Choose the correct word or words to complete each sentence.

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1 Chapter 4: Modals MULTIPLE CHOICE Choose the correct word or words to complete each sentence. 1. You any accidents to the lab's supervisor immediately or you won't be permitted to use the facilities again. a. can report c. must report b. could have reported d. must have reported 2. As a general rule, please remember, library patrons quiet at all times. a. can remain c. could remain b. should remain d. has to remain 3. You your manager about your car trouble. He's very understanding. a. would've told c. should've told b. wouldn't have told d. shouldn't have told 4. I you yesterday. My computer wasn't working. a. couldn't c. might have ed b. can't d. am supposed to 5. The meeting around six o'clock, but if it doesn't, I'll call you. a. must begin c. should've begun b. should begin d. had to begin 6. Each student in the class a topic by next Monday or the teacher will choose it. a. could choose c. has to choose b. would have chosen d. are supposed to choose 7. I'm not sure, but Nancy's coming today because she went home sick yesterday. a. definitely c. probably not b. maybe d. certainly not 8. Someone because I hear a car approaching the building. a. can't have been coming c. had to come b. would have come d. must be coming 9. This box is so heavy! It easy to carry it alone. a. shouldn't have been c. wasn't supposed to be b. can't have been d. might have been 10. Employees their uniforms at all times. Employees failing to do so will be sent home. a. might wear c. could've worn b. had to wear d. must wear 1 Grammar Sense 4 Test: Chapter 4 Oxford University Press

2 11. Carlos at the airport by 10 A.M. for his flight, but the airline called to report a delay. a. have to be c. were supposed to be b. has to be d. was supposed to be 12. Ms. Parsons is furious with you. You to her now! a. had better apologize c. had to apologize b. must have apologized d. might have apologizing 13. Children under the age of 11 pay for a full-price ticket, but parents are encouraged to make a donation in that amount if possible. a. must c. have to b. must have d. don't have to Employees each other's time cards. Managers are the only ones authorized to do that. a. shouldn't sign c. couldn't have signed b. don't have to sign d. would have signed Choose the correct response to complete each conversation. 15. A: Why didn't you answer the phone? B: I was at home. a. I must have been sleeping. c. You could've called me. b. I have to answer the door. 16. A: B: Yes. It was an important meeting and we accomplished a lot. a. Would you have taken that trip to Boston? b. Should you take that trip to Boston? c. Did you have to take that trip to Boston? 17. A: I'm feeling terrible about the team's loss. B: I'm sorry. a. You could win the game. c. You should win the game. b. You should've won the game. 18. A: Can you believe it? We could've used our books on the test! B: I know! a. Why didn't she let us use our books? c. Aren't you glad we had them? b. I didn't bring mine either. 19. A: I couldn't get a signal on my cell phone last night. B: a. I had the same problem. c. Why didn't you try? b. So I must've missed your call. 2 Grammar Sense 4 Test: Chapter 4 Oxford University Press

3 20. A: We've got tickets to the symphony tonight. B: a. That should be great! c. That would've been so nice. b. That had to be interesting. 21. A: Tony never loses his temper, but he was just yelling at Amanda in the break room. B: That's very strange. a. He couldn't be very upset. c. He would usually shout. b. Something must have happened. 22. A: We shouldn't have taken the train. B: I know. a. I'm really glad we didn't. c. Let's take the train next time. b. We haven't moved for an hour. 23. A: B: You're right. I'll turn on my computer and look for his message. a. Eric might be trying to us. b. Eric couldn't have ed us. c. Eric wasn't supposed to us. 24. A: B: I really didn't mind. I was going to the library anyway. a. You didn't have to return my books. b. You must not return those books. c. You don't have to. Choose the correct response to each statement or question. 25. Betty: We filed the appeal last week, so we should get a court date this week. Betty is a date to appear in court this week. a. positive she will get c. fairly certain she will get b. certain she will not get d. fairly certain she will not get 26. Paul: I bought an Agatha Christie novel for Sarah, but I'm afraid she might already have it. Paul is the book. a. certain that Sarah has c. fairly certain that Sarah has b. certain that Sarah doesn't have d. not sure if Sarah has 27. Zack: Rob insured this package for a lot of money! It must be very valuable. Zack is valuable. a. certain that the package is c. fairly certain the package isn't b. fairly certain the package is d. not sure if the package is 28. Vera: I just got rejected by my first-choice college. I couldn't be more disappointed. Vera. a. is very disappointed c. is not very disappointed b. is not certain how she feels d. is certain she will feel worse 3 Grammar Sense 4 Test: Chapter 4 Oxford University Press

