Edge Level B Unit 3 Cluster 2 A Job for Valentín

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1 Edge Level B Unit 3 Cluster 2 A Job for Valentín 1. Read this paragraph from the story that reflects Teresa s character. I don t have anything against these handicapped people, but I don t want to spend my whole summer with one. Besides, how is it going to look to Bob Dylan and my other friends? They re not going to want to hang around the store with someone like that around. Which of these would Teresa most NOT want to have hang out at her concession stand? A. the student who was the lead in the school play B. a wide receiver on the football team C. someone in a motorized wheelchair D. someone who drives a pick-up truck LA The correct answer is C. Options A, B, and D are incorrect because they represent inaccurate interpretations of character. The excerpt is found on pages 230 and 231. Option A is incorrect because Teresa would be happy to have the student actor hang out at the concession stand. Option B is incorrect because Teresa would be happy to have the football player hang out at the concession stand. Option C is correct because Teresa would not want to have handicapped person in a wheelchair hang out at the concession stand. Option D is incorrect because Teresa would not mind having someone who drives a pick-up truck hang out at the concession stand. 2. Read this paragraph from the story. I don t have anything against these handicapped people, but I don t want to spend the summer with one.old Valentín has the posture of a gorilla. And so much hair on his head and his arms that he is furry. And he s carrying a huge shopping bag that seems to drag him down. Great. Wonderful. What literary device does the author use in this paragraph? F. He uses alliteration by selecting the words hair, head, and huge. G. He uses metaphor by saying that with so much hair Valentín looks like a gorilla. H. He uses hyperbole when he creates the image of a huge shopping bag affecting Valentín s posture. I. He uses irony because Teresa says that something she doesn t want to do is great and wonderful. Copyright 2010 The Hampton-Brown Company, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of The National Geographic Society, publishing under the imprints National Geographic School Publishing and Hampton-Brown. Teachers are authorized to reproduce this material in limited quantities and solely for use in their own classrooms.

2 LA The correct answer is I. Options F, G, and H are incorrect because they represent inaccurate interpretations of descriptive language or figurative language. The excerpt is found on page 231. Option F is incorrect because the excerpt does not contain an example of alliteration. Alliteration is the repetition of the same sounds (usually consonants) at the beginning of words that are close together which is seen with the author s use of pl at the beginning of plane and plopped (page 842, Literary Terms). Option G is incorrect because the excerpt does not contain an example metaphor. Metaphor is a type of figurative language that compares two unlike things by saying that one thing is the other thing (page 847, Literary Terms). Option H is incorrect because the excerpt does not contain an example of hyperbole. Hyperbole is figurative language that exaggerates, often to the point of being funny, to emphasize something (page 846, Literary Terms). Option I is correct because the excerpt contains an example of irony. Irony is defined at length on page 846, Literary Terms or in dictionary.reference.com as the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning. Terry doesn t want to have Valentín as her partner and yet she remarks, Great. Wonderful. 3. Mrs. O Brien expects certain traits from her employees EXCEPT A. carelessness B. trustworthiness C. cheerfulness D. friendliness LA The correct answer is A. Options B, C, and D are incorrect because they represent accurate interpretations of character, point of view, plot development, setting, conflict, or theme. Definitions are from dictionary.reference.com. Option A is correct because Mrs. O Brien expects her employees to be careful, not careless, as the reader learns on page 230, People s lives, children s lives, are in that young man s hands, she says. Keep an eye on him, Teresa, and use that phone to call me, if you need to. Careless is defined as not paying enough attention to what one does. Option B is incorrect because Mrs. O Brien expects her employees to exhibit trustworthiness, and to prove this, as the reader learns on page 230, she lets Teresa run the cash register, take inventory, train and help Valentín, and asks her to keep an eye on the lifeguard, Bob Dylan. Trustworthy is defined as deserving of trust or confidence; dependable; reliable. Option C is incorrect because Mrs. O Brien, as the reader learns on page 231, models being cheerful for her employees, He s brought some of his creations, Mrs. O Brien told me in a cheerful voice. We re letting him sell them at the store.. Cheerful is defined as promoting or inducing cheer; pleasant; bright. Option D is incorrect because Mrs. O Brien hired Teresa who, as the reader learns on page 230, is very friendly with customers. Friendly is defined as favorably disposed; inclined to approve, help, or support. Hampton Brown Edge Level B, Unit 3, Cluster 2 2 of 6

