What is drama? The word drama comes from the Greek word for action. Drama is written to be performed by actors and watched by an audience.

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1 Shakespeare

2 What is drama? The word drama comes from the Greek word for action. Drama is written to be performed by actors and watched by an audience.

3 DRAMA Consists of two types of writing The dialogue that the characters speak The stage directions that tell the actors how to move and speak, describing the sets and props Can be presented in two ways As literature, the text of the play itself As performance, the production of the play in a theater

4 Two Types of Drama 1. TRAGEDY shows the downfall or death of a tragic hero, or main character In ancient Greek plays, the hero was a good person brought down by a tragic flaw, or defect in character In a modern plays, the hero can be an normal person destroyed by an evil in society emphasizes human greatness 2. COMEDY often shows a conflict between opposite age groups, genders, or personality types typical comedies involve confusion, jokes, and a happy ending stresses human weaknesses

5 How is a play written? The author of a play is called a playwright. Everything a playwright writes must appear onstage. A play in written form is called a script. The playwright must write the dialogue, or what the characters say to each other in conversation, as well as the stage directions, which tells how the play is to be performed.

6 Stage directions Stage directions are notes in the script usually written in italics and enclosed in parentheses or brackets. describe where and when a scene takes place (setting) describe how the characters should say their lines describe how the characters should move onstage may explain the character s mood may also describe sets, costumes, props, lighting, and sound effects

7 How is a play divided? A play is largely divided up into parts, or acts. The number of acts in a production can range from one to five The length of time for an act to be performed can range from 30 to 90 minutes. Acts may be further divided into scenes; in classical theatre each regrouping between entrances and exits of actors is a scene, while today it describes a quick change of setting.

8 Who is William Shakespeare? Use your Cornel Notes Template to record info about Shakespeare

9 stratford-upon-avon

10 his house

11 holy trinity church

12 Space surrounding the altar in a church Shakespeare is buried in the chancel of Holy Trinity Church in his hometown of Stratford, Warwickshire. His gravestone bears an epitaph which Shakespeare himself supposedly wrote. It warns: Good friend for Jesus sake forbeare, To dig the dust enclosed here. Blessed be the man that spares these stones, And cursed be he that moves

13 his grave

14 the globe theatre built in London, England, in 1599 owned by Shakespeare s acting company, The Lord Chamberlain s Men. Shakespeare s plays were originally performed here, until the Puritans ordered the Globe to close its doors in round, stage surrounded by 3 sides of audience few props, scenery, costumes no lights, so no one went at night

15 The Pit the globe theatre The Apron Stage

16 Groundlings rowdy bunch, eating, talking, yelling, slobbering, throwing tomatoes at bad performances

17 the globe theatre

18 Actors All men Female parts played by young boys No actual kissing or hugging on stage

19 Shakespeare s World Women Powerless before the law Usually arranged marriages for the purpose of wealth and prestige Elizabethan England Age of Exploration (including the world and the nature of man) Attitude toward language adventurous This is perhaps why Shakespeare used some 21,000 different words in his writing

20 his works 38 Plays 154 Sonnets 2 Long Narrative Poems Several Other Poems

21 Shakespeare s World to Ours Reasons to consider for continued popularity; he Wrote about real people w/ real problems Understood human psychology before the science of psychology Explored human nature and the human heart Allows audience to experience what characters experience Offers no simple answers It isn t always easy to condemn his villains or praise his heroes.

22 Soliloquy- A monologue used to give the audience insight to the speaker's thoughts and character. Delivered while the speaker is alone on stage. Aside- Spoken by one character to the audience so that the other characters on stage don t hear. Speaker may cup his/her mouth to prevent characters from hearing. Blood and gore Use of supernatural outube.com/w atch?v=0kfv LWX7eEY outube.com/ watch?v=b- 41jc6jSgk Audience loves to be scared.

23 Comic Relief Humorous scene, incident, or speech occurring in the middle of something serious. The bumbling, wisecracking sidekick of the hero or villain. Meant to break tension and make the audience laugh

24 Irony Review Dramatic Irony: when the audience knows more than the character Verbal Irony: meaning is the opposite of what is said (sarcasm) Situational irony: what the audience expects to happen vs what actually happens

25 Shakespeare s Language Omissions For the sake of his poetry, Shakespeare often left out letters, syllables, and whole words. These omissions really aren't that much different from the way we speak today. We say: "Been to class yet?" "No. Heard Miss T s givin' a test." "Wha'sup wi'that? vs "Have you been to class yet?" "No, I have not been to class. I heard that Mrs. Torres is giving a test today." "What is up with that?"

26

27 Take notes on Iambic Pentameter & practice

28 Reading Shakespeare Unusual Word Arrangements I ate the sandwich. I the sandwich ate. Ate the sandwich I. Ate I the sandwich. The sandwich I ate. The sandwich ate I.

29

30 Shakespearean Insults

31 Insult activity Use the handout provided, to come up with a Shakespearean Insult. Be sure to include a modern translation of the insult! Be prepared to share yours with the class!

32 Hip-Hop Shakespeare mxwnwn-zjrek_ytyqef1_y&index=6 ***Cut at 10:21

33

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