UNIT 1: MUSICAL GENRES

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "UNIT 1: MUSICAL GENRES"

Transcription

1 UNIT 1: MUSICAL GENRES TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Musical classification 1.1 Traditional or folkloric music 1.2 Popular music 1.3 Art music (Classical music) 2. Other ways of classifying music 2.1 Religious music, sacred music / secular music, profane music 2.2 Dramatic vocal music/concert vocal music 2.3 Absolute music /programme music. 3. Musical styles and periods in classical music 4. Analysis of a piece of music 1. MUSICAL CLASSIFICATION 1.1 Traditional or folkloric music It is music which is typical from a specific region or country. Folkloric music is part of the traditions and customs. When we refer to traditional music, we can also mention folkloric clothes, dances, instruments and songs. EXAMPLES: African traditional music: In general, when we talk about "African music", we mean sub- Saharan music, music from the south of the Sahara. The main characteristics of this type of music are: The extensive use of percussion. Drums are probably the most widely played instruments in Africa (There are several types of drums such as the djembe or the dundun). Skilled drummers can use drums to send messages. In most African drum ensembles, there is a master drummer who leads the group. He plays a rhythmic signal which sets the tempo and the rhythm for the other players. After this call, the other players join in with the response. This call and response pattern is usually repeated many times during a performance. Voice and other instruments are used too (xylophones, string instruments...). This music is based on polyrhythm (several rhythmic patterns are played at the same time). Performances are long and involve the audience through singing and dancing. Djembe Dundun Kora 1

2 Balophone African drum ensemble - Traditional African music: https://youtu.be/kyq5bzth-se - MIRIAM MAKEBA ( ) https://youtu.be/u6aatkmx6qk / https://youtu.be/iktkbikzh9i Traditional Chinese music: The ideal society was governed by rites, ritual and ceremonial functions. Music was not really entertainment. It had a social utility. Music had to be generally simple, induce tranquility, and facilitate the appropriate conduct in ceremonies. Most of the traditional music used the ancient Chinese pentatonic scale. Perhaps to maintain the Confucian norms of simplicity and clarity, Harmony is simple and not as important in folkloric Chinese music as it is in Western-style music. Unlike Western or African music, there is no emphasis on rhythm or beat. Music was not intended for dancing. Traditional Chinese instruments: The erhu: it is a two-string, violin-like instrument that is played with a bow like a violin bow. The guzheng: it is a large or-more stringed instrument. It is said that it is an ancestor of the Japanese koto. The pipa is a four-stringed Chinese musical instrument. The instrument has a pear-shaped wooden body with frets like those on a guitar. It sounds like a banjo. Dizis are generally made of bamboo, and they generally have six or more finger holes. One hole is covered with paper so that the flute has a peculiar buzzing sound that people like. 2

3 Erhu Pipa Guzheng Chinese flute (Dizi) https://youtu.be/9m4gca_ulb4 https://youtu.be/85fc2ampf34 Indian music: The music from India is improvised. It uses scales called "ragas" associated with different feelings. This music is performed with solo instruments (wind or string) accompanied by percussion instruments (for example a sitar and a tabla ensemble). https://youtu.be/9xb_x9boaou (Classical Indian music) THE INFLUENCE OF TRADITIONAL MUSIC ON OTHER MUSICAL GENRES: Traditional music has an important influence on other musical genres such as popular music and classical music. - In classical music, nationalist styles are influenced by traditional music. 3

4 "El amor brujo" by Manuel de Falla ( ). This work is inspired by flamenco. "Ritual Fire Dance" (Danza ritual del fuego) and "Song of Wildfire" (Canción del fuego fatuo). https://youtu.be/l18b3uqq49i - In popular music, several musical styles such as folk and modern South African music are under the influence of traditional music. Folk: modern music and songs that are written in a style similar to that of traditional music. "O son do ar" by Luar Na Lubre, a Galician band who plays Celtic Music. https://youtu.be/piba XaUwE https://youtu.be/yt1ttwfdch0 Celtic music also had a huge influence on traditional Irish music. The Chieftains are a very famous traditional Irish music band. https://youtu.be/u8lkptsqriq https://youtu.be/vtp4adntp0y Riverdance: https://youtu.be/46kajgbjzay Modern African popular music https://youtu.be/mwvofez_g8a https://youtu.be/mwyncsoen-o EXERCISES: 1º) Match each term with its definition or description. a. Traditional Indian music b. Folk music c. Flamenco d. Celtic music e. Nationalist music f. The sitar g. Traditional Chinese music h. Polyrhythm i. Manuel de Falla 1. Occidental popular music and songs that are influenced by traditional music. 2. Traditional music that uses pentatonic scales. It is basically melodic and with a simple harmony and rhythm. 3. A traditional musical style that had a huge influence on Galician and Irish traditional music. 4. A type of music based on improvisation that uses scales (ragas), string and percussion instruments. 5. Classical music inspired by traditional music. 6. Indian plucked string instrument. 7. Genre of traditional music and dance native to the southern Spanish regions of Andalusia, Extremadura and Murcia. 8. Several rhythmic patterns that are played at the same time. 9. Spanish composer from the twentieth century who wrote nationalist music. He composed "El amor brujo". 4

5 2º) Listen to the different extracts and indicate their style or genre. a) b) c) d) MUSIC THEORY: - DOTTED NOTES: One dot lengthens the note or rest by half the value of the original note or rest. So, a dotted minim is worth three crotchets. A dotted crotchet is worth three quavers and so on. 3º) Fill in the incomplete bars with one note or rest. - PENTATONIC SCALES: Pentatonic scales are used a lot in traditional, blues, folk and rock music. They use five notes. Ordinary scales use seven different notes. Scales start and end on notes of the same name. The first two phrases of the melody from Stephen Susanna" are based on the major pentatonic scale. Foster's "Oh! The major pentatonic scale uses the I, II, III, V and VI degrees. The most important degree of a scale is the tonic (first note or first degree.) 4º) Write out the pentatonic scale of C major and indicate below the notes the different degrees of the scale. 5º) Write out the pentatonic scale of G major. 5

