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1 Joseph R. elho T he field of c u l t u r a l entomology examines the influence of insects on human societies. Previously, references to insects in popular music were compiled and analyzed to determine how insects are used and perceived (elho 2000). Artist names, album titles, song titles, and lyrics provide an interesting contrast to the visual media of motion pictures (Mertins 1986, Berenbaum 1996), animated movies (skosky and Berenbaum 1988), and cartoons (DeJong 1994) examined by previous investigators. Kellert (1993) describes nine attitudes toward invertebrates: aesthetic, dominionistic, ecologistic, humanistic, symbolic, naturalistic, negativistic (shock), scientific, and utilitarian. In general, insects are used in two contrasting ways: for their 142 aesthetic value (e.g., butterflies) and for their negativistic value (e.g., maggots). In this study, I have assembled cases in which insect images are used on the cover art of published rock and roll music. This approach provides an interesting example in which musical and visual media occur together. Using the World Wide Web and other means to find examples of insects used in cover art, I examined the degree to which various taxonomic groups were represented; and I attempted to elucidate how their level of representation reflected human attitudes toward them. I explored recurring themes and examined temporal changes in insect cover art production. I predicted that insects would be represented in cover art in ways similar to that shown previously for artists, albums, AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Fall 2004

2 and songs, but that the nature of the medium would bias the results toward taxa and themes with more visual impact. New Database I used the database generated my previous study (elho 2000; Appendix I) as a starting point. All artists and album titles with entomological names were searched on the commercial web sites CDnow, Yahoo!, and the Ultimate Band List. Sometimes, I found covers not shown on those sites on an artist s official web site, a fan site, or on an on-line cover art archive (http://www.cdcovers.cc/downloadit. php). If I couldn t observe the cover on any of these sites, I made no further direct efforts to locate it. vers containing entomological material were recorded in a new database for the present study. I searched a number of on-line cover art archives for additional insect-related covers. All thumbnails were examined on the Record ver Art archive (http://covers.virtualave.net) and the Show and Tell Music galleries (http://www. showandtellmusic.com/pages/galleries_main.html). I read all artist names and album titles for insect clues on the Metal vers archive (http:// then examined the covers of those that were entomological. All key words were searched on Amazon.com, IUMA.com, and the Megasearch CD covers search engine (http://morpheus.mega-search.net/search. php3). In addition to key words I used previously (elho 2000; Table 1), I made the following additions: antz, borboletta, firefly, and mariposa. Key words relating to insect products (e.g., honey, silk) and noninsect arthropods were not used. However, I included one cover because it clearly showed an insect product as a dominant feature (The Ohio Players Honey). Others were included because an insect theme was clearly and intentionally conveyed (e.g., a honeycombed view in Sugarglider s Bee Sting Smile) even though no insects were shown. I discovered many covers by browsing music stores, and several were provided by friends and contributors. For the most part, I followed limits established for the previous study (elho 2000). Albums issued before 1955 were excluded. Musical forms that arose from or were influenced strongly by rock and roll were included, whereas those that predated or were progenitors of rock and roll were excluded. Otherwise, the process was as inclusive as possible, retaining CD singles, EPs, imports, alternative versions, motion picture soundtracks, and compilations. The searches were conducted until January ver art containing insect themes was downloaded or scanned and stored. To obtain images of greater size and resolution, I examined fan sites, and I searched for artist and title on the image search engine at Google.com. Information was collected and assembled into an electronic database. The artist and title of the album and the year of issue, if available, were recorded. I then built a frequency distribution of year data using 5-year intervals from 1965 to All statistics were performed using Microsoft Excel v Putting Things in Order