The Classical Period

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Classical Period"

Transcription

1 The Classical Period

2 How to use this presentation Read through all the information on each page. When you see the loudspeaker icon click on it to hear a musical example of the concept described in the slide. Make sure you listen to the entire example. Move between pages by clicking the arrows on the bottom left of each page. Do not click the RETURN TO CHART links until you have gone through the whole presentation. Towards the end of the presentation you will find a chart with shortcuts to each of the topics covered. Once revised follow the link at the bottom of the last page of the section to return to the chart. If you have Internet access you will be able to use the page at the end of the presentation which has hyperlinks to various useful websites that will help with your study of this and other topics..use them!

3 The Classical Period We usually think of Classical music as music which is not pop ; but to musicians, Classical with a capital C means something much more precise. It refers to music written approximately between 1750 and Example of the Classical style RETURN TO CHART

4 The Classical Period contd. Around 1750 composers began to react against the contrapuntal, ornamented style associated with the Baroque period (approximately ) They started to develop a style which was lighter and more homophonic in texture. This became known as the Classical Style and lasted until roughly Example of the Classical style

5 Characteristics of the Classical Style Usually homophonic in texture, often with a melody and chordal accompaniment. Polished and elegant character with a perfect balance between expressiveness and structure. Shorter melodies than the Baroque period with clear cut phrases and definite cadences. The use of a number of themes and emotions within a piece. Baroque music tends to have one mood throughout. Example of the Classical style

6 Characteristics of the Classical Style contd. Changes of harmony became slower. e.g. Baroque composers often change chord every beat, whereas Classical composers like Mozart and Haydn often leave the same chord for up to 4 bars. The harpsichord is replaced by the piano with not as much use of continuo in orchestral music. Classical piano music was often light and thin in texture; and a prominent accompanying feature was often the Alberti Bass. Example of Classical Piano music X HARPSICHORD IN PIANO RETURN TO CHART

7 The Classical Orchestra The Classical orchestra, which had started to take shape during the Baroque period now began to grow. The harpsichord continuo is not used as much; and the woodwind section expands.

8 The Classical Orchestra contd. Strings violins, violas, cellos, double basses Woodwind 1-2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons Brass 2 trumpets, 2 horns Percussion 2 kettle drums Example of the Classical Orchestra RETURN TO CHART

9 Form in the Classical period Form in the Classical Period took shape in various ways including: Binary Form Ternary Form Minuet and Trio Sonata Form Theme and Variations Rondo Form

10 Binary Form Music in Binary Form consists of music with two different sections (AB). (Like a piece of cheese on toast) Example of Binary Form RETURN TO CHART

11 Ternary Form Music in Ternary Form consists of three sections (ABA) where the first and third sections are the same. (Like a sandwich with only one filling) Example of Ternary Form RETURN TO CHART

12 Minuet and Trio The Minuet is a graceful French dance with 3 beats in a bar. The Minuet originated in the Baroque period. In the Classical period a second minuet called a Trio was added to lengthen the composition. The Minuet and Trio is in ternary form. A MINUET B TRIO A MINUET Example of a Minuet and Trio RETURN TO CHART

13 Sonata Form As we have already discovered, the Classical composers loved precision and order, and writing pieces to particular plans or patterns. The Classical composers already had binary and ternary form to work on, and they developed these into a larger form called Sonata Form which consisted of 3 sections. Exposition The main tune or subjects are played for the 1st time. There are usually two subjects. Development The composer develops or changes the subjects in different ways with frequent modulations. Example of Sonata Form Recapitulation The subjects are played again with the 2nd subject in the tonic key. RETURN TO CHART

14 Theme and Variation Theme and Variation Form is one of the oldest musical forms and has remained a favourite form up to the present day. Composers such as Haydn and Mozart used this form during the Classical period. The composer first presents a tune, called a Theme in a simple way. Then he/she builds up the music by repeating the Theme as many times as he/she likes, but each time varying it altering or disguising it in different ways.

15 Theme and Variation contd. Theme and Variation: Theme Variation 1 Variation 2 Variation 3 There are countless ways in which a theme may be varied: Decorating the theme with ornaments Changing the harmony Changing the rhythm, time signature or tempo Using inversion, augmentation and diminution Using modulation (major or minor) Changing the instrumentation Using imitation or canon Example of Theme and Variation Form RETURN TO CHART

16 Rondo Form A Rondo is a piece in which the same tune (theme) keeps coming back again and again and again and again! In between the main theme, there are contrasting sections. A simple way of remembering Rondo Form is to think of it as A B A C A etc. A Theme B Contrasting Section A Theme C Contrasting Section A Theme etc. Example of Rondo Form RETURN TO CHART

17 The Symphony Having developed new forms for their compositions, the Classical composers decided to move on to greater things and began to put these new forms together to make bigger pieces. The result was the Symphony. Example of the Classical Symphony

18 The Symphony contd. A Symphony is a large work for orchestra, usually in 4 movements (sections) with a break in between each. The movements contrast with each other in Form, Tempo and Character. In the Classical Period, the movements were normally Fast, Slow, Minuet and Trio, Fast.

