1/19/12 Vickie C. Ball, Harlan High School

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1 The Cave by Tony Barnstone I was the torch man, and I liked it, strange as that is to admit. It was the worst thing in the world. I'd sneak up into range and throw a flame in, just a burst. A burst is all it takes. It sucks the oxygen and then they burn alive or suffocate. My mouth still tastes that taste, burnt flesh. Back then, I felt nothing. I did my job. No hate, no nothing. The men liked me, called me Hot Shot. But it meant nothing when the Nips would rush out, clothes on fire and smoking, and we'd shoot them dead. It meant we lived. Nothing to gush about. I don't have anything to hide. Nothing. I shoved it all down deep inside. 1

2 Sir Winston Churchill 2

3 Poetry 3

4 1. Poetry (definition): a literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm. 4

5 2. Prose: written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure. 5

6 3. Sonnet (definition and characteristics): a. 14 lines. All sonnets have 14 lines which can be broken down into four sections called quatrains. b. A strict rhyme scheme. The rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet is ABAB / CDCD / EFEF / GG (note the four distinct sections in the rhyme scheme). 6

7 The Cave by Tony Barnstone I was the torch man, and I liked it, strange (A) as that is to admit. It was the worst (B) thing in the world. I'd sneak up into range (A) and throw a flame in, just a burst. A burst (B) is all it takes. It sucks the oxygen (C) and then they burn alive or suffocate. (D) My mouth still tastes that taste, burnt flesh. Back then, (C) I felt nothing. I did my job. No hate (D) no nothing. The men liked me, called me Hot Shot. (E) But it meant nothing when the Nips would rush (F) out, clothes on fire and smoking, and we'd shoot (E) them dead. It meant we lived. Nothing to gush (F) about. I don't have anything to hide (G) Nothing. I shoved it all down deep inside. (G) 7

8 3. Sonnet (definition and characteristics): c. Written in iambic pentameter. Sonnets are written in iambic pentameter, a poetic meter with 10 beats per line made up of alternating unstressed and stressed syllables. 8

9 Iambic Pentameter! What, exactly, does this mean? 1/19/12 Vickie C. Ball, Harlan High School 9

10 An iamb (the adjective is "iambic") is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one." SYMBOL FOR UNSTRESSED:" SYMBOL FOR STRESSED: Harlan : 2 syllables = Har -lan 1/19/12 Vickie C. Ball, Harlan High School 10

11 Note: The homograph record may be pronounced two ways:" re-cord or re-cord Mark the accents and circle the one that is an iamb. 1/19/12 Vickie C. Ball, Harlan High School 11

12 Now that we know what an iamb is, we know that the pentameter must be iambic." But what does the term pentameter mean?" Penta means." Meter means. 1/19/12 Vickie C. Ball, Harlan High School 12

13 So a line of iambic pentameter will have ten syllables per line, grouped in five sets of iambs, with the first syllable unaccented and the second syllable accented. 1/19/12 Vickie C. Ball, Harlan High School 13

14 Note the first line of Tony Barnstone s The Cave printed below. Mark the unaccented and accented syllables, then circle the five iambs. I was the torch man, and I liked it, strange 1/19/12 Vickie C. Ball, Harlan High School 14

15 The Cave by Tony Barnstone I was the torch man, and I liked it, strange as that is to admit. It was the worst thing in the world. I'd sneak up into range and throw a flame in, just a burst. A burst is all it takes. It sucks the oxygen and then they burn alive or suffocate. My mouth still tastes that taste, burnt flesh. Back then, I felt nothing. I did my job. No hate, no nothing. The men liked me, called me Hot Shot. But it meant nothing when the Nips would rush out, clothes on fire and smoking, and we'd shoot them dead. It meant we lived. Nothing to gush about. I don't have anything to hide. Nothing. I shoved it all down deep inside. 15

16 A sonnet can be broken down into four sections called quatrains. The first three quatrains contain four lines each and use an alternating rhyme scheme. The final quatrain consists of just two lines which both rhyme. 16

17 Each quatrain should progress the poem as follows: First quatrain: This should establish the subject of the sonnet. Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: ABAB Second quatrain: This should develop the sonnet s theme. Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: CDCD Third quatrain: This should round off the sonnet s theme. Number of lines: 4. Rhyme Scheme: EFEF Fourth quatrain: This should act as a conclusion to the sonnet. Number of lines: 2. Rhyme Scheme: GG 17

18 The major or central idea of a work 18

19 To determine a theme of a sonnet, read the entire sonnet first. Then determine the central idea of the sonnet. 19

20 The Cave by Tony Barnstone I was the torch man, and I liked it, strange as that is to admit. It was the worst thing in the world. I'd sneak up into range and throw a flame in, just a burst. A burst is all it takes. It sucks the oxygen and then they burn alive or suffocate. My mouth still tastes that taste, burnt flesh. Back then, I felt nothing. I did my job. No hate, no nothing. The men liked me, called me Hot Shot. But it meant nothing when the Nips would rush out, clothes on fire and smoking, and we'd shoot them dead. It meant we lived. Nothing to gush about. I don't have anything to hide. Nothing. I shoved it all down deep inside. 20

21 Once you ve determined the central idea of the entire sonnet, examine how the first quatrain illustrates that theme. I was the torch man, and I liked it, strange as that is to admit. It was the worst thing in the world. I'd sneak up into range and throw a flame in, just a burst. 21

22 The second quatrain should develop that theme. A burst is all it takes. It sucks the oxygen and then they burn alive or suffocate. My mouth still tastes that taste, burnt flesh. Back then, I felt nothing. I did my job. No hate, 22

23 The third quatrain should round off that theme. No hate, no nothing. The men liked me, called me Hot Shot. But it meant nothing when the Nips would rush out, clothes on fire and smoking, and we'd shoot them dead. It meant we lived. Nothing to gush about. 23

24 The final rhymed couplet should act as a conclusion. I don't have anything to hide. Nothing. I shoved it all down deep inside. 24

25 On tomorrow s test, you will be asked to write the introduction to an essay based on a prompt that deals with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. s I ve Been to the Mountain Top. " How should you approach writing any essay introduction? 25

26 Central Idea The one-sentence, opinion-based main idea of your entire essay (what you will prove) Example: Sophomores are the best age group to teach. 26

27 Thesis Statement The reasons or points of support for your central idea in the order you will use them Example: Tenth graders are better to teach than other grades because they are not as clueless as most freshmen and they are not as arrogant as many upperclassmen. 27

28 28

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