4 29. Bill: Cara hasn't come home yet. She might have stopped by the store. Bill thinks Cara. a. is definitely at the store now b. is definitely going to the store later c. is possibly at the store now d. is possibly going to the store later 30. I have a suggestion. We Joe's report with Ed's to come up with a more comprehensive account. a. must combine c. can combine b. are supposed to d. can't combine COMPLETION Complete each sentence using the past form of the modal and the verb in parentheses. Use contractions when possible. 1. You (not / should / annoy) Professor Foye. He's now giving us more homework! 2. Sarah (not / could / knock) on your door last night. She was with us the entire time. 3. Marta (might / give) me your phone number, but I'm really not sure. 4. Teresa (not / would / buy) anything at the bookstore without calling me first. I get a discount on all purchases. 5. We (not / have to / do) the exercises on page 51 last night, but I wanted the extra practice. 6. I (supposed to / work) late last night, but Carol took my shift. 7. They (must / know) you were coming. I heard your message on their answering machine. 4 Grammar Sense 4 Test: Chapter 4 Oxford University Press

5 8. I don't know if she took your wallet. I think she (not / might / do) it because she hasn't been in trouble lately. 9. Paul (not / could / watch TV) all weekend because my parents were staying with us. 10. We (have to / write) two research papers for Professor Grey's class last term. 11. Elena (not / should / believe) everything people tell her. She is generally too trusting. 12. I (should / keep) a copy of the original document because I can't locate the changes in the new version. 13. Carl (must / understand) that his sister was very angry. 14. The professor's instructions (not / must / be) very precise because a third of the class did the assignment incorrectly. 15. Akiko isn't at home. Do you think she (could / gone) to the museum without us? SHORT ANSWER Correct the errors in the sentences. Each sentence contains one error. Use contractions when possible. 1. Pedro must been having a meeting yesterday afternoon because I heard several voices coming from his office. 2. I shouldn't have leaving at noon yesterday because I missed an important call at 12: Amelia shouldn't have taken better care of her health, but she didn't like visiting the doctor. 5 Grammar Sense 4 Test: Chapter 4 Oxford University Press

6 4. The roads in our area could be repaired years ago, but the legislature refused to approve the funding. 5. Many parents feel they ought shield their children from unpleasant events. 6. The owners of the business was supposed to provide an account of expenses, but they didn't do this. 7. How long we should wait for their responses to our questions? ESSAY Write an essay using one of these topics. 1. Write two paragraphs about where you are living at the moment. In the first paragraph, describe the things people should definitely do if they visit this area. Include details about why they should do these things. In the second paragraph, describe things people can do if they have more time to spend in the area. 2. Write two paragraphs about the appropriate role of friends as advisors in our lives. In the first paragraph, give your general opinion. In the second paragraph, describe a situation when you did or did not listen to a friend's advice. Was this the right decision? What might you have done differently? Why? 3. Write two paragraphs about the extent to which public figures, such as actors, athletes or politicians, should expect their personal lives to remain private. In the first paragraph, describe the ideal balance between the media's right to report, the public's right to know and the public figure's right to privacy. In the second paragraph, describe a scandal involving a public figure. Include your opinion about what should or should not have been reported and why. 6 Grammar Sense 4 Test: Chapter 4 Oxford University Press

7 Chapter 4: Answer Key MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. C 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. B 6. C 7. C 8. D 9. B 10. D 11. D 12. A 13. D 14. A 15. A 16. C 17. B 18. B 19. A 20. A 21. B 22. B 23. A 24. A 25. C 26. D 27. A 28. A 29. C 30. C COMPLETION 1. shouldn't have annoyed 2. couldn't have knocked 3. might have given 4. wouldn't have bought 5. didn't have to do 6. was supposed to work 7. must have known 8. might not have done 9. couldn't watch TV 10. had to write 11. shouldn't believe 7 Grammar Sense 4 Test: Chapter 4 Oxford University Press

8 Answers 12. should've kept 13. must have understood 14. must not have been 15. could have gone SHORT ANSWER 1. Pedro must have been having a meeting yesterday afternoon because I heard several voices coming from his office. 2. I shouldn't have left at noon yesterday because I missed an important call at 12: Amelia should have taken better care of her health, but she didn't like visiting the doctor. 4. The roads in our area could've been repaired years ago, but the legislature refused to approved the funding. 5. Many parents feel they ought to shield their children from unpleasant events. 6. The owners of the business were supposed to provide an account of expenses, but they didn't do this. 7. How long should we wait for their responses to our questions? ESSAY 1. Answers will vary will vary. 3. Answers will vary. 8 Grammar Sense 4 Test: Chapter 4 Oxford University Press

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