19 The Symphony contd. MOVEMENT 1 Fast MOVEMENT 2 Slow MOVEMENT 3 Minuet & Trio MOVEMENT 4 Fast RETURN TO CHART

20 The Classical Concerto The Classical Concerto used a solo instrument accompanied by an orchestra, and was written in 3 movements: Fast Slow Fast. Example of the Classical Concerto MOVEMENT 1 Fast MOVEMENT 2 Slow MOVEMENT 3 Fast

21 The Classical Concerto contd. Towards the end of the first movement of the Concerto, there would be a Cadenza. This is where the Soloist gets the opportunity to show off their ability or skill on the instrument. The Cadenza is unaccompanied, and sometimes improvised. Example of a Cadenza RETURN TO CHART

22 Opera and Oratorio As we know, the Baroque composers had already established Opera and Oratorio. The Classical composers stamped their own style on these forms. Still using Arias, Recitatives and Choruses, the Classical composers Operas had lively characters and complicated plots.

23 Opera and Oratorio contd. Both their Operas and Oratorios used a bigger classical orchestra and had all of the characteristics of the Classical style. Mozart and Haydn wrote many famous Operas and Oratorios. Famous operas by Mozart include: The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni and the Cosi Fan Tutti. Example of Classical Opera MOZART

24 Opera and Oratorio contd. In addition to the Soprano, Alto, Tenor and Bass voices that were used in opera during the Classical period Coloratura Soprano became popular with some composers. A Coloratura Soprano sang in a high and florid style that often featured lots of scales, runs and ornaments. These passages were sometimes written down by the composer but a gifted performer would often extemporise the passage. Example of Coloratura Soprano RETURN TO CHART

25 Chamber Music Chamber Music is music written for a small group of solo musicians, and intended to be played in a room (chamber), rather than a large hall. The most popular type of chamber music is the String Quartet, and was especially popular during the Classical Period. The Classical composer Haydn enjoyed composing for String Quartet: he wrote 68 of them. Example of Classical Chamber Music RETURN TO CHART

26 Classical Music Chart Click on the links below to go to that topic Classical Period Classical style Classical Orchestra Binary Form Ternary Form Minuet and Trio Sonata Form Theme and Variations Rondo Form Symphony Concerto Opera & Oratorio Coloratura Passion Chamber Music

27 Can t get enough? Click on the links below to visit these useful Websites Liberton High School Music Department - Revision Essentials of Music - Medieval - 20th Century Classical Music Education Sites

28 The Classical Period

OCR GCSE (9-1) MUSIC TOPIC EXPLORATION PACK - THE CONCERTO THROUGH TIME

OCR GCSE (9-1) MUSIC TOPIC EXPLORATION PACK - THE CONCERTO THROUGH TIME OCR GCSE (9-1) MUSIC TOPIC EXPLORATION PACK - THE CONCERTO THROUGH TIME Abstract [Draw your reader in with an engaging abstract. It is typically a short summary of the document. When you re ready to add

More information

MUSIC OF THE BAROQUE PERIOD

MUSIC OF THE BAROQUE PERIOD MUSIC OF THE BAROQUE PERIOD 1600-1750 How to use this presentation Read through all the information on each page. When you see the loudspeaker icon click on it to hear a musical example of the concept

More information

3 against 2. Acciaccatura. Added 6th. Augmentation. Basso continuo

3 against 2. Acciaccatura. Added 6th. Augmentation. Basso continuo 3 against 2 Acciaccatura One line of music may be playing quavers in groups of two whilst at the same time another line of music will be playing triplets. Other note values can be similarly used. An ornament

More information

Unit Outcome Assessment Standards 1.1 & 1.3

Unit Outcome Assessment Standards 1.1 & 1.3 Understanding Music Unit Outcome Assessment Standards 1.1 & 1.3 By the end of this unit you will be able to recognise and identify musical concepts and styles from The Classical Era. Learning Intention

More information

The Classical Period-Notes

The Classical Period-Notes The Classical Period-Notes The Classical period lasted from approximately 1750 1810. This was a fairly brief period but contains the work of three of the greatest composers of all time. They were... Joseph

More information

Tonality Tonality is how the piece sounds. The most common types of tonality are major & minor these are tonal and have a the sense of a fixed key.

Tonality Tonality is how the piece sounds. The most common types of tonality are major & minor these are tonal and have a the sense of a fixed key. Name: Class: Ostinato An ostinato is a repeated pattern of notes or phrased used within classical music. It can be a repeated melodic phrase or rhythmic pattern. Look below at the musical example below

More information

The Baroque Period. Better known today as the scales of.. A Minor(now with a #7 th note) From this time onwards the Major and Minor Key System ruled.