Each album was classified according to taxonomic order. A general category for nonspecific insect themes or unidentifiable species also was included. Redundancy was eliminated. If an album had insects on the back cover, inside, and/or on the CD proper, it was only counted once. However, if more than one order of insects were shown, all orders were counted. Specific attributes of the insects shown were noted, including whether they appeared to be disproportionately large (giant), in great numbers (numerous), or shared insect and human features (chimeric). As most cartoon-style insects have human- or at least vertebratelike eyes, they were not scored as chimeric unless other human anatomical features were shown. Increased Popularity or Obsession? Although this fraction was difficult to estimate with certainty, using the total number of insectrelated albums in this study (392) and that once listed by CDnow (~500,000 albums), insect themes command less than 0.1% of rock music covers. Hence, insect cover art is relatively rare. The database is listed in Appendix I and, for convenience, on the the author s web site (http://www.quincy.edu/ ~coelhjo), where images of the artwork can be viewed. The rate of release of rock albums with insect cover art appears to be increasing steeply (Fig. 1). The number of such albums produced during each 5-year interval since 1965 remained flat for 20 years, then accelerated at a rapid rate during each subsequent 5-year interval. An exponential curve best described the effect, where number of covers = 10-57e0.0677yr (R 2 = 0.599). The last interval ( ) was not included in the regression calculation because it is not complete. Fig. 1. The growth in insect cover art over time at 5-year intervals. Each labeled interval represents the number of covers issued during the previous five years (e.g., 1970 spans ). AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Volume 50 Number 3 143

3 This apparent outbreak may be genuine, mirroring a similar increase in insect (especially cockroach) films (Berenbaum 1996); however, other factors may explain the seemingly explosive trend. First, the total number of albums released has doubtlessly increased as growth has occurred in the music industry generally, and the rock genre specifically. Second, the resources used, both online and physical, to find the covers are likely to be skewed toward more recent releases, which sell better and are not yet out of print. Though the study was limited to post-1955 material, the oldest album listed dates from only Many artists in the database appeared to have at least a minor obsession with insects. Of 252 artists, 68 (27%) had insect-related names; 151 albums (38%) also had entomological names. Furthermore, 34 albums had entomological names and artists with insect names. These trends are understandable considering the method by which many covers were discovered-searching by name and title. In spite of this sampling bias, 169 albums (43%) had neither titles nor band names that were entomological. Several artists seemed to exhibit a strong sense of biophilia (Kellert 1997), as they carried an insect theme throughout much of their work, often associated with an insect band name. Praying Mantis used either a self-titled creature or logo on eight albums. Freddy and the Fleas featured an image of a flea playing the guitar on six albums. Papa Roach also had six appearances of cockroach images. For similar reasons, Iron Butterfly and The Junebugs appeared four times each in the database. However, even some artists without an obvious entomological nature repeated insect themes. Barclay James Harvest used butterflies on nearly all their album covers. The combination of a long career and numerous alternative album versions gives them the highest number of appearances in the database at 32. Journey used essentially the same scarab beetle on 11 albums, and Talk Talk released 10 albums with surreal moth images by painter James Marsh (Marsh, 2004). Fig. 2. The distribution of insect-related cover art among orders of insects. Most of the artists that issued insect themes on covers are not widely known; however, popular artists past and present also made contributions. In addition to those already mentioned, AC/DC (Fly on the Wall), Aerosmith (Pandora s Box), Alice In Chains (Jar of Flies), Barbra Streisand (Butterfly), llective Soul (Dosage), Eve 6 (Eve 6), Heart (Dog & Butterfly), d Zeppelin (d Zeppelin III), Mariah Carey (Butterfly), Santana (Borboletta), and Steely Dan (Katy Lied) have all featured entomological cover art. The Most Favored Orders Sixteen taxonomic orders of insects