Unit 1: Middle Ages. Index: 1. Religious vocal Music: Gregorian Chant. 2. Secular vocal music: troubadours and trouveres. 3. Spanish Medieval music

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Unit 1: Middle Ages. Index: 1. Religious vocal Music: Gregorian Chant. 2. Secular vocal music: troubadours and trouveres. 3. Spanish Medieval music"

Transcription

1 1 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO Unit 1: Middle Ages Index: 1. Religious vocal Music: Gregorian Chant 2. Secular vocal music: troubadours and trouveres. 3. Spanish Medieval music 4. The birth of polyphony Página 1

2 2 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO Basic vocabulary Courtly Love: amor cortés. Crowds: multitud. Crusades: cruzadas. Dreary: deprimente. Fairs: ferias. Feudal lords: señores feudales. Huge: grande. Hunger: hambruna. Jongleurs: juglares. Knights: caballeros. Mass: misa. Middle Ages: Edad Media. Muddy: embarrado. Neumes: neumas. Religious worship: culto religioso. Square notation: notación cuadrada. Storytelling: narración. Strengthening: fortalecimiento. Theocentrism: teocentrismo. Wedding: boda. Página 2

3 3 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO Medieval music was an integral part of everyday life for the people of that time period. Music of the Middle Ages was especially popular during times of celebration and festivities in convents and cathedrals as well as castles and palaces. 1. Religious vocal Music: Gregorian Chant Religious music in the Middle Ages began to grow long before the emperor Constantine granted freedom of religious worship for Christians in the year 313. Since then, Christianism began to expand and organize its liturgy, in which singing was an essential element. The main driving force of this task expansion and unification of the liturgy was Pope Gregory the Great ( ). Considered by tradition as the creator of the Christian singing, he actually did not invent it. He encouraged its organization as a way of strengthening the feeling of Christian unity. Gregorian chant is a form of monophonic religious music in Western Christianity that accompanied the celebration of Mass and the hours of Office. This vast repertoire of chants is the oldest music known. In the beginning the chants were learnt by the viva voce method. Later, in the 10th century, the first written repertoire appeared. The earliest notation used symbols called neumes: symbols that approximately reflect the pitch and duration of sound and whose writing derived from the movement of the hand when conducting the singing. By the 13th century, the neumes of Gregorian chant were usually written in square notation on a four-line staff with a clef. Página 3

4 4 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO Neumas and square notation Gregorian chant is, of course, vocal music. The relationship between text and music can be "syllabic" if there s one syllable per sound; "neumatic" if there s a group of notes per syllable and melismatic if there are five or six notes per syllable to over sixty in the largest melismas. Syllabic chant: Neumatic chant: Melismatic chant: Página 4

5 5 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO Chant is written in Latin and was normally sung in unison without instruments (a capella) so its texture is monophonic. There isn t a beat or regular metric accent which doesn t mean absence of rhythm: the text determines the accent while the melody determines the phrasing. Remember Religious text written in Latin. Monophonic texture. There isn t a beat or regular metric accent. Vocal music without instruments. Anonymous composers. 2. Secular vocal music: troubadours and trouveres Secular vocal music was developed at the same time as religious music under the protection of feudal lords. Troubadour is the generic term for poets and minstrels who flourished in southern France and in Northern Italy from the 11th through the 13th centuries. Called trouveres in northern France and meistersingers in Germany, these artists converted storytelling into an art, and often entertained huge crowds at fairs, weddings and other medieval celebrations. Normally they used new musical instruments, brought back to Western Europe from the Crusades, and their songs were written in the vernacular languages of each area. It is a type of vocal music with monophonic texture, with instrumental accompaniment and, due to its popular character, its rhythm is more marked. Página 5

6 6 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO Medieval times often evoke images of knights battling on muddy fields, dark and dreary castles, hunger and wars but these Dark Ages also saw the birth of a romantic movement. French lords were poets and musicians and they wrote epic love poems about Courtly Love. Jongleurs were professional singers who performed these compositions from town to town. 3. Spanish Medieval music One of the jewels of the Spanish secular medieval music is a huge collection of the Cantigas of Alfonso the X The Wise ( ). It s known that the King wasn t the only organizer of the collection however he was the composer of some of them. There are many pictures where we can find a lot of information about the daily life of the medieval society, the mix of the three cultures and the instruments. A cantiga is a poetry and musical composition about the miracles of Mother Mary. Even though the texts are religious we consider these compositions secular music. The musical form alternates between stanzas and the chorus. Only instruments were used in secular music in the Middle Ages. The main string instruments were lute, harp and viola. In the woodwind we find the recorders, chirimías (like a oboe), bagpipes and trumpets. The percussion family was enormous and had a lot of variety. Página 6

7 7 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO 4. The birth of polyphony In the late 9 th century, polyphony (different melodic lines at the same time) appeared in Western Music. This fact marked the posterior development of music, and probably appeared spontaneously with the desire of decorating and enriching the Gregorian chant. Primitive polyphony (9 th 12 th centuries) Polyphony is built by improvising upon the base of Gregorian chant. The main forms of primitive polyphony are: Organum: it is the oldest and most rudimentary. It appeared in th late 9 th century and consisted of adding a parallel voice of 4 th or 5 th below the Gregorian chant. The original Gregorian melody receives the name vox principalis, and the one that is added, vox organalis. In the melismatic organum, the Gregorian melody is developed in long values over wich the vox organalis sings long melismas. Ars antique (12 th 13 th centuries) The evolution of musical notation made the development of more complex polyphonic forms easier. Music abandoned the Gregorian free rhythm and began Página 7

