IGE104: LOGIC AND MATHEMATICS FOR DAILY LIVING

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "IGE104: LOGIC AND MATHEMATICS FOR DAILY LIVING"

Transcription

1 1 IGE104: LOGIC AND MATHEMATICS FOR DAILY LIVING Lecture 3: Recognizing Fallacies

2 LOGIC Definition: The study of the methods and principles of reasoning. When do we use reasoning? Debating with friends Making decisions Interpreting newspaper articles 2

3 EXAMPLE OF AN ARGUMENT Bob: Global warming is causing an unusually hot summer Mary: No it isn t. Bob: Yes it is! We should all start bicycling to school! Mary: You don t even know how global warming works. Bob: I know more than you do! Mary: I can t talk to you; you re an idiot. Common type of conversation that accomplishes very little 3

4 ARGUMENTS An argument is a reasoned or thoughtful process in which premises support a conclusion Premises: a set of facts or assumptions Conclusion: a closing or final statement Example: This summer is unusually hot. Global warming has been shown to cause more extreme temperatures in tropical regions. Global warming is causing an unusually hot summer 4

5 FALLACY When there is an error in reasoning an argument fails to make a case for its conclusion, this error is called a fallacy. There are many different types of fallacies Most are easily hidden, unless you pay close attention You have likely seen many fallacies without knowing in: Advertisements Political campaigns Editorial commentaries In news reports 5

6 FALLACIES: TYPES AND EXAMPLES We will discuss 10 types of fallacies Each time we will separate the argument into premises and a conclusion The name of the fallacy is less important than understanding where the fault in reasoning lies The examples come from the exercises in the book, there are additional examples in the book 6

7 FALLACY 1: APPEAL TO POPULARITY Apple s iphone outsells all other smart phones, so Apple s iphone is the best smart phone on the market Premise: Apple s iphone outsells all other smart phones Conclusion: Apple s iphone is the best smart phone on the market Fallacy: many people purchasing iphones doesn t make iphone the best 7

8 FALLACY 1: APPEAL TO POPULARITY Just because a lot of people believe or act some way, does not provide evidence that this belief or action is correct Many people believe P is true therefore P is true Example: many people used to think that Sun revolved around the earth, but now we know that it doesn t 8

9 FALLACY 2: FALSE CAUSE Tax cuts must cause recessions, because the current recession began just a few years after large tax cuts Premise: the current recession began just a few years after large tax cuts Conclusion: Tax cuts must cause recessions Fallacy: the premise states that the recession began after tax cuts, but it does not prove that one caused the other. 9

10 FALLACY 2: FALSE CAUSE Just because something happens right before something else, doesn t mean there is a connection between the two A came before B therefore A caused B 10

11 FALLACY 3: APPEAL TO IGNORANCE Fifty years of searching has not revealed life on other planets, so life in the universe must be confined to Earth. Premise: Fifty years of searching has not revealed life on other planets Conclusion: Life in the universe must be confined to Earth Fallacy: Lack of proof of life on other planets does not mean that life does not exist on other planets 11

12 FALLACY 3: APPEAL TO IGNORANCE Just because you don t know whether or not something is true, doesn t make it false There is no proof that P is true therefore P is false 12

13 FALLACY 4: HASTY GENERALIZATION Both Drew Barrymore and Lindsay Lohan struggled with drug abuse as child actresses. Therefore all child actresses become addicted to drugs. Premise: Both Drew Barrymore and Lindsay Lohan struggled with drug abuse as child actresses. Conclusion: all child actresses become addicted to drugs. Fallacy: two cases of a child actress becoming addicted to drugs do not merit an overarching statement that all child actresses become addicted to drugs. 13

14 FALLACY 4: HASTY GENERALIZATION Just because we have a few cases where two things are linked, doesn t mean one causes the other. More examples &further study are necessary for proof of cause. A and B are linked one or a few times therefore A causes B 14

15 FALLACY 5: LIMITED CHOICE You don t like taking math classes, so you must be bad at math. Premise: You don t like taking math classes Conclusion: you must be bad at math Fallacy: This arguments suggests that there are only two types of people, those who like taking math classes and are good at math, and those who don t. However, it is possible to not enjoy math, and still be good at it 15

16 FALLACY 5: LIMITED CHOICE Just because something is false doesn t mean something else is true. It is possible for both choices to be false. P is false therefore Q is true 16

17 FALLACY 6: APPEAL TO EMOTION Premise: You love your baby Conclusion: You should buy Michelin tires Fallacy: There is no logic to using an emotional response as a tool for persuasion 17

18 FALLACY 6: APPEAL TO EMOTION Just because something is associated with a positive emotional response doesn t mean it is true. P is associated with a positive emotional response therefore P is true 18

19 FALLACY 7: PERSONAL ATTACK If the Senator doesn t have any religious affiliation, then he can t have the personal values required to represent me. Premise: the Senator doesn t have any religious affiliation Conclusion: he can t have the personal values required to represent me Fallacy: disliking the senator s religious views should not have sway on your judgment on his ability to represent your needs in the Senate 19

20 FALLACY 7: PERSONAL ATTACK Just because you dislike some characteristic of a person or group doesn t mean that what they are saying is false. I have a problem with the person or group claiming P therefore P is not true 20