The Baroque Period. Better known today as the scales of.. A Minor(now with a #7 th note) From this time onwards the Major and Minor Key System ruled. The Baroque Period The Baroque period lasted from approximately 1600 1750 The word Baroque is used to describes the highly ornamented style of fashion, art, architecture and, of course Music. It was during

More information

rhinegold education: subject to endorsement by ocr Mozart: Clarinet Concerto in A, K. 622, first movement Context Scores AS PRESCRIBED WORK 2017

rhinegold education: subject to endorsement by ocr Mozart: Clarinet Concerto in A, K. 622, first movement Context Scores AS PRESCRIBED WORK 2017 94 AS/A LEVEL MUSIC STUDY GUIDE AS PRESCRIBED WORK 2017 Mozart: Clarinet Concerto in A, K. 622, first movement Composed in 1791 (Mozart s last instrumental work, two months before he died), dedicated to

More information

Theme and Variations

Theme and Variations Sonata Form Grew out of the Baroque binary dance form. Binary A B Rounded Binary A B A Sonata Form A B development A B Typically, the sonata form has the following primary elements: Exposition: This presents

More information

Sgoil Lionacleit. Advanced Higher Music Revision

Sgoil Lionacleit. Advanced Higher Music Revision Sgoil Lionacleit Advanced Higher Music Revision Useful links: http://www.dunblanehsmusic.co.uk/sqa-past-papers.html http://www.educationscotland.gov.uk/nqmusic/advancedhigher/allconcepts.as p HIGHER http://files.snacktools.com/iframes/files.edu.flipsnack.com/iframe/embed.html?hash=fzk52nj1&wmode=opaque&forcewidget=1&t=1457730457

More information

Year 7 revision booklet 2017

Year 7 revision booklet 2017 Year 7 revision booklet 2017 Woodkirk Academy Music Department Name Form Dynamics How loud or quiet the music is Key Word Symbol Definition Pianissimo PP Very Quiet Piano P Quiet Forte F Loud Fortissimo

More information

Bite-Sized Music Lessons

Bite-Sized Music Lessons Bite-Sized Music Lessons A series of F-10 music lessons for implementation in the classroom Conditions of use These Materials are freely available for download and educational use. These resources were

More information

Chapter 13. Key Terms. The Symphony. II Slow Movement. I Opening Movement. Movements of the Symphony. The Symphony

Chapter 13. Key Terms. The Symphony. II Slow Movement. I Opening Movement. Movements of the Symphony. The Symphony Chapter 13 Key Terms The Symphony Symphony Sonata form Exposition First theme Bridge Second group Second theme Cadence theme Development Recapitulation Coda Fragmentation Retransition Theme and variations

More information

Haydn: Symphony No. 101 second movement, The Clock Listening Exam Section B: Study Pieces

Haydn: Symphony No. 101 second movement, The Clock Listening Exam Section B: Study Pieces Haydn: Symphony No. 101 second movement, The Clock Listening Exam Section B: Study Pieces AQA Specimen paper: 2 Rhinegold Listening tests book: 4 Renaissance Practice Paper 1: 6 Renaissance Practice Paper

More information

Stylistic features Antonio Vivaldi: Concerto in D minor, Op. 3 No. 11

Stylistic features Antonio Vivaldi: Concerto in D minor, Op. 3 No. 11 Stylistic features Antonio Vivaldi: Concerto in D minor, Op. 3 No. 11 Piece Structure Tonality Organisation of Pitch Antonio Vivaldi 1678-1741 Concerto in D minor, Op. 3 No. 11 See separate table for details

More information

Chapter 13. The Symphony

Chapter 13. The Symphony Chapter 13 The Symphony!1 Key Terms symphony sonata form exposition first theme bridge second group second theme cadence theme development retransition recapitulation coda fragmentation theme

More information

2018 Music. Advanced Higher. Finalised Marking Instructions

2018 Music. Advanced Higher. Finalised Marking Instructions National Qualifications 2018 2018 Music Advanced Higher Finalised Marking Instructions Scottish Qualifications Authority 2018 The information in this publication may be reproduced to support SQA qualifications

More information

The Classical Period (1825)

The Classical Period (1825) The Classical Period 1750-1820 (1825) 1 Historical Themes Industrial Revolution Age of Enlightenment Violent political and social upheaval Culture 2 Industrial Revolution Steam engine changed the nature

More information

Classical Time Period

Classical Time Period Classical Time Period 1750-1825 Return to Greek ideas General Characteristics Expanded middle class Conflict between classes Age of the enlightenment-used reason to reform society Patronage system-support

More information

Simple time Has 2, 3 or 4 as number of beats in a bar (top number of time signature)

Simple time Has 2, 3 or 4 as number of beats in a bar (top number of time signature) AoS Rhythm & Metre Rhythm The combination and pattern of sounds around the beat Metre The pattern of the beats Can be regular, irregular or free Triplets 3 notes played where 2 notes should be. Time signature

More information

Ragtime wordsearch. Activity SYNCOPATED B T S A D E T N E C C A G E M F AMERICA Y N O M R A H T N A N I M O D Z SCOTT JOPLIN

Ragtime wordsearch. Activity SYNCOPATED B T S A D E T N E C C A G E M F AMERICA Y N O M R A H T N A N I M O D Z SCOTT JOPLIN page 9 Activity Ragtime wordsearch SYNCOPATED AMERICA SCOTT JOPLIN THEMES RECAPITULATION TONIC HARMONY DOMINANT HARMONY ACCENTED ACCOMPANIMENT THE ENTERTAINER MAPLE LEAF B T S A D E T N E C C A G E M F

More information

Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). All rights reserved. NES, the NES logo, Pearson, the Pearson logo, and National

Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). All rights reserved. NES, the NES logo, Pearson, the Pearson logo, and National Music (504) NES, the NES logo, Pearson, the Pearson logo, and National Evaluation Series are trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries of Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s). NES Profile: Music

More information

The Baroque Period: The Romantic Era: th & 21st Century Classical Music: 1900-Present day. Course work and revision materials

The Baroque Period: The Romantic Era: th & 21st Century Classical Music: 1900-Present day. Course work and revision materials Course work and revision materials The Baroque Period:1600-1750 The Romantic Era: 1810-1900 20th & 21st Century Classical Music: 1900-Present day www.creativeartsmusic.wordpress.com Name:... Class:...

