Writing Styles Simplified Version MLA STYLE

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Writing Styles Simplified Version MLA STYLE"

Transcription

1 Writing Styles Simplified Version MLA STYLE MLA, Modern Language Association, style offers guidelines of formatting written work by making use of the English language. It is concerned with, page layout and formatting, citing sources and stylistic techniques for example foot notes. This style is widely used in humanities mostly on language and literature. MLA writing style has been adopted worldwide by scholars for over a century. Its guidelines in formatting pieces of writing have been used in scholarly and literally news letters and magazines. MLA writing style is commonly used by students and writers compiling manuscripts for humanities disciplines. This is because MLA style makes it easier for readers to comprehend written works by providing linked information when referring to borrowed information. This style also protects users from plagiary accusations. This is done so by giving proper credit to borrowed sources of information which a guideline is provided by MLA writing style. MLA style recommends that writing should be done on an 8.5 by 11 inch white paper. The paper should have 1 margins all through. Paragraphs in MLA style text should be indented half an inch. This style recommends that double spaces be used through out the document. Eligible font should be used. It does not specify the type of font as long as the regular and the italics type styles contrast for easier identification of one from the other. The pages in the document should also have headers that number all the pages consecutively. These are general guidelines that should be used when formatting text using MLA style. When formatting the first page of the text, a title page is not necessary. This is quite contrary to other formatting styles like, APA style. This style recommends that editors list, the name of the 1 / 11

2 author, the instructor s name, can be a teacher or a lecturer and the date in block form. This information should be aligned to the left margin of the page. The title of the document should be centered on the page and in title case. It should not be underlined, italicized or placed in quotation marks. Quotation marks should be used only when referring to other works in your title. MLA style recommends that the editor creates a header on the right upper hand corner of the page. In formatting the body, MLA style recommends that if the writer decides to divide an essay into sections; the sections should be given numbers followed by a name. This is for easier readability of text. In MLA style, citing of secondary sources of information is probably the most challenging bit of using it. This is because readers expect citations to lead them to the reference page. Failure to following the MLA guide to the letter may lead to confusion of readers as to the origin of the information. The citations can be an in-text citation. According to MLA style, in-text citation should be in author-page method. This method involves writing the last name of the author and the page number of where the information was gotten from. This should be done through parenthesis citation. MLA gives clear guidelines on citation of secondary sources of information used in the essay. This goes a yard in protecting the author of text from plagiarism charges. Through the above summarized guidelines for MLA writing, it therefore gives consistency of written works in the field of humanities. OXFORD STYLE OF REFENCING Oxford referencing style is brand name for the University of Oxford. It has guidelines for writers and editors working with material for the university s publication. It is a style that offers guidelines to scholars and researchers when writing research papers. It mainly deals with referencing of secondary material used in the research. Oxford style of referencing advices that a writer must reference all secondary information used in your paper and give full acknowledgement of their authors. This also applies for paraphrased and summarized information a researcher may use in the body of their research paper. References must be provided for data charts and diagrams copied from other sources and used in writing your paper. Oxford referencing style makes use of the documentary- note style of referencing material. This style involves three elements, the citation from the document, a list of foot notes and a bibliopoly; if need be one. 2 / 11

3 Citation of foreign material in the body of the paper is done by using superscript numbers at the end of sentences. Corresponding footnotes should be written down at the bottom of the page to give reference to readers on the origin of such information. When directly quoting text, quotation marks should be used at the beginning and the end of the sentence which should then be followed by a superscript. Quotations that are of more than 30 words should be written as a new paragraph. When citing a source for the first time, full biological details should be given. For subsequent references, a summary of the reference details can be given. Footnoting should be done in a numerical and chronological according to the surnames of the authors manner to enables easier referencing by readers of written material. A foot note referencing should enclose the name of the author for information cited; the article, book or journal, the editor, the publisher s name and location and the year published. While formatting the notes, Oxford style of referencing advices that, footnotes should be separated by commas and a full stop at the end. This system of referencing also uses end notes. The are used for citing sources with in the document in the same way that foot notes are but they appear at the end of the document. Oxford style also offers guidelines on writing. The guidelines are split into three parts: punctuation, spelling and typographical formats. In the spelling section, Oxford style recommends the use of British English as opposed to American English. In punctuation, the oxfords style gives guidelines on how to use hyphens, italics, commas, quotation marks the apostrophe and ellipses in writing text. In typographic formats, oxford style recommends that foreign words be italicized. In the first instance of using abbreviations and acronyms, this style recommends that one write out the word in full. Then the acronyms and abbreviations can be used in the rest of the document. Dates should be written in the format date/month/year. Dates in prose form are also accepted. Oxford style of referencing is known for its simplicity and its use has been adopted over the years by scholars worldwide, not only in publishing the university s material but by other universities. APA WRITING FORMAT 3 / 11

4 APA, American Psychological Association, is a style that was formulated in the year 1929 by a group of psychologists, anthropologists and business managers who sought to come up with a simple coded form of representing the many and diverse components of scientific writing. This was to enable easier understanding of scientific pieces of work. APA writing format is used in writing term papers, research papers and other papers by scholars worldwide. It is commonly used in writing for the sciences and social sciences. Just like any other writing style, APA style is guided by a set of rules and regulations that makes sure that there is consistency when representing written material. These rules are followed when editing material that has to be in this format. These rules apply when citing references, punctuations, abbreviations, selection of headings and other elements that form a manuscript in scientific writing. General APA writing guidelines require that paper be in typed form. This should be done on the customary paper found in most word processing computer software. Given that type writers have been out dated a computer technology is being adapted world wide. APA style also recommends double spacing. An essay in APA style is made up of four major sections. The first section is started off in the first page. In this page the author of the paper should write down the title, his or her name and institute the paper is related to. The title of the paper is normally at the centre of the paper. The names of the authors are normally written in an orthodox manner excluding titles held by the authors, for example, (Dr.) should not be used. The institutional relationship should come after the author s name. It should indicate where the research was conducted. The second section of an essay in APA style is the abstract. It should be on a new page. The word abstract should be centered on top of the page without formatting it. On the second line, a summary key areas of research carried out should be written down, for example, research topics, methods of research, research findings and any other points the author may see as key areas of the research. The abstract should be in one paragraph of between 200 and 250 words. If one needs to list key words, indent like you want to start a new paragraph then type keyword an italicize it. 4 / 11