21 FALLACY 8: CIRCULAR REASONING Illegal immigration is against the law, so illegal immigrants are criminals Premise: Illegal immigration is against the law Conclusion: illegal immigrants are criminals Fallacy: Saying that illegal immigrants are criminals is just a different way of saying that illegal immigration is against the law. The conclusion and the premise are the same statement, and therefore one cannot support the other. 21

22 FALLACY 8: CIRCULAR REASONING Using the premise to support itself is not a valid argument. P is true P is restated in different words 22

23 FALLACY 9: DIVERSION Good grades are needed to get into college, and a college diploma is necessary for a good career. Therefore, attendance should count in high school grades Premise: Good grades are needed to get into college, and a college diploma is necessary for a good career Conclusion: attendance should count in high school grades Fallacy: 23

24 FALLACY 9: DIVERSION Using an argument about a different proposition does not make your conclusion true, even if the two are associated with each other P is related to Q and I have an argument concerning Q therefore P is true 24

25 FALLACY 10: STRAW MAN The mayor wants to raise taxes to fund social programs, so she must not believe in the value of hard work. Premise: The mayor wants to raise taxes to fund social programs Conclusion: she must not believe in the value of hard work Fallacy: The mayor did not say that she does not believe in the value of hard work. Her desire to raise taxes to fund social programs is designed to reduce crime rates and improve quality of life. The conclusion is a distortion of the premise. 25

26 FALLACY 10: STRAW MAN Distorting someone s words or beliefs I have an argument concerning a distorted version of P therefore I hope you are fooled into concluding I have an argument concerning the real version of P 26

27 CLASS ACTIVITY 27 Newspaper article

28 BIBLIOGRAPHY (1) Bennett, J. O., and W. L. Briggs. General Education Mathematics: New Approaches for a New Millennium. AMATYC Review, vol. 21, no. 1, Fall 1999, pp (2) Michelin Tire Ad 28

Logical Fallacies Appeal to/from Authority Fallacy

Logical Fallacies Appeal to/from Authority Fallacy Appeal to/from Authority Fallacy Is committed when the person in question is not a legitimate authority on the subject. Is commited when a person uses his authority to claim validity. Person A is (claimed

More information

Important: Fallacies: a mistake in reasoning. Fallacies: Linguistic Confusion. Linguistic Confusion Fallacies. General Categories of Fallacies

Important: Fallacies: a mistake in reasoning. Fallacies: Linguistic Confusion. Linguistic Confusion Fallacies. General Categories of Fallacies : a mistake in reasoning Video Lecture covers: Definitions: Fallacy Fallacious argument: an argument that contains a mistake in reasoning (a fallacy) Reminder: Syllogism & Enthymeme Classifications of

More information

If the only tool you have in your toolbox is a hammer, you tend to treat everything as if it were a nail. -Abraham Maslow

If the only tool you have in your toolbox is a hammer, you tend to treat everything as if it were a nail. -Abraham Maslow If the only tool you have in your toolbox is a hammer, you tend to treat everything as if it were a nail. -Abraham Maslow Rhetorical Strategies: Ethos, Logos, and Pathos Rhetoric is the art of ruling the

More information

Logical Fallacies. Good or Bad?

Logical Fallacies. Good or Bad? Logical Fallacies Good or Bad? Period 4 Class Discussion What did you learn? 1. The fallacies used in act 3 attacked the personalities of the characters instead of the positions or arguments being said

More information

STEPHEN DOWNES : FALLACIES Stephen's Guide to the Logical Fallacies 1996 by Stephen Downes

STEPHEN DOWNES : FALLACIES Stephen's Guide to the Logical Fallacies 1996 by Stephen Downes OVERVIEW STEPHEN DOWNES : FALLACIES Stephen's Guide to the Logical Fallacies 1996 by Stephen Downes The point of an argument is to give reasons in support of some conclusion. An argument commits a fallacy

More information

Announcements. Midterm will be on Monday. It will cover all material discussed in class from day 1 through the end of the week.

Announcements. Midterm will be on Monday. It will cover all material discussed in class from day 1 through the end of the week. Announcements Midterm will be on Monday. It will cover all material discussed in class from day 1 through the end of the week. STUDY HINTS!!!: Know/use 4 Keys to Credibility Practice identifying rhetoric

More information

INFORMAL FALLACIES. Engel, S. Morris With Good Reason: An introduction to Informal Fallacies. 6 th ed. Bedford.

INFORMAL FALLACIES. Engel, S. Morris With Good Reason: An introduction to Informal Fallacies. 6 th ed. Bedford. INFORMAL FALLACIES Engel, S. Morris. 2000. With Good Reason: An introduction to Informal Fallacies. 6 th ed. Bedford. http://www.iep.utm.edu/f/fallacy.htm http://onegoodmove.org/fallacy/toc.htm http://www.fallacyfiles.org/glossary.html

More information

Janice Lee. Recitation 2. TA: Milo Phillips-Brown

Janice Lee. Recitation 2. TA: Milo Phillips-Brown 1 Janice Lee Recitation 2 TA: Milo Phillips-Brown 2 Idea Copy Machine According to Hume, all of our perceptions are either impressions or ideas. An impression is a lively perception and comes from the

More information

IRIS Online Catalog Handbook

IRIS Online Catalog Handbook IRIS Online Catalog Handbook Table of Contents 1. What is an Online Catalog?...2 2. Finding things in the IRIS online catalog....5 2.1 Keywords...5 2.2 Subjects or Subject Headings...7 2.3 When should

More information

How to write a bibliography mla. As a look back, you will not reconsider your mla or write any back thoughts about using EssayTigers. how.