3 4. Read these sentences from the story. I jump into the shallow end and start walking in his direction. I cannot tell how deep it will be, and I feel scared that I may drown, but I have to reach Pablito. Why did Teresa enter the pool in the shallow end? F. that is where Pablito is G. Teresa is short for her age H. she cannot see well without her glasses I. she cannot swim very well LA The correct answer is I. Options F, G, and H are incorrect because they represent incorrect inferences or conclusions based on details found in the text. The excerpt is found on page 237. Option F is incorrect because although this could be inferred, actually the reader does not learn exactly where in the pool Pablito is except that there is deeper water beyond where he is. On page 237 the reader is told, When I get to the pool, I see the kid is thrashing wildly near the edge. He s really scared and his kicking is only forcing him away toward the deep water. Option G is incorrect because the reader does not learn information about Teresa s height. Option H is incorrect because the reader learns on page 230 that Teresa cannot see well without her glasses; however, when she enters the water to save Pablito she is wearing her glasses. As the reader learns on page 238, so I finally dive into the water. My glasses get wet and I can t see, so I throw them off Option I is correct because she cannot swim and is more comfortable in the shallow water where she can stand and still wear her glasses. The reader learns about Teresa on page 230, I can t swim very well, mainly because my eyesight is so bad. The minute I take off my glasses to get in the pool, everything becomes a blob of color and I freeze. 5. How does Teresa feel when she s in the pool trying to reach Pablito? A. angry at having to spend a summer with a mentally challenged assistant B. afraid that she might not be able to reach little Pablito in time to save him C. guilty for having left Valentín alone in the concession stand D. worried that Clarissa and Anne might see her in the pool LA The correct answer is B. Option A is incorrect because it represents facts, details, or ideas drawn from the text but unrelated to the question being tested. Options C, and D are incorrect because they represent plausible but incorrect distractors based on the text. Option A is incorrect because as the reader learns on page 230, Teresa feels angry at having to work with a mentally challenged assistant on her second day at work. The reader learns on page 236 that it is days later, on Friday afternoon, when Pablito nearly drowns in the pool. Option B is correct because as the reader learns on pages 237 and 238, I cannot tell how deep it will be, and I feel scared that I may drown, but I have to reach Pablito But I feel that I m moving in slow motion, so I finally dive into the water Option C is incorrect because she did not leave Hampton Brown Edge Level B, Unit 3, Cluster 2 3 of 6

4 Valentín in the concession stand; he is the one who discovered Pablito in the pool (page 237) and he is there, in the pool, to carry Pablito out of the pool (page 238). Option D is incorrect because it is Friday afternoon, and the pool is closed. Teresa has no thoughts of Clarissa and Anne while she is rescuing Pablito. Edge Level B Unit 3 Cluster 2 In the Heart of a Hero 6. Read this sentence from the article in which Dr. Farley is talking about Brian s actions. Situational heroes, as Farley refers to regular people, who rise to the occasion in emergencies, simply aren t inhibited by uncertainty, which is one of the biggest sources of human fear. Which of the following would Dr. Farley also consider a situational hero? F. a fireman who climbs a ladder to rescue someone from the second floor of a burning house G. a person who stops his car and dives into a canal to help an accident victim H. an emergency room nurse who gives oxygen to an ill patient I. a soldier who gives food and water to an abandoned stray dog in the desert LA The correct answer is G. Options F, H, and I are incorrect because they represent incorrect meanings of assessed phrases found within the excepted text. The excerpt is found on page 245. Option F is incorrect because a fireman is not an example of a situational hero. By definition a situation hero is a regular person; a fireman is a specially trained professional. Option G is correct because this is an example of a situational hero. The driver is a regular person who has done an extraordinary thing; diving into a canal to help someone. Option H is incorrect because this is not an example of a situational hero. By definition a situational hero is a regular person; an emergency room nurse is a specially trained professional. Option I is incorrect because this is not an example of a situational hero. By definition a situational hero is a regular person; a soldier is a specially trained professional. 7. Who were the real heroes in A Job for Valentín and In the Heart of a Hero? A. Teresa, Valentín, Brian Hart, Eric Hart B. Maricela, Mrs. O Brien, Frank Farley, Carol Charlton C. Teresa, Bob Dylan, Brian Hart, Donald Hart D. Pablito, Valentín, Brianna Hart, E. J. Hart Hampton Brown Edge Level B, Unit 3, Cluster 2 4 of 6