8 8 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO to measure it due to the need of synchronizing the different voices of the polyphony. In order to measure the durations of sound, musicians had to resort to the old Greek rhythm by using their main metrical feet. The most important musical centre of this period was the so called Notre Dame School in Paris. And its main composers were Leonin ( ) and Perotin ( ). New polyphonic forms appeared, like the motet, with several voices that move in different rhythms singing different texts. Ars Nova (14 th century) Polyphony started liberating itself from the Gregorian chant in order to find a type of music closer to humanity, typical of an era that underwent the birth of urban societies and grew apart from medieval theocentrism. Secular music became increasingly important, making room for polyphonic forms of songs like the canon, the ballad and the chanson. The most important composers were Philippe de Vitry ( ), Guillaume de Machaut ( ) and Francesco Landini ( ). Página 8

9 9 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO World music: Arabic Music The category of Arabic music includes music from North Africa to Iran, on to Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, etc. The music differs quite a bit between one country and the next, but Egypt always provides a good reference for Arabic music. In Spain we can hear reminisces of Arabic music even today thanks to flamenco music. Today, Arabic music has acquired different influences from western music, like the instrumentation (violins, saxophones, and electric instruments like the electric guitar and the synthesizer.) The main characteristics of Arabic music are: -Heterophony: The term used to describe music that has two very similar melodies that share many of the same notes, but one melody ornaments the other. This is a special shadow melody. -Improvisation: Improvisation is always present in the creation of each piece. The beauty of the performance of improvisation consists of the improvised embellishments. -Ornamentation: is an element based on the Arabic sound. Without ornamentation, the compositions lose their characteristic sound, or sense. Arabic music is based on styles of melody and rhythm. Melodic pattern: Arabic music uses a different scale than we do. In their scales, they use very small intervals, like quarter steps (as opposed to half steps). This is one of the most important characteristics of Arabic music. Página 9

10 10 Proyecto Bilingüe 2º ESO Rhythmic Pattern: The same rhythmical pattern is used during the performance, but different instruments ornament the pattern. However, the basic pattern can always be identified easily. Curiosities Arabs entered Spain around the 7 th century and stayed for 8 centuries, until During these centuries, the Muslims lived together with the Christians and Jews. We call this time Spain of the three cultures. The music of this mixture is called andalusí music. Página 10

THE MIDDLE AGES. Chronology, Historical and cultural aspects

THE MIDDLE AGES. Chronology, Historical and cultural aspects 1 THE MIDDLE AGES Chronology, Historical and cultural aspects This period starts at the end of the 5 th century coinciding with the fall of the Roman Empire and the expansion of Christianity and ends in

More information

Middle Ages Three Eras Dark Ages Romanesque Gothic

Middle Ages Three Eras Dark Ages Romanesque Gothic Medieval Music Middle Ages 450-1450 Three Eras Dark Ages 450-1000 Romanesque 1000-1300 Gothic 1300-1450 Disadvantages of the time Poverty Illiteracy Feudalism Violence Crusades Hundred Years War Barbarian

More information

The Renaissance

The Renaissance The Renaissance 1400-1600!1 From Medieval to Madrigal... Medieval period ( Dark Ages )-500--1400AD Music was mostly sacred (religious)--monophonic (means "one voice") just a melody line, no harmony. An

More information

Medieval! Renaissance Music

Medieval! Renaissance Music Medieval! and! Renaissance Music 500-1600 Life in the Middle Ages Peasant Male, Peasant Female, Noble-Woman, Nobleman, Monk, Nun Life in the Middle Ages: Homes Most homes were damp, cold, and dark. Windows

More information

Part II The Middle Ages

Part II The Middle Ages Part II The Middle Ages Multiple Choice Questions 1. The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period of European history spanning A. 450-1000. B. 1000-1150. C. 1150-1450. D. 450-1450. The thousand years that

More information

Class 1: The Middle Ages (around 300 A.D A.D.)

Class 1: The Middle Ages (around 300 A.D A.D.) Class 1: The Middle Ages (around 300 A.D. - 1400 A.D.) Gregorian Chant Named after Pope Gregory Gregorian chant is monophonic (only one melodic line at a time.) In an effort to standardize and coordinate

More information

MUAR 211 Midterm I Prep. Dido and Aeneas Purcell Texture: imitative polyphony + homophony + word painting (homophonic) Genre: opera Language: English

MUAR 211 Midterm I Prep. Dido and Aeneas Purcell Texture: imitative polyphony + homophony + word painting (homophonic) Genre: opera Language: English Midterm 1 Listening Guide Columba aspexit Hildegard of Bingen Texture: monophonic throughout Genre: plainchant Language: Latin Performance: responsorially Form: AA BB MUAR 211 Midterm I Prep Dame, de qui

More information

Chapter 6. The Middle Ages

Chapter 6. The Middle Ages Chapter 6 The Middle Ages Middle Ages Timeline Know the broad dates of the middle ages 1150-1450 Key Terms Jongleurs Liturgy Plainchant Medieval modes Reciting tone Antiphon Melisma Sequence Troubadours