How to write a bibliography mla. As a look back, you will not reconsider your mla or write any back thoughts about using EssayTigers. how. How to write a bibliography mla. As a look back, you will not reconsider your mla or write any back thoughts about using EssayTigers. how. How to write a bibliography mla >>>CLICK HERE

More information

How Appeals Are Created High School Lesson

How Appeals Are Created High School Lesson English How Appeals Are Created Lesson About this Lesson For studying appeals, advertisements can provide an easy, accessible, and fun way to look at how rhetoric can be used to manipulate the audience.

More information

Elements of Style. Anders O.F. Hendrickson

Elements of Style. Anders O.F. Hendrickson Elements of Style Anders O.F. Hendrickson Years of elementary school math taught us incorrectly that the answer to a math problem is just a single number, the right answer. It is time to unlearn those

More information

The Fallacy of Availability

The Fallacy of Availability Archived at Flinders University: dspace.flinders.edu.au T H E K O R E A N J O U R N A L O F T H I N K I N G & P R O B L E M S O L V I N G 2 0 0 1, 1 1 ( 1 ), 5 12 The Fallacy of Availability Paul Jewell

More information

Essay Writing. How to write a satisfying essay HAT-TAPES-CAT

Essay Writing. How to write a satisfying essay HAT-TAPES-CAT Essay Writing How to write a satisfying essay HAT-TAPES-CAT INTRODUCTION PARAGRAPH FIRST paragraph in your essay Follow HAT acronym H- Hook the Reader Start with a catchy hook phrase that draws the reader

More information

(1) Writing Essays: An Overview. Essay Writing: Purposes. Essay Writing: Product. Essay Writing: Process. Writing to Learn Writing to Communicate

(1) Writing Essays: An Overview. Essay Writing: Purposes. Essay Writing: Product. Essay Writing: Process. Writing to Learn Writing to Communicate Writing Essays: An Overview (1) Essay Writing: Purposes Writing to Learn Writing to Communicate Essay Writing: Product Audience Structure Sample Essay: Analysis of a Film Discussion of the Sample Essay

More information

THE PAY TELEVISION CODE

THE PAY TELEVISION CODE THE PAY TELEVISION CODE 42 Broadcasting Standards Authority 43 / The following standards apply to all pay television programmes broadcast in New Zealand. Pay means television that is for a fee (ie, viewers

More information

Unit 1: Fiction and Nonfiction Big Question Vocabulary 2 The Big Question: How do we decide what is true?

Unit 1: Fiction and Nonfiction Big Question Vocabulary 2 The Big Question: How do we decide what is true? Name Unit 1: Fiction and Nonfiction Big Question Vocabulary 1 In your textbook, you learned words that will help you talk about what is true and what may not be true. These words can be useful in classroom

More information

A Guide for Using. Bud, Not Buddy. in the Classroom. Based on the book written by Christopher Paul Curtis

A Guide for Using. Bud, Not Buddy. in the Classroom. Based on the book written by Christopher Paul Curtis A Guide for Using Bud, Not Buddy in the Classroom Based on the book written by Christopher Paul Curtis This guide written by Sarah Kartchner Clark, M.A. Teacher Created Resources, Inc. 6421 Industry Way

More information

THE RADIO CODE. The Radio Code. Broadcasting Standards in New Zealand Codebook

THE RADIO CODE. The Radio Code. Broadcasting Standards in New Zealand Codebook 22 THE The Radio Code RADIO CODE Broadcasting Standards in New Zealand Codebook Broadcasting Standards Authority 23 / The following standards apply to all radio programmes broadcast in New Zealand. Freedom

More information

No Proposition can be said to be in the Mind, which it never yet knew, which it was never yet conscious of. (Essay I.II.5)

No Proposition can be said to be in the Mind, which it never yet knew, which it was never yet conscious of. (Essay I.II.5) Michael Lacewing Empiricism on the origin of ideas LOCKE ON TABULA RASA In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke argues that all ideas are derived from sense experience. The mind is a tabula

More information

CONVOCATORIA PARA LA PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA PARA MAYORES DE 25 Y 45 AÑOS. Edición de Ejercicio de INGLÉS

CONVOCATORIA PARA LA PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA PARA MAYORES DE 25 Y 45 AÑOS. Edición de Ejercicio de INGLÉS CONVOCATORIA PARA LA PRUEBA DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA PARA MAYORES DE 25 Y 45 AÑOS. Edición de 2017 Ejercicio de INGLÉS Indique el número de credencial: Observaciones para la realización de