5 LA The correct answer is A. Options B, C, and D are incorrect because they represent fact and details drawn from the text but unrelated to the test question. Option A is correct because Teresa and Valentín were heroes because they went into the pool to rescue Pablito; Brian and Eric were heroes because they went into Lake George to save the passengers of the Ethan Allen. Option B is incorrect because these people were not heroes. Maricela is Pablito s mother who left him unsupervised poolside; Mrs. O Brien is in charge of the pool and concession stand (page 230) as well as afterschool programs and playground (page 239); Frank Farley is a psychologist who has studied heroic behavior (page 244); and Carol Charlton was a survivor of the Ethan Allen incident (page 245, caption). Option C is incorrect because not all of these people were heroes. Teresa was a hero; Bob Dylan was the lifeguard who abandoned his post and was not a hero; Brian was a hero; and Donald, the father of Brian and Eric, was not a hero. Option D is incorrect because not all of these people were heroes. Pablito was a victim, not a hero; Valentín was a hero; Brianna was Brian s youngest daughter (page 243) and was not a hero; E. J. Hart was the son of Eric Hart (page 243) was not a hero. 8. What information about this tragedy can you NOT learn from the illustrations/captions in this article? F. It was a sunny day when the boat tipped over. G. One of the saved passengers was named Carol Charlton. H. The Ethan Allen was a boat capable of carrying many passengers. I. Lake George is about 32 miles long and between 1-3 miles wide. LA The correct answer is I. Options F, G, and H are incorrect because they represent facts, details, or other information drawn from the text features related to the question being tested. Option F is incorrect because the photograph on page 243 of the Ethan Allen taken prior to the boat capsizing shows that the sun was out. Option G is incorrect because the picture page 245 shows rescuer Brian Hart and survivor Carol Charlton. Option H is incorrect because the picture of the Ethan Allen on page 243 shows that the boat is capable of carrying many passengers. Option I is correct because although the photograph on page 244 lets the reader infer that the lake is rather large, there is no illustration that provides the size of Lake George. 9. According to the article, what do Brian Hart and Carol Charlton have in common? A. both like to go for boat rides on the Ethan Allen B. both live near Lake George in New York State C. both were rescued from the waters of Lake George D. both were bystanders at a dreadful boating accident LA The correct answer is C. Options A, B, and D are incorrect because they represent incorrect comparisons. Hampton Brown Edge Level B, Unit 3, Cluster 2 5 of 6

6 Option A is incorrect because only Carol Charlton was a passenger on the Ethan Allen; Brian Hart was not a passenger on the Ethan Allen. Option B is incorrect because the reader can infer that Brian lived near Lake George since he was in a canoe with his daughter and her friends, his brother came in the family fishing boat, and in 1978 Brian had been rescued from Lake George. The reader learns on page 245, As a boy (Brian) learned to paddle and fish on Lake George, and later scuba dived and piloted his first motorboat there. The reader only knows that Carol Charlton went for a ride on the Ethan Allen, a tour boat; the reader is not told where Carol lives. Option C is correct because as the reader learns on page 245, Brian was once rescued from Lake George: Is it a coincidence that this man who dove into the water had once been rescued on Lake George? In 1978, Brian was thrown from a motorboat. He floated dazed but uninjured for fifteen minutes until a boater fished him out. In the caption on page 245, the reader learns that Carol Charlton was a survivor of the capsizing of the Ethan Allen. Option D is incorrect because Brian was a bystander-turned-hero; however, Carol was a participant, not a bystander, in the boating accident. 10. How did Brian know that the passengers from the Ethan Allen were in trouble? F. he was canoeing on the lake and saw the Ethan Allen overturn G. he was fishing with his brother, Eric, near where the Ethan Allen was riding H. his father, Donald, called him and told him about it I. he saw a dazed senior citizen in the water wearing a life preserver LA The correct answer is F. Options G, H, and I are incorrect because they represent facts and details not found in the text. Option F is correct because as the reader learns on page 243, Brian Hart was on the lake that day, paddling a canoe When he saw the boat overturn. Option G is incorrect because Brian was not fishing with Eric when the Ethan Allen capsized. Option H is incorrect because it was Brian who called Eric; the reader is not told of any phone calls made by their father Donald. Option I is incorrect because Brian knew that the passengers were in trouble because he saw the boat capsize, not because he saw anyone in a life preserver. The reader learns on page 243, Brian and Eric dove straight in and started hauling survivors onto life preservers, seat cushions anything that would float. Hampton Brown Edge Level B, Unit 3, Cluster 2 6 of 6

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