More information

This was a time of three social classes: NOBILITY PEASANTRY CLERGY

This was a time of three social classes: NOBILITY PEASANTRY CLERGY 450 1450 A.D. Middle Ages Around 450 the Roman Empire began to disintegrate. This was the beginning of the dark ages. Life was hard and full of migrations, upheavals, and wars. In the later Middle Ages

More information

Part II. The Middle Ages and Renaissance. McGraw-Hill The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Part II. The Middle Ages and Renaissance. McGraw-Hill The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Part II The Middle Ages and Renaissance 2006 The Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Time-Line Middle Ages (450-1450) Rome sacked by Vandals 455 Beowolf c. 700 First Crusade 1066 Black Death 1347-52 Joan

More information

Medieval and Renaissance

Medieval and Renaissance Name: ANSWER KEY Class Period: Medieval and Renaissance Middle Ages: c. 500 1450 Renaissance: c. 1450 1600 Life in the Medieval: (please match) Clothing: Monk Nobleman Peasant Noble-Women Peasant Nun Female

More information

Form as a Standardized Pattern. strophic form (A A A ) ternary form (A B A) fugue baroque dance form (a a b b) sonata form

Form as a Standardized Pattern. strophic form (A A A ) ternary form (A B A) fugue baroque dance form (a a b b) sonata form Form as a Standardized Pattern strophic form (A A A ) ternary form (A B A) fugue baroque dance form (a a b b) sonata form!1 A B A Form statement, contrast, return nesting can create more complicated forms:

More information

Music 3753 Chant Project Instructions

Music 3753 Chant Project Instructions Music 3753 Chant Project Instructions The Chant Project is made up of six different, but related, composition assignments. Each assignment is worth 25 points. The final chant project portfolio is worth

More information

FIRST HALF. Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments. I. Minstrels. MSC 1003 Music in Civilization, Spring Prof. Smey

FIRST HALF. Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments. I. Minstrels. MSC 1003 Music in Civilization, Spring Prof. Smey MSC 1003 Music in Civilization, Spring 2019 Prof. Smey Double Session 2: Thursday, Feb 7 FIRST HALF Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments Up until now all the music we ve discussed has come from

More information

Music 3753: History of Music from Classical Antiquity to 1600 Fall 2017

Music 3753: History of Music from Classical Antiquity to 1600 Fall 2017 Music 3753: History of Music from Classical Antiquity to 1600 Fall 2017 Class meeting: Monday/Wednesday/Friday 8:30-9:20 a.m. 123 SCPA Instructor: Course description: Topical outline: Required texts: Allen

More information

Plainchant activities

Plainchant activities Summary Through these, pupils will: Learn to sing a plainchant hymn. Learn to read plainchant notation. Experiment with ways to make plainchant more complex, first by adding additional parts, then by adding

More information

Medieval and Renaissance

Medieval and Renaissance First Name: Last Name: Class Period: Medieval and Renaissance Middle Ages: c. 500 1450 Renaissance: c. 1450 1600 Life in the Medieval: (please match) Clothing Peasant Male, Peasant Female, Noble-Woman,

More information

Chapter 7 -- Secular Medieval Music

Chapter 7 -- Secular Medieval Music Chapter 7 -- Secular Medieval Music Illustration 1: Master of the Saint Bartholomew Alter "The Baptism of Christ" detail (1485) The vast majority of music that survives from the Medieval Period is sacred.

More information

Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments. I. Minstrels. MSC 1003 Music in Civilization Spring Prof. Smey. Session 3 - Tuesday, Feb 6

Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments. I. Minstrels. MSC 1003 Music in Civilization Spring Prof. Smey. Session 3 - Tuesday, Feb 6 MSC 1003 Music in Civilization Spring 2018 Prof. Smey Session 3 - Tuesday, Feb 6 Secular Medieval Music + Medieval Instruments Up until now all the music we ve discussed has come from the the Church and

More information

History 2: Middle Ages to Classical

History 2: Middle Ages to Classical History 2: Middle Ages to Classical December 2014 Maximum Marks Confirmation Number 1 of 12 Total Marks 20 1. Give the musical term for ten of the following definitions. Provide one composition title for

More information

Medieval and Renaissance Music

Medieval and Renaissance Music Medieval and Renaissance Music Life in Middle Ages 467-1400 Life was tough in Middle Ages. Usually many people shared small homes that were cold, damp, and very dark. People used fires to heat their homes.

More information

Name: Surname: Presto= very fast Allegro= fast Andante= at a walking pace Adagio= slow Largo= very slow

Name: Surname: Presto= very fast Allegro= fast Andante= at a walking pace Adagio= slow Largo= very slow Name: Surname: Remember: the TEMPO is the speed of the music. Presto= very fast Allegro= fast Andante= at a walking pace Adagio= slow Largo= very slow Accelerando (acc.) = speed up (cada vez más rápido).

