A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray Carroll 1 Jonathan Carroll ENGL 305 Psychoanalytic Essay October 10, 2014 A Portrait of Psychosis: Freudian Thought in The Picture of Dorian Gray The final decade of the nineteenth century was a most controversial

More information

The Picture of Dorian Gray

The Picture of Dorian Gray Teaching Oscar Wilde's from by Eva Richardson General Introduction to the Work Introduction to The Picture of Dorian Gr ay is a novel detailing the story of a Victorian gentleman named Dorian Gray, who

More information

Literary Theory and Criticism

Literary Theory and Criticism Literary Theory and Criticism The Purpose of Criticism n Purpose #1: To help us resolve a difficulty in the reading n Purpose #2: To help us choose the better of two conflicting readings n Purpose #3:

More information

Literary Theory and Criticism

Literary Theory and Criticism Literary Theory and Criticism The Purpose of Criticism n Purpose #1: To help us resolve a difficulty in the reading n Purpose #2: To help us choose the better of two conflicting readings n Purpose #3:

More information

Surrealism & the Unconscious

Surrealism & the Unconscious Surrealism & the Unconscious Notebook Entries Hang onto MAPS PLEASE! I will collect them after I turn back NE #1 & #2. Due on Wednesdays, but I do collect late work on Mondays. Grading system is based

More information

THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY

THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY An educational play by Juan Luis Granato, based on the novel by Oscar Wilde Classroom activities for secondary learners by José Luis Morales INTRODUCTION I Welcome to our new

More information

CHAPTER - IX CONCLUSION. Shakespeare's plays cannot be categorically classified. into tragedies and comediesin- strictly formal terms.

CHAPTER - IX CONCLUSION. Shakespeare's plays cannot be categorically classified. into tragedies and comediesin- strictly formal terms. CHAPTER - IX CONCLUSION Shakespeare's plays cannot be categorically classified into tragedies and comediesin- strictly formal terms. The comedies are not totally devoid of tragic elements while the tragedies

More information

CRITICAL APPROACHES TO LITERATURE

CRITICAL APPROACHES TO LITERATURE CRITICAL APPROACHES TO LITERATURE Literary Criticism is based on close analysis of a text. It is the process of merging your own opinions on a book with those of professional critics. It s like joining

More information

1. Micro- Teaching a. Quiz: Dorian Gray in ten questions

1. Micro- Teaching a. Quiz: Dorian Gray in ten questions Tanja Sandhu Katharina Rittmann Petra Schoenenberger Fachdidaktik II Englisch, May 7, 2015 Teaching Oscar Wilde s The Picture of Dorian Gray Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. Micro- Teaching Planning the reading of

More information

The Polish Peasant in Europe and America. W. I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki

The Polish Peasant in Europe and America. W. I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki 1 The Polish Peasant in Europe and America W. I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki Now there are two fundamental practical problems which have constituted the center of attention of reflective social practice

More information

WRITING A PRÈCIS. What is a précis? The definition

WRITING A PRÈCIS. What is a précis? The definition What is a précis? The definition WRITING A PRÈCIS Précis, from the Old French and literally meaning cut short (dictionary.com), is a concise summary of an article or other work. The précis, then, explains

More information

CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW H a m z a h 7 CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1. Theoretical Framework This research applies some theories which help to analyze Mathilde as character and her suffering. The first and main theory is psychoanalysis

More information

N. Hawthorne Transcendentailism English 2327: American Literature I D. Glen Smith, instructor

N. Hawthorne Transcendentailism English 2327: American Literature I D. Glen Smith, instructor N. Hawthorne Transcendentailism Transcendentalism Hawthorne I. System of thought, belief in essential unity of all creation God exists in all of us no matter who you are; even sinners or murderers, still

More information

CHAPTERS THREE-FIVE ACTIVITY GUIDE QUESTIONS

CHAPTERS THREE-FIVE ACTIVITY GUIDE QUESTIONS Name Period THE KITE RUNNER CHAPTERS THREE-FIVE ACTIVITY GUIDE QUESTIONS Directions: Read Chapters Three-Five and answer the questions below in complete sentences. KNOWLEDGE 1. What is Baba s famous nickname?