6 6º) Compose a small tune with the following characteristics: - C major pentatonic scale. Time signature: 4/4 time. Four bars. - Two sub-phrases (or phrase members) of two bars. - Start the first sub-phrase with the fifth degree and end in the second bar with degrees II, III or V. - Repeat the beginning of the sub-phase and end the tune on the tonic (grade I). - Use at least one dottedd crotchet in each sub-phrase. 7º) Rhythm dictation PROJECT: Create a didactic video that deals with the folkloric music of one of the autonomous regions of Spain. You will choose this region and refer to traditional dances, songs, instruments and ensembles. 1.2 Popular music: It is music that is distributed to large audiences through the music industry and mass media. It appeals to popular tastes. The term Pop music refers to one musical genre that is included in popular music. Examples of popular music styles: blues, rock, pop, disco, rap, hip hop... Halftime shows of the Super Bowl: Michael Jackson Madonna Bruno Mars https://youtu.be/idg8tnknvdu/ / https://youtu.be/f2i0bc3f7jk 1.3 Classical music (art music) This term refers to music of different periods and styles that was written in a Western musical tradition by great composers such as Vivaldi, Mozart, Beethoven or Stravinsky. Classical music is generally considered to be serious and to have a lasting value. Example: O Fortuna (Carmina Burana) by the German composer Carl Orff ( ). André Rieu conducts this performance. https://youtu.be/ejc-_j3snxk 2. OTHER WAYS OF CLASSIFYING MUSIC 2.1 Religious music, sacred music / secular music, profane music. We use the term secular to refer to something which is not religious. Religious music / non-religious music (profane music, secular music) Example: Music in the Middle Ages (5th-15th centuries) With the development of music writing in the Middle Ages, we have information about the differences that existed between religious and secular music. 6

7 Gregorian chant is the basis of religious medieval music in the Christian Church. During this era, convents and monasteries became the great centers of culture. Gregorian chant owes its name to the Pope Gregory the Great who collected the Christian Church s songs. Gregorian chant turned into the Church s official chant and it was part of the liturgy (the mass). This chant was monodic*, written in Latin and performed by monks with no instrumental accompaniment. In the 11th century, an Italian monk, Guido d Arezzo invented the stave and the notes. Later on, the development of music writing helped to create polyphony*. From the 12th century until the 14th century, secular music began to gain importance. In the south of France, troubadours, nobles musicians composed love songs for the ladies or described the adventures of knights at war through songs. Their music was played in castles. The voice was accompanied by instruments with marked and varied rhythms. The texture of their music was monophonic and they used regional languages in their texts. This movement developed throughout Europe. Profane music progressively incorporated religious music advances such as music writing and the use of polyphony. *Monody or monophony: it is a musical texture in which all the singers or musicians sing or play the same melodic line without any harmony. In secular music, the main tune is often doubled with melodic instruments and accompanied by rhythmic instruments. *Polyphony: it is a musical texture in which different melodic lines are sounding at the same time, are quite independent and have a similar importance. Early Music History: Middle Ages, parts 1, 2 and 3. Gregorian Chant: https://youtu.be/ikt2m9-gqya Polyphonic sacred music: https://youtu.be/iqry2zypwfi Secular music (Goliards, Jongleurs, minstrels, troubadours..): https://youtu.be/wykrpsba7vy 2.2 Dramatic vocal music /concert vocal music. Dramatic vocal music: it is vocal music that is a mix of theatre and music such as the opera or the musicals. It is based on a plot or story with different characters. The soloists are both singers and actors who are accompanied by an orchestra or a band. "Marriage of Figaro" by Mozart GREASE (1978) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7qkbx5fg4u Concert vocal music: It is vocal music performed on stage without any dramatic action. The soloists do not have to be actors, they simply sing their part. Example: An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists. Like an opera, an oratorio includes the use of a choir, soloists, an ensemble, various characters, and arias. 7

8 However, opera is profane musical theatre, while oratorio is strictly a religious concert piece. The plot of an oratorio deals with sacred topics, making it appropriate for performance in the church. Hallelujah Chorus" by Handel from "The Messiah" 2.3 Absolute music/programme music (Classical instrumental music) Absolute music is music that does not refer to extra-musical elements (texts, landscapes or feelings...). This type of music is exclusively based on musical ideas and forms. Example: Piano concertos and sonatas by Mozart. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i2uyb6bmkyi https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=el_vzjwa2xy Programme music: It is classical instrumental music based on extramusical elements such as a plot, a text, feelings, nature... Sometimes, this type of music can be descriptive (For instance: "The Four Seasons" by Antonio Vivaldi). "Danse Macabre" by Camille Saint Saëns ( ) (Symphonic Poem) EXERCISES: 1º) Listen to the following extracts and classify them using the correct terminology. Remember that one piece of music can belong to different genres at the same time. a) Juan Del Encina ( ) / Renaissance / Levanta Pascual, levanta https://youtu.be/f9roxrztzmc b) G. Verdi ( ) / Romanticism / Dies Irae (Requiem/Mass for the dead) https://youtu.be/tvjdp0vlem4 c) Tomás Luis de Victoria ( ) / Renaissance / Tenebrae Factae Sunt https://youtu.be/njiu_cyzdvs d) C. Monteverdi ( ) / Baroque era / Orfeo, Favola in musica". https://youtu.be/0_kvea1ygvy e) A. Vivaldi ( )/ Baroque era/ "The Storm" (The Four Seasons) https://youtu.be/ky7nhl_v97o f) Mamma Mia! (1999) / Songs by ABBA https://youtu.be/d32x3y6_sbw 2º) Which musical genres are not represented in this list? Indicate for each one, one example. 8