More information

THE FALLACIES OF RHETORIC R H E T O R I C A L A N A L Y S I S B A C K G R O U N D I N F O R M A T I O N

THE FALLACIES OF RHETORIC R H E T O R I C A L A N A L Y S I S B A C K G R O U N D I N F O R M A T I O N THE FALLACIES OF RHETORIC R H E T O R I C A L A N A L Y S I S B A C K G R O U N D I N F O R M A T I O N WHAT ARE THE HOLES IN THIS ARGUMENT? WHAT ARE THE HOLES IN THIS ARGUMENT? WHAT IS A FALLACY? Fallacy:

More information

Continuum for Opinion/Argument Writing

Continuum for Opinion/Argument Writing Continuum for Opinion/Argument Writing 1 Continuum for Opinion/Argument Writing Pre-K K 1 2 Structure Structure Structure Structure Overall I told about something I like or dislike with pictures and some

More information

FESTIVAL INTERNACIONAL 2016 DE CORTOMETRAJES AMBIENTALES

FESTIVAL INTERNACIONAL 2016 DE CORTOMETRAJES AMBIENTALES FESTIVAL INTERNACIONAL 2016 DE CORTOMETRAJES AMBIENTALES I. REGISTRATION. 1. Registration for the International Environmental Short Film Festival 2016 is free. 2. The shipping of materials ECOFILM Festival

More information

Satire: The Art of Indirect Persuasion

Satire: The Art of Indirect Persuasion Satire: The Art of Indirect Persuasion What is the artist alluding to in this cartoon? What message is being implied? Is the implication effective? Why or why not? The Art of Indirect Persuasion If you

More information

3. The knower s perspective is essential in the pursuit of knowledge. To what extent do you agree?

3. The knower s perspective is essential in the pursuit of knowledge. To what extent do you agree? 3. The knower s perspective is essential in the pursuit of knowledge. To what extent do you agree? Nature of the Title The essay requires several key terms to be unpacked. However, the most important is

More information

Think Different. by Karen Coyle. Keynote, Dublin Core, 2012 and Emtacl12

Think Different. by Karen Coyle. Keynote, Dublin Core, 2012 and Emtacl12 Think Different by Karen Coyle Keynote, Dublin Core, 2012 and Emtacl12 Think Different was an Apple company advertising campaign, which may be familiar to you. It caused a bit of a scandal in the U.S.

More information

The Harold Syntax Guide to Modifiers Pre-Test

The Harold Syntax Guide to Modifiers Pre-Test The Harold Syntax Guide to Modifiers Pre-Test Directions: In the blank space, write a "T" if the statement is true and an "F" if the statement is false. 1. Modifiers are adjectives, adverbs and sometimes

More information

Using Commas. c. Common introductory words that should be followed by a comma include yes, however, well.

Using Commas. c. Common introductory words that should be followed by a comma include yes, however, well. Using Commas The comma is a valuable, useful punctuation device because it separates the structural elements of sentences into manageable segments. The rules provided here are those found in traditional

More information

Crime and Punishment. Before you read Work with a partner. Have you read a newspaper today? What was the headline?

Crime and Punishment. Before you read Work with a partner. Have you read a newspaper today? What was the headline? Crime and Punishment Before you read Work with a partner. Have you read a newspaper today? What was the headline? Reading Read and fill in the spaces. Police are appealing for witnesses to a robbery which

More information

Rhetoric - The Basics

Rhetoric - The Basics Name AP Language, period Ms. Lockwood Rhetoric - The Basics Style analysis asks you to separate the content you are taking in from the methods used to successfully convey that content. This is a skill

More information

Going for the Bread. Characters? Events / plot? Techniques? Themes? Quotes? daughter and your. the, cut them, muddy them, make them.

Going for the Bread. Characters? Events / plot? Techniques? Themes? Quotes? daughter and your. the, cut them, muddy them, make them. Short text recap Going for the Bread Characters? Events / plot? Techniques? Themes? Quotes? 1. They call me. Like what?. Like 2. Get off my. Don t come here with your daughter and your 3. No-one, ever

More information

Political Cartoons Introduction: History and Analysis

Political Cartoons Introduction: History and Analysis Political Cartoons Introduction: History and Analysis What is a political cartoon?! Also known as editorial cartoons! Illustration or comic strip designed to convey a social or political message (highlights

More information

Critical Evaluation of Information Sources True or false: Authority Objectivity Quality Coverage Currency

Critical Evaluation of Information Sources True or false: Authority Objectivity Quality Coverage Currency Critical Evaluation of Information Sources True or false: I can trust information that is published because it has been reviewed by someone other than the author: an editor, a peer reviewer, a publisher,

More information

4-1. Gerunds and Infinitives

4-1. Gerunds and Infinitives 4-1. Gerunds and Infinitives 1. Which of these is a gerund? to play playing 2. Which of these is an infinitive? to play playing 3. How do you make a gerund? 4. How do you make an infinitive? a. Sports

More information

Epic Fail. A Comedy in One Act. By Bradley Hayward. Performance Rights

Epic Fail. A Comedy in One Act. By Bradley Hayward. Performance Rights A Comedy in One Act By Bradley Hayward Performance Rights It is an infringement of the federal copyright law to copy or reproduce this script in any manner or to perform this play without royalty payment.