More information

Middle Ages. (Medieval Age) European Music History

Middle Ages. (Medieval Age) European Music History Middle Ages (Medieval Age) European Music History The medieval age was from the fall of the Roman empire to the middle of the 15 th century. It was a time of struggle, superstition, laughter and great

More information

II. THE MIDDLE AGES II-1. MUSIC IN THE MIDDLE AGES ( ) 1 IM- P a r t 2

II. THE MIDDLE AGES II-1. MUSIC IN THE MIDDLE AGES ( ) 1 IM- P a r t 2 II. THE MIDDLE AGES II-1. MUSIC IN THE MIDDLE AGES (450-1450) The section provides a brief overview of the medieval period (dark ages, Romanesque, and Gothic periods) and defines the roles of the three

More information

Sgoil Lionacleit. Advanced Higher Music Revision

Sgoil Lionacleit. Advanced Higher Music Revision Sgoil Lionacleit Advanced Higher Music Revision Useful links: http://www.dunblanehsmusic.co.uk/sqa-past-papers.html http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/nqmusic/advancedhigher/allconcepts.as p HIGHER http://files.snacktools.com/iframes/files.edu.flipsnack.com/iframe/embed.html?hash=fzk52nj1&wmode=opaque&forcewidget=1&t=1457730457

More information

THREE-SUMMER MASTER OF MUSIC IN CHORAL CONDUCTING

THREE-SUMMER MASTER OF MUSIC IN CHORAL CONDUCTING THREE-SUMMER MASTER OF MUSIC IN CHORAL CONDUCTING MUS 530A ADVANCED STYLE ANALYSIS CHRONOLOGICAL SURVEY TO 1700 Monday/Wednesday - 9:30am - 11:50am Room : TBA Instructor: Joseph Schubert E-mail: josephschubert@earthlink.net

More information

Note that once all the voices enter, the vertical column becomes:

Note that once all the voices enter, the vertical column becomes: 21M011 (spring, 2006) Ellen T. Harris Lecture I Introduction (with in-class examples) Music exists in time and is notated on a vertical and horizontal axis. The vertical axis represents sounds heard simultaneously.

More information

Chelmsford Public Schools Fine and Performing Arts Department Middle School General Music Curriculum Map by Standard Standard 1: SINGING

Chelmsford Public Schools Fine and Performing Arts Department Middle School General Music Curriculum Map by Standard Standard 1: SINGING Standard 1: SINGING Students will sing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music. Sing alone & with others maintaining accurate intonation, steady beat, rhythmic accuracy, and appropriate expression

More information

2Music of the Middle Ages

2Music of the Middle Ages 2 Elizabeth Kramer 2.1 Objectives 1. Demonstrate knowledge of historical and cultural contexts of the Middle Ages 2. Recognize musical styles of the Middle Ages 3. Identify important genres and uses of

More information

scale of 1 to 6. *Sightread traditional monophonic hymns on their particular instrument. *Play liturgically appropriate literature in class.

scale of 1 to 6. *Sightread traditional monophonic hymns on their particular instrument. *Play liturgically appropriate literature in class. Diocese of Richmond Proficient Level Years 1 & 2 A. VOCAL: KNOWLEDGE AND PERFORMANCE: Sing with expression and technical accuracy a large and varied repertoire of vocal literature with a level of difficulty

More information

Grade 6 Music Curriculum Maps

Grade 6 Music Curriculum Maps Grade 6 Music Curriculum Maps Unit of Study: Form, Theory, and Composition Unit of Study: History Overview Unit of Study: Multicultural Music Unit of Study: Music Theory Unit of Study: Musical Theatre

More information

History 2: Middle Ages to Classical

History 2: Middle Ages to Classical History 2: Middle Ages to Classical December 2014 Maximum Marks Confirmation Number 1 of 12 Total Marks 20 1. Give the musical term for ten of the following definitions. Provide one composition title for

More information

Articulation Clarity and distinct rendition in musical performance.

Articulation Clarity and distinct rendition in musical performance. Maryland State Department of Education MUSIC GLOSSARY A hyperlink to Voluntary State Curricula ABA Often referenced as song form, musical structure with a beginning section, followed by a contrasting section,

More information

Part I One last Medieval piece

Part I One last Medieval piece MSC 1003 Music in Civilization, Fall 2018 Prof. Smey Session 4, Thurs Sept 6 Part I One last Medieval piece Guillaume de Machaut s Kyrie from the Messe de Nostre Dame Machaut (c. 1300 1377) is undoubtedly

More information

World Music. Music of Africa: choral and popular music

World Music. Music of Africa: choral and popular music World Music Music of Africa: choral and popular music Music in Africa! Africa is a vast continent with many different regions and nations, each with its own traditions and identity.! Music plays an important

More information

Motets of DuFay and Josquin. The root of the motet is based in the sacred Latin texts of Gregorian chant and

Motets of DuFay and Josquin. The root of the motet is based in the sacred Latin texts of Gregorian chant and Motets of DuFay and Josquin The root of the motet is based in the sacred Latin texts of Gregorian chant and was primarily a decoration of chant. In the early motet, the tenor sang original Gregorian chant

More information

Six Études d Interprétation:

Six Études d Interprétation: Six Études d Interprétation: Maurice Ohana s Postmodern Laboratory Daniel Linder D.M.A. Applicant, piano performance Story-telling: Narrative Knowledge (Lyotard) Communicated via denotative, interrogative,

More information

Part I One last Medieval piece

Part I One last Medieval piece MSC 1003 Music in Civilization, Spring 2018 Prof. Smey Class Notes, Session 4 Thurs, Feb 8 Part I One last Medieval piece Guillaume de Machaut s Kyrie from the Messe de Nostre Dame Machaut (c. 1300 1377)

More information

Grade Level 5-12 Subject Area: Vocal and Instrumental Music

Grade Level 5-12 Subject Area: Vocal and Instrumental Music 1 Grade Level 5-12 Subject Area: Vocal and Instrumental Music Standard 1 - Sings alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music The student will be able to. 1. Sings ostinatos (repetition of a short

More information

HS/XII/A. Sc. Com.V/Mu/18 MUSIC

HS/XII/A. Sc. Com.V/Mu/18 MUSIC Total No. of Printed Pages 9 HS/XII/A. Sc. Com.V/Mu/18 2 0 1 8 MUSIC ( Western ) Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 hours The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions General Instructions : Write

More information

Tonality Tonality is how the piece sounds. The most common types of tonality are major & minor these are tonal and have a the sense of a fixed key.