More information

Newsletter of the Freudian Field, Volume 1, No. 1

Newsletter of the Freudian Field, Volume 1, No. 1 Interview with Jacques-Alain Miller Le Matin, 26 September 1986 On the ninth of September 1981, Jacques Lacan died after having said these final words, "I am obstinate... I am disappearing," and an important

More information

Psychological and Ethical Hedonism in Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray

Psychological and Ethical Hedonism in Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray Journal of Novel Applied Sciences Available online at www.jnasci.org 2016 JNAS Journal-2016-5-2/64-70 ISSN 2322-5149 2016 JNAS Psychological and Ethical Hedonism in Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian

More information

New Criticism(Close Reading)

New Criticism(Close Reading) New Criticism(Close Reading) Interpret by using part of the text. Denotation dictionary / lexical Connotation implied meaning (suggestions /associations/ - or + feelings) Ambiguity Tension of conflicting

More information

All s Fair in Love and War. The phrase all s fair in love and war denotes an unusual parallel between the pain of

All s Fair in Love and War. The phrase all s fair in love and war denotes an unusual parallel between the pain of Rachel Davis David Rodriguez ENGL 102 15 October 2013 All s Fair in Love and War The phrase all s fair in love and war denotes an unusual parallel between the pain of love and the pain of war. How can

More information

Thesis. Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts in the Graduate School of The Ohio State University

Thesis. Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts in the Graduate School of The Ohio State University In Dreams: A Freudian Analysis of David Lynch s Mulholland Dr. and Lost Highway Thesis Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts in the Graduate School of The Ohio

More information

Wilde s Aestheticism, The Picture of Dorian Gray and Salome

Wilde s Aestheticism, The Picture of Dorian Gray and Salome Wilde s Aestheticism, The Picture of Dorian Gray and Salome Natasja Groenewold 4031148 Chris Louttit BA Thesis English Language and Culture 15-6-2015 Groenewold 4031148/2 Abstract This thesis explores

More information

Spellbound. The Feminine Soul. (1945) Directed by Alfred Hitchcock

Spellbound. The Feminine Soul. (1945) Directed by Alfred Hitchcock The Feminine Soul Spellbound (1945) Directed by Alfred Hitchcock The Feminine Soul: Classic Film Women in Focus 2015 Educational Guidance Institute 19 19 Spellbound Both under contract to producer David

More information

The Scarlet Mask: Figurative masks within The Scarlet Letter

The Scarlet Mask: Figurative masks within The Scarlet Letter Miles 1 Chelsea Miles Sister Papworth ENG 314 6 April 2011 The Scarlet Mask: Figurative masks within The Scarlet Letter Every day, some people wake up and put on an invisible mask. This invisible mask

More information

A-LEVEL CLASSICAL CIVILISATION

A-LEVEL CLASSICAL CIVILISATION A-LEVEL CLASSICAL CIVILISATION CIV3C Greek Tragedy Report on the Examination 2020 June 2016 Version: 1.0 Further copies of this Report are available from aqa.org.uk Copyright 2016 AQA and its licensors.

More information

Responding Rhetorically to Literature and Survey of Literary Criticism. Lemon Bay High School AP Language and Composition Mr.

Responding Rhetorically to Literature and Survey of Literary Criticism. Lemon Bay High School AP Language and Composition Mr. Responding Rhetorically to Literature and Survey of Literary Criticism Lemon Bay High School AP Language and Composition Mr. Mark Hertz Goals of this Unit and Pre-Rating Understand the concept and practice

More information

REVIEW ARTICLE IDEAL EMBODIMENT: KANT S THEORY OF SENSIBILITY

REVIEW ARTICLE IDEAL EMBODIMENT: KANT S THEORY OF SENSIBILITY Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, vol. 7, no. 2, 2011 REVIEW ARTICLE IDEAL EMBODIMENT: KANT S THEORY OF SENSIBILITY Karin de Boer Angelica Nuzzo, Ideal Embodiment: Kant

More information

Unit Four: Psychological Development. Marshall High School Mr. Cline Psychology Unit Four AC

Unit Four: Psychological Development. Marshall High School Mr. Cline Psychology Unit Four AC Unit Four: Psychological Development Marshall High School Mr. Cline Psychology Unit Four AC The Ego Now, what the ego does is pretty related to the id and the superego. The id and the superego as you can

More information

MAURICE MANDELBAUM HISTORY, MAN, & REASON A STUDY IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY THOUGHT THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS: BALTIMORE AND LONDON