5 The third section of an APA style paper is the main body. This is also written on a new page. It contains detailed information of the research carried out, facts, findings and analysis of the research on the topic given. The last section is the references and should be written down on a fresh page. This page should be labeled references and centered at the top of the page. It should not be formatted. References provide a guide for the reader to access sources of any citations in the manuscript. There are basic rules that guide the writing of references in APA style. For examples, all lines after the first line of references should be indented and the names of authors should be in reverse. Titles of longer works for example journals should be italicized. The above is just but a summary of the vast guidelines of APA writing style. Further guidelines can be gotten from different sources on the internet. CHICAGO STYLE Chicago style of documentation deals with a number of topics ranging from manuscript preparation to grammar usage. This style makes use of two forms of documentation. Namely, the author-date system and the notes bibliography system. This system is particularly used by writers in literature, the arts and history. The notes-bibliography is mostly used in humanities. It makes use of foot notes and notes citation where by writers are able to reference their sources in documents written. Chicago style also offers an allowance for writers to write bibliography pages. Proper use of this system in the Chicago style of writing protects writers from accusations of plagiarism. In this system, where a writing uses information from a given sources, a superscript number be written at the end of such a sentence or a phrase. 5 / 11

6 This rule applies for both direct quotations and paraphrased information. This superscript number should to correspond with a note containing the bibliographic information about that source. This note is normally a foot note which is written at the bottom of the page in which the information has been used. End notes are normally written at the bottom of the last page of a chapter in the manuscript. They can also be written when the author finishes the writing the body of the script. Chicago style of referencing recommends the first note about a citation should contain all relevant details about the source. That is, the authors full name, the title of the source, the year it was published, the city it was published in and the name of the publisher. If a source is cited more than once, the second note should only contain the surname of the author, a shortened topic and the page or pages. In this style, a foot note starts with the appropriate number, followed but a period then a space. The Harvard, notes-bibliography style requires that all sources used in the text be written down in alphabetical order and provided in the bibliography. This should be in respect to the author s last name. If there is no author, the title of the source may be used. This style offers guidelines for formatting bibliographical entries in references. Although they might differ in some cases, there are a few general rules that apply. A general rule that does not only apply to Chicago style but other style of writing is the inclusion of the authors name title and publication details about a source. When formatting the authors name in Chicago style when giving bibliographic details, the author s name should be inverted.. That is, first name last and last name first with a comma between them. When formatting titles, the titles of books and journal should be italicized. Titles of other materials for example articles should be placed in quotation marks. Details in relation to publication should be written right after the details about the author.. Details of publication include the year of publishing, the name of the publisher and what edition it is, if not the first one. All major elements in the bibliography should be separated by periods. HAVARD STYLE 6 / 11

7 Harvard style is widely used in different sectors of the writing field. This includes writing, bibliography writing, and reference writing. The Harvard style of referencing has been widely acknowledged as a guide of formatting and editing academic publication. The Harvard style of referencing, also known as the author-date method, requires that an author acknowledges the source of information used in a manuscript in two ways. One, in the text of your text and secondly in a list of references. In text referencing refers to when an author of a paper uses information and ideas collected from research, you indicate each reference by indicating the author and date of publication cited. There are various ways of acknowledging the sources of information used within a manuscript. For example, the author can quote the authors exact words. Harvard style also allows an author to paraphrase or summarize information from a source. While giving references, this style points out that page numbers should be cited for easier referencing by the readers. When using a reference list, Harvard style of referencing requires that the reference list appears at the end of your document. This list should contain all details of all sources cited in your document. They should be chronologically arranged according to the author s surnames. Where more than one work from on e particular author has been used more than once, the author should list them according to date. Starting with the latest one. When formatting citations in a reference list, a few rules apply. While referencing, the authors given names should in initials and no full stops or spaces should be used between initials. For titles of works, there should be minimal capitalization of title of books, chapter of books and titles of journals. Titles of books, journals and newspapers should be italicized. The different details of citations are separated by commas and a full stop should on be used at the end of a citation. When citing electronic sources, Harvard style of reference requires one to cite the date one 7 / 11

8 accessed the source, the electronic address or address, and the type of electronic source. If direct quotation of the author s words is done, the page number should be included in the references. A detailed bibliography should also be written down when books and journals are cited as a source in a manuscript. Publication details should not be left out s it makes it easier for readers to trace the source of cited information. Harvard style of referencing advices authors to list their references in alphabetical order. This gives a reference list some sense of order and neatness. It also enables readers to point out certain references with ease and agility. The Harvard style of referencing goes a long way to protect students from plagiarism charges it ensures proper acknowledgment of ideas gotten from sources. Correct referencing also demonstrates that one has read widely hence giving credits to the author of the text and therefore laying grounds of classifying certain written works as being of quality. TURABIAN STYLE This is style that was originally designed by Kate Turabian. She was a member of staff of the University of Chicago for about thirty years. She came up guidelines of quality and substantive dissertation writing form that came to be named after her. Kate came up with this style specifically for students. Turabian style is almost similar to Chicago style in a number of ways but students should take great caution so as to differentiate the two. Students planning on majoring in history are normally highly advised to learn how to use this systematic and simple way of citing works. When typing a paper in Turabian style, in formatting the title page of the paper, the style gives the following guidelines. The title of your paper should be typed quarter way down the first page of your paper. Capital letters should be used. Then if your paper has a subtitle, type it below the title using both capital and small letters. Then type your name halfway down the paper. The subject you are doing should follow, and then followed by the name of your professor then the school you are in, comma then the date of completion of your work. 8 / 11

