# Credo Theory of Music training programme GRADE 4 By S. J. Cloete

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 Credo Theory of Music training programme GRADE 4 By S. J. Cloete Sc.4 INDEX PAGE 1. Key signatures in the alto clef Major scales Harmonic minor scales Melodic minor scales Chromatic scales Aeolian mode (natural minor scale) How to determine a key Solfa notation After having completed this module you should be able to: Write and identify all major and minor key signatures in the prescribed clefs. Write and identify the following scales with as well as without key signature, ascending and/or descending from the tonic in the prescribed clefs, using given note values/rhythmic patterns, with semitone indications within the compass of one octave: - All major scales: C G D A E B F C F B E A D G C - All harmonic and melodic minor scales: A E B F C G D A D G C F B E A - The Aeolian modes of: A E B F D G C Determine the key of a given passage in a major or minor key, with or without key signature. To avoid confusion, we will name a scale degree according to its technical name, e.g. a dominant or 5 th degree, and not a 5 th or fifth. An interval is referred to as a 5 th. Study the key signature table in the summary of this module, page 4. Also study your grade 3 scales summary once again. Then proceed with the following exercises:

2 Ex. 57/1 NAME THE TONIC MAJOR KEY OF: B minor - Ex. 57/2 NAME THE RELATIVE MINOR KEY OF: C major - Ex. 57/3 ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: 1 Which major key has seven sharps in its key signature? _ 2 Which minor key has three flats in its key signature? _ 1. KEY SIGNATURES IN THE ALTO CLEF. Key signatures in the alto clef are almost the same as in the treble clef - ONLY ONE STEP LOWER. Sharps: Flats: Ex. 57/4 WRITE KEY SIGNATURES IN THE ALTO CLEF, AS REQUIRED: D major G minor A major F major C major B minor Ex. 57/5 WRITE THE KEY SIGNATURE OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING KEYS IN THE ALTO CLEF: D: C : a: d:

3 E : d : A : f : Ex. 58/1 WRITE THE MINOR KEY OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING KEY SIGNATURES: Ex. 58/2 NAME TWO KEYS FOR EACH OF THE FOLLOWING KEY SIGNATURES: Ex. 58/3 THE FOLLOWING DEGREES APPEAR IN MAJOR KEYS. WRITE THE KEY SIGNATURE OF EACH IN THE SPACE PROVIDED: Leading note Subdominant

4 Ex. 59/1 THE FOLLOWING DEGREES APPEAR IN MINOR KEYS. WRITE THE KEY SIGNATURE OF EACH IN THE SPACE PROVIDED: Leading note Mediant Subdominant Supertonic Ex. 59/2 NAME THE LEADING NOTE OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING KEYS: Remember: There is a semitone between the leading note and the tonic. 1 A major - 2 E minor - 3 C major - 4 A minor - Ex. 59/3 NAME THE ENHARMONIC SCALES OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING: 1 F major - 2 A minor - 3 B major - 4 E minor - Ex. 59/4 COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING: 1 A scale is divided into _ (two / three) tetrachords. In a major scale the tetrachords consist of _ (tone + tone + semitone / semitone + tone + tone). 2 The Aeolian mode is the (natural minor / relative minor) scale. The only difference between the Aeolian and the harmonic minor scale is that the _ (6 th / 7 th ) degrees are raised in the harmonic minor scale. Descending, the Aeolian scale has the same notes as the (harmonic / melodic) minor scale, as well as the relative major scale. 3 The (harmonic / melodic) minor is used for melodies (horizontal ).

5 The (harmonic / melodic) minor scale is used for harmonies (vertical ) 5 To lower a double sharp we use or _( / ). Ex. 60/1 WRITE THE TECHNICAL NAMES OF THE FOLLOWING TONE DEGREES: 1 2 nd degree rd degree th degree th degree - Ex. 60/2 WRITE THE SOLFA SYLLABBLES OF THE FOLLOWING TONE DEGREES: 1 1 st and 8 th degrees th degree th degree - 2. MAJOR SCALES. See the summary of this module, page 4(2). Ex. 60/3 WRITE THE REQUIRED MAJOR SCALES. START ON THE TONIC: 1 E, ascending and descending without key signature in the treble clef, in semibreves. 2 The scale of which the dominant chord is D F - A, ascending without key signature in the alto clef, in minims. 3 F, descending in the alto clef with key signature, in semibreves. 4 The scale with two sharps, ascending and descending with key signature in the G- clef, in semibreves.

6 F, ascending in the alto clef without key signature, in separate quavers. 6 The scale with four flats, ascending without key signature in the alto clef, in crotchets. 7 C, ascending and descending in the F clef without key signature, in semibreves. 8 D, descending with key signature in the violin clef, in minims. Ex. 61/1 THE FOLLOWING SEMITONES APPEAR BETWEEN THE MEDIANT AND SUBDOMINANT OF MAJOR SCALES. WRITE THE CORRECT MAJOR SCALES ASCENDING, WITHOUT KEY SIGNATURES IN SEMIBREVES: HARMONIC MINOR SCALES. See the summary of this module, page 4(2). Ex.61 2 WRITE THE REQUIRED HARMONIC MINOR SCALES. START ON THE TONIC. 1 The scale of which the relative major has one sharp, ascending with key signature in the C clef, in semibreves.

7 F going up and down, without key signature in the alto clef, in crotchets. 3 The scale of which the leading note is F ascending and descending without key signature in the treble clef, in minims. 4 The scale which is relevant to C major, ascending and descending in the F clef, in semibreves 5 The scale with one flat, descending without key signature in the alto clef, in crotchets. 6 The scale of which the leading note is A, ascending with key signature in the C clef, in minims. 7 The scale with seven sharps ascending and descending, with key signature in the F clef, in semibreves. 8 A descending without key signature in the soprano clef, in crotchets. 9 The scale with six flats, ascending with key signature in the C clef. Use the given rhythm and indicate semitones.

