Across Down WORD BOX S/V

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1 Poetry Unit Name

2 cross 3. a five-line poem 4. poetry without specific rhyme patterns 6. a Japanese, 17-syllable poem 7. a literary genre written in verse 9. a group of lines of poetry 10. pictures formed in the mind; things imagined Down 1. words without serious meaning 2. a form of humorous nonsense verse five lines long 5. words that sound alike 8. a specific pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables WORD BOX POETRY RHYTHM IMGERY LIMERICK FREE VERSE NONSENSE RHYME HIKU CINQUIN STNZ Unscramble each of the clue words. Take the letters that appear in boxes and unscramble them for the final message. S/V

3 Quatrain The Quatrain is a poetic form With rules to which you must conform. It has four lines and a rhyming pattern, Choose any subject, from frogs to Saturn! The dragon descended from the skies, With fierce fire in its eyes, It glared at me and I started to run, But all it wanted was to have some fun. Quatrains are 4-line poems. Notice that in the examples above that a quatrain has the rhyming pattern: BB. However, quatrains can also have the rhyme pattern BB or simply. Write three quatrains of your own, one each for each of the rhyming patterns. B B B B SK1

4 Cinquain Cinquain Dragon Mouse Strict, Structured, Powerful, Majestic Cute, Mischievous, Creating, Expressing, Revealing Soaring, Fighting, Fire-breathing, Squeaking, Scurrying, Scampering Challenging to write correctly, Love to meet one, I think it s sweet, Poem. Beast. Rodent. The cinquain gets its name from the fact that it is a poem with five lines. Cinquains have a single subject, and follow a particular set of rules to talk about that subject. Line 1: one word noun Line 2: two adjectives describing the noun Line 3: three verbs for the noun (usually ending in ing ) Line 4: four words expressing a feeling about the noun Line 5: one word synonym for the noun Write two cinquains of your own. SK2

5 Concrete Poem Concrete poems are also sometimes called shape poems. They are written in such a way that the words form an actual picture. The words of the poem are in some way about the subject of the picture they create.

6 Now that you ve seen some examples of concrete poems, create two of your own. SK3

7 Haiku Haiku are icebergs: Evening s ornament When you write Haiku Three lines floating on the page, The golden medallion Remember, freeze a moment The rest unwritten. Of the setting sun. Let it live in words. Haiku is a form of Japanese poetry. Since haiku are so short and structured, not a word can be wasted, and the words that are written need to hint at much more than they actually say. The haiku is based on syllables. haiku must have a total of seventeen syllables in the following order: Line 1: 5 syllables Line 2: 7 syllables Line 3: 5 syllables Haiku traditionally are about nature and natural things. However, they can also be about feelings, moods, and emotions. Haiku can even be about whatever you would like. Typically, haiku do not rhyme. Write three haiku of your own. Be sure they follow the syllable pattern given. SK4

8 Diamante Cat Water Furry Soft Cool Blue Purring Meowing Scratching Waving Lapping Splashing Quiet Mouser Wagging Noisy Wet Calm ngry Dry Barking Jumping Chasing Burning Twisting Melting Slobbery Big Red Hot Dog Fire diamante poem compares two things that are the opposite of each other. Look at the examples above. You can see that the poem gets its name from its diamond shape. Diamante poems are written according to very specific rules. They are as follows: Line 1: noun Line 2: two adjectives describing the noun Line 3: three verbs for the noun (usually ending in ing ) Line 4: two adjectives describing the noun on Line 1, and then two adjectives that a describe a noun that is the opposite of the noun on Line 1 Line 5: three verbs for the opposite noun (again, usually ending in ing ) Line 6: two adjectives that describe the opposite noun Line 7: a noun that is the opposite of the noun on Line 1 The top half of the poem deals with the first noun, while the bottom half of the poem deals with its antonym. Cat Water Furry Soft Cool Blue Purring Meowing Scratching Waving Lapping Splashing Quiet Mouser Wagging Noisy Wet Calm ngry Dry Barking Jumping Chasing Burning Twisting Melting Slobbery Big Red Hot Dog Fire Sometimes it s easiest to write a diamante poem in this order: Line 1, then Line 7, then Line 2, then When writing the poem, you should arrange the Line 6, then words on each line so that the overall poem is in Line 3, then the shape of a diamond. Line 5, and finally Line 4 Now that you ve seen some examples of diamante poems, create two of your own.