9 The Turabian style has two basic documentation styles. Namely, the notes-bibliographical style and the reference list style. The bibliographical style is commonly used in the literature, history and arts disciplines. This makes use of foot notes and end notes. Materials from sources that are cited in a document are given superscript numbers at the end of the sentences. This rule applies to paraphrased information and direct quotation of text from a given source. The reference list method is commonly used in physical and social science disciplines. It entails giving summarized details about the source of sited text first. This is done by highlighting the name of the author and when it was published. A reference list is then written down containing all details about the source. The reference list in Turabian style must be in chronological and alphabetical order. This enables readers to easily identify references with respect to various citations in the manuscript. When one authors work has been cited more than once, the citations should be written down in a chorological order. When citing online sources, citing should be done in the same way as written text. However, this should have a URL and the date when the data was accessed online. The titles in Turabian style papers can be italicized or underlined. A combination of both is also acceptable. When writing a footnote in Turabian style of referencing, the first note gives all relevant details about the source. This comprises of the author s name, title of the source, the publisher and the city in which the publication was done. End notes are written at the end of the document. In Turabian style, the footnote or end note begins with a superscript number. These superscript numbers are then used as a guide when writing the reference list. Authors should be careful not to mix up the numbers because it may lead to uncertainty of the origin of cited text. This may lead to accusations of plagiarism. VANCOUVER STYLE Vancouver style is a style of citing and making reference commonly used in medicine and 9 / 11

10 science. It was established in the year 1978 in Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada by a committee of medical journal editors. The Vancouver style consists of two parts, the in text citation and a list of numbered references that appear at the end of the document. A writer using this style should be aware of basic rules and guidelines given by this style when it comes to citation and referencing of material. In text citing, the Vancouver style requires that a number is given in the order that which it is given in the text. If it is repeated in another part of the document, the same number is given. The number can be integrated in the text in that it comes at the end of the sentence. General rules that apply here is that a squared bracket [ ] or a curved bracket ( ) can be used to accommodate the number. Vancouver style gives allowance for use of superscripts when citing a source in the text. The references are the listed in numerical order and should be written as the last item of a manuscript. When citing journal articles, the bibliography should include the author s surname initials, the title of the articles, and the title of the journal and details of publication. When the reference is a book, the name of the author, the title of the book, the edition of the book, the place where it was published and the year of publication. The title of the book and the chapter, only the first letter should be capitalized. All the rest of the words should be in small letters. The titles should neither be italicizes nor underlined. If the citation is of books or journals, the author of the paper should write a full and detailed bibliography not leaving out information about publication. When electronic sources have been cited, for example a website, the elements of citation should entail basic details about the texts, like the author and the year of publication and most importantly the URL. Caution should be taken when using the internet on the reliability of the information. When writing a reference list, the list should appear in a chronological order. That is, from the numbers used to cite information in the text of the paper. Vancouver style recommends minimal use of direct quotation of information. If it is found necessary, the cited text should be placed between quotation marks and number the reference as earlier on explained. Personal communication as a reference is not advised by the Vancouver style of writing unless it provides essential information. In this case, one should not number the reference. The persons name and date of communication should be cited in parenthesis in the text. Vancouver style gives uniform requirements so that ethical and technical issues in publishing 10 / 11

11 bio medical manuscripts are addressed. What a great way to ensure uniformity in the bio medical and medicine disciplines other than through the Vancouver style. 11 / 11

Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University

Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1 Example of an APA Style Paper Justine Berry Austin Peay State University EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 2 Abstract APA format is the official style used by the American

More information

Running head: AN INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an Intermediate-Level APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University

Running head: AN INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an Intermediate-Level APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University Running head: AN INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL APA STYLE PAPER 1 Example of an Intermediate-Level APA Style Paper Justine Berry Austin Peay State University AN INTERMEDIATE-LEVEL APA STYLE PAPER 2 Abstract APA format

More information

General Writing Research and Citation Teaching and Tutoring Subject-Specific Writing Job Search Writing ESL

General Writing Research and Citation Teaching and Tutoring Subject-Specific Writing Job Search Writing ESL General Writing Research and Citation Teaching and Tutoring Subject-Specific Writing Job Search Writing ESL This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/). When printing

More information

American Psychological Association (APA) Formatting Guide

American Psychological Association (APA) Formatting Guide American Psychological Association (APA) Formatting Guide A Guide For: General Formatting In-Text Citations References Jackson Christian School Updated-- Fall 2006 2 1. General Format APA (American Psychological

More information

Formatting a document in Word using APA style

Formatting a document in Word using APA style Formatting a document in Word using APA style 1. Using MS Word various versions 2. Using Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6 th ed. 9/10/2012 Be Prepared - Have All note cards

More information

SAMPLE CHICAGO STYLE PAPER

SAMPLE CHICAGO STYLE PAPER SAMPLE CHICAGO STYLE PAPER John Doe History 2010 Dr. Johnson July 11, 2013 Doe 1 The Chicago Style of writing is used for academic writing in the field of Humanities, especially history. Specific guidelines

More information

Chicago Style: The Basics

Chicago Style: The Basics Chicago Style: The Basics A UNA University Writing Center Citation and Documentation Presentation Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr., Ms. Cayla Buttram, Mr. David Gunnels, Ms. Luliann Losey Center for Writing Excellence

More information

FORMAT CONTROL AND STYLE GUIDE CHECKLIST. possible, all earlier papers should be formatted using these instructions as well.