Tonality Tonality is how the piece sounds. The most common types of tonality are major & minor these are tonal and have a the sense of a fixed key. Name: Class: Ostinato An ostinato is a repeated pattern of notes or phrased used within classical music. It can be a repeated melodic phrase or rhythmic pattern. Look below at the musical example below

More information

Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods

Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods Music of Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Periods Music of the Medieval Period (700 1400) The Medieval period is also known as the Middle Ages or Dark Ages that started with the fall of the Roman Empire.

More information

WASD PA Core Music Curriculum

WASD PA Core Music Curriculum Course Name: Unit: Expression Unit : General Music tempo, dynamics and mood *What is tempo? *What are dynamics? *What is mood in music? (A) What does it mean to sing with dynamics? text and materials (A)

More information

Title Music Grade 4. Page: 1 of 13

Title Music Grade 4. Page: 1 of 13 Title Music Grade 4 Type Individual Document Map Authors Sarah Hunter, Ellen Ng, Diana Stierli Subject Visual and Performing Arts Course Music Grade 4 Grade(s) 04 Location Nixon, Jefferson, Kennedy, Franklin

More information

Music Learning Expectations

Music Learning Expectations Music Learning Expectations Pre K 3 practice listening skills sing songs from memory experiment with rhythm and beat echo So Mi melodies incorporate movements to correspond to specific music use classroom

More information

Music Appreciation Final Exam Study Guide

Music Appreciation Final Exam Study Guide Music Appreciation Final Exam Study Guide Music = Sounds that are organized in time. Four Main Properties of Musical Sounds 1.) Pitch (the highness or lowness) 2.) Dynamics (loudness or softness) 3.) Timbre

More information

Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using the vocabulary and language of music.

Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using the vocabulary and language of music. Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using the vocabulary and language of music. 1. The student will analyze the uses of elements of music. A. Can the student

More information

Music Grade 6 Term 1 GM 2018

Music Grade 6 Term 1 GM 2018 1 Music Grade 6 Term 1 Contents Revision... 2 The Stave... 2 The Treble clef... 2 The Semi-breve... 2 The Semi-breve Rest... 2 The Minim... 2 The Minim Rest... 3 The Crochet... 3 The Crochet rest... 3

More information

Richmond. Music PRIMARY. TEACHER S BOOK Term 1

Richmond. Music PRIMARY. TEACHER S BOOK Term 1 Richmond Music TEACHER S BOOK Term PRIMARY Contents Introduction... 4 Syllabus for term... 2 Schemes of work for term... Teaching suggestions for lesson... 8 Teaching suggestions for lesson 2... 20 Teaching

More information

Greenwich Music Objectives Grade 3 General Music

Greenwich Music Objectives Grade 3 General Music All students are required to take general music one hour per week. All students may elect to take orchestra. The annotations (e.g. *6c, *1d) in the curriculum are based on the National/Connecticut Standards.

More information

The Middle Ages (476 CE-Early 15th Century):

The Middle Ages (476 CE-Early 15th Century): The Middle Ages (476 CE-Early 15 th Century): Church dominated intellectual and cultural life Music was perceived as a means of serving God Plainchant (aka Gregorian chant) consisted of monophonic, unaccompanied

More information

Medieval Period Renaissance Period

Medieval Period Renaissance Period Medieval Period 500-1400 Plainsong: Renaissance Period 1450-1600 French for rebirth What s Going On? Understanding what s happening in the world during a set of time helps to understand the music and art

More information

ST. JOHN S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SCHOOL Curriculum in Music. Ephesians 5:19-20

ST. JOHN S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SCHOOL Curriculum in Music. Ephesians 5:19-20 ST. JOHN S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SCHOOL Curriculum in Music [Speak] to one another with psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit. Sing and make music from your heart to the Lord, always giving thanks to

More information

Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). All rights reserved. NES, the NES logo, Pearson, the Pearson logo, and National

Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). All rights reserved. NES, the NES logo, Pearson, the Pearson logo, and National Music (504) NES, the NES logo, Pearson, the Pearson logo, and National Evaluation Series are trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries of Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). NES Profile: Music

More information

Unit 1: MEDIEVAL MUSIC, MODERN MUSIC IN THE 1950 s and SPANISH FOLK MUSIC

Unit 1: MEDIEVAL MUSIC, MODERN MUSIC IN THE 1950 s and SPANISH FOLK MUSIC Unit 1: MEDIEVAL MUSIC, MODERN MUSIC IN THE 1950 s and SPANISH FOLK MUSIC 1. MEDIEVAL MUSIC 1.1. INTRODUCTION : HISTORY AND SOCIETY IN THE MIDDLE AGES The middle Ages was the period from the 5 th century