MAURICE MANDELBAUM HISTORY, MAN, & REASON A STUDY IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY THOUGHT THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS: BALTIMORE AND LONDON MAURICE MANDELBAUM HISTORY, MAN, & REASON A STUDY IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY THOUGHT THE JOHNS HOPKINS PRESS: BALTIMORE AND LONDON Copyright 1971 by The Johns Hopkins Press All rights reserved Manufactured

More information

NO COLOR IS MY KIND: THE LIFE OF ELDREWEY STEARNS AND THE INTEGRATION OF HOUSTON BY THOMAS R. COLE

NO COLOR IS MY KIND: THE LIFE OF ELDREWEY STEARNS AND THE INTEGRATION OF HOUSTON BY THOMAS R. COLE Read Online and Download Ebook NO COLOR IS MY KIND: THE LIFE OF ELDREWEY STEARNS AND THE INTEGRATION OF HOUSTON BY THOMAS R. COLE DOWNLOAD EBOOK : NO COLOR IS MY KIND: THE LIFE OF ELDREWEY STEARNS AND

More information

Kant: Notes on the Critique of Judgment

Kant: Notes on the Critique of Judgment Kant: Notes on the Critique of Judgment First Moment: The Judgement of Taste is Disinterested. The Aesthetic Aspect Kant begins the first moment 1 of the Analytic of Aesthetic Judgment with the claim that

More information

From Everything to Nothing to Everything

From Everything to Nothing to Everything Southern New Hampshire University From Everything to Nothing to Everything Psychoanalytic Theory and the Theory of Deconstruction in The Handmaid s Tale Ashley Henyan Literary Studies, LIT-500 Dr. Greg

More information

Romanticism & the American Renaissance

Romanticism & the American Renaissance Romanticism & the American Renaissance 1800-1860 Romanticism Washington Irving Fireside Poets James Fenimore Cooper Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Walt Whitman Edgar Allan Poe Nathaniel Hawthorne

More information

LCEXPRESS. Precis. The Entry Into Analysis and Its Relationship to the Analytic Act from Lacan s Late Teaching. Gerardo Réquiz.

LCEXPRESS. Precis. The Entry Into Analysis and Its Relationship to the Analytic Act from Lacan s Late Teaching. Gerardo Réquiz. February 4, 2012 Volume 2, Issue 3 LCEXPRESS The LC EXPRESS delivers the Lacanian Compass in a new format. Its aim is to deliver relevant texts in a dynamic timeframe for use in the clinic and in advance

More information

Psychoanalytical/Freudian Criticism Applied to Romeo and Juliet

Psychoanalytical/Freudian Criticism Applied to Romeo and Juliet Group Members: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Process 1. Read through the objectives, Notes, Essential Questions, and Points of Study 2. Your main group will be divided into two smaller groups: Group A and Group

More information

Literacy Strategies: Writing to think about concepts Representing learning with graphic organizers and presentations

Literacy Strategies: Writing to think about concepts Representing learning with graphic organizers and presentations Unit Title/Topic: Romeo and Juliet Subject: Yearlong English 9 Target Grade Level: 9 Lessons 1-3 Estimated Time per Lesson: 70 minutes Standards: 9-10.RL.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and

More information

Open-ended Questions for Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition, , to be used with Independent Reading Project

Open-ended Questions for Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition, , to be used with Independent Reading Project Open-ended Questions for Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition, 1970-2013, to be used with Independent Reading Project Book Choice List IMPORTANT: ALL of the questions below, implicitly

More information

Vertigo and Psychoanalysis

Vertigo and Psychoanalysis Vertigo and Psychoanalysis Freudian theories relevant to Vertigo Repressed memory: Freud believed that traumatic events, usually from childhood, are repressed by the conscious mind. Repetition compulsion:

More information

Article On the Nature of & Relation between Formless God & Form: Part 2: The Identification of the Formless God with Lesser Form

Article On the Nature of & Relation between Formless God & Form: Part 2: The Identification of the Formless God with Lesser Form 392 Article On the Nature of & Relation between Formless God & Form: Part 2: The Identification of the Formless God Steven E. Kaufman * ABSTRACT What is described in the second part of this work is what

More information

WHAT DEFINES A HERO? The study of archetypal heroes in literature.