FORMAT CONTROL AND STYLE GUIDE CHECKLIST. possible, all earlier papers should be formatted using these instructions as well. 1 FORMAT CONTROL AND STYLE GUIDE CHECKLIST This format control checklist is offered as an aid to the student in preparing the final document for the United Doctor of Ministry program. In order to learn

More information

Chicago Style: The Basics

Chicago Style: The Basics Chicago Style: The Basics Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr., Ms. Cayla Buttram, Mr. David Gunnels, Ms. Juliann Losey University Writing Center University of North Alabama August 2012 Citation & Documentation Workshop

More information

APA Formatting: The Title Page and Reference Page

APA Formatting: The Title Page and Reference Page APA Formatting: The Title Page and Reference Page 1 APA Formatting: The Title Page The final task in completing the Academic Paper is formatting the Title Page, inserting the running head, and numbering

More information

MLA and Turabian Guidelines for Citing Sources

MLA and Turabian Guidelines for Citing Sources MLA and Turabian Guidelines for Citing Sources This handout contains templates for various common types of sources in MLA style and two different Turabian Styles. If you have questions, our tutors would

More information

MIDDLE SCHOOL RESEARCH POWER MLA STYLE GUIDE

MIDDLE SCHOOL RESEARCH POWER MLA STYLE GUIDE Dwyer 1 MIDDLE SCHOOL RESEARCH POWER MLA STYLE GUIDE Parenthetical Citation and Work Cited Guidelines 2009 ed. Updated with MLA 7 th ed. Madison Middle School Ms. Dwyer Media Specialist (hold) Dwyer 2

More information

University College Format and Style Requirements. This document addresses the University College format and style requirements for

University College Format and Style Requirements. This document addresses the University College format and style requirements for LastName-1 University College Format and Style Requirements This document addresses the University College format and style requirements for writing assignments across the undergraduate and graduate curriculum.

More information

What is a historical paper? The Basic Framework. Why Should I Choose the Paper Category? History Day Paper Formatting

What is a historical paper? The Basic Framework. Why Should I Choose the Paper Category? History Day Paper Formatting What is a historical paper? A paper is the traditional form of presenting historical research. A History Day paper is not simply a biography or a book report. It is a grammatically correct and well-written

More information

MLA Formatting and Style Guide

MLA Formatting and Style Guide General Writing Research and Citation Teaching and Tutoring Subject Specific Writing Job Search Writing ESL This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (http://owl.english.purdue.edu/). When printing

More information

MA International Relations Style Sheet: Formal Guidelines for Seminar Papers and MA Theses

MA International Relations Style Sheet: Formal Guidelines for Seminar Papers and MA Theses Jacobs University Bremen/University of Bremen 19 September 2017 MA International Relations Style Sheet: Formal Guidelines for Seminar Papers and MA Theses Citations in the Text Text citations: Source material

More information

Student Name. Course/Number. Date. Instructor Name

Student Name. Course/Number. Date. Instructor Name An APA running head is not needed for undergraduate or master s courses per the University Writing and Style Guidelines. If you are a student in a doctoral program, or otherwise require a running head

More information

Format and Style of a MLA Paper

Format and Style of a MLA Paper Office of Student Success 318.795.2486 (Fax) 318.795.2488 One University Place Shreveport, LA 71115-2399 Format and Style of a MLA Paper Basics In general, there will be two components to an academic MLA-style

More information

Thesis-Project Checklist Doctor of Ministry Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary

Thesis-Project Checklist Doctor of Ministry Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary Thesis-Project Checklist Doctor of Ministry Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary This checklist must be completed, signed and submitted with the first Post-Defense copy of your thesis-project. July 17 Name

More information

TEACHERS COLLEGE - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF DOCTORAL STUDIES GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING DOCTOR OF EDUCATION DISSERTATIONS:

TEACHERS COLLEGE - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF DOCTORAL STUDIES GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING DOCTOR OF EDUCATION DISSERTATIONS: TEACHERS COLLEGE - COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF DOCTORAL STUDIES GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING DOCTOR OF EDUCATION DISSERTATIONS: A MANUAL OF STYLE Revised September 2016 TABLE OF CONTENTS GENERAL

More information

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE (IJEE)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE (IJEE) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE (IJEE) AUTHORS GUIDELINES 1. INTRODUCTION The International Journal of Educational Excellence (IJEE) is open to all scientific articles which provide answers

More information

Introduction to APA. Format, Citation, and References

Introduction to APA. Format, Citation, and References Introduction to APA Format, Citation, and References What is APA? The manuscript and documentation style of the American Psychological Association (APA). Specific and in-depth information about APA style

More information

The OWL at Purdue MLA Style Guide This should always be with you as you work on your research paper so that you are successful

The OWL at Purdue MLA Style Guide This should always be with you as you work on your research paper so that you are successful The OWL at Purdue MLA Style Guide This should always be with you as you work on your research paper so that you are successful General MLA Guidelines Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard,

More information

APA Style: Highlights

APA Style: Highlights Writing Center at Southeastern 1 APA Style: Highlights The American Psychological Association developed APA style of documentation in the APA Publication Manual. APA style is used by the social sciences,

More information

INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA

INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA Office circular (legal) 2001/2 INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE LAW OF THE SEA RULES FOR THE PREPARATION OF TYPED AND PRINTED TEXTS Issued by the Registry on 27 September 2001 Paragraph 1 of the Guidelines

More information

Style MLA Formating What does MLA stand for? MLA means Modern Language association style. MLA is one of the most commonly used style to write papers

Style MLA Formating What does MLA stand for? MLA means Modern Language association style. MLA is one of the most commonly used style to write papers Style MLA Formating What does MLA stand for? MLA means Modern Language association style. MLA is one of the most commonly used style to write papers and cite sources. Other styles: APA style, The Chicago

More information

Excerpts From: Gloria K. Reid. Thinking and Writing About Art History. Part II: Researching and Writing Essays in Art History THE TOPIC

Excerpts From: Gloria K. Reid. Thinking and Writing About Art History. Part II: Researching and Writing Essays in Art History THE TOPIC 1 Excerpts From: Gloria K. Reid. Thinking and Writing About Art History. Part II: Researching and Writing Essays in Art History THE TOPIC Thinking about a topic When you write an art history essay, you

More information

CIT Thesis and Directed Project Formatting Checklist Last Updated: 4/20/17 10:59:00 AM

CIT Thesis and Directed Project Formatting Checklist Last Updated: 4/20/17 10:59:00 AM CIT Thesis and Directed Project Formatting Checklist Last Updated: 4/20/17 10:59:00 AM This checklist has been developed to help you avoid formatting errors that can result in the Graduate School s rejection

More information

Written Submission Style Guide The International Journal of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves

Written Submission Style Guide The International Journal of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves Written Submission Style Guide The International Journal of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves Submission Deadline for 1 st Issue: November 15, 2016 Contact: Dr. Pam Shaw - Pam.Shaw@viu.ca 1. Overall Manuscript

More information

MLA Citation Style. Student Academic Learning Services SSB 204

MLA Citation Style. Student Academic Learning Services SSB 204 MLA Citation Style Workshop Overview This presentation will cover the following: Why you reference What MLA format is Where you reference When you reference How you reference Additional information Why

More information

APA and Plagiarism Q&A Hour Tuesday, July 26, 2016, 7 8 pm ET Presenter Amy Sexton with Julie Freydlin Kaplan University Writing Center Please click

APA and Plagiarism Q&A Hour Tuesday, July 26, 2016, 7 8 pm ET Presenter Amy Sexton with Julie Freydlin Kaplan University Writing Center Please click APA and Plagiarism Q&A Hour Tuesday, July 26, 2016, 7 8 pm ET Presenter Amy Sexton with Julie Freydlin Kaplan University Writing Center Please click here to view this recorded workshop: http://khe2.adobeconnect.com/p7m2zo6y2bo/

More information

American Psychological Association (APA) Documentation and Style

American Psychological Association (APA) Documentation and Style American Psychological Association (APA) Documentation and Style Based on and quoted from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th Edition, 2010. Prepared by the Southeastern

More information

2016 ASSE Professional Development Conference

2016 ASSE Professional Development Conference Notice to Presenters 2016 ASSE Professional Development Conference Proceedings papers are due March 11, 2016 Notice of format specifications For the Proceedings of the 2016 Professional Development Conference

More information

The University of the West Indies. IGDS MSc Research Project Preparation Guide and Template

The University of the West Indies. IGDS MSc Research Project Preparation Guide and Template The University of the West Indies Institute for Gender and Development Studies (IGDS), St Augustine Unit IGDS MSc Research Project Preparation Guide and Template March 2014 Rev 1 Table of Contents Introduction.

More information

DISSERTATION AND THESIS FORMATING GUIDE Spring 2018 PREPARED BY THE OFFICE OF GRADUATE STUDIES

DISSERTATION AND THESIS FORMATING GUIDE Spring 2018 PREPARED BY THE OFFICE OF GRADUATE STUDIES DISSERTATION AND THESIS FORMATING GUIDE Spring 2018 PREPARED BY THE OFFICE OF GRADUATE STUDIES Questions concerning these guidelines or any aspect of manuscript preparation for the dissertation/thesis

More information

Juha Tuominen, Anna-Katriina Salmikangas, Hanna Vehmas & Auli Pitkänen. Guidelines for Academic Essays at the Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences

Juha Tuominen, Anna-Katriina Salmikangas, Hanna Vehmas & Auli Pitkänen. Guidelines for Academic Essays at the Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences Juha Tuominen, Anna-Katriina Salmikangas, Hanna Vehmas & Auli Pitkänen Guidelines for Academic Essays at the Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences University of Jyväskylä Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences

More information

How to type an outline for an essay. Some information doesn039;t exist in written form. you won039;t want to read an..

How to type an outline for an essay. Some information doesn039;t exist in written form. you won039;t want to read an.. How to type an outline for an essay. Some information doesn039;t exist in written form. you won039;t want to read an.. How to type an outline for an essay >>>CLICK HERE

More information

Goethe Yearbook Style Sheet. In preparing your manuscript for publication, the editors ask that you follow the guidelines below.

Goethe Yearbook Style Sheet. In preparing your manuscript for publication, the editors ask that you follow the guidelines below. Goethe Yearbook Style Sheet In preparing your manuscript for publication, the editors ask that you follow the guidelines below. Formatting Please do not introduce any codes or formatting commands for full

More information

Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1. Title of Paper. Student Name. Austin Peay State University

Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1. Title of Paper. Student Name. Austin Peay State University Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1 Title of Paper Student Name Austin Peay State University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for EDUC 5000 Spring 2015 Dr. John R. McConnell III SHORTENED TITLE 2

More information

A CONCISE GUIDE TO APA STYLE

A CONCISE GUIDE TO APA STYLE A. Citing Your Sources A CONCISE GUIDE TO APA STYLE A research paper includes ideas and facts gathered from other sources. As you write your paper, you will summarize, paraphrase, or quote directly from

More information

published by

published by Writing Styles for College Students Learn how to write and format in APA Style, MLA Style and Chicago Manual of Style published by Writing Style for College Students 2 LEGAL NOTICE: The Publisher has strived

More information

The H-Diplo/ISSF Editors are the final arbiters on all matters of length, style, grammar, tone, and content.

The H-Diplo/ISSF Editors are the final arbiters on all matters of length, style, grammar, tone, and content. H-Diplo ISSF Style Guide Seventh Edition January 2018 Managing Editor: Diane N. Labrosse Web and Production Editor: George Fujii Review Editors: Thomas Maddux, Diane Labrosse, and Seth Offenbach Dear Reviewers:

More information

Dashboard Lesson 3: Cite Right with APA Palomar College, 2014

Dashboard Lesson 3: Cite Right with APA Palomar College, 2014 Lesson 3 Cite Right with APA 1. Get Started 1.1 Welcome Welcome to Dashboard. This tutorial is designed to help you use information accurately and ethically within your paper or project. This section of

More information

Guidelines for the Preparation and Submission of Theses and Written Creative Works

Guidelines for the Preparation and Submission of Theses and Written Creative Works Guidelines for the Preparation and Submission of Theses and Written Creative Works San Francisco State University Graduate Division Fall 2002 Definition of Thesis and Project The California Code of Regulations

More information

Syracuse University Press Manuscript Preparation Instructions. Please read carefully!

