1 Stories in Your Family and Communityı Past and present Cynthia Kurtz Edinburg Historical Society June 2016
2 First, an introduction Cynthia Kurtz 14 year resident of Edinburg ~5 years Curator of EHS musums Started career studying ecology and animal behavior Since 1999: Participatory Narrative Inquiry (PNI) It s about narrative Everyday stories and inquiry Finding things out, thinking about things that is participatory Everybody gets involved
3 A quick overview of my work Story colored glasses blog 2008 Narratopia card game 2015 NarraFirma software 2015 Working with Stories textbook 2008, 2009, 2014 Second textbook and book of essays in progress
4 Suprising responses! Once upon a time. How s that? That s my story, and I m sticking to it. (after telling a story) But that s not a story! It really happened. (after telling several stories) Lots of things have happened to me, but I don t have any stories to tell.
5 What is a story? A story is a communication we create to inform, persuade, or entertain. The best stories reach out and touch their audiences.
6 What is a story? A story is a mental structure we use to remember, learn, and imagine. The best stories help us make sense of our lives.
7 What is a story? A story is a connection we use to get to know each other and build relationships. The best stories help us see the world through each other s eyes.
8 What is a story? connection lesson joke gossip fable performance Lots of things have happened to me, but I don t have any stories to tell. Once upon a time. How s that? mental structure history account opinion That s my story, and I m sticking to it. truth or lie That s not a story! It really happened. communication
9 Historical and contemporary storytelling Once upon a time, when people made more of their own things, they created more stories about their life experiences. They told these tales to give each other insights, to entertain each other, and to engage each other in times of celebration, trial, mourning, or reverence. But primarily they did it to connect with each other. Since that time, for all the wonderful progress made in communication technology, the world has grown alarmingly less personal. People have given over much of their individual power to the collective, and have let themselves be increasingly distracted from personal storytelling by flashier but ultimately less gratifying activities that compete for their attention. Jack Maguire, The Power of Personal Storytelling
10 What storytelling means today 11 performance 1 self-expression 2 persuasion
11 How about story sharing? 8 self-expression 3 performance 2 connection
12 To find natural everyday conversational storytelling 6 might be storytelling
13 Which is more important? Saving stories? Or saving storytelling?
14 What does a story look like? Complication Orientation Story Resolution time It s like a knot.
15 What does a conversational story look like? Conversation = tick-tock Turn taking Story = holding the floor Privilege + danger = ritual
16 The shape of a conversational story Complication Abstract Orientation Story Storytelling Resolution Coda time Evaluation
17 Taking apart a conversational story I think, I mean I ve always found, I mean I ve noticed that in a presentation, in this would be a big presentation, like 100 people listening to one person, that when the speaker says they come to the end of their talk, and they say, right, any questions? That I don t know if you find the experience I do, but there is quite a pause. [Audience] Um-hmm.
18 Taking apart a conversational story And I certainly used to find that I hated that pause. And indeed, I knew what question I was going to ask even before they invited questions, so that my hand would go up first, I d be the first one to ask a question. Sometimes I didn t actually mind if it was a really dumb question, or almost even worse, an even irrelevant question. But it kind of really got going. And I like to think I actually in a way acted as a bit of a service, kind of just lubricating other questions someone s asked the first one, the other ones just flow, that sort of thing.
19 Taking apart a conversational story But I ve noticed that it s not so much that, but the thing I ve really noticed is a level of discomfort with silence. [Audience] Hm. You may have actually noticed I was the first to speak. I mean, I didn t actually even realize that. And it s funny, isn t it, that what I said is about in a way the silence between people sometimes is really important for learning, leaving the space, I think. Don t know if you ve had the same feeling.