8 MELODIC MINOR SCALES. See the summary of scales page 4(2). Take note how the 6 th and 7 th degrees are written in the following scale: A # melodic minor. or Ex. 63/1 WRITE THE REQUIRED MELODIC MINOR SCALES. START ON THE TONIC: 1 The scale which is the relevant minor to E major, ascending with key signature in the bass clef, in semibreves. 2 The relevant minor scale of C major, descending with key signature in the F clef, in minims. 3 The scale which has four flats, ascending and descending with key signature in the alto clef, in crotchets. 4 A, going up then down in the alto clef, in minims. 5 A, ascending and descending with key signature in the G clef, in semibreves. 6 F, ascending and descending with key signature in the C clef, in semibreves. 7 The scale which has G as subdominant, descending and ascending without key signature in the treble clef, in minims. (Read the question carefully!)

9 G, descending without key signature in the F clef, in separate quavers. 9 The tonic minor scale of B major, ascending and descending without key signature in the alto clef, in semibreves. 10 The scale which has F ## as leading note, ascending and descending with key signature in the bass clef, in semibreves. 5. CHROMATIC SCALES. See the summary of this module, page 4(3). In a chromatic scale the notes follow one another in semitones. The distance between each degree of the scale and the next is a semitone. On the piano, and play every note in the octave from A A or E - E etc. (play white and black notes). These are chromatic scales. Composers use chromatic notes or passages to colour and enrich their compositions. Chromatic means coloured. Such notes make the music more expressive and interesting. Usually composers use a number of chromatic notes in their music, but when they use many such notes, the sense of key becomes disturbed. We call this kind of music atonal. You should be able to recognize a chromatic scale or passage. Royal Schools learners also need to write chromatic scales. A chromatic passage is a part of a piece that moves up or down in semitones. There may even be more than one note on each degree of the chromatic scale. EXAMPLE: chromatic passage Always check the clef and key signature! Some accidentals are already taken care of. Ex. 64/1 PLACE A BRACKET OVER THE CHROMATIC PASSAGE IN THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLE:

10 Ex. 65/1 THE FOLLOWING SCALE IS D CHROMATIC IN CROTCHETS. COPY IT ON THE LOWER STAVE: Ex. 65/2 COPY THE FOLLOWING CHROMATIC SCALE IN E ON THE LOWER STAVE: Ex. 65/3 THE FOLLOWING CHROMATIC PATTERNS MOVE IN SIMILAR MOTION (PARALLEL / IN THE SAME DIRECTION). REPEAT THE PATTERNS IN THE EMPTY BARS: 1 2 Ex. 65/4 THE FOLLOWING CHROMATIC OSTINATI MOVE IN CONTRARY MOTION (AWAY FROM EACH OTHER, THEN TOWARDS EACH OTHER). WRITE TWO MORE REPEATS OF EACH ONE: 1 2

11 How to write a chromatic scale. Note: Only Royal Schools learners need to do this section. Unisa and Trinity learners may skip it and proceed to Ex. 68/3. A chromatic scale could be written with or without key signature, ascending and/or descending. There are no semitone indications since all notes are semitones apart. There is more than one correct way to write a chromatic scale. All you need to remember is to make sure that for every line and space there is at least one note, but not more than two. The notes could be: All notes twice except 1 and 5 which are single. All notes twice except 3 and 6 which are single. All notes twice except 3 and 7 which are single. All notes twice except 2 and 5 which are single. Composers are not very particular about which of these forms to use, but will usually select the one which, under the circumstances, uses the least number of accidentals. Any of the following chromatic scales, starting on A, are correct. Normally the unaltered 4 th and 5 th degrees are among those included. The 8 th degree is always written once only. 1 st and 5 th degrees are single: 3 rd and 5 th degrees are single: 3 rd and 6 th degrees are single: 3 rd and 7 th degrees are single: Ex. 66/1 ADD ACCIDENTALS TO THE NOTES IN THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLES TO MAKE CHROMATIC SCALES: Hint: Remember the key signature! 1

12 You are now going to write chromatic scales. The chromatic scale may have a major key signature in a major key, or a minor key signature in a minor key. It sounds the same whether it occurs in a major or in a minor key. EXAMPLE: Play both on your instrument D chromatic with major key signature (in D major). D chromatic with minor key signature (in D minor). The following method is a simple way of writing a chromatic scale. The 1 st and 5 th degrees are written once only. It is called the harmonic chromatic scale. METHOD: EXAMPLE: Step 1: Step 2: G harmonic chromatic with major key signature, ascending in the G clef. Prefix the clef and major key signature. Write each letter name twice, except for degrees 1 and 5 which is written once only. Step 3: Visualize the keyboard, remembering to add in the necessary accidentals to ensure that the notes move in semitones. Always bear the key signature in mind.

13 Ex. 68/1 WRITE C HARMONIC CHROMATIC ASCENDING IN THE BASS CLEF. USE THE GIVEN RHYTHM: Ex. 68/2 WRITE THE FOLLOWING HARMONIC CHROMATIC SCALES, USING THE GIVEN RHYTHMS: Hint: You may use rough notes in the treble clef first and then transpose it into the alto clef. 1 Ascending, starting on the tonic of E major in the alto clef, with key signature. 2 Descending, starting on the subdominant of B major in the G clef, with key signature. 3 Ascending, starting on the dominant of B minor in the bass clef, with key signature. In the following exercise any scale could be required. Read the instructions carefully. If no specific note values are requested, you may use semibreves. Ex. 68/3 WRITE THE FOLLOWING SCALES AS REQUIRED: 1 E major, ascending without key signature in the C clef, in minims.