graced album covers or liner notes (Fig. 2). Of these, the order appearing most frequently was pidoptera (36%), followed by menoptera (17%), leoptera (11%), ptera (9%), and Odonata (8%). The general category garnered 7%. In lesser numbers were Orthoptera, Mantodea, Blattodea with 3% each, and Siphonaptera with 2%. Homoptera represented about 1% of the total; and Anoplura, Dermaptera, Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera, Isoptera, and Plecoptera were represented by only one album each (0.2% of the total). menoptera, pidoptera, and ptera dominate in motion pictures (Mertins 1986), cartoons (DeJong 1994), and animated films (skosky and Berenbaum 1988), as well as rock music in general (elho 2000). The most striking difference between album covers and artist, album, and song names is the clear preference for pidoptera in artwork. The aesthetic appeal of pidoptera resulted in many albums featuring attractive butterflies and moths on their covers; for example, the Bee Gees collections Rare Precious & Beautiful (3 Volumes), Butterfly Scream s self-titled album, and Helium s No Guitars. The visual appeal of Odonata and leoptera makes them favored subjects. lorful beetles were demonstrated by The Jesus Lizard s Shot, Bug Candy s Man Eating Bugs, and The Odds Bedbugs, among others. Dragonflies provided for some striking covers, such as Deyss The Dragonfly from the Sun, Dragonfly s self-titled release, and Galadriel s Chasing the Dragonfly. ptera, although a common feature of names designed to elicit shock, were not apparently considered as valuable in the form of cover art subjects; pteran album covers were fourth in prevalence. When ptera were used, negativistic attitudes were promoted primarily through masses of maggots, as in Wendy O. Williams/Plasmatics greatest hits compilation Maggots: the Record, Esham s Maggot Brain Theory, and Cannibal rpse s Vile. menopteran popularity holds second place in cover art, perhaps because its members reflect several types of attitudes toward insects. Aesthetic treatments of menoptera were shown in Subsurfing s Frozen Ants (large, attractive ant), utilitarian aspects by The Ohio Players Honey (woman eating honey), and negativistic ones by Mark Stanley s Insect Warriors. Metaphoric values of menoptera, such as toughness, aggression, and power, were demonstrated by totemic 144 AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Fall 2004

4 representations of a large wasp on Various Artists Charlotte Hornets: Greatest Hits, Vol. 1, Various Artists Green Hornet, and Wu-Tang Killa Bees The Sting. Gross Exaggeration The visual impact of covers should improve the shock value of oversized arthropods in rock music, providing a visual means of displaying negativistic attitudes. Indeed, 43 albums (11%) with entomological covers demonstrated a degree of gigantism in the featured insects. The Generiks Revenge of the Dung Beetle provides an excellent example, featuring an enormous, menacing beetle rolling its dung ball through a city, as the citizens run away screaming and military personnel fire rifles at the insect. Others include Agent Steel s Mad Locust Rising, Grasshopper Child s self-titled release, Herbaliser s Wall Crawling Giant Insect Breaks, Uriah Heep s Firefly, Xtra Large s Now I Eat Them, and many of the albums by Praying Mantis. Numerous horror movies have showcased gigantic insects (Mertins 1986), and some albums have been inspired by these (Giant Ant Farm s Them!) or feature the soundtracks to such classic films (e.g., Various Artists Monstrous Movie Music), but they are rare in artist, album, and song names (elho 2000). Hence, it would seem that visual media maximize the impact of unnaturally large insects. The fear factor of great numbers of insects is well known from film (Mertins 1986), as well as rock music artist, album, and song names (elho 2000). Only 38 (10%) insect covers were considered to be swarming with insects, i.e., at least five displayed. Perhaps the small size of the medium (especially today s CD versus earlier vinyl LPs) limits the number and size of insects that can be effectively presented. The most common cover of this type featured bees, perhaps to generate fear (e.g., Anthrax s Attack Of The Killer B s, llective Soul s Dosage, Skandalous All-Stars The Age of Insects, The Soft Boys A Can of Bees, and, not surprisingly, the compilations by Various Artists Storm Of Drones and Swarm Of Drones. The aforementioned maggot-covered albums naturally inspire revulsion. On the other hand, not all such infestations reflected negativistic attitudes. There were a number of much less threatening assemblages