9 SK5

10 Limerick There was an old man with a beard, Who said, It is just as I feared! Two owls and a hen, Four larks and a wren, Have all built their nests in my beard. There once was a teacher named Gray Who said to his students one day, Now you have until one, Get a limerick done. The class groaned the hour away! The limerick is a form of light verse, usually composed of five lines arranged in the rhyming pattern of BB. Lines 1, 2, and 5 are longer than lines 3 and 4, often with a syllable pattern of 8, 8, 5, 5, 8. Each line has an alternating rhythm of stressed and unstressed syllables. Line 1 usually starts with the words There was an or There once was a. Limericks are humorous, witty, ironic, and sometimes nonsensical. They are often used to make fun of politics, religion, convention, human mannerisms, or important people. t other times, they are just simply funny. Write two limericks of your own. SK6

11 Free Verse Free Verse is poetry without rhyme and no form to limit you. You are free to create beautiful pictures to share with us. Feeling flows freely, poetic, and meaningful, perfect, just the way it is. Soaring on warm winds, seeing the land below like a postage stamp. Knowing that with one breath I can set the fields on fire and burn away all human contamination from the Earth. I love being a dragon. Free verse is exactly that a poem that is written with total freedom. It does not have to rhyme (although it can, if you want). It does not have a set number of lines or syllables. You simply write what you want and stop when you re done. Remember, though, that poetry is a shorter way of expressing ideas differently than you normally do. Write two free verses of your own. SK7

12 Wet Wet wet wet the world of melting winter, icicles weeping themselves away on the eaves little brown rivers streaming down the road nibbling at the edges of the tired snow, all puddled mud not a dry place to put a booted foot, everything dripping gushing slushing slipping and listen to that brook, rushing like a puppy loosed from its leash. -Lillian Moore Write a paragraph explaining what the author is saying in this poem. Be specific, and use phrases from the poem to support your explanation. SK8

13 I m Thankful I m thankful for my baseball bat, I m thankful for my basketball, I m thankful for my model plane, I cracked it yesterday. It s sprung another leak. It s short a dozen parts. I m thankful for my checker set, I m thankful for my parakeet, I m thankful for my target game, I haven t learned to play. It bit me twice last week. I m sure I ll find the darts. I m thankful for my mittens, I m thankful for my bicycle, I m thankful for my bathing suit, One is missing in the snow. I crashed into a tree. It came off in the river. I m thankful for my hamsters, I m thankful for my roller skates, I m thankful for so many things, They escaped a month ago. I fell and scraped my knee. except, of course, for LIVER!! -Jack Prelutsky This poem has a sarcastic tone to it. Using a complete, correct sentence, tell what makes it sarcastic. Now, write a short sarcastic poem of your own. SK9

14 Homework! Oh, Homework! Homework! Oh, Homework! I d rather take baths Homework! Oh, Homework! I hate you! You stink! with a man-eating shark, You re last on my list, I wish I could wash you or wrestle a lion I simply can t see away in the sink, alone in the dark, why you even exist, if only a bomb eat spinach and liver, if you just disappeared would explode you to bits. pet ten procupines, it would tickle me pink. Homework! Oh, Homework! than tackle the homework Homework! Oh, Homework! You re giving me fits. my teacher assigns. I hate you! You stink! -Jack Prelutsky great feeling of dislike is very apparent by this author about homework. How do you feel about homework? Now, pretend you are a teacher. Write a paragraph describing what you would do to students who refuse to do homework. SK10

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