2 First, let s review some vocabulary: literal = means exact or not exaggerated. Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language. figurative = the opposite of literal language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. Often used by poets and other writers. 2
3 Review vocabulary, continued: denotation = the dictionary definition of a word or phrase connotation = a meaning suggested by a word or phrase, in addition to its exact (denotative) meaning; can be the emotional feelings associated with the word Think of the denotative and connotative meanings of words such as home, mother, love, peace, friend, etc. 3
4 T is for TITLE Analyze the title first. What do you predict this poem will be about? Write down your predictions. We will reflect on the title again after we have read the poem. The next step is often omitted, but it is the most important!!!!
5 READ THE POEM!!!!
6 P is for PARAPHRASE Paraphrasing is putting something in your own words. After reading the poem, rewrite it in your own words. This may be three sentences or a page, depending on the particular poem.
7 C is for CONNOTATION Analyze the figures of speech and sound effects of the poem. These are the poetry vocabulary we have already studied. These elements add to the meaning.
8 A is for ATTITUDE / Tone is the attitude of the speaker toward the subject of the poem. ATMOSPHERE
9 S is for SHIFT If there is a change in Time Tone Speaker This should always be noted as this will also affect the meaning.
10 T is for THEME As you already know, theme is the general insight into life conveyed by the author through his/her work. It does not make a judgment. example: Don t do drugs is not a theme. It merely states something that is true to life and the human condition.
11 How do I find the THEME? Look at the other parts of TPCASTT. What insight are all of these working together to convey? What is the poet trying to say about life?
12 TP-CASTT is an ACRONYM for Title Paraphrase Connotation Attitude Shift Theme 12
13 Title: What predictions can you make about the poem from the title? What are your initial (first) thoughts about the poem? What might be the theme of the poem? 13
14 Title: What predictions can you make from the title? The poem might be simply about a piano or playing a piano. Is it about some memory the author has or some special feelings he has about his piano? (now read the poem) 14
15 Piano by D. H. Lawrence. Softly, in the dusk, a woman is singing to me; Taking me back down the vista of years, till I see A child sitting under the piano, in the boom of the tingling strings And pressing the small, poised feet of a mother who smiles as she sings. In spite of myself, the insidious mastery of song Betrays me back, till the heart of me weeps to belong To the old Sunday evenings at home, with winter outside And hymns in the cozy parlour, the tinkling piano our guide. So now it is vain for the singer to burst into clamour With the great black piano appassionato. The glamour Of childish days is upon me, my manhood is cast Down in the flood of remembrance, I weep like a child for the past. 15
16 Title: What predictions can you make from the title? Read the poem. What are your initial (first) thoughts about the poem? What might be the theme of the poem? 16
17 Title: What predictions can you make from the title? Read the poem. What are your initial (first) thoughts about the poem? What might be the theme of the poem? It seems like the author is saddened by a childhood memory. Maybe the theme is regret or nostalgia. 17
18 Paraphrase: Describe what happens in the poem, in your own words. 18
19 Paraphrase: Describe what happens in the poem, in your own words. The poet/speaker hears a woman singing, which makes him vividly recall a childhood memory. He listened to his mother playing the piano, while sitting underneath the piano and touching her feet. He longs to be back in the cozy, happy home of his family, when he was a child. He is overcome by emotion and cries. 19
20 Connotation: What might the poem mean beyond the literal level? Find examples of imagery, metaphors, similes, personification, symbolism, idioms, hyperbole, alliteration, rhyme scheme, rhythm, etc. and think about their possible connotative meanings. Consider the emotional feelings that the words may give the reader. 20
21 Connotation: What might the poem mean beyond the literal level? Find examples of imagery, metaphors, similes, personification, symbolism, idioms, hyperbole, alliteration, rhyme scheme, rhythm, etc. and think about their possible connotative meanings. Consider the emotional feelings that the words may give the reader. The poem might mean that the author/speaker is unhappy with his current adult life. Things seemed to be quite loving and warm in his childhood. There is a simple rhythm in the three-stanza, rhyming couplet structure, maybe related to his pleasant, more simple childhood. The piano itself is a symbol of rhythmic emotion. Rich imagery created by use of such devices as onomatopoeia (boom, tingling, tinkling) and simile (weep like a child). The word appassionato suggests heightened emotions (passion). Manhood is cast down suggests he is giving in to his longings for the past. 21
22 Attitude: Describe the tone of the poem. What is the poet s attitude toward the subject of the poem? The speaker s attitude? Find and list examples that illustrate the tone and mood of the poem (these show attitude). 22
23 Attitude: Describe the tone of the poem. What is the poet s attitude toward the subject of the poem? The speaker s attitude? Find and list examples that illustrate the tone and mood of the poem (these show attitude). The poet/speaker s tone seems to be one of sadness and longing, as shown by till the heart of me weeps to belong, the glamour of childish days is upon me, and I weep like a child for the past. softly, in the dusk a mother who smiles as she sings betrays me back, till the heart of me weeps to belong cast down in a flood of remembrance 23