WHAT DEFINES A HERO? The study of archetypal heroes in literature. WHAT DEFINES A? The study of archetypal heroes in literature. EPICS AND EPIC ES EPIC POEMS The epics we read today are written versions of old oral poems about a tribal or national hero. Typically these

More information

THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY: REREADING THE FORMLESSNESS AND INDETERMINACY OF THE GENRE AS AN ANTI-COLONIAL STANCE OF OSCAR WILDE

THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY: REREADING THE FORMLESSNESS AND INDETERMINACY OF THE GENRE AS AN ANTI-COLONIAL STANCE OF OSCAR WILDE 5 THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY: REREADING THE FORMLESSNESS AND INDETERMINACY OF THE GENRE AS AN ANTI-COLONIAL STANCE OF OSCAR WILDE ALISHA IBKAR Research Scholar (Ph.D.) Department of English, Aligarh Muslim

More information

Hamletmachine: The Objective Real and the Subjective Fantasy. Heiner Mueller s play Hamletmachine focuses on Shakespeare s Hamlet,

Hamletmachine: The Objective Real and the Subjective Fantasy. Heiner Mueller s play Hamletmachine focuses on Shakespeare s Hamlet, Tom Wendt Copywrite 2011 Hamletmachine: The Objective Real and the Subjective Fantasy Heiner Mueller s play Hamletmachine focuses on Shakespeare s Hamlet, especially on Hamlet s relationship to the women

More information

An essay examining Wilde s exploration of art, nature, love and desire.

An essay examining Wilde s exploration of art, nature, love and desire. Volume 3: 2010-2011 ISSN: 2041-6776 School of English Studies An essay examining Wilde s exploration of art, nature, love and desire. Hayley Wareham Wilde s exploration of art becomes multifaceted when

More information

Humanities 4: Lecture 19. Friedrich Schiller: On the Aesthetic Education of Man

Humanities 4: Lecture 19. Friedrich Schiller: On the Aesthetic Education of Man Humanities 4: Lecture 19 Friedrich Schiller: On the Aesthetic Education of Man Biography of Schiller 1759-1805 Studied medicine Author, historian, dramatist, & poet The Robbers (1781) Ode to Joy (1785)

More information

Artistic (mis)representation and commodity culture in The Picture of Dorian Gray and The House of Mirth

Artistic (mis)representation and commodity culture in The Picture of Dorian Gray and The House of Mirth Graduate Theses and Dissertations Graduate College 2015 Artistic (mis)representation and commodity culture in The Picture of Dorian Gray and The House of Mirth Evan Taylor Iowa State University Follow

More information

Activity Pack. Literature Made Fun! The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde

Activity Pack. Literature Made Fun! The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde Pack Literature Made Fun! by Oscar Wilde Pack Literature Made Fun! by Oscar Wilde Copyright 2009 by Prestwick House, Inc., P.O. Box 658, Clayton, DE 19938. 1-800-932-4593 www.prestwickhouse.com Permission

More information

Download or Read Online ebook litcharts hamlet in PDF Format From The Best User Guide Database

Download or Read Online ebook litcharts hamlet in PDF Format From The Best User Guide Database Litcharts Hamlet Free PDF ebook Download: Litcharts Hamlet Download or Read Online ebook litcharts hamlet in PDF Format From The Best User Database From What Happens in Hamlet (New York: Cambridge University

More information

Elizabethan Drama. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark by William Shakespeare

Elizabethan Drama. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark by William Shakespeare Elizabethan Drama The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark by William Shakespeare Elizabethan Theater Retains much of Greek Drama No female actresses--female parts played by young boys Much dialogue poetry:

More information

Litchart Hamlet Download or Read Online ebook litchart hamlet in PDF Format From The Best User Guide Database

Litchart Hamlet Download or Read Online ebook litchart hamlet in PDF Format From The Best User Guide Database Litchart Free PDF ebook Download: Litchart Download or Read Online ebook litchart hamlet in PDF Format From The Best User Guide Database From What Happens in (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1959),

More information

Observing Art through the Lens of Oscar Wilde

Observing Art through the Lens of Oscar Wilde University of Kentucky UKnowledge Lewis Honors College Capstone Collection Lewis Honors College 2013 Observing Art through the Lens of Oscar Wilde Brian Hancock University of Kentucky, bmhancock@bellsouth.net

More information

Literature, a Gateway to New Worlds Encouraging Aesthetic Reading through Transactional, Reader Response, and Envisionment Theories and Methods