20 Taking apart a conversational story hesitation! request! I think I mean I ve always found, I mean I ve noticed that repetition! Abstract seeking! feedback! feedback! reframing! in a presentation, in this would be a big presentation, like 100 people listening to one person, that when the speaker says they come to the end of their talk, and they say, right, any questions? reported speech! That I don t know if you find the experience I do, but there is quite a pause. [Audience] Um-hmm. Orientation 2/3 of words are negotiations
21 Taking apart a conversational story And I certainly used to find that I hated that pause. qualifiers! And indeed, I knew what question I was going to ask even before they invited questions, so that my hand would go up first, I d be the first one to ask a question. explaining! Sometimes I didn t actually mind if it was a really dumb question, or almost even worse, an even irrelevant question. But it kind of really got going. Complication And I like to think I actually in a way acted as a bit of a service, kind of just lubricating other questions someone s asked the first one, the other ones just flow, that sort of thing. more explaining!
22 Taking apart a conversational story more qualifying! But I ve noticed that it s not so much that, but the thing I ve really noticed is a level of discomfort with silence. [Audience] Hm. meta-comment on story! You may have actually noticed I was the first to speak. I mean, I didn t actually even realize that. Resolution mixed! And it s funny, isn t it, that what I said is about qualifiers! in a way the silence between people and! intensifiers! sometimes is really important for learning, leaving the space, I think. Don t know if you ve had the same feeling. seeking confirmation! Coda
23 Why do we do this? It s like wrapping paper. We wrap stories and gifts in social ritual. Both rituals send the signal: I m reaching out I m vulnerable Be kind Don t attack At least wait a while
24 More storytelling rituals Response stories People build long chains of connected stories. Response stories say: I felt that way too We are alike We are together Like reciprocal gift exchanges.
25 More storytelling rituals Co-telling Stories told by multiple people: show we were part of what happened strengthen connections Like going together on a gift.
26 Signs of a healthy story sharing culture When story sharing is healthy: Everyone gets to tell stories Everyone gets to finish their stories But everyone has to negotiate People know which stories to tell when and where and to whom People use stories to account for their actions and to judge others People use stories to make decisions
27 Stories in a healthy story sharing culture When story sharing is healthy, it s easy to find: Response stories Co-tellings Retellings Elaborations Mistake stories Counter-stories Sacred stories Condensed stories
28 When story sharing happens: Common quiet simple tasks Might as well share stories while we spin, knit, weave, quilt, sew, cook, can, carve, whittle, etc
29 When story sharing happens: After-parties The quiet time after the big event
30 When story sharing happens: Milestones Marking important days by looking back into the past
31 Where story sharing happens: Places of relaxed purpose Something to do, with permission to linger and connect
32 Where story sharing happens: Multi-purpose places Available Filled with story eliciting cues Clear rules about responsibility
33 Where story sharing happens: Edges Inviting Places between places, where people bump into each other and stop to chat Improvised Lifeless
34 How to support story sharing in a conversation Practice asking questions whose answers are stories. Instead of asking: What was it like when you were a kid? What makes you proud of our family? What do you like about hunting? ask: What was the best (funniest, scariest) moment of your childhood? When have you felt the most proud of our family? How did you get started hunting? Help people choose a moment in time Ask What happened?
35 How to support story sharing in a conversation While someone is telling a story: Be an active audience Respond to vulnerable points Use body language to show you re listening Ask questions that show respect and curiosity: Did she ever do that again? Why do you think he said that? Respond with a connected story of your own.
36 How different people tell stories I tell stories Yes No I think I tell stories Yes Story performers Non-story tellers No Natural storytellers Reluctant storytellers
37 How to preserve your family s stories Keep it simple! No need for multimedia Audio is better than video Use reminders objects or photos Bring people together so they can remind each other Ask connecting questions that bring out more stories Search for oral history on the internet
38 How to preserve your family s stories Don t Ask for a story Don t Say "thank you for a story Call attention to the story as an event, not a thing Don t Say you are collecting or gathering stories (even if you are) Don t Say that s a good story Don t Say that would make a great movie
39 Narratopia the conversational story game To remember how to share stories To practice sharing stories To remember how much fun it is To practice speech or composition To preserve stories
40 Narratopia the conversational story game Connection cards build a web of stories Question cards explore meaning Reflection cards prime the storytelling pump
41 Narratopia the conversational story game Complication Abstract Orientation Story Storytelling Resolution Coda time Evaluation Connection Question Reflection
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