Syracuse University Press Manuscript Preparation Instructions. Please read carefully! Syracuse University Press Manuscript Preparation Instructions Please read carefully! Delivery Requirements Syracuse University Press appreciates your careful attention to detail when preparing your final

More information

PAPER TITLE [Times New Roman 16 points, bold, centred, capital letters]

PAPER TITLE [Times New Roman 16 points, bold, centred, capital letters] PAPER TITLE [Times New Roman 16 points, bold, centred, capital letters] Line spacing [14 points] Line spacing [14 points] Author(s) Name(s) and Surname(s) [TNR, 12 points, bold, alignment right] 1 Affiliation

More information

Feminist Formations Style Guide. Quick-Reference: MECHANICS

Feminist Formations Style Guide. Quick-Reference: MECHANICS University of Arizona Department of Gender & Women s Studies PO Box 210438 Tucson, AZ 85721 Phone: 520-626-9149 Fax: 520-621-1533 Email: feministformations@email.arizona.edu Feminist Formations Style Guide

More information

Word Tutorial 2: Editing and Formatting a Document

Word Tutorial 2: Editing and Formatting a Document Word Tutorial 2: Editing and Formatting a Document Microsoft Office 2010 Objectives Create bulleted and numbered lists Move text within a document Find and replace text Check spelling and grammar Format

More information

A Student s Guide to American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Style. Genesee Community College

A Student s Guide to American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Style. Genesee Community College APA Format 1 Running head: A BRIEF GUIDE TO APA FORMAT A Student s Guide to American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Style Timothy P. Tomczak Genesee Community College APA Format 2 Abstract

More information

Editorial Requirements CFM 2016

Editorial Requirements CFM 2016 Article length and format Editorial Requirements CFM 2016 All submitted manuscripts should not exceed the recommended size in accordance with established rules Paper should be about 20,000 (with spaces)

More information

INSERT YOUR TITLE HERE

INSERT YOUR TITLE HERE INSERT YOUR TITLE HERE Your Name Here, Your Department Here ABSTRACT Insert your abstract here. Your abstract should not exceed 150 words. This document conforms to the style sheet configurations, so you

More information

Public Administration Review Information for Contributors

Public Administration Review Information for Contributors Public Administration Review Information for Contributors About the Journal Public Administration Review (PAR) is dedicated to advancing theory and practice in public administration. PAR serves a wide

More information

Paper Evaluation Sheet David Dolata, Ph.D.

Paper Evaluation Sheet David Dolata, Ph.D. 1 NAME Content Not enough of your own work the most serious flaw Inaccurate statements Contradictory statements Poor or incomplete understanding of material Needs more focus; topic is too broad Clarification

More information

Correctly using In Text Citations under APA 6.0 Style. By Marilyn K. Simon and Jim Goes

Correctly using In Text Citations under APA 6.0 Style. By Marilyn K. Simon and Jim Goes Correctly using In Text Citations under APA 6.0 Style By Marilyn K. Simon and Jim Goes Includes excerpts from Simon (2011), Dissertation and Scholarly Research: Recipes for Success. Seattle, WA: Dissertation

More information

Undergraduate Basics of APA Tutorial Colorado State University-Global Campus

Undergraduate Basics of APA Tutorial Colorado State University-Global Campus Undergraduate Basics of APA Tutorial Colorado State University-Global Campus Basics of APA 2 What is APA? Why do we need to use APA? APA stands for the American Psychological Association. This association

More information

INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS

INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS Canadian Journal of Tropical Geography Revue Canadienne de Géographie Tropicale CJTG (Online) / RCGT (En ligne) ISSN : 2292-4108 www3.laurentian.ca/rcgt-cjtg @ 2014 RCGT-CJTG Tous droits réservés /All

More information

Quotations, Paraphrases, and Summaries. Dr. Karen Petit

Quotations, Paraphrases, and Summaries. Dr. Karen Petit Quotations, Paraphrases, and Summaries Dr. Karen Petit Borrowed Ideas and Words Borrowed ideas and words are communicated in papers and speeches by using quotations, paraphrases, and summaries. idea words

More information

MGIS EXIT REQUIREMENTS. Part 2 Guidelines for Final Document

MGIS EXIT REQUIREMENTS. Part 2 Guidelines for Final Document MGIS EXIT REQUIREMENTS Part 1 Guidelines for Final Oral Examination Part 2 Guidelines for Final Document Page 1 of 16 Contents MGIS EXIT REQUIREMENTS...1 Contents...2 Part I Comprehensive Oral Examination...3

More information

Journal of Consumer Policy (COPO) Style Sheet

Journal of Consumer Policy (COPO) Style Sheet Journal of Consumer Policy (COPO) Style Sheet In case of doubt, please contact Lucia Reisch at the Editorial Office lr.ikl@cbs.dk 0. General Matter Page Layout 12 Times Roman normal everywhere and same

More information

Style Sheet for Authors

Style Sheet for Authors 1 Journal of Early Modern Studies The Open Access Publishing Workshop General Editors: Donatella Pallotti, Paola Pugliatti Journal Manager: Arianna Antonielli Phone: +39 055 2756637 Web:

More information

You can listen to or view the contents of this tutorial on the left menu.

You can listen to or view the contents of this tutorial on the left menu. APA Citation Style 1. Introduction 1.1 Start APA Citation Style! To begin, click the START button. 1.2 Welcome Welcome to the APA Citation Style tutorial! You can listen to or view the contents of this

More information

You can listen to or view the contents of this tutorial on the left menu.