More information

College of Southern Nevada

College of Southern Nevada College of Southern Nevada College Library Services Information Literacy Exam The 20 questions below will test your ability to find, evaluate and cite information from a variety of sources. Select the

More information

Logica & Linguaggio: Tablaux

Logica & Linguaggio: Tablaux Logica & Linguaggio: Tablaux RAFFAELLA BERNARDI UNIVERSITÀ DI TRENTO P.ZZA VENEZIA, ROOM: 2.05, E-MAIL: BERNARDI@DISI.UNITN.IT Contents 1 Heuristics....................................................

More information

what body what body The what The

what body what body The what The What is the function of a body paragraph. Click the Back button to try another link, the. As you write, what, remember that you body been asked to paragraph the letter boody a what person or group who

More information

Multiple Intelligences Inventory

Multiple Intelligences Inventory Multiple Intelligences Inventory Part 1: Place a check mark by each statement you feel accurately describes you. If you do not identify with a statement, leave the space provided blank. Then total the

More information

Principles of Legal Research Week 5: Oct Cecilia Tellis, Law Librarian Brian Dickson Law Library

Principles of Legal Research Week 5: Oct Cecilia Tellis, Law Librarian Brian Dickson Law Library Principles of Legal Research Week 5: Oct. 6-10 Cecilia Tellis, Law Librarian Brian Dickson Law Library Outline defining an information need searching effectively locating scholarly articles Periodical

More information

READING Overview The Reading Comprehension section of ACCUPLACER contains 20 multiple choice questions that fall into two categories:

READING Overview The Reading Comprehension section of ACCUPLACER contains 20 multiple choice questions that fall into two categories: READING Overview The Reading Comprehension section of ACCUPLACER contains 20 multiple choice questions that fall into two categories: 1. A reading passage followed by a question based on the text. Both

More information

Cover Photo: Burke/Triolo Productions/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images

Cover Photo: Burke/Triolo Productions/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images , Harvard English 59, Cover Photo: Burke/Triolo Productions/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images Updated ed. Textbooks NOTES ON THE RE-ISSUE AND UPDATE OF ENGLISH THROUGH PICTURES DESIGN FOR LEARNING These three

More information

Display Dilemma. Display Dilemma. 1 of 12. Copyright 2008, Exemplars, Inc. All rights reserved.

Display Dilemma. Display Dilemma. 1 of 12. Copyright 2008, Exemplars, Inc. All rights reserved. I visited friends in New York City during the summer. They took me to this HUGE Wal-Mart store. There was a display of cookie boxes that I could not believe! The display was in a pyramid shape with at

More information

Rhetoric. The Art of Persuasion

Rhetoric. The Art of Persuasion Rhetoric The Art of Persuasion Rhetoric Which of the following slides are trying to persuade you to think or do something? Thumbs up for persuading. Thumbs down for NOT persuading. Ferentz should have

More information

Two Weeks with the Queen 1

Two Weeks with the Queen 1 Two Weeks with the Queen A play by Mary Morris adapted from Morris Gleitzman s novel of the same title. Morris Gleitzman s Two Weeks with the Queen has proven to be an exceptionally successful novel with

More information

The art and study of using language effectively

The art and study of using language effectively The art and study of using language effectively Defining Rhetoric Aristotle defined rhetoric as the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion. Rhetoric is the art of communicating

More information

essay why books are important essay why book are book essay are

essay why books are important essay why book are book essay are Essay why books are important. Information to allow the reader to assess the believability of your results, essay why books are important. 4306 Words 25 Pages essay was interesting to me because my own

More information

Sample IELTS Test A Text 1

Sample IELTS Test A Text 1 Sample IELTS Test A Text 1 Questions 1-5 The text Song Writing has six paragraphs A F. Choose the correct heading for paragraphs B-F from the list of headings below. Write the correct number i-x next to

More information

english Book 7 edycja polska

english Book 7 edycja polska english Book 7 2014 edycja polska 6 lesson impoverished peanuts cost a small fortune/a bomb Which is the most impoverished region in the world? Do you think that children from impoverished areas are more

More information

SURVEYS FOR REFLECTIVE PRACTICE

SURVEYS FOR REFLECTIVE PRACTICE SURVEYS FOR REFLECTIVE PRACTICE These surveys are designed to help teachers collect feedback from students about their use of the forty-one elements of effective teaching. The high school student survey

More information

What s the Difference Between Scholarly Journals and Popular Magazines?

What s the Difference Between Scholarly Journals and Popular Magazines? What s the Difference Between Scholarly Journals and Popular Magazines? Who wrote the article? Scholarly Signed by the author Written by scholar or expert Provides author s credentials and affiliations

More information

Lesson plan to go with Food Idioms L3, L4 Level 3 teachers may want to use portions of this lesson over several classes.

Lesson plan to go with Food Idioms L3, L4 Level 3 teachers may want to use portions of this lesson over several classes. Lesson plan to go with Food Idioms L3, L4 Level 3 teachers may want to use portions of this lesson over several classes. WARM UP: Pull up the song You are the sunshine of my life on the internet or play

More information

Student Conversation about Stress Management. (Characters: Sage, Heather, Jose, Brian, and Deena)

Student Conversation about Stress Management. (Characters: Sage, Heather, Jose, Brian, and Deena) Student Conversation about Stress Management (Characters: Sage, Heather, Jose, Brian, and Deena) Sage: Anyone seen Brian? We've been waiting ten minutes already. Heather: Here he comes. Jose: Hey Brian,

More information

Albright, chs. 1, 2.A.1-2.A.2, 2-A.3,pp (exercise at end of chapter 2.A.2 is homework); O Connor s Commentary, ch. 2.F,* pp.