of butterflies, including Barclay James Harvest s self-titled album and Early Morning Onwards, Deee-Lite s Sampladelic Relics & Dancefloor Oddities, Moose s Uptown Invisible, Soilwork s Natural Born Chaos, and Talk Talk s The lour of Spring. It is possible that increasing diversity of insects could make them more frightening as well. Indeed, four albums showed five recognizable orders of insects including The Rolling Stones Metamorphosis. Alice oper s Welcome to My Nightmare should, perhaps, count as six because the back of some versions displays a black widow spider (Latrodectus mactans F.). Sweaty Nipples Bug Harvest and Mofungo s Bugged probably have more than five each, but small images make identification difficult. Another four albums showed three orders, and eight showed two orders. A Little Bit of Humor and Creativity Forty-four (11%) of the cover art images were chimeric. Most chimeric characters were simply humans with insect wings, reflecting a fantasy of human-powered flight (e.g., Iron Butterfly s Scorching Beauty, Gemstone s Butterfly, Linkin Park s brid Theory, Moth Macabre s Moth Macabre, and Neon Philharmonic s Moth nfesses). These examples might reflect utilitarian or aesthetic attitudes. Others were considerably less romantic, including humans with insect heads, such as Richard Thompson s Henry the Human Fly and Mother Head Bug s Zambodia, and more overtly grotesque characters (e.g., Abscess s Seminal Vampires and Maggot Men and Ded Bugs The Night We Got Sick and ed!). Chimeric artwork is known from jade carvings from the middle Neolithic period (~5000 BCE) in China, though these artifacts combined the characteristics of different animals and insects (Doonan 2001, NPM 2004). Hence, modern rock music is carrying on a long-standing artistic tradition. Images illustrated through a variety of media allow a great deal of stylistic variation and creativity in cover art. A common enhancement to lepidopteran cover art was to draw alternative colors, patterns, or images upon the wings. Two of the covers were electron micrographs of insects: Tad s Infrared Riding Hood (flea), and Albino Fly s Untitled (compound eye). Four others were photographs of insect tattoos (Blink 182 s Enema of the State, Crazy Town s The Gift of Game, Freddy and the Fleas Temporary Blond, and Spike 1000 s Waste of Skin), which are apparently popular (Pearson 1996). Of interest to musicians are several titles in which insect figures are associated with instruments, such as Freddy & the Fleas Fleak Out!!! (flea plays electric guitar), B. Bumble & the Stingers self-titled album (bee flies by piano), Montrose s The Very Best of Montrose (wasp plays guitar), Richard Thompson s Henry the Human Fly (human fly plays guitar), and Tiger Moth s Mothballs (moth plays accordion). Talk Talk s I Don t Believe in You features a lepidopteran with musical notes in its wing coloration pattern. Critters Buggin s Host features an insectile creature with a portable stereo (boom box) for a head that takes advantage of the hexapodal anatomy of insects; it is standing on two legs, holding a futuristic guitar in one hand, a horn in another, a pair of drumsticks in another, and a book (of sheet music?) in the last, suggesting a one-man band. Similarly, Gary Hoey s Ho, Ho, Hoey II shows an ant playing drums, guitar, and keyboard while adjusting an amplifier. Maggotron s Early Maggots/Best of Maggotron demonstrates insects enjoying music, as ants wearing headphones and space helmets appear to be dancing on an ant mound. The visual impact of covers should improve the shock value of oversized arthropods in rock music, providing a visual means of displaying negativistic attitudes. AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Volume 50 Number 3 145

5 Rock music has used insects as subjects for cover art at a rapidly increasing rate, but confounding effects of music industry growth and sampling bias probably diminish the significance of this trend. A Hint of Entomology In numerous cases, insects were rendered in detail adequate for sight identification. Primarily, these were readily identifiable, common species. Examples include the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. (Celi Bee & the Buzzy Bunch s Superman), the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus (L.) (Mariah Carey s Butterfly, Saves the Day s I m Sorry I m aving, and Butterfly Jones Napalm Springs), the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana (L.) (Papa Roach s Infest), the crab louse, Phthirus pubis (L.) (Bunny Genghis Children Under Twelve), the mourningcloak butterfly, Nymphalis antiopa (L.) (The