More information

3 against 2. Acciaccatura. Added 6th. Augmentation. Basso continuo

3 against 2. Acciaccatura. Added 6th. Augmentation. Basso continuo 3 against 2 Acciaccatura One line of music may be playing quavers in groups of two whilst at the same time another line of music will be playing triplets. Other note values can be similarly used. An ornament

More information

Choir Scope and Sequence Grade 6-12

Choir Scope and Sequence Grade 6-12 The Scope and Sequence document represents an articulation of what students should know and be able to do. The document supports teachers in knowing how to help students achieve the goals of the standards

More information

1. Content Standard: Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music Achievement Standard:

1. Content Standard: Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music Achievement Standard: The School Music Program: A New Vision K-12 Standards, and What They Mean to Music Educators GRADES K-4 Performing, creating, and responding to music are the fundamental music processes in which humans

More information

First Steps. Music Scope & Sequence

First Steps. Music Scope & Sequence Performing: Singing and Playing The use of a range of instruments to perform individually and as part of an ensemble for an audience in formal and informal settings; the voice is the most immediately available

More information

Music Curriculum Glossary

Music Curriculum Glossary Acappella AB form ABA form Accent Accompaniment Analyze Arrangement Articulation Band Bass clef Beat Body percussion Bordun (drone) Brass family Canon Chant Chart Chord Chord progression Coda Color parts

More information

Assessment Schedule 2017 Music: Demonstrate knowledge of conventions in a range of music scores (91276)

Assessment Schedule 2017 Music: Demonstrate knowledge of conventions in a range of music scores (91276) NCEA Level 2 Music (91276) 2017 page 1 of 8 Assessment Schedule 2017 Music: Demonstrate knowledge of conventions in a range of music scores (91276) Assessment Criteria Demonstrating knowledge of conventions

More information

CALIFORNIA Music Education - Content Standards

CALIFORNIA Music Education - Content Standards CALIFORNIA Music Education - Content Standards Kindergarten 1.0 ARTISTIC PERCEPTION Processing, Analyzing, and Responding to Sensory Information through the Language and Skills Unique to Music Students

More information

Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using the vocabulary and language of music.

Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using the vocabulary and language of music. Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using the vocabulary and language of music. 1. The student will develop a technical vocabulary of music through essays

More information

THE EUPHORICS: Study Guide

THE EUPHORICS: Study Guide THE EUPHORICS: Study Guide The Euphorics are a joyous, energetic a cappella quartet who, since 1983, have been delighting audiences internationally on radio, television and concert stages, at schools,

More information

La Salle University MUS 150 Art of Listening Final Exam Name

La Salle University MUS 150 Art of Listening Final Exam Name La Salle University MUS 150 Art of Listening Final Exam Name I. Listening Skill For each excerpt, answer the following questions. Excerpt One: - Vivaldi "Spring" First Movement 1. Regarding the element

More information

Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using vocabulary and language of music.

Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using vocabulary and language of music. Curriculum Standard One: The student will listen to and analyze music critically, using vocabulary and language of music. 1. The student will analyze the uses of elements of music. A. Can the student analyze

More information

Greeley-Evans School District 6 High School Vocal Music Curriculum Guide Unit: Men s and Women s Choir Year 1 Enduring Concept: Expression of Music

Greeley-Evans School District 6 High School Vocal Music Curriculum Guide Unit: Men s and Women s Choir Year 1 Enduring Concept: Expression of Music Unit: Men s and Women s Choir Year 1 Enduring Concept: Expression of Music To perform music accurately and expressively demonstrating self-evaluation and personal interpretation at the minimal level of

More information

PERFORMING ARTS Curriculum Framework K - 12

PERFORMING ARTS Curriculum Framework K - 12 PERFORMING ARTS Curriculum Framework K - 12 Litchfield School District Approved 4/2016 1 Philosophy of Performing Arts Education The Litchfield School District performing arts program seeks to provide

More information

Lesson 2: The Renaissance ( )

Lesson 2: The Renaissance ( ) Lesson 2: The Renaissance (1400-1600) Remembering the Medieval Period Monasteries central to European culture, and Gregorian chant is center of monastic ritual. 13th. Century "Notre Dame School" writes

More information

MUSI 1900 Notes: Christine Blair

MUSI 1900 Notes: Christine Blair MUSI 1900 Notes: Christine Blair Silence The absence of sound o It is a relative concept and we rarely experience absolute science since the basic functions of our body and daily life activities produce

More information

COURSE OUTLINE MUS103

COURSE OUTLINE MUS103 COURSE OUTLINE MUS103 Course Number Intro to Music Course title 3 3 lecture/0 lab Credits Hours Catalog description: Designed to enhance the student's knowledge and enjoyment of music of a variety of styles

More information

Active learning will develop attitudes, knowledge, and performance skills which help students perceive and respond to the power of music as an art.