14 The melodic minor scale with two flats, ascending and descending without key signature in the alto clef. Use the given note pattern and indicate semitones. 3 F harmonic minor, ascending and descending with key signature in the G clef. Use the given rhythmic pattern and indicate semitones. Write the 8 th degree twice. 4 (Royal Schools learners only) The chromatic scale in the major key which has three flats, going up, in semibreves, in the bass clef. Start on the tonic. Ex. 69/1 COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SCALE BY ADDING THE CORRECT NOTES BELOW THE *. THE SCALE BEGINS AND ENDS ON THE TONIC. ALSO WRITE THE NAME OF THE SCALE: Harmonic minor ascending. * * * * * * * Name: Ex. 69/2 THE GIVEN NOTE PATTERN OCCURS IN A HARMONIC MINOR SCALE. WRITE THE MINOR SCALE WITHOUT KEY SIGNATURE, ASCENDING. ALSO WRITE THE NAME OF THE SCALE: (Note the clefs!) Name:

15 Ex. 70/1 THE GIVEN 7 th INTERVAL APPEARS IN A MAJOR SCALE. WRITE THE SCALE WITH KEY SIGNATURE, DESCENDING. ALSO WRITE THE NAME OF THE SCALE: Name: Ex. 70/2 WRITE THE DESCENDING MELODIC MINOR SCALE IN WHICH THE GIVEN TRIAD IS THE DOMINANT, WITH KEY SIGNATURE. ALSO WRITE THE NAME OF THE SCALE: Name: Ex. 70/3 WRITE THE ENHARMONIC SCALE OF C MAJOR ASCENDING, WITH KEY SIGNATURE, IN THE ALTO CLEF IN MINIMS. ALSO THE NAME OF THE SCALE: 6. AEOLIAN MODE. Name: See the summary of this module, page 4(2). Ex. 70/4 WRITE THE FOLLOWING NATURAL MINOR SCALES IN SEMIBREVES: 1 E going up and down in the treble, with key signature. 2 F going up in the alto clef, without key signature. 3 G going down in the F clef, without key signature.

16 HOW TO DETERMINE A KEY. You are expected to determine the key of a melody, with or without a key signature. Major and minor keys up to and including five sharps and five flats may be required. When an example has no key signature, the necessary sharps or flats will appear as accidentals. The notes with accidentals must then be analyzed. Hints on determining a key: The 7 th degree of a minor key will probably be raised. Look out for a raised note such as a sharp, or a natural in a flat key. It s likely to be the leading note. Once the leading note is established, it is easy to determine the key. The tonic is only a semitone higher. This example is thus in G minor: EXAMPLE: leading note There may be chromatic notes, which do not belong to the key. A melody usually ends on the tonic, with a V I (perfect cadence) implied chordal basis. The penultimate bar centres around the dominant chord, and the last note is usually the tonic itself. Suppose the last note is G. The melody may then be in G major or G minor (tonic minor key). If there is no key signature to help you, there is another very easy way to establish if it s the major or it s tonic minor key. Look at the mediant: - In the major key there will be a maj. 3 rd between the 1 st and 3 rd degrees (e.g. G B). - In the minor key there will be a min. 3 rd between the 1 st and 3 rd degrees (e.g. G B b ). The last note can be an indication of the key, but this is not always the case. When the given passage is only an extract from a melody, the last note will not necessarily be the tonic, as it s very likely not the end of the melody. It is also important to remember that an upbeat usually implies the dominant chord. The first strong beat of the phrase usually implies the tonic chord. EXAMPLE: B : V I See the Methods to determine sharp keys and flat keys in the summary of this module, page 4 (4). If the melody is in a minor key, it will be in the melodic minor and not in the harmonic minor, because the harmonic minor contains the interval of an augmented 2 nd between

17 the 6 th and 7 th degrees which is difficult to sing. Ascending, the melodic minor s 6 th and 7 th degrees are both raised. Descending, neither the 6 th nor 7 th degrees are raised. Example in C minor: c: ascending descending Sometimes the melody is in a minor key, but the raised ascending 6 th and 7 th degrees are lacking. The descending 6 th and 7 th degrees are present. In such a case it may appear to be the relative major key, as the descending melodic minor uses precisely the same notes as the relative major key. Therefore you must always take the first and last notes into account. Examine which chords are implied by the first notes of the melody. Also bear in mind the concluding V I cadence. EXAMPLE: The flats that occur are: B E A D G and C. It appears to be G major as all the flats up to the last flat are present, but it is not. It is E minor - The melody ends on E. - The second last beat implies chord V in E minor (B D F). - The melody begins with an upbeat that implies V i: e : V i - The only leading note in this passage is the descending D which is not raised, because it is a descending passage. When writing the name of a minor scale, it is important to write harmonic minor or melodic minor. When writing the key of a minor melody, only minor is written (e.g. C minor). It is taken for granted that it is the melodic form of the minor.