House of Love s self-titled album), the polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer) (Gathering Of Souls Neither Moss Nor Rust rrupts), and the tiger swallowtail, Papilio glaucus L. (Barclay James Harvest s The Best of Barclay James Harvest, Better Than Ezra s Closer, and Moonspell s Butterfly Effect). Barclay James Harvest s The llection shows 10 butterflies, of which the red admiral (Vanessa atalanta L.), the painted lady [V. cardui (L.)], and a swallowtail (Papilio machaon L.) were readily identifiable. Many others were readily classified to family or genus and could doubtless be identified to species by those with taxonomic expertise in the appropriate areas. Indeed, Rebecca Bullard, a maggot specialist, was kind enough to point out that Esham s Maggot Brain Theory is not, in fact, covered with maggots. The numerous larvae appear to have distinct head capsules and resemble the caterpillars of the greater wax moth [Galleria mellonella (L.)], which are widely available as fish bait. Similarly, few would recognize the three-legged, headless cicada killer [Sphecius speciosus (Drury)], shown ventral-side-up on the Gourds Ghosts of Hallelujah, if they had not worked intimately with the wasp. Interestingly, some images were similar to those in popular field guides. The polyphemus moth of Gathering Of Souls Neither Moss Nor Rust rrupts is identical to that on the color plate on page 250 of Arnett and Jacques (1981); and the monarch of Saves the Day s I m Sorry I m aving appears to be the same as that on page 239 of the same volume, without the background. The bumble bee shown on the Bumblebees Cross-Pollination, the Bees of the Invisible bears a suspicious resemblance to that featured prominently on the cover of Borror and White (1970), altered only by the addition of stripes to the abdomen. Although artist, album, and song names sometimes had themes reflecting the scientific attitudes of professional entomologists (elho 2000), cover art had little of such relevance. The Bluetones Slight Return shows a bumblebee with an insect pin through its thorax. Papa Roach s Infest also features a pinned cockroach (though it is mounted upside-down from the traditional method) on the cover, and the inside front cover has numerous cockroach images and a phylogenetic tree of cockroach families and genera. The back cover has a cockroach photo with what appears to be labeled external anatomy, but the labels are actually song titles. My Dad Is Dead s Everyone Wants the Honey But Not the Sting shows an insect collection professionally pinned and labeled. Two Loons for Tea s Looking for Landmarks features an illustration of the honey bee waggle dance. Other unique behaviors include cannibalism in praying mantids (The Trouble With Girls Killer) and butterfly mating (Deep Forest s mparsa). Dominionistic attitudes were even rarer; Isis Mosquito ntrol does not demonstrate what the title suggests, but does have several mosquitoes and anatomical drawings of an insect head. Insect control methods are demonstrated only by the electric bug zapper on Stan Ridgway s Mosquitos. All in All, a Rare Trend Rock music has used insects as subjects for cover art at a rapidly increasing rate, but confounding effects of music industry growth and sampling bias probably diminish the significance of this trend. Overall, albums with insect cover art remain rare. Insects were used primarily for their visual appeal on cover art. nsequently, pidoptera probably are well represented because of the beauty of butterflies and moths. leoptera and Odonata are also common, probably for similar reasons. menoptera are the second most frequently represented order, perhaps because they represent a variety of attitudes, such as aesthetic, utilitarian, negativistic, and metaphoric. ptera are less common than expected in cover art because of the negative associations of flies, maggots, and mosquitoes. Gigantic and, to a lesser extent, great numbers of insects were also used for shock value. Chimeric insect-humans were not uncommon. Most insects were not rendered in a realistic form, but several were identifiable to species. Few examples demonstrated scientific topics (e.g., pinning), and a few demonstrated insect musicianship. Overall, insects were used in very creative ways, presumably to enhance the varied effects desired by the artists. Acknowledgments My gratitude is extended to those who provided, via and otherwise, insect cover art of which I was unaware, and especially to Savannah elho for canvassing record stores. Rebecca Bullard graciously provided input on identification of ambiguous maggots. Joseph elho is with the Biology Program, Quincy University, 1800 llege Ave., Quincy, IL elho s research focuses primarily on the physiological ecology of wasps, with occasional forays into cultural entomology. References Cited Arnett, R. H., and R. L. Jacques, Jr Simon & Schuster s guide to insects. Simon & Schuster, New York. Berenbaum, M. R Roach clips and other short subjects. Am. Entomol. 42: Borror, D. J., and R. E. White A field guide to 146 AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Fall 2004