9 3. MUSICAL STYLES AND PERIODS IN CLASSICAL MUSIC MIDDLE AGES (From the 5th century until the first half of the 15th century) Gregorian chants, minstrels, troubadours, polyphonic masses RENAISSANCE (15th and 16th centuries) Palestrina, Tomás Luis de Victoria, Juan Del Encina, Josquin Des Prés BAROQUE (From the 17th century until the first half of the 18th century) C. Monteverdi, A. Vivaldi, G.F. Handel, J.S. Bach CLASSICICISM (Second half of the 18th century and the two first decades of the 19th century). J. Haydn, W.A. Mozart, L.V. Beethoven ROMANTICISM (19th century) Chopin, Shubert, Schumann, Tchaikovsky, Verdi, Wagner Spanish nationalist composers: Albéniz, Granados 20TH CENTURY : Wide variety of musical styles (Impressionism, neoclassical music, expressionism, serialism, electronic music, aleatoric music, nationalist...) C.Debussy, I.Stravinsky, Manuel de Falla, M.Ravel 4. ANALYSIS OF A PIECE OF MUSIC TEXTURE: https://youtu.be/_j2r20x16jc DYNAMICS: https://youtu.be/tzul5qiuatu EXERCISES: We are going to work on the examples of the exercise nº 1 from part 2. 1º) Indicate the types of orchestra, choir and soloist who perform the following pieces of music. b) c) e) 2º) Which type of tempo is it? b) c) e) 3º) Indicate in the following extracts which dynamic resource is used by the composer. - Autumn by A. Vivaldi https://youtu.be/hpyxiv0eke8 - Piotr Ilich Tchaikovsky Overture (Finale) https://youtu.be/u2w1wi2u9sq What can we say about the tempo in this piece of music? 4º) Which texture is it? Mozart s Clarinet Concerto (second movement) https://youtu.be/6qaaz29cvfu San Matthew Passion by J.S. Bach (Opening Chorus) https://youtu.be/6xbzqqluq00?list=rd6xbzqqluq00 9

NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS

NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS June 2003 Authorized for Distribution by the New York State Education Department "NYSTCE," "New York State Teacher Certification Examinations," and the

More information

Great Choral Classics

Great Choral Classics =Causeway Performing Arts= GCSE Music AoS 2: Shared Music (vol.8) Great Choral Classics in conjunction with www.musicdepartment.info GREAT CHORAL CLASSICS Through our study of chamber music we have learned

More information

0410 MUSIC. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for Teachers.

0410 MUSIC. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for Teachers. CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2014 series 0410 MUSIC 0410/13 Paper 1 (Listening), maximum raw mark 70 This mark

More information

0410 MUSIC. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for Teachers.

0410 MUSIC. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for Teachers. CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education www.xtremepapers.com MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2014 series 0410 MUSIC 0410/11 Paper 1 (Listening), maximum

More information

Music in the Baroque Period ( )

Music in the Baroque Period ( ) Music in the Baroque Period (1600 1750) The Renaissance period ushered in the rebirth and rediscovery of the arts such as music, painting, sculpture, and poetry and also saw the beginning of some scientific

More information

HS Music Theory Music

HS Music Theory Music Course theory is the field of study that deals with how music works. It examines the language and notation of music. It identifies patterns that govern composers' techniques. theory analyzes the elements

More information

COURSE OUTLINE MUS103

COURSE OUTLINE MUS103 COURSE OUTLINE MUS103 Course Number Intro to Music Course title 3 3 lecture/0 lab Credits Hours Catalog description: Designed to enhance the student's knowledge and enjoyment of music of a variety of styles

More information

History 2: Middle Ages to Classical

History 2: Middle Ages to Classical History 2: Middle Ages to Classical December 2014 Maximum Marks Confirmation Number 1 of 12 Total Marks 20 1. Give the musical term for ten of the following definitions. Provide one composition title for

More information

HUMA1102 ENJOYMENT OF CLASSICAL MUSIC 2017 Spring

HUMA1102 ENJOYMENT OF CLASSICAL MUSIC 2017 Spring HUMA1102 ENJOYMENT OF CLASSICAL MUSIC 2017 Spring INSTRUCTOR: Prof. Matthew Tommasini DMA, MA Music Composition (University of Michigan) BA Music Composition (UCLA) CONTACT AND OFFICE INFORMATION: mtommasini@ust.hk

More information

The Renaissance

The Renaissance The Renaissance 1400-1600!1 From Medieval to Madrigal... Medieval period ( Dark Ages )-500--1400AD Music was mostly sacred (religious)--monophonic (means "one voice") just a melody line, no harmony. An

More information

Music Semester in Greece Spring 2018 Course Listing January 29 June 1, 2018 Application Deadline: October 16, 2017.

Music Semester in Greece Spring 2018 Course Listing January 29 June 1, 2018 Application Deadline: October 16, 2017. Music Semester in Greece Spring 2018 Course Listing January 29 June 1, 2018 Application Deadline: October 16, 2017 Arrival day: January 29, 2018 University Orientation: January 30 February 2, 2018 Classes

More information

Middle Ages. (Medieval Age) European Music History

Middle Ages. (Medieval Age) European Music History Middle Ages (Medieval Age) European Music History The medieval age was from the fall of the Roman empire to the middle of the 15 th century. It was a time of struggle, superstition, laughter and great

More information

Unit 1: Middle Ages. Index: 1. Religious vocal Music: Gregorian Chant. 2. Secular vocal music: troubadours and trouveres. 3. Spanish Medieval music

Unit 1: Middle Ages. Index: 1. Religious vocal Music: Gregorian Chant. 2. Secular vocal music: troubadours and trouveres. 3. Spanish Medieval music 1 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO Unit 1: Middle Ages Index: 1. Religious vocal Music: Gregorian Chant 2. Secular vocal music: troubadours and trouveres. 3. Spanish Medieval music 4. The birth of polyphony Página

More information

Strathaven Academy Music Department. Advanced Higher Listening Glossary

Strathaven Academy Music Department. Advanced Higher Listening Glossary Strathaven Academy Music Department Advanced Higher Listening Glossary Using this Glossary As an Advanced Higher candidate it is important that your knowledge includes concepts from National 3, National

More information

The Classical Period

The Classical Period The Classical Period How to use this presentation Read through all the information on each page. When you see the loudspeaker icon click on it to hear a musical example of the concept described in the

More information

The Treble clef Letter names of the treble clef The Bass Clef Letter names of the notes in the Bass clef The Stave...