Active learning will develop attitudes, knowledge, and performance skills which help students perceive and respond to the power of music as an art. Music Music education is an integral part of aesthetic experiences and, by its very nature, an interdisciplinary study which enables students to develop sensitivities to life and culture. Active learning

More information

Music History. Middle Ages Renaissance. Classical Romantic Impressionist 20 th Century

Music History. Middle Ages Renaissance. Classical Romantic Impressionist 20 th Century Music History Middle Ages Renaissance Baroque Classical Romantic Impressionist 20 th Century Middle Ages Two types of music: (Church music) (Non-Religious music) Middle Ages Sacred Music All (Plainchant

More information

Music Study Guide. Moore Public Schools. Definitions of Musical Terms

Music Study Guide. Moore Public Schools. Definitions of Musical Terms Music Study Guide Moore Public Schools Definitions of Musical Terms 1. Elements of Music: the basic building blocks of music 2. Rhythm: comprised of the interplay of beat, duration, and tempo 3. Beat:

More information

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM FIELD 212: MUSIC January 2017 Effective beginning September 3, 2018 ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM FIELD 212: MUSIC January 2017 Subarea Range of Objectives I. Responding:

More information

Mu 101: Introduction to Music Instructor: Dr. Alice Jones Queensborough Community College Fall 2018 Sections F2 (T 12;10-3) and J2 (3:10-6)

Mu 101: Introduction to Music Instructor: Dr. Alice Jones Queensborough Community College Fall 2018 Sections F2 (T 12;10-3) and J2 (3:10-6) Attendance/reading Quiz! Mu 101: Introduction to Music Instructor: Dr. Alice Jones Queensborough Community College Fall 2018 Sections F2 (T 12;10-3) and J2 (3:10-6) Articles roundtable: Warm-up writing

More information

ARS NOVA RENAISSANCE

ARS NOVA RENAISSANCE ARS NOVA AND THE RENAISSANCE 13OO-154O EDITED BY DOM ANSELM HUGHES AND GERALD ABRAHAM LONDON OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS NEW YORK 1960 TORONTO GENERAL INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION TO VOLUME III I. ARS NOVA IN

More information

Visual Arts, Music, Dance, and Theater Personal Curriculum

Visual Arts, Music, Dance, and Theater Personal Curriculum Standards, Benchmarks, and Grade Level Content Expectations Visual Arts, Music, Dance, and Theater Personal Curriculum KINDERGARTEN PERFORM ARTS EDUCATION - MUSIC Standard 1: ART.M.I.K.1 ART.M.I.K.2 ART.M.I.K.3

More information

Unit 2: RENAISSANCE MUSIC, MODERN MUSIC IN THE 1960 s (part I) and EUROPEAN FOLK MUSIC

Unit 2: RENAISSANCE MUSIC, MODERN MUSIC IN THE 1960 s (part I) and EUROPEAN FOLK MUSIC Unit 2: RENAISSANCE MUSIC, MODERN MUSIC IN THE 1960 s (part I) and EUROPEAN FOLK MUSIC 1. RENAISSANCE MUSIC 1.1. INTRODUCTION : HISTORY, SCIENCE, SOCIETY, ART Activity 1 : Fill in the gaps with these words

More information

Music at Menston Primary School

Music at Menston Primary School Music at Menston Primary School Music is an academic subject, which involves many skills learnt over a period of time at each individual s pace. Listening and appraising, collaborative music making and

More information

HANDEL TO HIP HOP GRADE 6. THE EWING PUBLIC SCHOOLS 2099 Pennington Road Ewing, NJ 08618

HANDEL TO HIP HOP GRADE 6. THE EWING PUBLIC SCHOOLS 2099 Pennington Road Ewing, NJ 08618 HANDEL TO HIP HOP GRADE 6 THE EWING PUBLIC SCHOOLS 2099 Pennington Road Ewing, NJ 08618 BOE Approval Date: August 29, 2016 Michael Nitti Revised: Music Teachers Superintendent In accordance with The Ewing

More information

STRAND I Sing alone and with others

STRAND I Sing alone and with others STRAND I Sing alone and with others Preschool (Three and Four Year-Olds) Music is a channel for creative expression in two ways. One is the manner in which sounds are communicated by the music-maker. The

More information

GCSE MUSIC UNIT 3 APPRAISING. Mock Assessment Materials NOVEMBER hour approximately

GCSE MUSIC UNIT 3 APPRAISING. Mock Assessment Materials NOVEMBER hour approximately Candidate Name Centre Number Candidate Number GCSE MUSIC UNIT 3 APPRAISING Mock Assessment Materials NOVEMBER 2017 1 hour approximately Examiners Use Only Question Max Mark 1 9 2 9 3 9 4 9 5 9 6 9 7 9

More information

PKUES Grade 10 Music Pre-IB Curriculum Outline. (adapted from IB Music SL)

PKUES Grade 10 Music Pre-IB Curriculum Outline. (adapted from IB Music SL) PKUES Grade 10 Pre-IB Curriculum Outline (adapted from IB SL) Introduction The Grade 10 Pre-IB course encompasses carefully selected content from the Standard Level IB programme, with an emphasis on skills

More information

The Keyboard. Introduction to J9soundadvice KS3 Introduction to the Keyboard. Relevant KS3 Level descriptors; Tasks.