More information

Haydn: London Symphony, No.104

Haydn: London Symphony, No.104 MOVEMENT 2 During the Classical era in music, second movements in a symphony were the slow movements, generally labelled Adagio, Largo or Andante. They would be in a key other than the tonic, so as to

More information

Western Classical Tradition. The concerto

Western Classical Tradition. The concerto Western Classical Tradition The concerto Classical! The word classical is often used in a general way to refer to any music that is not pop music! However, the term also has a more precise meaning, and

More information

7. Stravinsky. Pulcinella Suite: Sinfonia, Gavotta and Vivo

7. Stravinsky. Pulcinella Suite: Sinfonia, Gavotta and Vivo 7. Stravinsky Pulcinella Suite: Sinfonia, Gavotta and Vivo (For Unit 6: Further Musical Understanding) Background information and performance circumstances The Russian composer, Igor Stravinsky wrote the

More information

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education. Published

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education. Published Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education MUSIC 040/ Paper Listening MARK SCHEME Maximum Mark: 70 Published This mark scheme is published as

More information

Vivaldi: Concerto in D minor, Op. 3 No. 11 (for component 3: Appraising)

Vivaldi: Concerto in D minor, Op. 3 No. 11 (for component 3: Appraising) Vivaldi: Concerto in D minor, Op. 3 No. 11 (for component 3: Appraising) Background information and performance circumstances Antonio Vivaldi (1678 1741) was a leading Italian composer of the Baroque period.

More information

Syllabus List. Beaming. Cadences. Chords. Report selections. ( Syllabus: AP* Music Theory ) Acoustic Grand Piano. Acoustic Snare. Metronome beat sound

Syllabus List. Beaming. Cadences. Chords. Report selections. ( Syllabus: AP* Music Theory ) Acoustic Grand Piano. Acoustic Snare. Metronome beat sound Report selections Syllabus List Syllabus: AP* Music Theory SYLLABUS AP* Music Theory AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse,

More information

Elements of Music. How can we tell music from other sounds?

Elements of Music. How can we tell music from other sounds? Elements of Music How can we tell music from other sounds? Sound begins with the vibration of an object. The vibrations are transmitted to our ears by a medium usually air. As a result of the vibrations,

More information

=Causeway Performing Arts= GCSE Music AoS 2: Shared Music (vol.3) CLASSICAL CONCERTO. in conjunction with

=Causeway Performing Arts= GCSE Music AoS 2: Shared Music (vol.3) CLASSICAL CONCERTO. in conjunction with =Causeway Performing rts= GCSE Music os 2: Shared Music (vol.3) CLSSICL CONCERTO in conjunction with www.musicdepartment.info THE CLSSICL CONCERTO The Classical period lasted from about 1750-1820. Composers

More information

7:43 7:50 Development of theme A strings (sequence of A in low strings) with woodwind interjection

7:43 7:50 Development of theme A strings (sequence of A in low strings) with woodwind interjection LB-51: First Nights A. Allen, Fall 2006 Hector Berlioz, Symphonie fantastique Listening Guide Recordings refer to John Eliot Gardiner / Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique (Gard.) and Roger Norrington

More information

GCSE Music Revision Guide Edexcel Music. Name... Class... LG...

GCSE Music Revision Guide Edexcel Music. Name... Class... LG... GCSE Music Revision Guide Edexcel Music Name... Class... LG... Contents Success criteria...3 Area of Study 1- facts...4 Handel...5 Mozart...6 Chopin...7 Area of Study 2- facts...8 Schoenberg...9 Bernstein...10

More information

0410 MUSIC. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for Teachers.

0410 MUSIC. Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner Report for Teachers. CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2014 series 0410 MUSIC 0410/13 Paper 1 (Listening), maximum raw mark 70 This mark

More information

Music Curriculum Glossary

Music Curriculum Glossary Acappella AB form ABA form Accent Accompaniment Analyze Arrangement Articulation Band Bass clef Beat Body percussion Bordun (drone) Brass family Canon Chant Chart Chord Chord progression Coda Color parts

More information

0410 MUSIC 0410/01 Paper 1 (Unprepared Listening), maximum raw mark 60

0410 MUSIC 0410/01 Paper 1 (Unprepared Listening), maximum raw mark 60 UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2009 question paper for the guidance of teachers 0410 MUSIC 0410/01

More information

Music Study Guide. Moore Public Schools. Definitions of Musical Terms

Music Study Guide. Moore Public Schools. Definitions of Musical Terms Music Study Guide Moore Public Schools Definitions of Musical Terms 1. Elements of Music: the basic building blocks of music 2. Rhythm: comprised of the interplay of beat, duration, and tempo 3. Beat:

More information

AS MUSIC Influences on Music

AS MUSIC Influences on Music Please write clearly in block capitals. Centre number Candidate number Surname Forename(s) Candidate signature AS MUSIC Unit 1 Influences on Music Monday 23 May 2016 Morning Time allowed: 1 hour 45 minutes

More information

Exam 2 MUS 101 (CSUDH) MUS4 (Chaffey) Dr. Mann Spring 2018 KEY

Exam 2 MUS 101 (CSUDH) MUS4 (Chaffey) Dr. Mann Spring 2018 KEY Provide the best possible answer to each question: Chapter 20: Voicing the Virgin: Cozzolani and Italian Baroque Sacred Music 1. Which of the following was a reason that a woman would join a convent during

More information

CHAPTER 1 ANTONIN DVORAK S SERENADE IN D MINOR, OP. 44, B.77. Czech composer, Antonin Dvořák is well known for his orchestral repertoire.