The Treble clef Letter names of the treble clef The Bass Clef Letter names of the notes in the Bass clef The Stave... 1 Contents The Treble clef... 3 Letter names of the treble clef... 3 The Bass Clef... 3 Letter names of the notes in the Bass clef... 3 The Stave... 4 Note values... 4 Families of Instruments... 5 Woodwind...

More information

The Baroque Period. Better known today as the scales of.. A Minor(now with a #7 th note) From this time onwards the Major and Minor Key System ruled.

The Baroque Period. Better known today as the scales of.. A Minor(now with a #7 th note) From this time onwards the Major and Minor Key System ruled. The Baroque Period The Baroque period lasted from approximately 1600 1750 The word Baroque is used to describes the highly ornamented style of fashion, art, architecture and, of course Music. It was during

More information

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM FIELD 143: MUSIC November 2003 Illinois Licensure Testing System FIELD 143: MUSIC November 2003 Subarea Range of Objectives I. Listening Skills 01 05 II. Music Theory

More information

Music Learning Expectations

Music Learning Expectations Music Learning Expectations Pre K 3 practice listening skills sing songs from memory experiment with rhythm and beat echo So Mi melodies incorporate movements to correspond to specific music use classroom

More information

MUSIC APPRECIATION FALL 2003 Music 1003

MUSIC APPRECIATION FALL 2003 Music 1003 MUSIC APPRECIATION FALL 2003 Music 1003 INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Steve Cooper Office BH 2310 NWACC scooper@nwacc.edu 1 College Drive fax: 479/619-4290 Bentonville, AR 72712 479/619-4261 OFFICE HOURS: Mon/Wed 11-1:45,

More information

Curriculum Maps. Grades K-8. Grades K-8

Curriculum Maps. Grades K-8. Grades K-8 Curriculum Maps Grades K- Grades K- Kindergarten Curriculum Map First Nine Weeks Second Nine Weeks Third Nine Weeks Fourth Nine Weeks Module - Beat Module - Pitch Module - Instruments Module 0 - Duration

More information

Music: An Appreciation, Brief Edition Edition: 8, 2015

Music: An Appreciation, Brief Edition Edition: 8, 2015 Music: An Appreciation, Brief Edition Edition: 8, 2015 Roger Kamien Connect Plus Music (All Music, ebook, SmartBook, LearnSmart) o ISBN 9781259154744 Loose Leaf Text + Connect Plus Music o ISBN 9781259288920

More information

Part II The Middle Ages

Part II The Middle Ages Part II The Middle Ages Multiple Choice Questions 1. The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period of European history spanning A. 450-1000. B. 1000-1150. C. 1150-1450. D. 450-1450. The thousand years that

More information

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certifi cate of Secondary Education

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certifi cate of Secondary Education Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certifi cate of Secondary Education MUSIC 040/0 Paper Listening For examination from 05 MARK SCHEME Maximum Mark: 70 Specimen The syllabus

More information

MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2011 question paper for the guidance of teachers 0410 MUSIC

MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2011 question paper for the guidance of teachers 0410 MUSIC UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education www.xtremepapers.com MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2011 question paper for the guidance of teachers

More information

MUSIC APPRECIATION Survey of Western Art Music COURSE SYLLABUS

MUSIC APPRECIATION Survey of Western Art Music COURSE SYLLABUS ECU MUSC 2208 299 (2002/03 F) Meets Tu Th at 14:00 in 200 Fletcher 201 Fletcher / (252) 328-1250 / mollk@mail.ecu.edu MUSIC APPRECIATION Survey of Western Art Music COURSE SYLLABUS ONLINE VERSION: http://core.ecu.edu/music/mollk/

More information

Unofficial translation from the original Finnish document

Unofficial translation from the original Finnish document Unofficial translation from the original Finnish document 1 CHORAL CONDUCTING CHORAL CONDUCTING... 1 Choral conducting... 3 Bachelor s degree... 3 Conducting... 3 General musical skills... 3 Proficiency

More information

Chapter 16 Sacred and Secular Baroque Music

Chapter 16 Sacred and Secular Baroque Music Chapter 16 Sacred and Secular Baroque Music Illustration 1: Excerpt from "Kyrie" of the B Minor Mass by J. S. Bach--felt by many music historians to be the greatest piece of music written in the West (courtesy

More information

NEW HAMPSHIRE TECHNICAL INSTITUTE

NEW HAMPSHIRE TECHNICAL INSTITUTE NEW HAMPSHIRE TECHNICAL INSTITUTE Title: FA105 Introduction to Music Credit Hours: Total Contact Hours: 3 Instructor: Susan K. Kinne skinne@ccsnh.edu Course Syllabus Course Description Introduction to

More information

SOLOIST PROGRAMME Solist / Advanced Postgraduate Diploma in Music

SOLOIST PROGRAMME Solist / Advanced Postgraduate Diploma in Music SOLOIST PROGRAMME Solist / Advanced Postgraduate Diploma in Music ORCHESTRAL CONDUCTING CURRICULUM (VOL. II) Teaching and examination regulations August 2011 CONTENTS Preface... 3 Schema (ECTS and the

More information

OCR GCSE (9-1) MUSIC TOPIC EXPLORATION PACK - THE CONCERTO THROUGH TIME

OCR GCSE (9-1) MUSIC TOPIC EXPLORATION PACK - THE CONCERTO THROUGH TIME OCR GCSE (9-1) MUSIC TOPIC EXPLORATION PACK - THE CONCERTO THROUGH TIME Abstract [Draw your reader in with an engaging abstract. It is typically a short summary of the document. When you re ready to add