18 Ex. 73/1 NAME THE KEYS OF THE FOLLOWING PASSAGES. THEN WRITE THEM OUT AGAIN WITH KEY SIGNATURE. LEAVE OUT UNNECESSARY ACCIDENTALS: 1 Key: mf 2 Key: J.S.Bach 3 Key: Ex. 73/2 NAME THE KEYS OF THE FOLLOWING FRAGMENTS AND WRITE THE KEY SIGNATURE ON THE LOWER STAVE: 1 Key:

19 Key: Ex. 74/1 NAME THE KEY OF THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND WRITE THE TECHNICAL NAMES OF THE CIRCLED NOTES MARKED 1-8: Key: SOLFA NOTATION. (Only Unisa learners will be examined on this section.) Learn the solfa notation in the summary of this module on page 4(3) and do the following exercise: Ex. 74/2 TRANSCRIBE THE FOLLOWING TWO-BAR PHRASES FROM SOLFA NOTATION TO STAFF NOTATION: 1 2 Doh is C Doh is G

20 Doh is G 4 Doh is C 5 Doh is G 6 Doh is C 7 Doh is C 8 Doh is G Ex. 75/1 TRANSCRIBE EX.74/2 AGAIN FROM SOLFA NOTATION TO STAFF NOTATION, FIRST IN D MAJOR, AND THEN IN A MAJOR, F MAJOR, B b MAJOR AND E b MAJOR. USE YOUR OWN MUSIC PAPER. You have now completed the module on scales. Learn the summary on the next page. Cut it out and place it in your "Summary File" for safekeeping. Also learn the summary on musical terms once again. When you are ready, ask your teacher for the module test on scales. Well done! * * *

21 4 SUMMARY Credo Theory of Music training programme GRADE 4 By S. J. Cloete Sc.4 KEY SIGNATURE TABLE: A key signature sharpens or flattens all the indicated notes in a piece, in all octaves. Sharp keys: Flat keys: SHARPS = "Father Charl Goes Down And Ends Battle" The last sharp is the leading note of the major key. FLATS = "Battle Ends And Down Goes Charl's Father" The last flat is the subdominant of the major key.

22 4(2) CIRCLE OF 5 ths : SCALES: Major scales: Semitones 3-4, 7-8 / 8-7, 4-3 Aeolian mode: Semitones: 2 3, 5 6 / 6-5, 3-2 This is the natural minor scale. The notes are the same as the relative major scale. E.g. the Aeolian scale of D starts and ends on D and has B. The only difference between the Aeolian mode and the harmonic minor scale is that the 7 th degree is raised in the harmonic minor. Harmonic minor scales: Semitones 2-3, 5-6, 7-8 / 8-7, 6-5, th degree is raised ascending and descending. The scale is used for harmonies (vertical ). The augmented 2 nd between 6-7 is difficult to sing, so the scale is not suitable for melodies. Melodic minor scales: Semitones 2-3, 7-8 / 6-5, 3-2 The 6 th and 7 th degrees are raised ascending and both lowered descending. It is used for melodies (horizontal ). There is no big leap between two adjacent tone degrees, making it smooth and easy to sing. When writing the descending melodic minor scale, only use the notes indicated by the key signature, as in the natural minor scale. To lower a double sharp, use or.

23 4(3) Chromatic scales: The notes follow one another in semitones. Composers use chromatic passages in a piece to enrich the music. Write every note at least once, but not more than twice. In the harmonic chromatic scale all notes are written twice, except the 1 st and 5 th degrees which are single. Other forms may have the 3 rd and 6 th degrees single, or the 3 rd and 7 th degrees, etc. Chromatic scaled can be with major key signature (in a major key) or with minor key signature (in a minor key). SOLFA NOTATION: Staff notation: Solfa syllable: doh ray me fah soh lah te doh Abbreviation: d r m f s l t d 1 or d 3 4 Pitches and key indication: The keys of C, G, D, A, F B b and E b majors are required. EXAMPLE: Doh is C Beats: Notes: 1 beat 2 4 Solfa notation: Staff notation: 2 beats beats beats ½ a beat 1½ beats

24 4(4) Rests are indicated by empty spaces. Solfa notation: Staff notation: DETERMINING THE KEY: Hints: - The first strong beat of the first phrase usually implies the tonic triad. An upbeat normally implies the dominant chord. - There may be chromatic notes, which do not belong to the key. - A melody usually ends on the tonic and the penultimate bar centres around the dominant chord. - A passage might perhaps not end on the tonic. - An accidental lasts only to the end of the bar. - Look out for a raised 7 th degree, or a raised 6 th and 7 th degree ascending and lowered descending. - A key signature may indicate a major or a minor key. - A melody is in a melodic minor key, and not in a harmonic minor key. Methods to determine sharp keys and flat keys: Sharp keys: Name the sharps in order until you reach the sharpest one. The sharpest sharp is the: LEADING NOTE OF THE MAJOR KEY - if all the sharps up to the sharpest one are present. LEADING NOTE OF THE MINOR KEY - if some of the sharps are absent. Flat keys: Name the flats in order until you reach the flattest one. The flattest flat is the: SUBDOMINANT (4 th degree) OF THE MAJOR KEY - if all the flats up to the flattest one are present. SUBMEDIANT (6 th degree) OF THE MINOR KEY - if some of the flats are absent. * * *

### Credo Theory of Music Training Programme GRADE 5 By S.J. Cloete

1 Credo Theory of Music Training Programme GRADE 5 By S.J. Cloete Tra. 5 INDEX PAGE 1. Transcription retaining the same pitch.... Transposition one octave up or down... 3. Change of key... 3 4. Transposition

### CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER 9...

Contents Acknowledgements...ii Preface... iii CHAPTER 1... 1 Clefs, pitches and note values... 1 CHAPTER 2... 8 Time signatures... 8 CHAPTER 3... 15 Grouping... 15 CHAPTER 4... 28 Keys and key signatures...