You can listen to or view the contents of this tutorial on the left menu. Citing Your Sources 1. Introduction 1.1 Start Citing Your Sources! 1.2 Welcome Welcome to the Citing Your Sources Tutorial! You can listen to or view the contents of this tutorial on the left menu. To

More information

APA Research Paper Chapter 2 Supplement

APA Research Paper Chapter 2 Supplement Microsoft Office Word 00 Appendix D APA Research Paper Chapter Supplement Project Research Paper Based on APA Documentation Style As described in Chapter, two popular documentation styles for research

More information

WRITING A BACHELOR THESIS (B.SC.) AT THE ENDOWED CHAIR OF PROCUREMENT

WRITING A BACHELOR THESIS (B.SC.) AT THE ENDOWED CHAIR OF PROCUREMENT WRITING A BACHELOR THESIS (B.SC.) AT THE ENDOWED CHAIR OF PROCUREMENT Information for Students Spring 2017 PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT These guidelines shall help to structure the process of writing a Bachelor

More information

Policy Statement on Academic Integrity and Plagiarism

Policy Statement on Academic Integrity and Plagiarism Academic Integrity and Plagiarism 1 Policy Statement on Academic Integrity and Plagiarism For all courses in the Writing Program of the English Department at the University of Michigan-Flint including

More information

Thesis and Dissertation Manual

Thesis and Dissertation Manual Directions for the Preparation of Theses and Dissertations Updated April 2017 Table of Contents WHAT S NEW IN THIS EDITION... 3 INTRODUCTION... 4 THESIS/DISSERTATION IMPORTANT DEADLINES... 5 THESIS/DISSERTATION

More information

INSTRUCTIONS TO EDITORS AND AUTHORS

INSTRUCTIONS TO EDITORS AND AUTHORS INSTRUCTIONS TO EDITORS AND AUTHORS Introduction Editor(s) of a multi-authored book are responsible for conceptualising the book and making sure that it is not just a collection of disparate chapters by

More information

CMU WRITING CENTER QUICK TIPS GUIDE: WRITING IN MLA STYLE

CMU WRITING CENTER QUICK TIPS GUIDE: WRITING IN MLA STYLE CMU WRITING CENTER 1 QUICK TIPS GUIDE: WRITING IN MLA STYLE I. GENERAL GUIDELINES & BASIC FORMATTING IN MLA (based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Modern Language Association, 8 th

More information

Running head: GUIDE FOR WRITING APA STYLE 1. Guide for Writing in APA Style. Developed by the NU Psychology Department

Running head: GUIDE FOR WRITING APA STYLE 1. Guide for Writing in APA Style. Developed by the NU Psychology Department Running head: GUIDE FOR WRITING APA STYLE 1 Guide for Writing in APA Style Developed by the NU Psychology Department Per the Revised Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010,

More information

Tips for Style and Formatting With APA

Tips for Style and Formatting With APA Tips for Style and Formatting With APA For help contact Debbie O Reilly 777-8194 debbie.oreilly@mun.ca OR karen.hutchens@mun.ca Objectives At the end of this presentation, the learner will have increased

More information

Proofed Paper: ntp Mon Jan 30 23:05:28 EST 2017

Proofed Paper: ntp Mon Jan 30 23:05:28 EST 2017 page 1 / 10 Paper Title: No. of Pages: GEN 499 General Education Capstone week 4 journa 300 words Paper Style: APA Paper Type: Annotated Bibliography Taken English? Yes English as Second Language? No Feedback

More information

Searching For Truth Through Information Literacy

Searching For Truth Through Information Literacy 2 Entering college can be a big transition. You face a new environment, meet new people, and explore new ideas. One of the biggest challenges in the transition to college lies in vocabulary. In the world

More information

Style Guides APA Format

Style Guides APA Format ILE PAGE RUNNING HEAD he running head is an abbreviated title on the top left of the title page. It should be less than 50 characters. AUHOR INFORMAION he coversheet should state your name and institutional

More information

4. What is happening in this very moment of the quote? and Where are they?

4. What is happening in this very moment of the quote? and Where are they? Character Personality Profile Paragraph Worksheet English 1 Honors/IB Writer s Name: I. Introduction A. Name of novel: To Kill a Mockingbird B. Author s Name: Harper Lee C. Brief Synopsis (2-3 sentence

More information

Introduction to APA Style

Introduction to APA Style University of North Alabama Introduction to APA Style Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE David MacMillan III Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr. May 2011 Introduction to APA Style Contents Overview and elements of citation:

More information

DISSERTATION GUIDE Instructions for the Preparation and Submission of Dissertations*

DISSERTATION GUIDE Instructions for the Preparation and Submission of Dissertations* 1 DISSERTATION GUIDE Instructions for the Preparation and Submission of Dissertations* *If you print out a hard copy of this guide, please be aware that it is subject to change. The most current guide

More information

APU Style & Format HANDBOOK. Master s Theses

APU Style & Format HANDBOOK. Master s Theses APU Style & Format HANDBOOK Master s Theses 901 East Alosta Avenue, Azusa, CA 91702 Director, Library Publications 626-815 - 6000, ext. 3274 Third Edition, July 2016 APU Format Handbook for Doctoral Publications

More information

Name. The Crucible Essay Topics

Name. The Crucible Essay Topics Name The Crucible Essay Topics Choose one of The Crucible essay topics and develop it in an essay using MLA formatting. Discuss with reference to the text. Type your paper on a computer and print it out

More information

Territorium Journal of the RISCOS - Portuguese Association of Risks, Prevention and Safety FORMATING GUIDELINES (Applying from N.

Territorium Journal of the RISCOS - Portuguese Association of Risks, Prevention and Safety FORMATING GUIDELINES (Applying from N. Territorium Journal of the RISCOS - Portuguese Association of Risks, Prevention and Safety FORMATING GUIDELINES (Applying from N.º 16) Publication Scope The Territorium journal is published annually by

More information

Library Research APA Introduction. Outline. Library Research. PsycINFO

Library Research APA Introduction. Outline. Library Research. PsycINFO Library Research APA Introduction Outline Library research PsychInfo Google Scholar APA Style Margins Line spacing Running head, page # Font Heading levels Title casing Title page Title, authors, affiliation

More information

APA Writing Style Guide

APA Writing Style Guide LIBERTY CHRISTIAN SCHOOL ENGLISH DEPARTMENT 2012 APA Writing Style Guide The APA (American Psychological Association) style is widely used in writings documenting research in psychology and the social

More information

Chapter 3 sourcing InFoRMAtIon FoR YoUR thesis

Chapter 3 sourcing InFoRMAtIon FoR YoUR thesis Chapter 3 SOURCING INFORMATION FOR YOUR THESIS SOURCING INFORMATION FOR YOUR THESIS Mary Antonesa and Helen Fallon Introduction As stated in the previous chapter, in order to broaden your understanding