24 Shift: Is there a shift (a change) in the tone or speaker of the poem? Where does the shift happen in the poem? What does it shift from and to? 24
25 Shift: Is there a shift (a change) in the tone or speaker of the poem? Where does the shift happen in the poem? What does it shift from and to? There is a subtle shift in tone from the beginning of the poem,which seems like a simple recollection of a childhood memory. In the second stanza, the author/speaker uses words like betrays and weeps to indicate a desire to return to these happier times. Then in the third stanza, words like it is in vain, appassionato, manhood is cast down, flood of remembrance, and I weep like a child for the past demonstrate a more painful longing to have things the way they used to be. 25
26 Title: Look at the title again. Have your original ideas about the poem changed? How? What do you think the title means now? 26
27 Title: Look at the title again. Have your original ideas about the poem changed? How? What do you think the title means now? I think the title Piano represents a focal point for the author/speaker s feelings. Pianos and music are, by nature, connected with our emotions and often with other people in our lives. Music can prompt us to feel very deeply, and thus the piano comes to represent a much happier time in the life of the author/speaker. 27
28 Theme: What is the overall theme of the poem? What insight, understanding, lesson, or truth are we supposed to have after reading this poem? 28
29 Theme: What is the overall theme of the poem? What insight, understanding, lesson, or truth are we supposed to have after reading this poem? The theme of the poem appears to be longing for the past, which may seem to have been more loving and happy. 29
30 Analyzing songs for poetic value Lyric poetry consists of a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. The lyric poet addresses the reader directly, portraying his or her own feeling, state of mind, and perceptions
31 Lyric Poetry This is the most personal kind of poetry wherein the topics range from anything that appeals to the author. It can be any kind of reflection or revelation based on the author s experiences. It is a fairly short poem which expresses a personal mood or feeling of the poet. There tends to be a song-like quality in the poem. The most common subjects of lyrical poetry are love and grief.
32 Analyzing a song 1. What is the mood of the song? 2. How is the mood achieved? (what kinds of words, instruments, etc.) 3. What is the theme? (the message of the song) 4. What emotions is the songwriter trying to express? 5. What lyrics especially move you or what words do you have a connection with? 6. What imagery in this song is especially vivid for you? 7. Are there any symbols? If so, what do they represent? 8. Are there any examples of figurative language?
33 Analyzing a Song 1. Who is speaking? 2. To whom is he/she speaking? 3. What is the occasion? 4. Is there a sense of time in the song? 5. Where is it taking place, what are the mentioned locations? 6. What do you like/dislike about this song? 7. What is the storyline of this song?
34 You will find a song and apply this analysis to it by Monday. It will be marked and graded 34
1 TPCASTT Poetry Analysis Ms. Turner, English I 1/09 Poetry Unit: TP-CASTT - Blume TPCASTT is an ACRONYM for 2 Title Paraphrase Connotation Attitude Shift Title Theme First, let s review some vocabulary:
REGIONAL DA VINCI DECATHLON 2018 CELEBRATING THE ACADEMIC GIFTS OF STUDENTS IN YEARS 9 & 10 ENGLISH ANSWERS TEAM NUMBER 1 2 3a 3b 4 5 6 Total Rank /10 /10 /10 /10 /15 /10 /35 /100 1 ACTIVITY ONE: SPELLING
Language Arts Literary Terms Shires Memorize each set of 10 literary terms from the Literary Terms Handbook, at the back of the Green Freshman Language Arts textbook. We will have a literary terms test
Sixth Grade 101 LA Facts to Know 1. ALLITERATION: Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginnings of words and within words as well. Alliteration is used to create melody, establish mood, call attention
POETRY LITERARY DEVICES IN POETRY FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Figurative Language is the use of words outside of their literal or usual meaning to add beauty or force. It is characterized by the use of similes
Poetic Devices Poetic Devices and Terms to Know Alliteration repetition of consonant sounds Assonance repetition of vowel sounds Allusion reference in a poem to another famous literary work, event, idea,
Poetry Student Name Sophomore English Teacher s Name Current Date Poetry Index Instructions and Vocabulary Library Research Five Poems Analyzed Works Cited Oral Interpretation PowerPoint Sample Writings
THE POET S DICTIONARY of Poetic Devices WHAT IS POETRY? Poetry is the kind of thing poets write. Robert Frost Man, if you gotta ask, you ll never know. Louis Armstrong POETRY A literary form that combines
Grade 7: RL Standards RL1 Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. RL2 Determine a theme or central idea of
FRANKLIN-SIMPSON HIGH SCHOOL Course Name: English 9 Unit Name: Poetry Quality Core Objectives: Unit 4 Poetry A.2. Reading Strategies A.3. Knowledge of Literary and Nonliterary Forms A.5. Author s Voice
tech-up with Focused Poetry With Beverly Flance, Staci Weber, & Donna Brown Contact Information: Donna Brown email@example.com @DonnaBr105 Staci Weber firstname.lastname@example.org @Sara_Staci Beverly Flance email@example.com
Poetic devices checklist Make sure you have a thorough understanding of the poetic devices below and identify where they are used in the poems in your anthology. This will help you gain maximum marks across
Poetic Terms Poetic Elements Literal Language uses words in their ordinary sense the opposite of figurative language Example: If you tell someone standing on a diving board to jump, you are speaking literally.