6 the insects of America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin mpany, Boston. elho, J. R Insects in rock and roll music. Am. Entomol. 46: DeJong, G. D Insect cartoons: when do they appear in newspapers and magazines? Am. Entomol. 40: Doonan, F The jade age. tucsonshowguide.com/stories/may01/jade.cfm Kellert, S. R Values and perceptions of invertebrates. nserv. Biol. 7: Kellert, S. R Kinship to mastery: biophilia in human evolution and development. Island Press, Washington, DC. skosky, R. J., and M. R. Berenbaum Insects in animated films. Not all Bugs are bunnies. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 34: Marsh, J Talk Talk print reproductions. TALK_prints.htm Mertins, J. W Arthropods on the screen. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 32: NPM (National Palace Museum, Taiwan) llectors exhibitions of Neolithic jades. selections.htm Pearson, G. A Insect tattoos on humans: a dermagraphic study. Am. Entomol. 42: Appendix I Rock and Roll albums with entomological cover art. Orders represented are abbreviated as (pidoptera), (menoptera), (leoptera), (ptera), Od (Odonata), Ge (General), Or (Orthoptera), Ma (Mantodea), Bl (Blattodea), Si (Siphonaptera), He (Hemiptera), Ho (Homoptera), De (Dermaptera), Ep (Ephemeroptera), An (Anoplura), Is (Isoptera), and Pl (Plecoptera). Artist Title Orders Artist Title Orders #20 DragonFl Nine [Single] Od 88 Butterfly Taking Shape Raw is War Abscess Seminal Vampires & Maggot Men AC/DC Fly on the Wall Aerosmith Nine Lives Ge Pandora s Box Agent Steel Mad Locust Rising Or Albino Fly [Untitled] Alice oper Welcome to My Nightmare, Ho,,, Od Alice In Chains Jar of Flies Alien Ant Farm ANThology Truant Allgood Ride the Bee Amethystium Odonata Od Andi Harrison Butterflies & Demons Ani franco Evolve Ant Trip Ceremony 24 Hours 24 Hours [Alternate] Anthony Phillips Dragonfly Dreams Od Anthrax Attack Of The Killer B s Return Of The Killer A s Atreyu Suicide Notes & Butterfly Kisses August Sons Plants, Planets And Insects B. Bumble & B. Bumble & The Stingers the Stingers Golden Classics Edition Barbra Streisand Butterfly Barclay James Alone We Fly Harvest Another Arable Parable Barclay James Harvest BBC in ncert 1972 [Import] Berlin [Import] Brave New World Caught in the Light Early Morning Onwards Early Morning Onwards [Reissue] Echoes of a Brave New World Festivale [Import] Gold llection Live Tapes Mockingbird: The Early Years [Import] Nexus Octoberon Once Again Once Again [Remastered] Revival Live [Tour Edition] Revival Live 1999 Revolution Days Revolution Days [Reissue] River of Dreams [Import] The Best of Barclay James Harvest The Best of BJH The llection The Harvest Years Time Honoured Ghosts Turn of the Tide Xii Xii [Import] Xii [Remastered] Beach Boys, The Wild Honey Bee Gees Rare Precious & Beautiful, Vol. 1, 2, 3 Better Than Ezra Closer Big Ugly Guys Hot Nude Bugs Ge Blessed Event Butterfly Kisses Blind Melon Blind Melon Blink 182 Enema of the State Appendix ntinued on next page AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Volume 50 Number 3 147

7 Artist Title Orders Artist Title Orders Bluetones, The Slight Return [Single] Bob Katsionis Turn Of My Century Bob Telson/ Little Village An Ant Alone: Songs From The Warrior Ant Boy Sets Fire In Chrysalis Brimsek Brothers Dragonfly Dreams Od Brown Hornet Brown Hornet Pogo Buck o Nine Barfly Barfly [Alternate] Bug Candy Shade of Creon Ge Bug Candy/ Eric Thiegs Man Eating Bugs Bugluv Rocket in the Pocket bugs (Italy) Sepia Bl, Bumble-Bee Undertow Bumblebees Cross-Pollination, the Bees of the Invisible Bunny Genghis Children Under Twelve [Vinyl EP] An Burden Fly Something in the Blood What They Need s a Damn Good Whackin Busy Bee Thank God for Busy Bee Butterfly Jones Napalm Springs Butterfly Scream Butterfly Scream Under Clouded Dreams Butterfly Tree Butterfly Tree Byron e & The Dragonaires Soca Butterfly California Grasshoppers, The The California Grasshoppers Or Canned Heat Historical Figures and Ancient Heads [Sleeve] Cannibal rpse Vile Carrie Clark Release the Butterfly Caterpillar Peace Love & Popularity Celi Bee & the Buzzy Bunch Superman