More information

Guidelines for Authors of Monographs

Guidelines for Authors of Monographs Guidelines for Authors of Monographs The following guidelines, which are intended for manuscripts prepared in Microsoft Word or other wordprocessing programs, are designed to streamline the process of

More information

Running head: BASIC APA FORMATTING AND STYLE GUIDE 1

Running head: BASIC APA FORMATTING AND STYLE GUIDE 1 Running head: BASIC APA FORMATTING AND STYLE GUIDE 1 Basic APA Formatting and Style Guide: Wright State University Master of Public Health Program General Formatting A. Margins: 1-inch margins (top, bottom,

More information

THESES AND DISSERTATIONS FOR Ed.D. and M.S.Ed. DEGREES

THESES AND DISSERTATIONS FOR Ed.D. and M.S.Ed. DEGREES THESES AND DISSERTATIONS FOR Ed.D. and M.S.Ed. DEGREES TABLE OF CONTENTS Doctoral (Ed.D.) Dissertation Submission Guidelines Doctoral (Ed.D.) Dissertation Component Specifications Master s (M.S.Ed.) Theses

More information

space (not two!) following punctuation marks at the ends of sentences.

space (not two!) following punctuation marks at the ends of sentences. 1 of 5 29/01/2008 7:46 PM Douglas Degelman Professor of Psychology, Vanguard University of Southern California My Home Page Curriculum Vitae Courses Course Syllabi School of Psychology B.A. Psych B.A.

More information

THESIS AND DISSERTATION FORMATTING GUIDE GRADUATE SCHOOL

THESIS AND DISSERTATION FORMATTING GUIDE GRADUATE SCHOOL THESIS AND DISSERTATION FORMATTING GUIDE GRADUATE SCHOOL A Guide to the Preparation and Submission of Thesis and Dissertation Manuscripts in Electronic Form April 2017 Revised Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1005

More information

MLA Style Guide Graham Park Middle School. MLA 8 Style Guidelines for Documenting Sources and Report Writing

MLA Style Guide Graham Park Middle School. MLA 8 Style Guidelines for Documenting Sources and Report Writing MLA Style Guide Graham Park Middle School MLA 8 Style Guidelines for Documenting Sources and Report Writing Graham Park Middle School November 2016 Introduction The purpose of this handbook is to provide

More information

Writing a College Paper Step-by-Step: The Value of Outlining SEE BELOW FOR PROPER CITATION

Writing a College Paper Step-by-Step: The Value of Outlining SEE BELOW FOR PROPER CITATION Writing a College Paper Step-by-Step: The Value of Outlining SEE BELOW FOR PROPER CITATION Writing an Outline Many college students are confused about the many elements utilized in the writing process

More information

A Quick Guide to Referencing 2009

A Quick Guide to Referencing 2009 This is a free report You are free to send it onto anyone else you think would benefit, providing you don t make any changes to it. Preferred referencing systems may vary, and you should always check with

More information

Southern Methodist University

Southern Methodist University Southern Methodist University Dissertation and Thesis Guide Dedman College 2017-2018 GRADUATION DEADLINES AND CHECKLIST For Dedman College Master s and Doctoral candidates, the following steps are required

More information

MASTER S DISSERTATION PRESENTATION GUIDELINES 2016/17

MASTER S DISSERTATION PRESENTATION GUIDELINES 2016/17 MASTER S DISSERTATION PRESENTATION GUIDELINES 2016/17 Document Title: Document Author: Responsible Person and Department: Approving Body: Master s Dissertation Presentation Guidelines Nicolette Connon,

More information

Why and How to Write APA- Style References in the Body and Reference Section of Your Papers

Why and How to Write APA- Style References in the Body and Reference Section of Your Papers Why and How to Write APA- Style References in the Body and Reference Section of Your Papers Drew C. Appleby, PhD Department of Psychology Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis The purpose of

More information

What is referencing and why should it be used?

What is referencing and why should it be used? Library and Information Services Citing and Referencing based on the APA 6 th Style Contents What is referencing and why should it be used?... 1 Citing... 1 Paraphrasing... 2 Quotes... 2 Secondary referencing...

More information

Step 1: Research and Works Cited Page Step 2: Research Paper Step 3: Artifact Creation Step 4: Presentation at Museum Day

Step 1: Research and Works Cited Page Step 2: Research Paper Step 3: Artifact Creation Step 4: Presentation at Museum Day PROJECT DUE: Ancient Egypt Museum Research Project Dear Student, We have just studied the amazing civilization of Ancient Egypt! You have learned much about the culture, geography, and history of the Egyptians.

More information

Citing references: MLA style

Citing references: MLA style What is referencing? Citing references: MLA style When writing coursework, you may refer to work that has been written or produced by someone else. It is important that you acknowledge all the resources

More information

common available Go to the provided as Word Files Only Use off. Length Generally for a book comprised a. Include book

common available Go to the provided as Word Files Only Use off. Length Generally for a book comprised a. Include book Springer Briefs in Molecular Science: History of Chemistry Manuscript Preparation and Author Guidelines The aim of the series is to provide volumes that would be of broad interestt to the chemical community,

More information

Standard Documentation Formats

Standard Documentation Formats Different disciplines use their own systems to give information about sources. Here are samples of the main systems, showing the kinds of information needed and some details of punctuation, typeface, and

More information

General enquiries and questions regarding potential submissions may be sent to the Editor, Professor Mark Wynn:

General enquiries and questions regarding potential submissions may be sent to the Editor, Professor Mark Wynn: Religious Studies Editorial policy Religious Studies is an international journal devoted to the problems of the philosophy of religion as these arise out of classical and contemporary discussions and from

More information

Pensacola Christian College. Factual Fiction. Project # A Project Submitted to. Instructor s Name. in Partial Fulfillment of

Pensacola Christian College. Factual Fiction. Project # A Project Submitted to. Instructor s Name. in Partial Fulfillment of Use 12-point Courier New or Time New Roman font for the entire paper. If all the parts of the title page do not fit on the page, use exactly 12-point spacing. If the title is more than 4 ½" wide, divide

More information