7 th -8 th Grade Academic Content Standards for English Language Arts Standard: Reading Applications: Literary Text 1.Identify and explain various types of characters (e.g., flat, round, dynamic, static)
Hyperbole Metaphor Crossword Free PDF ebook Download: Hyperbole Metaphor Crossword Download or Read Online ebook alliteration hyperbole metaphor crossword in PDF Format From The Best User Guide Database
8.2a-h Topic the main idea of a presentation 8.2a-h Body Language Persuasion Mass Media the use of facial expressions, eye contact, gestures, posture, and movement to communicate a feeling or an idea writing
Elements of Poetry and Drama Instructions Get out your Writer s Notebook and do the following: Write The Elements of Poetry and Drama Notes at the top of the page. Take notes as we review some important
Main idea / Major idea Comprehension 01 The gist of a passage, central thought; the chief topic of a passage expressed or implied in a word or phrase; a statement in sentence form which gives the stated
Poetry Vocabulary Poetry Poetry is literature that uses a few words to tell about ideas, feelings and paints a picture in the readers mind. Most poems were written to be read aloud. Poems may or may not
Poetry & Romeo and Juliet Objective: Engage with the themes and conflicts that drive the play into Act III. Unit 5 QW #4 Write about a time that someone insulted you or did something to intentionally bother
GLOSSARY OF TERMS Adages and Proverbs Adages and proverbs are traditional sayings about common experiences that are often repeated; for example, a penny saved is a penny earned. Alliteration Alliteration
AP Literature and Composition 2017 Summer Reading Assignment Required reading over the summer: How to Read Literature like a Professor by Thomas C. Foster Assignment: Read How to Read Literature like a
AP Lit & Comp 9/6 9/7 17 1. Reading check 2. Ode to Science TPCASST 3. Discuss Ode to Science 4. For next class Grab a half sheet of paper. If you missed class today, you ll need to come in and make this
When you approach an unseen poem, you need to look for a bit more than just what it is about, and not just state your first thoughts. If you remember to SMILE, you will have more confidence with the comments
Glossary of Literary Terms Alliteration Audience Blank Verse Character Conflict Climax Complications Context Dialogue Figurative Language Free Verse Flashback The repetition of initial consonant sounds.
Allusion brief, often direct reference to a person, place, event, work of art, literature, or music which the author assumes the reader will recognize Analogy a comparison of points of likeness between
Unit 1 Poetry 1-Types of Poems Sonnet-14 lines of iambic pentameter, with a specific rhyme scheme and intro/conclusion style. Ballad- A narrative poem with a refrain, usually about love, nature or an event
A central message or insight into life revealed by a literary work. MAIN IDEA The theme of a story, poem, or play, is usually not directly stated. Example: friendship, prejudice (subjects) A loyal friend
1 2 What We re Looking For: Poetry Analysis When we analyze a poem, there are three main categories we examine: 1. Content 2. Style 3. Theme & Evaluation 3 4 Content: When we examine the content of a poem,
The Second Coming: Intensive Poetry Study Monday, July 20, 2015 Poetry: The Key to Success on the Final Exam The ability to read an analyze poetry (including a passage from a play by Shakespeare) is essential.