### New Zealand Music Examinations Board

Available Marks 100 Total Marks Gained Entrant Name New Zealand Music Examinations Board T H E O R Y - F O U R T H G R A D E Time: 9.30am- 12.30pm Saturday 31st October 2015 Time Allowed: 3 Hours Write

### New Zealand Music Examinations Board

Available Marks 100 Total Marks Gained Entrant Name New Zealand Music Examinations Board T H E O R Y - F O U R T H G R A D E Time: 9.30am- 12.30pm Saturday 31 st October 2009 Time Allowed: 3 Hours Write

### Keys Supplementary Sheet 11. Modes Dorian

Keys Supplementary Sheet 11. Modes Dorian Keys Question 1 Write the dorian mode, ascending and descending, beginning on D. Do not use a key signature. Keys Question 2 Write the dorian mode that is begins

### 2) Is it a Sharp or a Flat key? a. Flat key Go one Flat Further (use Blanket Explodes) b. Sharp key Go Down a Semitone (use Father Christmas)

SCALES Key Signatures 1) Is it Major or Minor? a. Minor find the relative major 2) Is it a Sharp or a Flat key? a. Flat key Go one Flat Further (use Blanket Explodes) b. Sharp key Go Down a Semitone (use

### Celebrate Theory. Level 8 Worksheets

Celebrate Theory Level 8 Worksheets Contents Chords and Harmony... Pg. 3 Form and Analysis... Pg. 11 Intervals... Pg. 14 Keys and Scales... Pg. 20 Melody Writing and Composition... Pg. 23 Pitch and Notation...

### Music Solo Performance

Music Solo Performance Aural and written examination October/November Introduction The Music Solo performance Aural and written examination (GA 3) will present a series of questions based on Unit 3 Outcome

### BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDIX...

Contents Acknowledgements...ii Preface... iii CHAPTER 1... 1 Pitch and rhythm... 1 CHAPTER 2... 10 Time signatures and grouping... 10 CHAPTER 3... 22 Keys... 22 CHAPTER... 31 Scales... 31 CHAPTER 5...

### 2017 MUSIC Total marks : 70 Time : 3 hours

Total number of printed pages : 6 NB-T/MS 2017 MUSIC Total marks : 70 Time : 3 hours General instructions: i) Approximately 14 minutes is allotted to read the question paper and revise the answers. ii)

### Alleghany County Schools Curriculum Guide

Alleghany County Schools Curriculum Guide Grade/Course: Piano Class, 9-12 Grading Period: 1 st six Weeks Time Fra me 1 st six weeks Unit/SOLs of the elements of the grand staff by identifying the elements

### Piano Syllabus. London College of Music Examinations

London College of Music Examinations Piano Syllabus Qualification specifications for: Steps, Grades, Recital Grades, Leisure Play, Performance Awards, Piano Duet, Piano Accompaniment Valid from: 2018 2020

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Notes: 1. GRADE 1 TEST 1(b); GRADE 3 TEST 2(b): where a candidate wishes to respond to either of these tests in the alternative manner as specified, the examiner

### Homework Booklet. Name: Date:

Homework Booklet Name: Homework 1: Note Names Music is written through symbols called notes. These notes are named after the first seven letters of the alphabet, A-G. Music notes are written on a five

### Curriculum Development In the Fairfield Public Schools FAIRFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS FAIRFIELD, CONNECTICUT MUSIC THEORY I

Curriculum Development In the Fairfield Public Schools FAIRFIELD PUBLIC SCHOOLS FAIRFIELD, CONNECTICUT MUSIC THEORY I Board of Education Approved 04/24/2007 MUSIC THEORY I Statement of Purpose Music is

### 2018 MUSIC Total marks : 70 Time : 3 hours

Total number of printed pages : 7 2018/XII/MS 2018 MUSIC Total marks : 70 Time : hours General instructions: i) Approximately 15 minutes is allotted to read the question paper and revise the answers. ii)

### Theory of Music Grade 6

Theory of Music Grade 6 May 2010 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre Instructions to Candidates 1. The time allowed for answering

### Student Performance Q&A:

Student Performance Q&A: 2010 AP Music Theory Free-Response Questions The following comments on the 2010 free-response questions for AP Music Theory were written by the Chief Reader, Teresa Reed of the

### Chapter 1: Key & Scales A Walkthrough of Music Theory Grade 5 Mr Henry HUNG. Key & Scales

Chapter 1 Key & Scales DEFINITION A key identifies the tonic note and/or chord, it can be understood as the centre of gravity. It may or may not be reflected by the key signature. A scale is a set of musical

### 2011 MUSICIANSHIP ATTACH SACE REGISTRATION NUMBER LABEL TO THIS BOX. Part 1: Theory, Aural Recognition, and Musical Techniques

External Examination 2011 2011 MUSICIANSHIP FOR OFFICE USE ONLY SUPERVISOR CHECK ATTACH SACE REGISTRATION NUMBER LABEL TO THIS BOX QUESTION BOOKLET 1 19 pages, 21 questions RE-MARKED Wednesday 16 November:

### 2018 MUSIC Total marks : 70 Time : 3 hours

Total number of printed pages : 7 NB-T/MS 2018 MUSIC Total marks : 70 Time : 3 hours General instructions: i) Approximately 14 minutes is allotted to read the question paper and revise the answers. ii)

### UMT - COMPLETE MUSIC THEORY COURSE FINAL EXAM - ADVANCED RUDIMENTS

Total Score: _ 0 Name: _ UMTS Number: 1. a) Name the following intervals. _ b) Invert the above intervals in the Treble Clef. Use whole notes. Name the inversions. _ c) Write the following harmonic intervals

### Student Performance Q&A:

Student Performance Q&A: 2012 AP Music Theory Free-Response Questions The following comments on the 2012 free-response questions for AP Music Theory were written by the Chief Reader, Teresa Reed of the