Literature, a Gateway to New Worlds Encouraging Aesthetic Reading through Transactional, Reader Response, and Envisionment Theories and Methods English Author: Linnéa Falk Supervisor: Anna Greek Examiner: Niklas Salmose Level: G3 2ENÄ2E 15 Credits 27 August 2015 Literature, a Gateway to New Worlds Encouraging Aesthetic Reading through Transactional,

More information

Learning to Validate

Learning to Validate Week 3 Learning to Validate 1 Levels of Communication Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Learning to Validate How Communication Breaks Down How can the speaker s message be different than the one

More information

Drama Study Guide The Tragedy Answers Macbeth

Drama Study Guide The Tragedy Answers Macbeth Drama Study Guide The Tragedy Answers Macbeth If looking for the ebook Drama study guide the tragedy answers macbeth in pdf format, then you've come to faithful site. We presented the full option of this

More information

The Sublime Experience: Individual versus Collective Morality in William Faulkner s Absalom, Absalom!

The Sublime Experience: Individual versus Collective Morality in William Faulkner s Absalom, Absalom! The Oswald Review: An International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Criticism in the Discipline of English Volume 16 Issue 1 Article 6 2014 The Sublime Experience: Individual versus Collective Morality

More information

Multiple Critical Perspectives. Teaching George Orwell's. Animal Farm. from. Multiple Critical Perspectives. Eva Richardson

Multiple Critical Perspectives. Teaching George Orwell's. Animal Farm. from. Multiple Critical Perspectives. Eva Richardson Teaching George Orwell's Animal Farm from by Eva Richardson Animal Farm General Introduction to the Work Introduction to Animal Farm n i m a l Farm is an allegorical novel that uses elements of the fable

More information

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain 2 nd Quarter Novel Unit AP English Language & Composition

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain 2 nd Quarter Novel Unit AP English Language & Composition The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain 2 nd Quarter Novel Unit AP English Language & Composition The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is considered one of the first significant and truly American

More information

that would join theoretical philosophy (metaphysics) and practical philosophy (ethics)?

that would join theoretical philosophy (metaphysics) and practical philosophy (ethics)? Kant s Critique of Judgment 1 Critique of judgment Kant s Critique of Judgment (1790) generally regarded as foundational treatise in modern philosophical aesthetics no integration of aesthetic theory into

More information

The Supernatural Side in Oscar Wilde s the Picture of Dorian Gray

The Supernatural Side in Oscar Wilde s the Picture of Dorian Gray International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL) Volume 5, Issue 9, September 2017, PP 38-50 ISSN 2347-3126 (Print) & ISSN 2347-3134 (Online) http://dx.doi.org/10.20431/2347-3134.0509005

More information

How to write an introduction

How to write an introduction How to write an introduction Choices play a greater role in the downfall of characters in Macbeth than fate. Discuss. Rewrite the question in your own words - use synonyms Choices play a greater role in

More information

1. Freud s different conceptual elaborations on the unconscious: epistemological,

1. Freud s different conceptual elaborations on the unconscious: epistemological, ANNUAL SCHEDULE OF THE FOUR YEAR PROGRAM YEAR 1 - SEMESTER 1 (14 WEEKS): THEORY OF THE UNCONSCIOUS AND REPETITION FROM FREUD TO LACAN The unconscious is the foundational concept of psychoanalysis. This

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS Cambridge International Level 3 Pre-U Certificate Principal Subject

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS Cambridge International Level 3 Pre-U Certificate Principal Subject UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS Cambridge International Level 3 Pre-U Certificate Principal Subject www.xtremepapers.com LITERATURE IN ENGLISH 9765/01 Paper 1 Poetry and Prose May/June

More information

Foucault and Lacan: Who is Master?

Foucault and Lacan: Who is Master? Foucault and Lacan: Who is Master? Cecilia Sjöholm Lacan s desire The master breaks the silence with anything with a sarcastic remark, with a kick-start. That is how a Buddhist master conducts his search

More information

Moralistic Criticism. Post Modern Moral Criticism asks how the work in question affects the reader.