More information

0410 MUSIC 0410/01 Paper 1 (Unprepared Listening), maximum raw mark 60

0410 MUSIC 0410/01 Paper 1 (Unprepared Listening), maximum raw mark 60 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2009 question paper for the guidance of teachers 0410 MUSIC 0410/01

More information

MUSIC (MUSI) MUSI 1200 MUSI 1133 MUSI 3653 MUSI MUSI 1103 (formerly MUSI 1013)

MUSIC (MUSI) MUSI 1200 MUSI 1133 MUSI 3653 MUSI MUSI 1103 (formerly MUSI 1013) MUSIC (MUSI) This is a list of the Music (MUSI) courses available at KPU. Enrolment in some sections of these courses is restricted to students in particular programs. See the Course Planner - kpu.ca/

More information

Music Appreciation UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC APPRECIATION. Core

Music Appreciation UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC APPRECIATION. Core Core is a streamlined course that introduces students to the history, theory, and genres of music, from the most primitive surviving examples, through the classical to the most contemporary in the world

More information

Music (MUS) 1. Music (MUS)

Music (MUS) 1. Music (MUS) Music (MUS) 1 Music (MUS) Courses MUS A103 Matanuska-Susitna College Community Band 2 Credits Structured, established concert band. Special Note: Age group ranges from 10-80. Experience ranges from basic

More information

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 12

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 12 SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 12 Copyright School Curriculum and Standards Authority, 2015 This document apart from any third party copyright material contained in it may be freely

More information

Class 1: The Middle Ages (around 300 A.D A.D.)

Class 1: The Middle Ages (around 300 A.D A.D.) Class 1: The Middle Ages (around 300 A.D. - 1400 A.D.) Gregorian Chant Named after Pope Gregory Gregorian chant is monophonic (only one melodic line at a time.) In an effort to standardize and coordinate

More information

DISTRICT 228 INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC SCOPE AND SEQUENCE OF EXPECTED LEARNER OUTCOMES

DISTRICT 228 INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC SCOPE AND SEQUENCE OF EXPECTED LEARNER OUTCOMES DISTRICT 228 INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC SCOPE AND SEQUENCE OF EXPECTED LEARNER OUTCOMES = Skill Introduced NOTE: All skills are continuously developed throughout each grade level after being introduced. LEARNING

More information

Art of Listening (MUAR ) p. 1

Art of Listening (MUAR ) p. 1 Art of Listening MUAR 211, Section 001 McGill University Fall 2014 Class Meetings Monday & Wednesday: 4:35-5:55 p.m., Adams Auditorium Professor Dr. Jerry Cain New Music Building, room A622 Office Hours:

More information

Middle Ages Three Eras Dark Ages Romanesque Gothic

Middle Ages Three Eras Dark Ages Romanesque Gothic Medieval Music Middle Ages 450-1450 Three Eras Dark Ages 450-1000 Romanesque 1000-1300 Gothic 1300-1450 Disadvantages of the time Poverty Illiteracy Feudalism Violence Crusades Hundred Years War Barbarian

More information

CCCS Music Mastery Skills and Knowledge for Progression

CCCS Music Mastery Skills and Knowledge for Progression Foundation (G-E/1-2) Candidates sing and/or play music with some fluency the resources used. They compose music which shows some ability to organise musical ideas and use resources in response to a brief.

More information

A guide in preparing for the: Listening and Appraising Exam

A guide in preparing for the: Listening and Appraising Exam A guide in preparing for the: Listening and Appraising Exam 1 Exam overview 90 minute exam based on 12 prescribed works, three from each of the 4 areas of study). Examination is divided into sections A

More information

An Introduction to Composing

An Introduction to Composing 2008 25 minutes Teacher Notes: Amy Wert M.M., B.Ed. (Sec Music), A Mus A Program Synopsis Composing can be an amazing and fun experience whether you are a budding Mozart, techno freak, an emerging guitarist

More information

TEST SUMMARY AND FRAMEWORK TEST SUMMARY

TEST SUMMARY AND FRAMEWORK TEST SUMMARY Washington Educator Skills Tests Endorsements (WEST E) TEST SUMMARY AND FRAMEWORK TEST SUMMARY MUSIC: INSTRUMENTAL Copyright 2016 by the Washington Professional Educator Standards Board 1 Washington Educator

More information

Romantic is a term used to describe the music and art that was created from about 1810 to 1900.

Romantic is a term used to describe the music and art that was created from about 1810 to 1900. 1810-1900 Romantic is a term used to describe the music and art that was created from about 1810 to 1900. Romantic composers aimed to express more emotion in their music and looked for a greater freedom

More information

PRESCHOOL (THREE AND FOUR YEAR-OLDS) (Page 1 of 2)

PRESCHOOL (THREE AND FOUR YEAR-OLDS) (Page 1 of 2) PRESCHOOL (THREE AND FOUR YEAR-OLDS) (Page 1 of 2) Music is a channel for creative expression in two ways. One is the manner in which sounds are communicated by the music-maker. The other is the emotional

More information

This was a time of three social classes: NOBILITY PEASANTRY CLERGY

This was a time of three social classes: NOBILITY PEASANTRY CLERGY 450 1450 A.D. Middle Ages Around 450 the Roman Empire began to disintegrate. This was the beginning of the dark ages. Life was hard and full of migrations, upheavals, and wars. In the later Middle Ages

More information

SECTION A Aural Skills

SECTION A Aural Skills SECTION A Aural Skills The CD will play the examination questions for you. Listen carefully! 40 Marks 1. Six Intervals will now be played for you to identify them. You will hear each interval twice. Make

More information

The Baroque Period

The Baroque Period 1 The Baroque Period-1600-1750 The Baroque Style -definition of word baroque -Paintings changed how? - Age of Absolutism -what was it? -religious institutions used what to make it more appealing? What

More information

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 11

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 11 SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 11 Copyright School Curriculum and Standards Authority, 2014 This document apart from any third party copyright material contained in it may be freely