MyMusicTheory.com Grade Five Music Theory Extra Resources Cadences Transposition Composition Score-reading (ABRSM Syllabus) PREVIEW BY VICTORIA WILLIAMS BA MUSIC www.mymusictheory.com Published: 6th March

### Established Theory of Music Examinations Syllabus

The Leinster School of Music & Drama Established 1904 Theory of Music Examinations Syllabus Contents The Leinster School of Music & Drama 2 General Information & Examination Regulations 4 Preparatory Grade

### Theory of Music Grade 2

Theory of Music Grade 2 May 2010 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre Instructions to Candidates 1. The time allowed for answering

2 3 Bourée from Old Music for Viola Editio Musica Budapest/Boosey and Hawkes 4 5 6 7 8 Component 4 - Sight Reading Component 5 - Aural Tests 9 10 Component 4 - Sight Reading Component 5 - Aural Tests 11

### MMTA Written Theory Exam Requirements Level 3 and Below. b. Notes on grand staff from Low F to High G, including inner ledger lines (D,C,B).

MMTA Exam Requirements Level 3 and Below b. Notes on grand staff from Low F to High G, including inner ledger lines (D,C,B). c. Staff and grand staff stem placement. d. Accidentals: e. Intervals: 2 nd

### MUSIC THEORY CURRICULUM STANDARDS GRADES Students will sing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.

MUSIC THEORY CURRICULUM STANDARDS GRADES 9-12 Content Standard 1.0 Singing Students will sing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music. The student will 1.1 Sing simple tonal melodies representing

### Assessment Schedule 2016 Music: Demonstrate knowledge of conventions in a range of music scores (91276)

NCEA Level 2 Music (91276) 2016 page 1 of 7 Assessment Schedule 2016 Music: Demonstrate knowledge of conventions in a range of music scores (91276) Assessment Criteria with Demonstrating knowledge of conventions

### Grade One. MyMusicTheory.com. Music Theory PREVIEW 1. Complete Course, Exercises & Answers 2. Thirty Grade One Tests.

MyMusicTheory.com Grade One Music Theory PREVIEW 1. Complete Course, Exercises & Answers 2. Thirty Grade One Tests (ABRSM Syllabus) BY VICTORIA WILLIAMS BA MUSIC www.mymusictheory.com Published: 1st March

### Student Performance Q&A:

Student Performance Q&A: 2002 AP Music Theory Free-Response Questions The following comments are provided by the Chief Reader about the 2002 free-response questions for AP Music Theory. They are intended

### Northeast High School AP Music Theory Summer Work Answer Sheet

Chapter 1 - Musical Symbols Name: Northeast High School AP Music Theory Summer Work Answer Sheet http://john.steffa.net/intrototheory/introduction/chapterindex.html Page 11 1. From the list below, select

### BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music 9-12/Honors Music Theory

BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music 9-12/Honors Music Theory ORGANIZING THEME/TOPIC FOCUS STANDARDS FOCUS SKILLS UNIT 1: MUSICIANSHIP Time Frame: 2-3 Weeks STANDARDS Share music through

### JOINT UNIVERSITIES PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS BOARD 2015 EXAMINATIONS MUSIC: ART J127

JOINT UNIVERSITIES PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS BOARD 2015 EXAMINATIONS MUSIC: ART J127 MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. The term Cresendo means A. Gradually becoming softer. B. Gradually becoming louder C. Gradually

### Music Theory. Fine Arts Curriculum Framework. Revised 2008

Music Theory Fine Arts Curriculum Framework Revised 2008 Course Title: Music Theory Course/Unit Credit: 1 Course Number: Teacher Licensure: Grades: 9-12 Music Theory Music Theory is a two-semester course

### MUSIC: PAPER II. 2. All questions must be answered on the question paper. Do not answer any questions in an answer booklet.

NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION NOVEMBER 2017 MUSIC: PAPER II EXAMINATION NUMBER Time: 1½ hours 50 marks PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY 1. This question paper consists of 8 pages

### In all creative work melody writing, harmonising a bass part, adding a melody to a given bass part the simplest answers tend to be the best answers.

THEORY OF MUSIC REPORT ON THE MAY 2009 EXAMINATIONS General The early grades are very much concerned with learning and using the language of music and becoming familiar with basic theory. But, there are

### The Practice Room. Learn to Sight Sing. Level 2. Rhythmic Reading Sight Singing Two Part Reading. 60 Examples

1 The Practice Room Learn to Sight Sing. Level 2 Rhythmic Reading Sight Singing Two Part Reading 60 Examples Copyright 2009-2012 The Practice Room http://thepracticeroom.net 2 Rhythmic Reading Two 20 Exercises

### The Practice Room. Learn to Sight Sing. Level 3. Rhythmic Reading Sight Singing Two Part Reading. 60 Examples

1 The Practice Room Learn to Sight Sing. Level 3 Rhythmic Reading Sight Singing Two Part Reading 60 Examples Copyright 2009-2012 The Practice Room http://thepracticeroom.net 2 Rhythmic Reading Three 20

### Theory of Music. Clefs and Notes. Major and Minor scales. A# Db C D E F G A B. Treble Clef. Bass Clef

Theory of Music Clefs and Notes Treble Clef Bass Clef Major and Minor scales Smallest interval between two notes is a semitone. Two semitones make a tone. C# D# F# G# A# Db Eb Gb Ab Bb C D E F G A B Major

2 3 4 Grades Recital Grades Leisure Play Performance Awards Technical Work Performance 3 pieces 4 (or 5) pieces, all selected from repertoire list 4 pieces (3 selected from grade list, plus 1 own choice)

### Theory of Music Grade 4

Theory of Music Grade 4 November 2009 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre Instructions to Candidates 1. The time allowed for answering