Moralistic Criticism. Post Modern Moral Criticism asks how the work in question affects the reader. Literary Criticism Moralistic Criticism Plato argues that literature (and art) is capable of corrupting or influencing people to act or behave in various ways. Sometimes these themes, subject matter, or

More information

Art and Anxiety, or: Lacan with Joyce. Professor Ruth Ronen

Art and Anxiety, or: Lacan with Joyce. Professor Ruth Ronen Art and Anxiety, or: Lacan with Joyce Professor Ruth Ronen The advent of modernism has put aesthetics in a predicament since ways of reconciling the interests of an aesthetic investigation with the anti-aesthetic

More information

Get ready to take notes!

Get ready to take notes! Get ready to take notes! Organization of Society Rights and Responsibilities of Individuals Material Well-Being Spiritual and Psychological Well-Being Ancient - Little social mobility. Social status, marital

More information

Name: ( /10) English 11/ Macbeth Questions: Act 1

Name: ( /10) English 11/ Macbeth Questions: Act 1 Name: ( /10) English 11/ Macbeth Questions: Act 1 1. Describe the three witches that we meet in Act 1. In what sense are they familiar to you? 2. Why does Shakespeare open the play by showing the witches?

More information

He, She, and It: Aesthetics in Mary Shelley

He, She, and It: Aesthetics in Mary Shelley He, She, and It: Aesthetics in Mary Shelley Ulrike Buschbacher In her novel The Last Man, Mary Shelley follows in the footsteps of Edmund Burke and Immanuel Kant by representing the beautiful and the sublime

More information

Excerpt: Karl Marx's Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts

Excerpt: Karl Marx's Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts Excerpt: Karl Marx's Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1844/epm/1st.htm We shall start out from a present-day economic fact. The worker becomes poorer the

More information

Sample essays. AQA examination (higher tier) Grade-C answer

Sample essays. AQA examination (higher tier) Grade-C answer AQA examination (higher tier) A How does the following extract from Act 3 scene 2 contribute to the plot and themes of the play? (from 3.2 line 36 ay me, what news to line 97 Shall I speak ill of my husband?

More information

Shedding a Light on Guy de Maupassant s Farewell. opposed to feeling full of life, he feels older and full of regrets. However, the other man

Shedding a Light on Guy de Maupassant s Farewell. opposed to feeling full of life, he feels older and full of regrets. However, the other man Lam 1 Sample Student Paper 2 Professor Crozier English 1C Lit Ana 26 July 2010 Shedding a Light on Guy de Maupassant s Farewell Summary: The short story Farewell by Guy de Maupassant (1850-1893) articulates

More information

Happiness - Essays On The Meaning Of Life By Carl Hilty

Happiness - Essays On The Meaning Of Life By Carl Hilty Happiness - Essays On The Meaning Of Life By Carl Hilty If you are searching for a ebook Happiness - Essays On The Meaning Of Life by Carl Hilty in pdf format, then you have come on to the correct site.

More information

Shakespeare s Act Four: Where problems spiral out of control and grow wildly more complex and difficult to overcome

Shakespeare s Act Four: Where problems spiral out of control and grow wildly more complex and difficult to overcome Hamlet Act IV As a reminder, Act Three is the turning point of the play, whereas Act Four is where the characters fates are bound to their unavoidable outcomes Shakespeare s Act Four: Where problems spiral

More information

Task:"Prepare"a"critical"essay"on"Edgar"Allan"Poe's"writings." Topic:"Critical"Analysis"of"Edgar"Allan"Poe's"Short"Stories" Type:"Critical"Essay"

Task:PrepareacriticalessayonEdgarAllanPoe'swritings. Topic:CriticalAnalysisofEdgarAllanPoe'sShortStories Type:CriticalEssay 1" Task:"Prepare"a"critical"essay"on"Edgar"Allan"Poe's"writings." Topic:"Critical"Analysis"of"Edgar"Allan"Poe's"Short"Stories" Type:"Critical"Essay" Length:"4"pages" Formatting:"MLA" Requirements:77 Assess"writing"methods"and"strategies"used"by"Edgar"Allan"Poe"in"his"short"stories."Conduct"

More information

SocioBrains THE INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF ART

SocioBrains THE INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF ART THE INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF ART Tatyana Shopova Associate Professor PhD Head of the Center for New Media and Digital Culture Department of Cultural Studies, Faculty of Arts South-West University

More information

S. Elkhadem University of New Brunswick

S. Elkhadem University of New Brunswick But because she has discovered the advantages of being herself, the protagonist refuses any resolution that does not agree with the ich which she has just discovered. Alone with herself again, the protagonist