Albright, chs. 1, 2.A.1-2.A.2, 2-A.3,pp (exercise at end of chapter 2.A.2 is homework); O Connor s Commentary, ch. 2.F,* pp. Texas Pretrial Procedure (Procedure II) Alistair Dawson and Alex Kaplan Spring 2014 Semester Final Syllabus and Reading Assignments Alistair Dawson (713) 951-6225 adawson@beckredden.com Alex Kaplan (713)

More information

Introduction to Probability Exercises

Introduction to Probability Exercises Introduction to Probability Exercises Look back to exercise 1 on page 368. In that one, you found that the probability of rolling a 6 on a twelve sided die was 1 12 (or, about 8%). Let s make sure that

More information

Look at Me! Look at Me! Conspicuous Brand Usage, Self-Brand Connection, and Dilution. Rosellina Ferraro, Amna Kirmani and Ted Matherly WEB APPENDIX A

Look at Me! Look at Me! Conspicuous Brand Usage, Self-Brand Connection, and Dilution. Rosellina Ferraro, Amna Kirmani and Ted Matherly WEB APPENDIX A Look at Me! Look at Me! Conspicuous Brand Usage, Self-Brand Connection, and Dilution Rosellina Ferraro, Amna Kirmani and Ted Matherly WEB APPENDIX A STUDY 1 STIMULI CONSUMER BEHAVIOR STUDY Instructions:

More information

Media Comparisons 2012 Persons

Media Comparisons 2012 Persons Media Comparisons 2012 Persons Television Reaches More People Each Day than Any Other Medium Television 88,3 Internet 73,1 Radio Newspaper Mobile Phone Magazines 27,8 24,8 36,1 58,8 % Reached Yesterday

More information

Lucy Maud Montgomery

Lucy Maud Montgomery Lucy Maud Montgomery l Reading Comprehension l Activity Read the paragraphs. Stop and think as you read. Stop and Think Good readers are active readers. Good readers stop and think about what they are

More information

Essay on books and reading. Finally, essay the reading is accomplished, you get it via and. PHYSICAL SET-UP Make sure you use 8frac12;rdquo; x 11..

Essay on books and reading. Finally, essay the reading is accomplished, you get it via and. PHYSICAL SET-UP Make sure you use 8frac12;rdquo; x 11.. Essay on books and reading. Finally, essay the reading is accomplished, you get it via and. PHYSICAL SET-UP Make sure you use 8frac12;rdquo; x 11.. Essay on books and reading >>>CLICK HERE

More information

writing academic writing paper academic writing academic numbers papers

writing academic writing paper academic writing academic numbers papers Writing numbers in academic papers. Is accademic consistent writing the information in the original document. For example, many numbers say the same things over and over again, and to the academic paper

More information

Britney Spears fury at unauthorized honeymoon pics (Sun 20 Feb) Pre-Int +

Britney Spears fury at unauthorized honeymoon pics (Sun 20 Feb) Pre-Int + Britney Spears fury at unauthorized honeymoon pics (Sun 20 Feb) Pre-Int + WARM-UPS CHAT: Talk in pairs or groups about Britney Spears / celebrity gossip / gossip magazines / honeymoons / Fiji / privacy

More information

JET LEVEL 5 WRITING TEST

JET LEVEL 5 WRITING TEST JET LEVEL 5 WRITING TEST You need This question paper A Pencil You may NOT use a dictionary Do NOT open this paper until you are told to do so. Try to answer ALL the questions. INSTRUCTIONS Read each question

More information

Solution Guide for Chapter 1

Solution Guide for Chapter 1 Solution Guide for Chapter 1 Here are the solutions for the Doing the Math exercises in Girls Get Curves! DTM from p. 2-3 2. I m late for school when my sister takes forever in the shower. OK, so to write

More information

english latin dictionary latin english english free dictionary

english latin dictionary latin english english free dictionary Latin to english dictionary online free. The War in Vietnam Is Americas Pain Interview Essay How to english an Interview Essay - Outline, Structure, Format, Examples, Topics How to latin an Interview essay,

More information

THE THIRDBOOK OF CATHOLIC JOKES GENTLE HUMOR ABOUT AGING AND RELATIONSHIPS. Deacon Tom Sheridan Foreword by Father James Martin, SJ

THE THIRDBOOK OF CATHOLIC JOKES GENTLE HUMOR ABOUT AGING AND RELATIONSHIPS. Deacon Tom Sheridan Foreword by Father James Martin, SJ THIRDBOOK OF CATHOLIC THE JOKES GENTLE HUMOR ABOUT AGING AND RELATIONSHIPS Deacon Tom Sheridan Foreword by Father James Martin, SJ CONTENTS 8 Foreword by Father James Martin, SJ / 9 Introduction / 11 About

More information

Telling a Good Story Salvation Army Writers Conference October Two approaches to our topic:

Telling a Good Story Salvation Army Writers Conference October Two approaches to our topic: Telling a Good Story Salvation Army Writers Conference October 2013 Two approaches to our topic: Telling A Good Story What are the elements of a good story? What kinds of stories do readers find helpful

More information

1. Complete the sentences using will or won t:

1. Complete the sentences using will or won t: 1. Complete the sentences using will or won t: a) There be more cars in the future. b) I be twenty years old on my next birthday. c) I do an English test today. d) I eat lunch tomorrow. e) There be robots

More information

THEME THE SEARCH FOR MEANING

THEME THE SEARCH FOR MEANING THEME THE SEARCH FOR MEANING WHAT IS THEME? Theme: a life lesson, meaning, moral, or message about life or human nature that is communicated by a literary work In other words Theme is what the story teaches

More information

WUWF TV. Guide to Policies and Procedures WATCHDOG TELEVISION FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF WEST FLORIDA

WUWF TV. Guide to Policies and Procedures WATCHDOG TELEVISION FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF WEST FLORIDA WUWF TV Guide to Policies and Procedures WUWF TV The University of West Florida 11000 University Parkway, Building 88 Pensacola, FL 32514 850.474.2787 850.474.2514 http://wuwf.tv WATCHDOG TELEVISION FROM

More information

easypeasyplays.co.uk

easypeasyplays.co.uk SCRIPT (AGES 3-6) easypeasyplays.co.uk CONTENTS Scene 1: Welcome To Our Show!... 4 Scene 2: Nazareth... 5 Scene 3: The Road To Bethlehem... 7 Scene 4: No Room At The Inn... 9 Scene 5: The Stable... 11

More information

Unit Four Answer Keys

Unit Four Answer Keys Multiplication, Division & Fractions Unit Four Unit Four Answer Keys Session Blacklines A.., Unit Four Pre-Assessment Responses will vary. example example a b Sketches will vary. Example: a, Sketches will

More information

INSTITUTO NACIONAL 8 TH GRADE UNITS UNIT 6 COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

INSTITUTO NACIONAL 8 TH GRADE UNITS UNIT 6 COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS INSTITUTO NACIONAL Teacher: Paz Cepeda WORKSHEET 8 TH GRADE UNITS 6 7 8 UNIT 6 COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS I. Read the nouns and say if they are countable (C) or uncountable nouns (U) 1. Egg meat oil

More information

The EvenGlow LED Lightbox Collection. Command attention, invite engagement, and show your products at their best.

The EvenGlow LED Lightbox Collection. Command attention, invite engagement, and show your products at their best. The EvenGlow LED Lightbox Collection Command attention, invite engagement, and show your products at their best. Introducing the EvenGlow Our new edge-lit LED lightboxes deliver the impact you re looking

More information

1. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet.

1. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. Comma Use 1. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. The game was over, but the crowd refused to

More information

Petra, Calder, and Tommy

Petra, Calder, and Tommy Petra, Calder, and Tommy Grades 4 7 Library Lessons by Lynne Farrell Stover Mixing literature, architecture, history, and art with a perplexing problem, Blue Balliett takes her readers on another adventure

More information

The Writing Mentor Session 10: Using Sources. To Prepare

The Writing Mentor Session 10: Using Sources. To Prepare The Writing Mentor Session 10: Using Sources Welcome! Sign in. Collect handouts. Create a name tent. To Prepare Effective Use of Source Material: Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Integrating Quotations (and

More information

HOW TO WRITE HIGH QUALITY ARGUMENTS

HOW TO WRITE HIGH QUALITY ARGUMENTS 1. The Qualities of Good Evidence The best way to support debate arguments is to have evidence. Evidence might come from a person s direct experience, common knowledge, or based on a story that someone

More information

M,W 2:30-4:00. Spring Professor Sandra Guerra Thompson BLB, office home office

M,W 2:30-4:00. Spring Professor Sandra Guerra Thompson BLB, office home office HOT TOPICS IN CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE M,W 2:30-4:00 Spring 2012 Professor Sandra Guerra Thompson email: sgthompson@central.uh.edu 122 BLB, 713-743-2134-office 713-661-5422-home office Office Hours M,W

More information

Miguel Ángel Rojas Crystals

Miguel Ángel Rojas Crystals Miguel Ángel Rojas Crystals 5 Vía Láctea / Milky Way, 1979/2008, black and white photographs. 8 4 LITERAL. LATIN AMERICAN VOICES SUMMER, 2008 5 Nowadays, ed 1/3, 2001, 3000 circular coca leaf cuts on acetate.

More information

Section 3: EVENT RULES

Section 3: EVENT RULES Section 3: EVENT RULES I. EVENTS OFFERED: At the National Tournament, the following events will be offered: A. Debate: 1. Team Debate [Policy] 2. LD [CEDA Lincoln-Douglas Debate] 3. Parliamentary Debate

More information

ESAME B2 GRAMMAR. 1 Complete the sentences with one word. 2 Complete the sentences with the correct word(s).

ESAME B2 GRAMMAR. 1 Complete the sentences with one word. 2 Complete the sentences with the correct word(s). ESAME B2 GRAMMAR 1 Complete the sentences with one word. Example: A I loved the film. B So did I. 1 Andy scored a really good goal, he? 2 I wish you tap your pen on the table all the time, it s very annoying.