The Keyboard. Introduction to J9soundadvice KS3 Introduction to the Keyboard. Relevant KS3 Level descriptors; Tasks. Introduction to The Keyboard Relevant KS3 Level descriptors; Level 3 You can. a. Perform simple parts rhythmically b. Improvise a repeated pattern. c. Recognise different musical elements. d. Make improvements

More information

Standard 1 PERFORMING MUSIC: Singing alone and with others

Standard 1 PERFORMING MUSIC: Singing alone and with others KINDERGARTEN Standard 1 PERFORMING MUSIC: Singing alone and with others Students sing melodic patterns and songs with an appropriate tone quality, matching pitch and maintaining a steady tempo. K.1.1 K.1.2

More information

Grade-Level Academic Standards for General Music

Grade-Level Academic Standards for General Music Grade-Level Academic Standards for General Music KINDERGARTEN Music Performance Standard 1 The student will sing and perform on instruments, alone and with others, a variety of music. Students should develop

More information

MUSIC DEPARTMENT MUSIC PERSPECTIVES: HISTORY OF POPULAR MUSIC A/B /656600

MUSIC DEPARTMENT MUSIC PERSPECTIVES: HISTORY OF POPULAR MUSIC A/B /656600 MUSIC DEPARTMENT All courses fulfill the Fine Arts Credit. All music classes must be taken for the entire academic year. Many Music Classes may be taken for repeated credit. MUSIC PERSPECTIVES: HISTORY

More information

inside CUBA VIBRA! THE NEW VICTORY THEATER / NEWVICTORY.ORG/SCHOOLTOOL INSIDE BEFORE EN ROUTE AFTER

inside CUBA VIBRA! THE NEW VICTORY THEATER / NEWVICTORY.ORG/SCHOOLTOOL INSIDE BEFORE EN ROUTE AFTER A behind-the-curtain look at the artists, the company and the art form of this production. COMMON CORE STANDARDS Speaking and Listening: 1; 3 Language: 1, 4; 6 NEW YORK STATE STANDARDS The Arts: 4 ELA:

More information

31. Stravinsky Symphony of Psalms: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding) Background information and performance circumstances

31. Stravinsky Symphony of Psalms: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding) Background information and performance circumstances 31. Stravinsky Symphony of Psalms: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding) Igor Stravinsky Background information and performance circumstances In 1910 the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky

More information

MUSIC CURRICULUM GUIDELINES K-8

MUSIC CURRICULUM GUIDELINES K-8 DIOCESE OF LANSING MUSIC CURRICULUM GUIDELINES K-8 FINE ARTS PHILOSOPHY The Fine Arts curriculum provides a holistic approach to education which incorporates many aspects of the core curriculum and should

More information

2018 Music. Advanced Higher. Finalised Marking Instructions

2018 Music. Advanced Higher. Finalised Marking Instructions National Qualifications 2018 2018 Music Advanced Higher Finalised Marking Instructions Scottish Qualifications Authority 2018 The information in this publication may be reproduced to support SQA qualifications

More information

21M.220 Paper 1 Hong Pruttivarasin. Musical Variety of the Five Ars Antiqua Motets

21M.220 Paper 1 Hong Pruttivarasin. Musical Variety of the Five Ars Antiqua Motets Musical Variety of the Five Ars Antiqua Motets The motet is one of the most intellectual forms of composition in the Middle Ages. By looking closely at a few Ars antiqua motets, we see how composers in

More information

Music Theory. Fine Arts Curriculum Framework. Revised 2008

Music Theory. Fine Arts Curriculum Framework. Revised 2008 Music Theory Fine Arts Curriculum Framework Revised 2008 Course Title: Music Theory Course/Unit Credit: 1 Course Number: Teacher Licensure: Grades: 9-12 Music Theory Music Theory is a two-semester course

More information

K-12 Performing Arts - Music Standards Lincoln Community School Sources: ArtsEdge - National Standards for Arts Education

K-12 Performing Arts - Music Standards Lincoln Community School Sources: ArtsEdge - National Standards for Arts Education K-12 Performing Arts - Music Standards Lincoln Community School Sources: ArtsEdge - National Standards for Arts Education Grades K-4 Students sing independently, on pitch and in rhythm, with appropriate

More information

Music, Grade 9, Open (AMU1O)

Music, Grade 9, Open (AMU1O) Music, Grade 9, Open (AMU1O) This course emphasizes the performance of music at a level that strikes a balance between challenge and skill and is aimed at developing technique, sensitivity, and imagination.

More information

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM FIELD 143: MUSIC November 2003 Illinois Licensure Testing System FIELD 143: MUSIC November 2003 Subarea Range of Objectives I. Listening Skills 01 05 II. Music Theory

More information

Grade Level Expectations for the Sunshine State Standards

Grade Level Expectations for the Sunshine State Standards for the Sunshine State Standards F L O R I D A D E P A R T M E N T O F E D U C A T I O N w w w. m y f l o r i d a e d u c a t i o n. c o m Strand A: Standard 1: Skills and Techniques The student sings,

More information

VOCAL WORKS : SECULAR

VOCAL WORKS : SECULAR M200 M205 M208 M210 M219 M220 M229 M230 M239 M240 M249 M250 M259 M260 M269 M270 M279 M280 M289 M290 M291 M292 M293 M294 M295 M296 M299 M300 The numbers found in the following classification scheme also

More information

Key Skills to be covered: Year 5 and 6 Skills

Key Skills to be covered: Year 5 and 6 Skills Key Skills to be covered: Year 5 and 6 Skills Performing Listening Creating Knowledge & Understanding Sing songs, speak chants and rhymes in unison and two parts, with clear diction, control of pitch,

More information