More information

An Examination of Personal Humor Style and Humor Appreciation in Others

An Examination of Personal Humor Style and Humor Appreciation in Others John Carroll University Carroll Collected Senior Honors Projects Theses, Essays, and Senior Honors Projects Spring 5-8-2015 An Examination of Personal Humor Style and Humor Appreciation in Others Steven

More information

Architecture as the Psyche of a Culture

Architecture as the Psyche of a Culture Roger Williams University DOCS@RWU School of Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation Faculty Publications School of Architecture, Art, and Historic Preservation 2010 John S. Hendrix Roger Williams

More information

DNA By DENNIS KELLY GCSE DRAMA \\ WJEC CBAC Ltd 2016

DNA By DENNIS KELLY GCSE DRAMA \\ WJEC CBAC Ltd 2016 DNA B y D E N N I S K E L LY D ennis Kelly, who was born in 1970, wrote his first play, Debris, when he was 30. He is now an internationally acclaimed playwright and has written for film, television and

More information

Welcome and Appreciation!

Welcome and Appreciation! Creative Approaches to Connecting with Children, Families, and Professionals: Humor at Its Best Early On Center for Higher Education Bite Size Webinar November 2014 Holly Hoffman Welcome and Appreciation!

More information

SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND MEANING DANIEL K. STEWMT*

SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND MEANING DANIEL K. STEWMT* SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND MEANING DANIEL K. STEWMT* In research on communication one often encounters an attempted distinction between sign and symbol at the expense of critical attention to meaning. Somehow,

More information

OF GOD INTO A LIE ROMANS 1:24-28, 32

OF GOD INTO A LIE ROMANS 1:24-28, 32 Issues Facing the Church Series WHO CHANGED THE TRUTH Text: Romans 1:25 OF GOD INTO A LIE ROMANS 1:24-28, 32 Romans 1:25 25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature

More information

Why Stories? Stories are how we think. Stories are how we relate

Why Stories? Stories are how we think. Stories are how we relate Why Stories? Stories are how we think Stories are how we relate Storytelling is the key ochange Leadership is a process of social influence, which maximizes the efforts of others, towards the achievement

More information

Hamlet Packet. You will use this packet for the following: Reading Observations: Act Analysis Questions:

Hamlet Packet. You will use this packet for the following: Reading Observations: Act Analysis Questions: Hamlet Packet For the Hamlet Unit, you will be responsible for several items. Besides reading, you will respond daily to the progression of the play. For this you will complete daily reading observations,

More information

Dawn M. Phillips The real challenge for an aesthetics of photography

Dawn M. Phillips The real challenge for an aesthetics of photography Dawn M. Phillips 1 Introduction In his 1983 article, Photography and Representation, Roger Scruton presented a powerful and provocative sceptical position. For most people interested in the aesthetics

More information

Oscar Wilde as a Temporal Designer: A Case Study of The Picture of Dorian Gray

Oscar Wilde as a Temporal Designer: A Case Study of The Picture of Dorian Gray International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature ISSN 2200-3592 (Print), ISSN 2200-3452 (Online) Vol. 4 No. 2; March 2015 Copyright Australian International Academic Centre, Australia

More information

Melodrama, Tears, and Life of Oharu

Melodrama, Tears, and Life of Oharu April 2004 2. årgang nummer 6 gratis forsiden indholdsfortegnelsen forrige side næste side Melodrama, Tears, and Life of Oharu By JONATHAN FROME Many of Mizoguchi s films portray suffering women, but Life

More information

ACTIVITY 4. Literary Perspectives Tool Kit

ACTIVITY 4. Literary Perspectives Tool Kit Classroom Activities 141 ACTIVITY 4 Literary Perspectives Tool Kit Literary perspectives help us explain why people might interpret the same text in different ways. Perspectives help us understand what

More information

Approaching the Open Ended Question Deconstruction Lesson

Approaching the Open Ended Question Deconstruction Lesson NATIONAL MATH + SCIENCE INITIATIVE English NMSI ENGLISH AP Literature Approaching the Open Ended Question - 2014 Deconstruction Lesson Copyright 2015 National Math + Science Initiative, Dallas, Texas.