### Music Theory. Level 3. Printable Music Theory Books. A Fun Way to Learn Music Theory. Student s Name: Class:

A Fun Way to Learn Music Theory Printable Music Theory Books Music Theory Level 3 Student s Name: Class: American Language Version Printable Music Theory Books Level Three Published by The Fun Music Company

### Theory of Music Grade 5

Theory of Music Grade 5 May 2010 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre Instructions to Candidates 1. The time allowed for answering

### Student Performance Q&A:

Student Performance Q&A: 2008 AP Music Theory Free-Response Questions The following comments on the 2008 free-response questions for AP Music Theory were written by the Chief Reader, Ken Stephenson of

### Keyboard Foundation Level 1

Keyboard Foundation Level 1 Set a voice, style and tempo from instructions given. Read a range of notes over a fifth (C to G) without accidentals using semibreves, dotted minims, minims and crotchets.

### Music Theory Courses - Piano Program

Music Theory Courses - Piano Program I was first introduced to the concept of flipped classroom learning when my son was in 5th grade. His math teacher, instead of assigning typical math worksheets as

### REPORT ON THE NOVEMBER 2009 EXAMINATIONS

THEORY OF MUSIC REPORT ON THE NOVEMBER 2009 EXAMINATIONS General Accuracy and neatness are crucial at all levels. In the earlier grades there were examples of notes covering more than one pitch, whilst

### Letter STUDENT NUMBER MUSIC PERFORMANCE. Aural and written examination. Thursday 16 November 2017

Victorian Certificate of Education 2017 SUPERVISOR TO ATTACH PROCESSING LABEL HERE Letter STUDENT NUMBER MUSIC PERFORMANCE Aural and written examination Thursday 16 November 2017 Reading time: 9.00 am

### Notes for Instructors Using MacGAMUT with Listen and Sing

1 Notes for Instructors Using MacGAMUT with Listen and Sing Listen and Sing: Lessons in Ear-Training and Sight Singing by David Damschroder Published by Schirmer / Cengage Learning For more information

### Unit 5b: Bach chorale (technical study)

Unit 5b: Bach chorale (technical study) The technical study has several possible topics but all students at King Ed s take the Bach chorale option - this unit supports other learning the best and is an

### MUSIC THEORY. ELEMENTARY (Level One) By Francois H. Tsoubaloko

MUSIC THEORY ELEMENTARY (Level One) By Francois H. Tsoubaloko MUSIC THE ORY ELEMENTARY (Level One) By Dr. Francois H. Tsoubaloko Table of Contents Pages 1. INTRODUCTION TO READING AND WRITING OF MUSIC

### Foundation of Music Edcuation - Gold Level

Foundation of Music Edcuation - Gold Level Levels of Assessment Grade Four Grade Three Grade Two These levels are currently being developed Grade One Preliminary Grade Gold Level Silver Level Bronze Level

### SE22 Piano School Grade 1 theory guide

SE22 Piano School Grade 1 theory guide Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music Lorraine Liyanage, 2010-2011 Theory Exam Tips, Grade 1 About the Exam: 1. What to bring to the exam Two sharp pencils,

### Acknowledgements... ii Preface... iii CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER 6...

Contents Acknowledgements... ii Preface... iii CHAPTER 1... 1 Theory of music... 1 CHAPTER 2... 27 Harmony... 27 CHAPTER 3... 52 Non-chordal notes and ornaments... 52 CHAPTER 4... 68 Secondary dominants

### Theory of Music Grade 2

Theory of Music Grade 2 November 2007 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre Instructions to Candidates 1. The time allowed for answering

### Developing Your Musicianship Lesson 1 Study Guide

Terms 1. Harmony - The study of chords, scales, and melodies. Harmony study includes the analysis of chord progressions to show important relationships between chords and the key a song is in. 2. Ear Training

### Student Performance Q&A:

Student Performance Q&A: 2004 AP Music Theory Free-Response Questions The following comments on the 2004 free-response questions for AP Music Theory were written by the Chief Reader, Jo Anne F. Caputo

### Chapter 5. Parallel Keys: Shared Tonic. Compare the two examples below and their pentachords (first five notes of the scale).

Chapter 5 Minor Keys and the Diatonic Modes Parallel Keys: Shared Tonic Compare the two examples below and their pentachords (first five notes of the scale). The two passages are written in parallel keys

### Primo Theory. Level 7 Revised Edition. by Robert Centeno

Primo Theory Level 7 Revised Edition by Robert Centeno Primo Publishing Copyright 2016 by Robert Centeno All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. www.primopublishing.com version: 2.0 How to Use This

MyMusicTheory.com Grade One Music Theory PREVIEW 1. Complete Course, Exercises & Answers 2. Scales & Key Signatures Supplement 3. Thirty Grade One Tests (ABRSM Syllabus) BY VICTORIA WILLIAMS BA MUSIC www.mymusictheory.com

### Theory of Music Grade 5

Theory of Music Grade 5 November 2008 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre Instructions to Candidates 1. The time allowed for answering

### GRADUATE/ transfer THEORY PLACEMENT EXAM guide. Texas woman s university

2016-17 GRADUATE/ transfer THEORY PLACEMENT EXAM guide Texas woman s university 1 2016-17 GRADUATE/transferTHEORY PLACEMENTEXAMguide This guide is meant to help graduate and transfer students prepare for

### Assessment Schedule 2017 Music: Demonstrate knowledge of conventions in a range of music scores (91276)

NCEA Level 2 Music (91276) 2017 page 1 of 8 Assessment Schedule 2017 Music: Demonstrate knowledge of conventions in a range of music scores (91276) Assessment Criteria Demonstrating knowledge of conventions