Cicadas, The Cicadas, The Ho heed & Cambria The Second Stage Turbine Blade Od llective Soul sciplined Breakdown [Liner notes] Dosage llin Mulvany Stonefly Pl ws Sorry In Pig Minor., Or Crazy Town Butterfly [Single] The Gift of Game Critters Buggin Host Ge Cunninghams, The Zeroed Out Dandy Jack & Victor Sol XJacks Ge danger danger ckroach Bl ckroach [Alternate] Bl David Dunn Angels & Insects David Sylvian Dead Bees on a Cake Everything and Nothing Dead Can Dance A Passage in Time Ded Bugs The Night We Got Sick and ed! Ge We Ended Up Having to Eat Each Other Deee-Lite Dewdrops in the Garden Sampladelic Relics & Dancefloor Oddities The Very Best Of Deee-Lite Deep Forest mparsa Delerium Euphoria (Firefly) [Single] Deyss The Dragonfly from the Sun Od Vision in the Dark djits Hornet Piñata g g nosaur Jr. Bug Ma DJ Sakin & Friends Dragonfly Od DragonFly [Single] Od Don Julin & Glenn Wolf Brite Lites, Big Insects,, Od Dragonfly Dragonfly Od Timestream Od Ego Likeness Dragonfly Od Ekova Soft Breeze & Tsunami Breaks Ge Enigma LSD:Love Sensuality Devotion LSD:Love Sensuality Devotion Remix Package [Import] The Screen Behind the Mirror Voyageur [Import] Esham Maggot Brain Theory, Eugene Chadbourne Beauty and the Bloodsucker Insect and Western Attracter Ge Eve 6 Eve 6 Face on Mars Bug Remix [Single] Ge Fantastic Plastic Machine Beautiful firebug Feed the Virus Firefly Automatic Fleetwood Mac Shrine 69 Fly Ashtray Sawgrass Subligette Flywater Flywater Od Freddy and the Fleas Flea Fly Flow Fled Si Fleak Out!!! Si FleaMusic Si Got Fleas? Si Outside Chopping in a Wet Long John Si Temporary Blond Si Funkadelic smic Slop Ge Galadriel Chasing the Dragonfly Od Gandalf Gandalf Gary Hoey Bug Alley 148 AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Fall 2004

8 Artist Title Orders Artist Title Orders Ho! Ho! Hoey II Gathering Of Souls Neither Moss Nor Rust rrupts General Caine The Best Of General Caine: Pure Funk Generiks Revenge of the Dung Beetle Giant Ant Farm Them! Gourds, The Ghosts of Hallelujah Grasshopper Grasshopper Or Grasshopper Child Grasshopper Child Or Grasshopper Highway The Way Love Goes Green Day Dookie Insomniac [Inside] Halo Of Flies Music for Insect Minds Happy Mondays Double Easy: The U.S. Singles H. Gregson- Williams, J. Powell Antz: Original Film Music H-Blockx Fly Eyes Heart Definitive llection Dog & Butterfly These Dreams - Heart s Greatest Hits Helium No Guitars Herbaliser Wall Crawling Giant Insect Breaks Ge Honey & The Bees Dynamite House Of Love, The The House of Love Hundred Reasons Shatterproof Is Not A Challenge The Great Test [EP] The Great Test 2 [EP] The Great Test 3 [EP] What You Get [Single] Hungry Locust Big Day Or Impaled Nazarene All That You Fear Insect Surfers Reverb Sun Od Iron Butterfly Evolution (Best of) Heavy In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida Metamorphosis Scorching Beauty Isis Celestial Mosquito ntrol [EP], Ge J.J. Cale Grasshopper Or Jack Off Jill Clear Hearts Grey Flowers vetous Creature Jennifer Y Los Jetz Mariposa Jesus Lizard, The Shot Thumper [EP] Jim Carroll Praying Mantis Ma Journey Arrival Arrival [Import] Captured Departure Escape Greatest Hits Greatest Hits Live Journey ntinues [Import] The Ballade [Import] The Essential Journey Time 3 Junebugs, The Creative Fog Hotcakes Live at the Elbow Room Promotional Justin Warfield Supernaut, The The Justin Warfield Supernaut Kate Bush Never for Ever Keoki Caterpillar [Single] Klaatu 3:47 EST Klaasic Klaatu [sc] King s X Ear Candy KMFDM Nihil Kory & the Fireflies Radiate Ladybug Ladybug Ladybug Transistor Marlborough Farms Larva Eh? d Zeppelin d Zeppelin III, Od Lily Wilde Insect Ball Linkin Park brid Theory In the End Pt.2 [Single, Import] One Step Closer [Single, Import] Paper Cut (Enhanced) [Single, Import] Points of Authority [Single, Import] Reanimation Lisa Germano Slide Locust, The Flight Of The Wounded Locust Or The Locust Or Locust & Various Artists, The Well I ll Be A Monkey s Uncle: Lab Remix Or Mae Moore Dragonfly Od Maggotron Early Maggots/ Best of Maggotron Maria Muldaur Waitress in a Donut Shop Mariah Carey Butterfly Greatest Hits Ones The Remixes Mark Stanley Insect Warriors Marry Me Jane Marry Me Jane Martini Ranch Holy w Massive Attack Mezzanine Mayflies USA Mayflies USA Ep Michael Franks Dragonfly Summer Od Miscellaneous, The Moth and Rust Appendix ntinued on next page AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Volume 50 Number 3 149