Literary Terms 1. Allegory: a form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings that lie outside the narrative itself. Ex: Animal Farm is an
Name: Date: The Giver- Poem Task Description: The purpose of a free verse poem is not to disregard all traditional rules of poetry; instead, free verse is based on a poet s own rules of personal thought
7 th Grade Poetry Packet: Assigned Monday, May 9 th Due: Tuesday, May 24 th Over the next few weeks, you will review and learn some new terms related to poetry. You will look at different styles of poems
STAAR Reading Terms 6th Grade Group 1: 1. synonyms words that have similar meanings 2. antonyms - words that have opposite meanings 3. context clues - words, phrases, or sentences that help give meaning
Literary Term Vocabulary Lists [Longer definitions of many of these terms are in the other Literary Term Vocab Lists document and the Literary Terms and Figurative Language master document.] List A from
CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 Poem There are many branches of literary works as short stories, novels, poems, and dramas. All of them become the main discussion and teaching topics in school
AP Lit & Comp 9/17 9/18 18 1. G2: review M/C answers 2. Finish overall poetry tips 3. Ode to Science TPCASST 4. Discuss Ode to Science and All Watched Over By Machines of Loving Grace. 5. Discussion circle
All you ever wanted to know about literary terms and MORE!!! Literary Terms We will be using these literary terms throughout the school year. There WILL BE literary terms used on your EOC at the end of
Work in a group to look at one stanza from the poem. Read it through together and discuss your responses to the following questions. Make notes to share with the other groups. When you have finished, complete
Kindergarten LI.01 Listen, make connections, and respond to stories based on well-known characters, themes, plots, and settings. LI.02 Name some book titles and authors. LI.03 Demonstrate listening comprehension
6.3, 7.4, 8.4 Figurative Language: simile and hyperbole Figures of Speech: personification, simile, and hyperbole Figurative language: simile - figures of speech that use the words like or as to make comparisons
Analyzing Theme in Poetry Lesson Objective IWBAT: Determine the theme by analyzing 1 Essential Question How does a writer use words to convey a message? 2 Subject vs. Theme The Tortoise and the Hare Subject
Slide 1. Slide 2. Slide 3. Slide 4. Slide 5. Poetic Devices Glossary A comprehensive glossary can be found at: https://www.poetryfoundation.org/resources/learning/glossary-terms This list has been shortened
Literary Elements Allusion* brief, often direct reference to a person, place, event, work of art, literature, or music which the author assumes the reader will recognize Analogy Apostrophe* Characterization*
POETRY STUDY In this exercise, you ll review the literary terms used when discussing poetry and other forms of literature. Write all definitions in your notebook. Complete activity work on a separate sheet
Poetry Analysis Using TPCASTT Getting Started This is a process to help you organize your analysis of poetry. We have already learned the poetic devices and terms, now it s time to put it into practice!
Meaning in Poetry Use of Language DENOTATION The literal or dictionary meaning CONNOTATION The implied meaning in addition to the literal meaning Imagery The use of expressive or evocative images in poetry,
POINT OF VIEW NOTES Point of View: The person from whose eyes the story is being told (where you place the camera). Determining the Point of View of a Story: TEST 1: What PRONOUNS are mostly being used?
Read the following poem carefully once all of the way through. Then, read it again a second time and make notes in the margin as you read. Your notes will be part of your score and should include: Comments
How Do I Love Thee? Examining Word Choice, Tone, and Meaning in Poetry 1.1 Welcome Welcome to How Do I Love Thee? Examining Word Choice, Tone, and Meaning in Poetry. 1.2 Objectives By the end of this tutorial,
Sound Devices 1. alliteration (M) the repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of nearby words 2. assonance (I) the repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words 3. consonance (I) the repetition of
POETRY NOTES POETRY is ~ a type of literature that expresses ideas and feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas) ~ an imaginative awareness of experience expressed
Mark Scheme (Results) January 2016 Pearson Edexcel International GCSE in English Literature (4ET0) Paper 02 Edexcel Certificate in English Literature (KET0) Paper 02 Edexcel and BTEC Qualifications Edexcel
Created by: Date: Thank you for purchasing this poetry notebook template. I hope you enjoy using it with your students as much as I enjoyed creating it. The pages are notebook ready. There are lines for
STAAR Reading Terms 5th Grade Group 1: 1. synonyms words that have similar meanings 2. antonyms - words that have opposite meanings 3. context clues - words or phrases that help give meaning to unknown