More information

Norman Rockwell: Then and Now

Norman Rockwell: Then and Now Page 1 of 7 Norman Rockwell: Then and Now By Angela Samuelson Keywords: Norman Rockwell, realism, idealism, narrative, compare and contrast of modern pieces and themes. Curriculum Area: Art Grade level:

More information

Fallacies changing the subject most often done with an insult

Fallacies changing the subject most often done with an insult Crib Sheet: Mosley's explanation of the fallacies Fallacies: A fallacy is an error in reasoning, false reasoning. A fallacy is a failure and the mark of an argument that should not be credited. From W.R.A.C.

More information

Diction (Choice of Words)

Diction (Choice of Words) When you critique an oral or media presentation, two of the most important things to evaluate are its diction and syntax. Those words are sometimes used interchangeably, but they actually mean different

More information

The social and cultural significance of Paleolithic art

The social and cultural significance of Paleolithic art The social and cultural significance of Paleolithic art 1 2 So called archaeological controversies are not really controversies per se but are spirited intellectual and scientific discussions whose primary

More information

Let s Eat! Lesson A Foods we like

Let s Eat! Lesson A Foods we like 2 Let s Eat! Lesson A Foods we like 1 Vocabulary Link Street foods A Read about these street foods. Which one(s) would you like to try? Why? -y = full of something : salty, spicy, oily, healthy,,, Street

More information

GUTS MISSIONS TRIP APPLICATION

GUTS MISSIONS TRIP APPLICATION GUTS MISSIONS TRIP APPLICATION APPLICATION DUE FEBRUARY 20TH, 2017 TRIP INFORMATION: LIMA, PERU 2017 PERSONAL INFORMATION: NAME (EXACTLY AS IT APPEARS ON YOUR PASSPORT) FIRST: _ MIDDLE: LAST: _ AGE: _

More information

Letter to my friend examples. Your example should be a logical friend of ideas that leads up to your letter..

Letter to my friend examples. Your example should be a logical friend of ideas that leads up to your letter.. Letter to my friend examples. Your example should be a logical friend of ideas that leads up to your letter.. Letter to my friend examples >>>CLICK HERE

More information

Copyright 2006 Student Press Law Center

Copyright 2006 Student Press Law Center Copyright 2006 Student Press Law Center [Note to Presenter: The notes that follow work as either a presentation script or as preparatory material for the presenter. If you re reading the notes as a script

More information

Sita Sings The Blues

Sita Sings The Blues Sita Sings The Blues Nina Paley is not a conventional filmmaker. On February 28, 2009 she released her movie entitled "Sita Sings the Blues". But she did so in a very different manner from almost all other

More information

Rock Groups. URL: February 7, 2010, 7:00 pm. By STEVEN STROGATZ

Rock Groups. URL:  February 7, 2010, 7:00 pm. By STEVEN STROGATZ URL: http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/02/07/rock-groups/ February 7, 2010, 7:00 pm Rock Groups By STEVEN STROGATZ Like anything else, arithmetic has its serious side and its playful side. The

More information

Collection Development Policy Avon Free Public Library

Collection Development Policy Avon Free Public Library Collection Development Policy Avon Free Public Library Purpose of Policy The purpose of the Collection Development Policy is to outline the development and maintenance of the philosophies behind creating

More information

Step 1 - Propose a Topic

Step 1 - Propose a Topic TOL BRIEF Legal explainers in 5 min or less A. Choosing a Topic Step 1 - Propose a Topic If you are interested in recording a TalksOnLaw (TOL) Brief, send us an email at briefs@talksonlaw.com and include

More information

Compelling Conversations

Compelling Conversations SINGLE CHAPTER ONLY For complete book, visit www.compellingconversations.com Compelling Conversations Questions and Quotations on Timeless Topics An Engaging ESL Textbook for Advanced Students Written,

More information

Topic the main idea of a presentation

Topic the main idea of a presentation 8.2a-h Topic the main idea of a presentation 8.2a-h Body Language Persuasion Mass Media the use of facial expressions, eye contact, gestures, posture, and movement to communicate a feeling or an idea writing

More information

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 233 ( 2016 )

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 233 ( 2016 ) Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 233 ( 2016 ) 139 143 Annual International Scientific Conference Early Childhood Care and Education, ECCE

More information

Standard L A T E X Report

Standard L A T E X Report Standard L A T E X Report The Author Institution or Address The Date Abstract This is the text of the abstract. Abstracts give a short synopsis of the report, noting the major points developed in the course

More information

WAYNESBORO AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT CURRICULUM AMERICAN LITERATURE

WAYNESBORO AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT CURRICULUM AMERICAN LITERATURE WAYNESBORO AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT CURRICULUM AMERICAN LITERATURE COURSE NAME: American Literature UNIT: Beginnings (Colonial America through Federal Union) NO. OF DAYS: 5 Weeks KEY LEARNING(S): Students

More information

Don t Laugh at Me. 3 Cs F. Preparation. Vocabulary builder breaker

Don t Laugh at Me. 3 Cs F. Preparation. Vocabulary builder breaker Don t Laugh at Me 3 Cs F I care about myself. I care about others. I care about my community. Help students to understand and invite them to state clearly: I have the right to care about myself. I have

More information