CHAPTER 1 ANTONIN DVORAK S SERENADE IN D MINOR, OP. 44, B.77. Czech composer, Antonin Dvořák is well known for his orchestral repertoire. 1 CHAPTER 1 ANTONIN DVORAK S SERENADE IN D MINOR, OP. 44, B.77 Czech composer, Antonin Dvořák is well known for his orchestral repertoire. His works encompass a variety of genres including, but not limited

More information

Any valid description of word painting as heard in the excerpt. Must link text with musical feature. e.g

Any valid description of word painting as heard in the excerpt. Must link text with musical feature. e.g LC Music 006 Marking Scheme Listening - Higher level - core A Movement / Tenor aria Tenor Flute; Cello; Organ + + 7 B X = Quaver rest. Y = Crotchet rest. Rests to be inserted on score. Perfect cadence

More information

Romantic is a term used to describe the music and art that was created from about 1810 to 1900.

Romantic is a term used to describe the music and art that was created from about 1810 to 1900. 1810-1900 Romantic is a term used to describe the music and art that was created from about 1810 to 1900. Romantic composers aimed to express more emotion in their music and looked for a greater freedom

More information

17. Beethoven. Septet in E flat, Op. 20: movement I

17. Beethoven. Septet in E flat, Op. 20: movement I 17. Beethoven Septet in, Op. 20: movement I (For Unit 6: Further Musical understanding) Background information Ludwig van Beethoven was born in 1770 in Bonn, but spent most of his life in Vienna and studied

More information

Leaving Certificate 2013

Leaving Certificate 2013 Coimisiún na Scrúduithe Stáit State Examinations Commission Leaving Certificate 03 Marking Scheme Music Higher Level Note to teachers and students on the use of published marking schemes Marking schemes

More information

L van Beethoven: 1st Movement from Piano Sonata no. 8 in C minor Pathétique (for component 3: Appraising)

L van Beethoven: 1st Movement from Piano Sonata no. 8 in C minor Pathétique (for component 3: Appraising) L van Beethoven: 1st Movement from Piano Sonata no. 8 in C minor Pathétique (for component 3: Appraising) Background information and performance circumstances The composer Ludwig van Beethoven was born

More information

How to Write about Music: Vocabulary, Usages, and Conventions

How to Write about Music: Vocabulary, Usages, and Conventions How to Write about Music: Vocabulary, Usages, and Conventions Some Basic Performance Vocabulary Here are a few terms you will need to use in discussing musical performances; surprisingly, some of these

More information

Active learning will develop attitudes, knowledge, and performance skills which help students perceive and respond to the power of music as an art.

Active learning will develop attitudes, knowledge, and performance skills which help students perceive and respond to the power of music as an art. Music Music education is an integral part of aesthetic experiences and, by its very nature, an interdisciplinary study which enables students to develop sensitivities to life and culture. Active learning

More information

Stephen Schwartz Defying Gravity (from Wicked) Name: PLC. score

Stephen Schwartz Defying Gravity (from Wicked) Name: PLC. score Stephen Schwartz Defying Gravity (from Wicked) I know the plot of Wicked and how the song fits into the musical I can describe the setting of the words, and understand vocables I can identify how the voices

More information

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certifi cate of Secondary Education

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certifi cate of Secondary Education Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certifi cate of Secondary Education MUSIC 040/0 Paper Listening For examination from 05 MARK SCHEME Maximum Mark: 70 Specimen The syllabus

More information

The Elements of Music. A. Gabriele

The Elements of Music. A. Gabriele The Elements of Music A. Gabriele Rhythm Melody Harmony Texture Timbre Dynamics Form The 7 Elements Rhythm Rhythm represents the element of time in music. When you tap your foot, you are moving to the

More information

FACULTY OF PERFORMING ARTS. Higher. Understanding Music. Listening Package. Name. Understanding Music - Higher DMG:2017 RA 1

FACULTY OF PERFORMING ARTS. Higher. Understanding Music. Listening Package. Name. Understanding Music - Higher DMG:2017 RA 1 FACULTY OF PERFORMING ARTS Higher Understanding Music Listening Package Name Understanding Music - Higher DMG:2017 RA 1 HIGHER LISTENING In this booklet you will find a step by step guide to the listening

More information

29 Music CO-SG-FLD Program for Licensing Assessments for Colorado Educators

29 Music CO-SG-FLD Program for Licensing Assessments for Colorado Educators 29 Music CO-SG-FLD029-02 Program for Licensing Assessments for Colorado Educators Readers should be advised that this study guide, including many of the excerpts used herein, is protected by federal copyright