Grade 7 Key Ideas and Details Online MCA: 23 34 items Paper MCA: 27 41 items Grade 7 Standard 1 Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific
Poetas y Pintores: Artists Conversing with Verse Middle School Integrated Curriculum visit Language Arts: Grades 6-8 Indiana Academic Standards Social Studies: Grades 6 & 8 Academic Standards. Visual Arts:
Wolmer s Boys School First Form English Literature Course Outline Easter Term 2019 Genre of Focus: Poetry Main Text A World of Poetry, Third Edition RATIONALE: The first form year of the secondary education
THE LANGUAGE ARTS MAGAZINE Name: Date: The Monkey s Paw SKILL: Back to Basics: Literary Elements and Devices Identifying the basic elements of a literary work helps you understand it better. Use this activity
Elements of Poetry By: Mrs. Howard Stanza A unit of lines grouped together Similar to a paragraph in prose Types of Patterns Couplet A stanza consisting of two lines that rhyme Quatrain A stanza consisting
How will I be assessed? Preparing for Year 9 GCSE Poetry Assessment Assessment Objectives AO1 AO2 AO3 Wording Read, understand and respond to texts. Students should be able to: maintain a critical style
UNIT PLAN Grade Level English II Unit #: 2 Unit Name: Poetry Big Idea/Theme: Poetry demonstrates literary devices to create meaning. Culminating Assessment: Examples: Research a poet and analyze his/her
Speaking to share understanding and information OV.1.10.1 Adjust oral language to audience and appropriately apply the rules of standard English OV.1.10.2 Prepare and participate in structured discussions,
Illinois Standards Alignment Grades Three through Eleven Trademark of Renaissance Learning, Inc., and its subsidiaries, registered, common law, or pending registration in the United States and other countries.
Page 1 of 9 Glossary of Literary Terms allegory A fictional text in which ideas are personified, and a story is told to express some general truth. alliteration Repetition of sounds at the beginning of
a story or visual image with a second distinct meaning partially hidden behind it literal or visible meaning Allegory the repetition of the same sounds- usually initial consonant sounds Alliteration an
Poetry Terms Alliteration: The repetition of sounds in a group of words as in Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers. Allusion: A reference to a person, place, or thing--often literary, mythological,
HPISD CURRICULUM (ENGLISH I PRE-AP, GRADE 9) EST. NUMBER OF DAYS: 3RD 6 WEEKS UNIT NAME Unit Overview Generalizations/Enduring Understandings Concepts Guiding/Essential Questions REVENGE AND REDEMPTION
BIG Final Review Revolutionary Period 1750-1800 Patrick Henry: Speech in the Virginia Convention Thomas Paine: The Crisis Personal Appeals: Personal Appeals: Ethos Personal Appeals: Ethos Pathos Personal
Grade 6 Key Ideas and Details Online MCA: 23 34 items Paper MCA: 27 41 items Grade 6 Standard 1 Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific
Act Two Literature Focus Free PDF ebook Download: Act Two Literature Focus Download or Read Online ebook act two literature focus figurative language in PDF Format From The Best User Guide Database Standards
For Scared Free PDF ebook Download: For Scared Download or Read Online ebook alliteration for scared in PDF Format From The Best User Guide Database Mar 1, 2014 - -drawing what we are scared of. Dramatic
alliteration The repetition of the same sounds at the beginning of two or more adjacent words or stressed syllables (e.g., furrow followed free in Coleridge s The Rime of the Ancient Mariner). allusion
Glossary to the Assessment Anchor & Eligible Content The Keystone Glossary includes terms and definitions associated with the Keystone Assessment Anchors and Eligible Content. The terms and definitions
Literary Terms We will be using these literary terms throughout the school year. You need to keep up with your notes. Don t t lose your terms! You might be able to use them be RESPONSIBLE!! We will use
Poetry Revision Junior Cycle 2017 Learning Intentions: 1. To explore a range of possible comparisons / contrasts in studied novels 2. To revise poetic techniques 3. To review 10 poems from Junior Cycle
Standard 3: Reading: K-8 LITERARY RESPONSE AND ANALYSIS: Response to Literary texts from a range of stances: Interpretive, Critical, Personal Understanding(s): Students will understand that Language processes
Essay notes Coherence The smooth and effective transition from one idea or concept to another, from one sentence or paragraph to another. ie. It means arranging ideas in a logical order and showing the
Arkansas Learning s (Grade 12) This chart correlates the Arkansas Learning s to the chapters of The Essential Guide to Language, Writing, and Literature, Blue Level. IR.12.12.10 Interpreting and presenting
The Renaissance Theatre & William Shakespeare Eng IV MacBeth & Hamlet Mrs. Shirey William Shakespeare Biographical Information: Baptism April 26, 1564 -- no known birth-date Born in Stratford-upon-Avon
Poetry WRITING Content Being able to creatively write poetry is an art form in every language. This lesson will introduce you to writing poetry in English including free verse and form poetry. Learning