More information

Music Grade 6 Term 1 GM 2018

Music Grade 6 Term 1 GM 2018 1 Music Grade 6 Term 1 Contents Revision... 2 The Stave... 2 The Treble clef... 2 The Semi-breve... 2 The Semi-breve Rest... 2 The Minim... 2 The Minim Rest... 3 The Crochet... 3 The Crochet rest... 3

More information

Substitute Excerpts 2017 Violin

Substitute Excerpts 2017 Violin Substitute Excerpts 2017 Violin Brahms Symphony No. 4, Mvt. 1 Opening to Rehearsal C, Mvt.4: m.33-m.80 Schumann, Symphony No. 2, Mvt. 2: Opening to m. 97 (no repeats) Mozart Symphony No. 41, Mvt. 4: mm

More information

LISZT: Totentanz and Fantasy on Hungarian Folk Tunes for Piano and Orchestra: in Full Score. 96pp. 9 x 12. (Worldwide). $14.95.

LISZT: Totentanz and Fantasy on Hungarian Folk Tunes for Piano and Orchestra: in Full Score. 96pp. 9 x 12. (Worldwide). $14.95. Orchestral Header Copy Music 0-486-29532-X LALO: Symphonie Espagnole in Full Score. 176pp. 9 x 12. $12.95 0-486-43586-5 LISZT: Totentanz and Fantasy on Hungarian Folk Tunes for Piano and Orchestra: in

More information

Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods

Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods Music of the Medieval Period (700 1400) The Medieval period is also known as the Middle Ages or Dark Ages that started with the fall of the Roman Empire.

More information

Chapter 1: When Music Began

Chapter 1: When Music Began Chapter 1: When Music Began Chapter 1: When Music Began No one knows for sure when music began, but the historical record shows that it has been a part of mankind s existence since at least 1,000 b.c.

More information

Chamber Music. Guitar X NADAL: American Folk Songs for Guitar. 96pp. 9 x 12. $10.95

Chamber Music. Guitar X NADAL: American Folk Songs for Guitar. 96pp. 9 x 12. $10.95 Chamber Music 0-486-29901-5 SMETANA: String Quartets No. 1 ( From My Life ) & No. 2. Two frequently performed works. 96pp. 8 3/8 x 11 1/4. $8.95 0-486-41395-0 STRAVINSKY: Pribaoutki, Renard and Ragtime

More information

Introduction to Music Chapter 4 - Music of the Baroque Period ( )

Introduction to Music Chapter 4 - Music of the Baroque Period ( ) Introduction to Music Chapter 4 - Music of the Baroque Period (1600-1750) The term Baroque is used to indicate a particular style in the arts. This style tends to fill space with movement and action. Artists

More information

Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments. I. Minstrels. MSC 1003 Music in Civilization Spring Prof. Smey. Session 3 - Tuesday, Feb 6

Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments. I. Minstrels. MSC 1003 Music in Civilization Spring Prof. Smey. Session 3 - Tuesday, Feb 6 MSC 1003 Music in Civilization Spring 2018 Prof. Smey Session 3 - Tuesday, Feb 6 Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments Up until now all the music we ve discussed has come from the the Church and

More information

Haydn: Symphony No. 101 second movement, The Clock Listening Exam Section B: Study Pieces

Haydn: Symphony No. 101 second movement, The Clock Listening Exam Section B: Study Pieces Haydn: Symphony No. 101 second movement, The Clock Listening Exam Section B: Study Pieces AQA Specimen paper: 2 Rhinegold Listening tests book: 4 Renaissance Practice Paper 1: 6 Renaissance Practice Paper

More information

BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music Chamber Singers

BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music Chamber Singers BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music Chamber Singers ORGANIZING THEME/TOPIC FOCUS STANDARDS SKILLS UNIT 1: Establishing the Ensemble and performance of choral literature Time Frame:Approximately

More information

Elements of Music - 2

Elements of Music - 2 Elements of Music - 2 A series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole. - Steps small intervals - Leaps Larger intervals The specific order of steps and leaps, short notes and long notes, is

More information

Strand 1: Music Literacy

Strand 1: Music Literacy Strand 1: Music Literacy The student will develop & demonstrate the ability to read and notate music. HS Beginning HS Beginning HS Beginning Level A B C Benchmark 1a: Critical Listening Skills Aural Discrimination

More information

An Introduction to the Orff Process...5 Rhythm...7. Tips for Interesting Rhythmic Expression... 8 Ontogenesis of the Rhythm...14 Ostinato...

An Introduction to the Orff Process...5 Rhythm...7. Tips for Interesting Rhythmic Expression... 8 Ontogenesis of the Rhythm...14 Ostinato... Table of Contents An Introduction to the Orff Process 5 Rhythm 7 Tips for Interesting Rhythmic Expression 8 Ontogenesis of the Rhythm 14 Ostinato 22 Melody Phenomenological Characteristics of Intervals

More information

JOINT UNIVERSITIES PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS BOARD 2015 EXAMINATIONS MUSIC: ART J127

JOINT UNIVERSITIES PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS BOARD 2015 EXAMINATIONS MUSIC: ART J127 JOINT UNIVERSITIES PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS BOARD 2015 EXAMINATIONS MUSIC: ART J127 MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The term Cresendo means A. Gradually becoming softer. B. Gradually becoming louder C. Gradually

More information

MMM 100 MARCHING BAND

MMM 100 MARCHING BAND MUSIC MMM 100 MARCHING BAND 1 The Siena Heights Marching Band is open to all students including woodwind, brass, percussion, and auxiliary members. In addition to performing at all home football games,

More information

Articulation Clarity and distinct rendition in musical performance.