9 Artist Title Orders Artist Title Orders M. Masaoka, T. Nunn, G. Robair Crepuscular Music,, Missy Misdemeanor Elliott Supa Dupa Fly Mofungo Bugged, He, Ma, Or, Si Monkees, The The Birds, the Bees & the Monkees Montrose The Very Best of Montrose Moonspell Butterfly Effect Butterfly Effect [Alternate] Moose Honey Bee Uptown Invisible Mosquito Headz El Ritmo [Single] Moth Macabre Moth Macabre Motherhead Bug Zambodia He Mother of Moth Mother of Moth My Dad Is Dead Everyone Wants the Honey But Not the Sting Natti Love Joys Millennium Bug Ge Neon Philharmonic Moth nfesses Nine Inch Nails The Downward Spiral No Doubt Tragic Kingdom No Flies on Frank No Flies on Frank Odds, The Bedbugs Offspring, The Americana Bl Ohio Players, The Honey Oingo Boingo Nothing to Fear One 4 One Seven Year Cicada Ho Orange Cricket Project, The She is Angels Or Osibisa Osibisa Ge Woyaya Ge Papa Roach 5 tracks deep [Back] Bl Angels & Insects/ Last Resort [Single, Import] Bl Between Angels & Insects Pt. 2 [Single, Import] Bl Infest Bl t em Know [CD] Bl Old Friends from Young Years Bl Paper Tulips Small Bee Helicopter Type Paul Gilbert Beehive Live Paul Zunno The Honey Bee and other sticky sweet songs of love Pegboy Earwig De Penny s Pet Dragonfly In A Frail Daydream Od Perth unty nspiracy Alive Peter, Paul & Mary Praying Mantis 10 Years Together: Best of Peter, Paul & Mary All Day and All Randy Newman of the Night [Single] Ma Captured Alive in Tokyo City Ma Cheated Ma Forever in Time Ma Live at Last Ma Praying Mantis [Single] Ma Predator in sguise Ma Time Tells No Lies Ma A Bug s Life: An Original Walt sney Records Soundtrack Renaldo & The Loaf Songs for Swinging Larvae Ge Richard Ashe The Dreamer and Dragonfly Od Richard Thompson Henry the Human Fly Roger Glover Butterfly Ball and the Grasshopper s Feast Rolling Stones Metamorphosis,, Ma, Od, Or Santana Borboletta Saves the Day I m Sorry I m aving [EP] Scarab Scarab Secrets of the Past and Future Scarabaeus Mortification Screamin Jay Hawkins w Fingers & Mosquito Pie Shinobu Sato Red Dragonfly Od Sick Bees, The My Pleasure Silkworm In the West [Back] Sirus Dancing Butterflies Skandalous All-Stars The Age of Insects Soft Boys, The A Can of Bees Soilwork Natural Born Chaos Spike1000 Waste of Skin Spooky Tooth The Mirror, Ma Stan Ridgway Mosquitos Steely Dan Katy Lied Or Steve Vaile Gemstone Butterfly Stink!#bug Dynamic Domination He Nacho He Strawbs Dragonfly [Import] Od Subsurfing Frozen Ants Sugarglider Bee Sting Smile Sweaty Nipples Bug Harvest,,, Ma, Is Syd Barrett Barrett, Tad Infrared Riding Hood Si Talk Talk 12x12 Original remixes Give it Up [Single] History Revisited, the Remixes I Don t Believe in You [Single] Life s What You 150 AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Fall 2004

10 Artist Title Orders Make it [Single] Living in Another World [Single] Living in Another World [Single, Alternate] Natural History The lour of Spring Taste Of Honey, A Anthology [Import] Tears for Fears Tears Roll Down - Greatest Hits, They Might Be Giants al-a-song: 20 Years of Tiger Moth Mothballs,, Toad the Wet Sprocket Fear Tina B The Best of Tina B: Honey to a Bee TNT Firefly and Live! Tracy Bonham The Bee EP, Trouble With Girls, The Killer Ma Two Loons for Tea Looking for Landmarks Ultimate Spinach Volume III Uriah Heep Demons & Wizards Firefly Vanilla Fudge & Iron Butterfly Hits Various Artists Antz Nest Black Flys Presents: Club Flys Black Flys Presents: Club Flys V. 2,3 Butterfly Kisses & Other Songs of Love Charlotte Hornets: Artist Title Orders Greatest Hits, Vol. 1 Downtown Does the Beatles: Live at the Knitting Factory Dragonfly Classix Od Dragonfly Classix V.2 Od Dragonfly: Order Odonata V. I Od Dragonfly: Order Odonata, Experiments that Identify Change Od Dragonfly: Order Odonata, the Technical Use of Sound in Magik Od Green Hornet Here, There & Everywhere: the Songs of the Beatles Monstrous Movie Music Storm Of Drones Swarm Of Drones The Best of Godzilla , Throne of Drones Voivod Negatron Wendy O. Williams/ Plasmatics Maggots: the Record Widespread Panic Bombs & Butterflies Wu-Tang Killa Bees The Sting The Swarm Xorcist Bad Mojo Bl Insects & Angels: fferences & Indifferences Od Xtra Large Now I Eat Them Ge Yes House of Yes: Live From the House of Blues Od Yarumba Baile de Mariposa Yoh-Chu-Sha (Larva House) Xai-en (eden) Ge Ziggy Marley Dragonfly Od CHANGE is not always easy to see Change we cannot always see it, feel it, or even understand it. In equal parts we seek change and have change enacted upon us. Though sometimes painful and frequently clunky, change is generally for the better. We can only do it thanks to you. Thank you for keeping your ESA membership current. Strength in Numbers is Up To You AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGIST Volume 50 Number 3 151

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