More information

DOLLY S POSSESSIVENESS IN RUTH RENDELL S THE KILLING DOLL

DOLLY S POSSESSIVENESS IN RUTH RENDELL S THE KILLING DOLL DOLLY S POSSESSIVENESS IN RUTH RENDELL S THE KILLING DOLL A THESIS Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Sarjana Sastra (S.S) in English Language By: Linda Ardianing Sutjipto

More information

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Psychoanalysis and Literature The conjunction of psychoanalysis and literature came into existence the day that psychoanalysis was introduced to the world by Freud. As the

More information

story of five different families who have firsthand experience with bullying. The film follows Tyler Long (17), Ty Smalley

story of five different families who have firsthand experience with bullying. The film follows Tyler Long (17), Ty Smalley The documentary Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, tells the story of five different families who have firsthand experience with bullying. The film follows Tyler Long (17), Ty Smalley (11), Alex (12), Kelby

More information

Oedipus the King Gateway-Type Writing Assessment Introduction: Writing Task: Documentation: Example of paraphrase: Example of quote: DOCUMENT A

Oedipus the King Gateway-Type Writing Assessment Introduction: Writing Task: Documentation: Example of paraphrase: Example of quote: DOCUMENT A Oedipus the King Gateway-Type Writing Assessment Introduction: A tragic hero is a protagonist who displays many positive traits but who also has a tragic flaw, also known as a fatal flaw, that eventually

More information

My Most Important Discovery by Edson Gould

My Most Important Discovery by Edson Gould My Most Important Discovery by Edson Gould My first ten years on Wall Street, during the 1920 s, were spent working at Moody s, primarily for Paul Clay, a brilliant economist and market forecaster. Much

More information

AP Literature re Open- ended Prompts ( )

AP Literature re Open- ended Prompts ( ) AP Literature re Open- ended Prompts (1970-2017) 1970. Choose a character from a novel or play of recognized literary merit and write an essay in which you (a) briefly describe the standards of the fictional

More information

Aristotle: Poetics By Joe Sachs, Aristotle

Aristotle: Poetics By Joe Sachs, Aristotle Aristotle: Poetics By Joe Sachs, Aristotle Poetics (Aristotle) - Wikipedia - Aristotle's Poetics (Greek:?????????????, Latin: De Poetica; c. 335 BCE) is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and

More information

THE VALUE AND LIMITATIONS OF FROEBEL'S GIFTS AS EDUCATIVE MATERIALS PARTS I, II

THE VALUE AND LIMITATIONS OF FROEBEL'S GIFTS AS EDUCATIVE MATERIALS PARTS I, II THE VALUE AND LIMITATIONS OF FROEBEL'S GIFTS AS EDUCATIVE MATERIALS PARTS I, II PATTY SMITH HILL Teachers College, Columbia University This article will attempt to treat Froebel's gifts from the following

More information

aster of Suspense: Alfred Hitchcock

aster of Suspense: Alfred Hitchcock IB DIPLOMA- VISUAL ARTS EXTENDED ESSAY aster of Suspense: Alfred Hitchcock How does Alfred Hitchcock visually guide viewers as he creates suspense in films such as ''The Pleasure Garden,''''The Lodger,''

More information

Pre-phobic Anxiety *

Pre-phobic Anxiety * Pre-phobic Anxiety * My dear Professor, I am sending you a little more about Hans-but this time, I am sorry to say, material for a case history. 1 The boy woke up one morning in tears; asked why he was

More information

Introduction to Drama & the World of Shakespeare

Introduction to Drama & the World of Shakespeare Introduction to Drama & the World of Shakespeare What Is Drama? A play is a story acted out, live and onstage. Structure of a Drama Like the plot of a story, the plot of a drama follows a rising and falling

More information

Integration, Ambivalence, and Mental Conflict

Integration, Ambivalence, and Mental Conflict Integration, Ambivalence, and Mental Conflict Luke Brunning CONTENTS 1 The Integration Thesis 2 Value: Singular, Plural and Personal 3 Conflicts of Desire 4 Ambivalent Identities 5 Ambivalent Emotions

More information

SUMMER READING PROJECT Seniors. Dr. Kathleen Carroll

SUMMER READING PROJECT Seniors. Dr. Kathleen Carroll SUMMER READING PROJECT Seniors Dr. Kathleen Carroll (kcarroll@cdobcs.org) Readings: Frankenstein Mary Shelley, and One of the books listed below which we will be reading in class this year. Project: listed

More information