Articulation Clarity and distinct rendition in musical performance. Maryland State Department of Education MUSIC GLOSSARY A hyperlink to Voluntary State Curricula ABA Often referenced as song form, musical structure with a beginning section, followed by a contrasting section,

More information

6 th Grade General Music

6 th Grade General Music 25. Know the language of the arts 25A. Understand and demonstrate knowledge of the sensory elements, organizational principles, and expressive qualities of the arts. Focal Point: Rhythm 1. Determine meter

More information

1. Content Standard: Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music Achievement Standard:

1. Content Standard: Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music Achievement Standard: The School Music Program: A New Vision K-12 Standards, and What They Mean to Music Educators GRADES K-4 Performing, creating, and responding to music are the fundamental music processes in which humans

More information

Part II. The Middle Ages and Renaissance. McGraw-Hill The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Part II. The Middle Ages and Renaissance. McGraw-Hill The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Part II The Middle Ages and Renaissance 2006 The Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Time-Line Middle Ages (450-1450) Rome sacked by Vandals 455 Beowolf c. 700 First Crusade 1066 Black Death 1347-52 Joan

More information

NATIONAL 4 Revision Booklet

NATIONAL 4 Revision Booklet Johnstone High School Understanding Music NATIONAL 4 Revision Booklet Helpful Websites Type the following into Google and click the first result: NQMusic Also try Learn Listening Online and Music Listening

More information

Middle School Chorus District-Developed End-of-Course (DDEOC) Exam Study Guide

Middle School Chorus District-Developed End-of-Course (DDEOC) Exam Study Guide Middle School Chorus District-Developed End-of-Course (DDEOC) Exam Study Guide Division of Academic Support, Office of Academics & Transformation Miami-Dade County Public Schools 2014-2015 Contents Frequently

More information

Requirements for the aptitude tests at the Folkwang University of the Arts

Requirements for the aptitude tests at the Folkwang University of the Arts Requirements for the aptitude tests at the Folkwang University of the Arts Faculty 1 / Master of Music Notice: There is no music theory test for Master study programmes, apart from contemporary music.

More information

The Classical Period-Notes

The Classical Period-Notes The Classical Period-Notes The Classical period lasted from approximately 1750 1810. This was a fairly brief period but contains the work of three of the greatest composers of all time. They were... Joseph

More information

University of West Florida Department of Music Levels of Attainment piano

University of West Florida Department of Music Levels of Attainment piano University of West Florida Department of Music Levels of Attainment piano Entry level: Incoming students are required to prepare two contrasting pieces from different periods. At the audition they are

More information

SCHEME OF WORK Faculty ARTS Subject Music Level Year 11

SCHEME OF WORK Faculty ARTS Subject Music Level Year 11 Faculty ARTS Subject Music Level Year 11 SCHEME OF WORK 2017 College Aims Senior College was established in 1995 to provide a high quality learning experience for senior secondary students. Its stated

More information

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN MUSIC

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN MUSIC UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN MUSIC SESSION 2000/2001 University College Dublin NOTE: All students intending to apply for entry to the BMus Degree at University College

More information

MUSIC IN SCHOOLS WARRNAMBOOL - Orff 1 ORFF APPROACH - PLAYING IN THE CLASSROOM TEACHER INTRODUCTION

MUSIC IN SCHOOLS WARRNAMBOOL - Orff 1 ORFF APPROACH - PLAYING IN THE CLASSROOM TEACHER INTRODUCTION MUSIC IN SCHOOLS WARRNAMBOOL - Orff 1 ORFF APPROACH - PLAYING IN THE CLASSROOM TEACHER INTRODUCTION Music Strands Developing practical Knowledge in Music Developing ideas in Music Communicating and interpreting

More information

3. Berlioz Harold in Italy: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding)

3. Berlioz Harold in Italy: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding) 3. Berlioz Harold in Italy: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding) Background information Biography Berlioz was born in 1803 in La Côte Saint-André, a small town between Lyon and Grenoble

More information

Terms/Forms/Styles Representative. Machaut. Arcadelt. Farmer

Terms/Forms/Styles Representative. Machaut. Arcadelt. Farmer HISTORY 5 A. Medieval See the Enjoyment of Music, 12 th Edition, Prelude 2 AND Chapters 13 14 Terms/Forms/Styles 1) Sacred Plainchant Liturgy Gregorian chant Syllabic, neumatic, melismatic Modes Polyphony

More information

AMusTCL. Sample paper from Your full name (as on appointment form). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Centre

AMusTCL. Sample paper from Your full name (as on appointment form). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Centre AMusTCL Sample paper rom 2017 Your ull name (as on appointment orm). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. The time allowed or answering this

More information

Vocal/General Music Gr. 7 Page 1 COURSE TITLE: VOCAL/GENERAL MUSIC GRADE 7 SCHOOLS: PIERREPONT SCHOOL UNION SCHOOL RUTHERFORD, NEW JERSEY DATE:

Vocal/General Music Gr. 7 Page 1 COURSE TITLE: VOCAL/GENERAL MUSIC GRADE 7 SCHOOLS: PIERREPONT SCHOOL UNION SCHOOL RUTHERFORD, NEW JERSEY DATE: Vocal/General Music Gr. 7 Page 1 COURSE TITLE: VOCAL/GENERAL MUSIC GRADE 7 SCHOOLS: PIERREPONT SCHOOL UNION SCHOOL RUTHERFORD, NEW JERSEY DATE: SPRING 2015 Vocal/General Music Gr. 7 Page 2 Pierrepont School

More information

A Millennium of Music The Benedictine Tradition

A Millennium of Music The Benedictine Tradition A Millennium of Music The Benedictine Tradition II Celebration: Music of Devotion Gregorian Chant-inspired music from the Baroque and Classical periods performed by the AmorArtis Chorus and Orchestra of

More information

L van Beethoven: 1st Movement from Piano Sonata no. 8 in C minor Pathétique (for component 3: Appraising)

L van Beethoven: 1st Movement from Piano Sonata no. 8 in C minor Pathétique (for component 3: Appraising) L van Beethoven: 1st Movement from Piano Sonata no. 8 in C minor Pathétique (for component 3: Appraising) Background information and performance circumstances The composer Ludwig van Beethoven was born