More information

The Baroque Period: A.D

The Baroque Period: A.D The Baroque Period: 1600-1750 A.D What is the Baroque Era? The Baroque era was a time in history where much of what we know about our surroundings are being discovered. There is more focus on the human

More information

The tempo MUSICAL APPRECIATIONS MUSICAL APPRECIATION SHEET 1. slow. Can you hear which is which? Write a tick ( ) in the PIECES OF MUSIC

The tempo MUSICAL APPRECIATIONS MUSICAL APPRECIATION SHEET 1. slow. Can you hear which is which? Write a tick ( ) in the PIECES OF MUSIC NAME: SCHOOL NAME: YEAR: DATE: MUSICAL APPRECIATION SHEET 1. The tempo & ARE YOU LISTENING? You ll hear some pieces of music that are fast and some are slow. Can you hear which is which? Write a tick ()

More information

Music Theory. Fine Arts Curriculum Framework. Revised 2008

Music Theory. Fine Arts Curriculum Framework. Revised 2008 Music Theory Fine Arts Curriculum Framework Revised 2008 Course Title: Music Theory Course/Unit Credit: 1 Course Number: Teacher Licensure: Grades: 9-12 Music Theory Music Theory is a two-semester course

More information

PULCINELLA SUITE: SINFONIA, GAVOTTA, VIVO. Stravinsky

PULCINELLA SUITE: SINFONIA, GAVOTTA, VIVO. Stravinsky PULCINELLA SUITE: SINFONIA, GAVOTTA, VIVO Stravinsky CONTEXT Drama expressed through dance ballet Developed in French Court in 17 th Century Great Russian Ballets 19 th Century, composers such as Tchaikovsky

More information

MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2011 question paper for the guidance of teachers 0410 MUSIC

MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2011 question paper for the guidance of teachers 0410 MUSIC UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education www.xtremepapers.com MARK SCHEME for the May/June 2011 question paper for the guidance of teachers

More information

3. Berlioz Harold in Italy: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding)

3. Berlioz Harold in Italy: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding) 3. Berlioz Harold in Italy: movement III (for Unit 3: Developing Musical Understanding) Background information Biography Berlioz was born in 1803 in La Côte Saint-André, a small town between Lyon and Grenoble

More information

Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 Mvmt 3

Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 Mvmt 3 Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 Mvmt 3 Key words 1) Instrumentation and Sonority 2) Structure 3) Tonality 4) Harmony 5) Rhythm, Metre and Tempo 6) Melody 7) Texture At the top of your Bach Score write each

More information

Lasted from approximately 1775 to 1825.

Lasted from approximately 1775 to 1825. 1730-1820 Lasted from approximately 1775 to 1825. Lasted from approximately 1775 to 1825. The name Classical is applied to the time period. People were taking an interest in the classical artistic and

More information

Chapter 14. Other Classical Genres

Chapter 14. Other Classical Genres Chapter 14 Other Classical Genres Key Terms Sonata Fortepiano Rondo Classical concerto Double-exposition form Orchestra exposition Solo exposition Cadenza String quartet Chamber music Opera buffa Ensemble

More information

Mu 110: Introduction to Music

Mu 110: Introduction to Music Attendance/Reading Quiz! Mu 110: Introduction to Music Instructor: Dr. Alice Jones Queensborough Community College Fall 2017 Sections J2 (Tuesdays 3:10-6) and C3A (Wednesdays 9:10-12) Recap Employment

More information

Lyndhurst High School Music Appreciation

Lyndhurst High School Music Appreciation 1.1.12.B.1, 1.3.12.B.3, 1.3.12.B.4, 1.4.12.B.3 What is? What is beat? What is rhythm? Emotional Connection Note duration, rest duration, time signatures, bar lines, measures, tempo connection of emotion

More information

Wes-Boland Eisteddfod

Wes-Boland Eisteddfod Wes-Boland Eisteddfod MUSIC GENERAL RULES AND CONDITIONS FOR MUSIC CATEGORIES: 1. A participant may enter for his/her own school grade, or higher. 2. No participant may present a piece of which he/she

More information

Tempo this means the speed of the music, how fast (Presto) or slow (Lento) it is.

Tempo this means the speed of the music, how fast (Presto) or slow (Lento) it is. Year 8 - Revision Elements of Music The most important elements of music are dynamics, tempo, pitch, timbre, duration, texture and structure. These elements help us to create contrast in our music so that

More information

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM

ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM ILLINOIS LICENSURE TESTING SYSTEM FIELD 143: MUSIC November 2003 Illinois Licensure Testing System FIELD 143: MUSIC November 2003 Subarea Range of Objectives I. Listening Skills 01 05 II. Music Theory

More information

A cadence is a harmonic formula used to end a musical (sub)phrase. We distinguish:

A cadence is a harmonic formula used to end a musical (sub)phrase. We distinguish: Cadences A cadence is a harmonic formula used to end a musical (sub)phrase. We distinguish: the authentic cadence: ends with V - I (dominant going to tonic); two subtypes: the perfect authentic cadence

More information

NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE 12

NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE 12 NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE 12 MUSIC P2 NOVEMBER 2014 MEMORANDUM MARKS: 30 This memorandum consists of 22 pages. Music/P2 2 DBE/November 2014 INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION 1. This question paper consists