More information

Bite-Sized Music Lessons

Bite-Sized Music Lessons Bite-Sized Music Lessons A series of F-10 music lessons for implementation in the classroom Conditions of use These Materials are freely available for download and educational use. These resources were

More information

THE MIDDLE AGES. Chronology, Historical and cultural aspects

THE MIDDLE AGES. Chronology, Historical and cultural aspects 1 THE MIDDLE AGES Chronology, Historical and cultural aspects This period starts at the end of the 5 th century coinciding with the fall of the Roman Empire and the expansion of Christianity and ends in

More information

A LEVEL Specification MUSIC. H543 For first assessment in ocr.org.uk/alevelmusic

A LEVEL Specification MUSIC. H543 For first assessment in ocr.org.uk/alevelmusic A LEVEL Specification MUSIC H543 For first assessment in 2018 ocr.org.uk/alevelmusic YOUR CHECKLIST Our aim is to provide you with all the information and support you need to deliver our specifications.

More information

The Baroque Period First Name: ANSWER KEY Last Name: Class Period: Baroque

The Baroque Period First Name: ANSWER KEY Last Name: Class Period: Baroque First Name: ANSWER KEY Last Name: The Baroque Period Baroque Class Period: 1600-1750 The term Baroque is taken from the Portuguese word Barroco meaning: irregularly shaped pearl. A key word to describe

More information

Classical Music. What Is Classical Music?

Classical Music. What Is Classical Music? Non-fiction: Classical Music What Is Classical Music? Classical Music What Is Classical Music? If we want to know what classical music is, we first have to understand some basic things about the way music

More information

Bachelor i musik (BMus) / Bachelor of Music (BMus)

Bachelor i musik (BMus) / Bachelor of Music (BMus) Bachelor i musik (BMus) / Bachelor of Music (BMus) Teaching and examination regulations August 2011, rev. 2017 Preface... 3 Sheet (ECTS and tuition)... 4 1. Principal study... 5 Composition... 5 AIM AND

More information

Bite-Sized Music Lessons

Bite-Sized Music Lessons Bite-Sized Music Lessons A series of F-10 music lessons for implementation in the classroom Conditions of use These Materials are freely available for download and educational use. These resources were

More information

Courtney Pine: Back in the Day Lady Day and (John Coltrane), Inner State (of Mind) and Love and Affection (for component 3: Appraising)

Courtney Pine: Back in the Day Lady Day and (John Coltrane), Inner State (of Mind) and Love and Affection (for component 3: Appraising) Courtney Pine: Back in the Day Lady Day and (John Coltrane), Inner State (of Mind) and Love and Affection (for component 3: Appraising) Background information and performance circumstances Courtney Pine

More information

Mu 110: Introduction to Music

Mu 110: Introduction to Music Attendance/Reading Quiz! Mu 110: Introduction to Music Instructor: Dr. Alice Jones Queensborough Community College Fall 2017 Sections J2 (Tuesdays 3:10-6) and C3A (Wednesdays 9:10-12) Recap Employment

More information

Grade Level Expectations for the Sunshine State Standards

Grade Level Expectations for the Sunshine State Standards for the Sunshine State Standards F L O R I D A D E P A R T M E N T O F E D U C A T I O N w w w. m y f l o r i d a e d u c a t i o n. c o m Strand A: Standard 1: Skills and Techniques The student sings,

More information

2017 Music. Advanced Higher. Finalised Marking Instructions

2017 Music. Advanced Higher. Finalised Marking Instructions National Qualifications 2017 2017 Music Advanced Higher Finalised Marking Instructions Scottish Qualifications Authority 2017 The information in this publication may be reproduced to support SQA qualifications

More information

GRADUATE PLACEMENT EXAMINATIONS MUSIC THEORY

GRADUATE PLACEMENT EXAMINATIONS MUSIC THEORY McGILL UNIVERSITY SCHULICH SCHOOL OF MUSIC GRADUATE PLACEMENT EXAMINATIONS MUSIC THEORY All students beginning graduate studies in Composition, Music Education, Music Technology and Theory are required

More information

Gateway Regional School District VERTICAL ALIGNMENT OF INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC Grades K-4

Gateway Regional School District VERTICAL ALIGNMENT OF INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC Grades K-4 STANDARD 1: Singing 1.1 Sing independently, maintaining accurate intonation, steady tempo, rhythmic accuracy, appropriately-produced sound (timbre), clear diction, and correct posture how to sing in tune

More information

IES Vicente Aleixandre. Departamento de Música. Apuntes y actividades de Música. 1º E.S.O. Apéndice bilingüe INDEX

IES Vicente Aleixandre. Departamento de Música. Apuntes y actividades de Música. 1º E.S.O. Apéndice bilingüe INDEX IES Vicente Aleixandre. Departamento de Música Curso 2014-15 Apuntes y actividades de Música. 1º E.S.O. Apéndice bilingüe Alumno: Curso y grupo: INDEX Unit 1. Qualities of sound Unit 2. Writing music:

More information

MUSIC (MUSC) MUSIC (MUSC) 1

MUSIC (MUSC) MUSIC (MUSC) 1 MUSIC (MUSC) 1 MUSIC (MUSC) MUSC 51. First-Year Seminar: The Interplay of Music and Physics. 3 Acoustics and music from a practical standpoint. Gen Ed: PL. Same as: PHYS 51. MUSC 52. First-Year Seminar:

More information

AS MUSIC Influences on Music

AS MUSIC Influences on Music Please write clearly in block capitals. Centre number Candidate number Surname Forename(s) Candidate signature AS MUSIC Unit 1 Influences on Music Monday 23 May 2016 Morning Time allowed: 1 hour 45 minutes

More information

Elements of Music. How can we tell music from other sounds?

Elements of Music. How can we tell music from other sounds? Elements of Music How can we tell music from other sounds? Sound begins with the vibration of an object. The vibrations are transmitted to our ears by a medium usually air. As a result of the vibrations,

More information