More information

WESTERN CLASSICAL MUSIC, Western Classical Music,

WESTERN CLASSICAL MUSIC, Western Classical Music, FACTFILE: GCSE MUSIC WESTERN Western Classical Music, 1600 1910 Baroque Period 1600 1750 Features of the Style Long melodies are based on triads, scales and arpeggios. Ornamentation: trills are often found

More information

rhinegold education: subject to endorsement by ocr Beethoven: Symphony No. 3 in Eb, Op. 55, Eroica, first movement

rhinegold education: subject to endorsement by ocr Beethoven: Symphony No. 3 in Eb, Op. 55, Eroica, first movement 80 AS/A LEVEL MUSIC STUDY GUIDE Mozart: Symphony No. 41 in C, K. 551 Jupiter Composed in 1788 in Vienna It is not known if the symphony was performed in Mozart s lifetime it was not published until after

More information

Music 231 Motive Development Techniques, part 1

Music 231 Motive Development Techniques, part 1 Music 231 Motive Development Techniques, part 1 Fourteen motive development techniques: New Material Part 1 (this document) * repetition * sequence * interval change * rhythm change * fragmentation * extension

More information

Music of the Classical Period

Music of the Classical Period Music of the Classical Period 1750 1825 A new style in architecture, literature, and the arts developed. Sought to emulate the ideals of Classical Antiquity, especially Classical Greece Called Classicism

More information

Mu 110: Introduction to Music

Mu 110: Introduction to Music Reading/Attendance quiz! Mu 110: Introduction to Music Instructor: Dr. Alice Jones Queensborough Community College Spring 2017 Sections F1 (Mondays 12:10-3) and F4 (Thursdays 12:10-3) Recap Meter is the

More information

Mu 110: Introduction to Music

Mu 110: Introduction to Music Attendance/Reading Quiz! Mu 110: Introduction to Music Queensborough Community College Instructor: Dr. Alice Jones Spring 2018 Sections H2 (T 2:10-5), H3 (W 2:10-5), L3 (W 5:10-8) Recap Midterm optional

More information

TESO SOUTH DISTRICT JOINT EVALUATION TEST Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (K.C.S.E)

TESO SOUTH DISTRICT JOINT EVALUATION TEST Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (K.C.S.E) Name. School Candidate s Signature... Index No /. Date. 511/2 MUSIC PAPER 2 JUNE / JULY, 2012 TIME 2 ½ Hours TESO SOUTH DISTRICT JOINT EVALUATION TEST Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (K.C.S.E)

More information

GCSE MUSIC REVISION GUIDE

GCSE MUSIC REVISION GUIDE GCSE MUSIC REVISION GUIDE J Williams: Main title/rebel blockade runner (from the soundtrack to Star Wars: Episode IV: A New Hope) (for component 3: Appraising) Background information and performance circumstances

More information

Norman Public Schools MUSIC ASSESSMENT GUIDE FOR GRADE 8

Norman Public Schools MUSIC ASSESSMENT GUIDE FOR GRADE 8 Norman Public Schools MUSIC ASSESSMENT GUIDE FOR GRADE 8 2013-2014 NPS ARTS ASSESSMENT GUIDE Grade 8 MUSIC This guide is to help teachers incorporate the Arts into their core curriculum. Students in grades

More information

MARK SCHEME for the June 2005 question paper 0410 MUSIC

MARK SCHEME for the June 2005 question paper 0410 MUSIC UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education www.xtremepapers.com MARK SCHEME for the June 2005 question paper 0410 MUSIC 0410/01 Unprepared

More information

Assignment Ideas Your Favourite Music Closed Assignments Open Assignments Other Composers Composing Your Own Music

Assignment Ideas Your Favourite Music Closed Assignments Open Assignments Other Composers Composing Your Own Music Assignment Ideas Your Favourite Music Why do you like the music you like? Really think about it ( I don t know is not an acceptable answer!). What do you hear in the foreground and background/middle ground?

More information

Music Department Page!1

Music Department Page!1 Music Department Page!1 AH Understanding Music Listening Concepts Name Melody / Harmony Page!2 Words in this section describe what is happening in the melody or tune. The melody can be decorated in various

More information

The Elements of Music

The Elements of Music The Elements of Music Music Music has been an important part of humankind since the beginning of recorded history. Today, music is important in ways that were unimaginable during earlier times. It plays

More information

GCSE Music. Revision Guide

GCSE Music. Revision Guide GCSE Music Revision Guide Useful Links for Examples http://gfs-music.com - Useful hints and tips on exam techniques http://gcse-music.co.uk - Lots of hints, tips and audio examples that you can practice

More information

ST. JOHN S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SCHOOL Curriculum in Music. Ephesians 5:19-20

ST. JOHN S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SCHOOL Curriculum in Music. Ephesians 5:19-20 ST. JOHN S EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SCHOOL Curriculum in Music [Speak] to one another with psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit. Sing and make music from your heart to the Lord, always giving thanks to

More information

Haydn s Clock Symphony

Haydn s Clock Symphony Haydn s Clock Symphony GCSE AQA Set Work Analysis Revision Guide Haydn Background Franz Joseph Haydn (1732 1809) was an Austrian composer, one of the most important of the classical period. He wrote 107

More information

Strathaven Academy Music Department. Advanced Higher Listening Glossary

Strathaven Academy Music Department. Advanced Higher Listening Glossary Strathaven Academy Music Department Advanced Higher Listening Glossary Using this Glossary As an Advanced Higher candidate it is important that your knowledge includes concepts from National 3, National

More information

Carnegie Mellon University School of Music Piano Literature & Repertoire II, Classical Spring Semester, 2015

Carnegie Mellon University School of Music Piano Literature & Repertoire II, Classical Spring Semester, 2015 Carnegie Mellon University School of Music Piano Literature & Repertoire II, Classical Spring Semester, 2015 lec Chien, Professor School of Music, College of Fine rts Room CF 160 Tuesdays, 12:30-2:20 PM

More information

Part IV. The Classical Period ( ) McGraw-Hill The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Part IV. The Classical Period ( ) McGraw-Hill The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Part IV The Classical Period (1750-1820) Time-Line Seven Years War-1756-1763 Louis XVI in France-1774-1792 American Declaration of Independence-1776 French Revolution-1789 Napoleon: first French consul-1799

More information

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 11

SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 11 SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE MUSIC WESTERN ART MUSIC ATAR YEAR 11 Copyright School Curriculum and Standards Authority, 2014 This document apart from any third party copyright material contained in it may be freely

More information

La Salle University MUS 150 Art of Listening Final Exam Name

La Salle University MUS 150 Art of Listening Final Exam Name La Salle University MUS 150 Art of Listening Final Exam Name I. Listening Skill For each excerpt, answer the following questions. Excerpt One: - Vivaldi "Spring" First Movement 1. Regarding the element

More information

SPECIALISATION in Master of Music Professional performance with specialisation (4 terms, CP)

SPECIALISATION in Master of Music Professional performance with specialisation (4 terms, CP) University of Music Franz Liszt Weimar Special requirements for the audition SPECIALISATION in Master of Music Professional performance with specialisation (4 terms, 90 + 30 CP) Specialisation Early Music

More information

LESSON ONE. New Terms. sopra above

LESSON ONE. New Terms. sopra above LESSON ONE sempre senza NewTerms always without sopra above Scales 1. Write each scale using whole notes. Hint: Remember that half steps are located between scale degrees 3 4 and 7 8. Gb Major Cb Major

More information

AoS1 set works Handel: And the Glory of the Lord Mozart: 1 st movement (sonata) from Symphony No.40 in Gminor Chopin: Raindrop Prelude

AoS1 set works Handel: And the Glory of the Lord Mozart: 1 st movement (sonata) from Symphony No.40 in Gminor Chopin: Raindrop Prelude The KING S Medium Term Plan - Music Y10 LC4 Programme out-going GCSE Module Area of Study 1 Analysing three additional set works. Learners will be required to focus their skills on a more formal style

More information

Handel. And the glory of the lord

Handel. And the glory of the lord Handel And the glory of the lord Schoenberg Peripetie Reich Electric Counterpoint Bernstein Something s Coming Moby Why Does My heart Feel So Bad? Davis All Blues Buckley Grace Capercaillie Skye Waulking

More information

LBSO Listening Activities. Fanfare for the Common Man Suggested time minutes

LBSO Listening Activities. Fanfare for the Common Man Suggested time minutes LBSO Listening Activities Fanfare for the Common Man Suggested time 15-20 minutes Materials: Internet access to YouTube video (Link below) o This activity works best if students can view the video, but

More information

Music Appreciation Final Exam Study Guide

Music Appreciation Final Exam Study Guide Music Appreciation Final Exam Study Guide Music = Sounds that are organized in time. Four Main Properties of Musical Sounds 1.) Pitch (the highness or lowness) 2.) Dynamics (loudness or softness) 3.) Timbre

More information

Requirements for the aptitude tests at the Folkwang University of the Arts

Requirements for the aptitude tests at the Folkwang University of the Arts Requirements for the aptitude tests at the Folkwang University of the Arts Faculty 1 / Master of Music Notice: There is no music theory test for Master study programmes, apart from contemporary music.

More information

Haydn: London Symphony, No.104 (Movement one)

Haydn: London Symphony, No.104 (Movement one) Background information The following materials are essential for use with this resource: Eulenberg score of the London Symphony by Haydn (ISBN: 978-3-7957-6523-1) Recording of the symphony Preparatory

More information

NATIONAL 5 Revision Booklet

NATIONAL 5 Revision Booklet Understanding Music NATIONAL 5 Revision Booklet Helpful Websites Type the following into Google and click the first result: NQMusic Also try Learn Listening Online and Music Listening Revision Important

More information

43. Leonard Bernstein On the Waterfront: Symphonic Suite (opening) (For Unit 6: Further Musical Understanding)

43. Leonard Bernstein On the Waterfront: Symphonic Suite (opening) (For Unit 6: Further Musical Understanding) 43. Leonard Bernstein On the Waterfront: Symphonic Suite (opening) (For Unit 6: Further Musical Understanding) Biography Background Information and Performance Circumstances On the Waterfront was made

More information

BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music 9-12/Honors Music Theory

BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music 9-12/Honors Music Theory BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music 9-12/Honors Music Theory ORGANIZING THEME/TOPIC FOCUS STANDARDS FOCUS SKILLS UNIT 1: MUSICIANSHIP Time Frame: 2-3 Weeks STANDARDS Share music through

More information