### GRADE 12 SEPTEMBER 2012 MUSIC P1

Province of the EASTERN CAPE EDUCATION NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE 12 SEPTEMBER 2012 MUSIC P1 NAME: MARKS: 125 TIME: 3 hours *MUSDM1* This question paper consists of 21 pages, including a rough work

### MUSC 133 Practice Materials Version 1.2

MUSC 133 Practice Materials Version 1.2 2010 Terry B. Ewell; www.terryewell.com Creative Commons Attribution License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Identify the notes in these examples: Practice

### MUSIC CONTEMPORARY. Western Australian Certificate of Education Examination, Question/Answer Booklet. Stage 3

Western Australian Certificate of Education Examination, 2015 Question/Answer Booklet MUSIC CONTEMPORARY Stage 3 Please place your student identification label in this box Student Number: In figures In

### Music Theory Courses - Piano Program

Music Theory Courses - Piano Program I was first introduced to the concept of flipped classroom learning when my son was in 5th grade. His math teacher, instead of assigning typical math worksheets as

### AP Music Theory Summer Assignment

2017-18 AP Music Theory Summer Assignment Welcome to AP Music Theory! This course is designed to develop your understanding of the fundamentals of music, its structures, forms and the countless other moving

### AP Music Theory Syllabus CHS Fine Arts Department

1 AP Music Theory Syllabus CHS Fine Arts Department Contact Information: Parents may contact me by phone, email or visiting the school. Teacher: Karen Moore Email Address: KarenL.Moore@ccsd.us Phone Number:

### Lesson Week: August 17-19, 2016 Grade Level: 11 th & 12 th Subject: Advanced Placement Music Theory Prepared by: Aaron Williams Overview & Purpose:

Pre-Week 1 Lesson Week: August 17-19, 2016 Overview of AP Music Theory Course AP Music Theory Pre-Assessment (Aural & Non-Aural) Overview of AP Music Theory Course, overview of scope and sequence of AP

### Study Guide. Solutions to Selected Exercises. Foundations of Music and Musicianship with CD-ROM. 2nd Edition. David Damschroder

Study Guide Solutions to Selected Exercises Foundations of Music and Musicianship with CD-ROM 2nd Edition by David Damschroder Solutions to Selected Exercises 1 CHAPTER 1 P1-4 Do exercises a-c. Remember

### PITCH & THE RECORDER. Year 7 Music. Pitch & The Recorder CLANCY CATHOLIC COLLEGE CREATIVE AND PERFORMING ARTS FACULTY

Pitch & The Recorder Year 7 Music CLANCY CATHOLIC COLLEGE CREATIVE AND PERFORMING ARTS FACULTY 1 PITCH & THE RECORDER Aural Activity 1. This music is from which culture? a) Aboriginal b) Chinese c) American

### Basic Music Theory Resource Book and Worksheets, by Rodolfo Gonzalez, Ed. D., Basic Music Theory Resource Book And Worksheets PREVIEW

Basic Music Theory Resource Book And Worksheets By Rodolfo Gonzalez, Ed. D. 2017 1 Table of Contents I. Basic Music Theory Resource Book 1. Staff p. 4 2. Treble Clef p. 4 3. Bass Clef p. 4 4. The Grand

### BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music 9-12/Music Theory

BLUE VALLEY DISTRICT CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION Music 9-12/Music Theory ORGANIZING THEME/TOPIC FOCUS STANDARDS FOCUS UNIT 1: BASIC MUSICIANSHIP Time Frame: 4 Weeks STANDARDS Share music through the use of

### Course Objectives The objectives for this course have been adapted and expanded from the 2010 AP Music Theory Course Description from:

Course Overview AP Music Theory is rigorous course that expands upon the skills learned in the Music Theory Fundamentals course. The ultimate goal of the AP Music Theory course is to develop a student

### 2013 Assessment Report. Music Level 1

National Certificate of Educational Achievement 2013 Assessment Report Music Level 1 91093 Demonstrate aural and theoretical skills through transcription 91094 Demonstrate knowledge of conventions used

### New Zealand Music Examinations Board T H E O R Y - F O U R T H G R A D E. Question 1 TIME and RHYTHM Total Marks 14

vailable Marks Total Marks Gained ENTRNT NME 100 New Zealand Music Examinations oard T H E O R Y - F O U R T H G R D E Time: 9.30 am - 12.30 pm Saturday, 1st November, 200 Time llowed: 3 Hours Write your

### 2014 YEAR 10/11 MUSIC SEMESTER 2

Name: Time Submitted: 2014 YEAR 10/11 MUSIC SEMESTER 2 Friday 28 November: 9.00 A.m. Time: 2 hours Examination material: One question and answer booklet (provided) Scrap Paper Bring your own: Dictionary

### Grade 4 exam questions might include all Simple and Compound duple, triple and quadruple Time. Compound Time signatures:

Time Signatures: Grade 4 exam questions might include all Simple and Compound duple, triple and quadruple Time We have covered so far, Simple Time signatures: 3 2 3 4 2 3 4 8 4 4 4 2 2 2 Compound Time

Past papers for graded exams in music theory 2012 Grade 7 Theory of Music Grade 7 May 2012 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre

### Contents FOREWORD... 5

Contents FOREWORD... 5 2 Unit 1 Lesson 1: The Staff, Notes, and Pitches... 6 Lesson 2: Treble Clef and Staff... 8 Lesson 3: Bass Clef and Staff... 10 Lesson 4: The Grand Staff and Ledger Lines (The Middle

### AP Theory Overview:

AP Theory Overvie: 1. When you miss class, keep up ith assignments on our ebsite: http://saamusictheory.eebly.com/ 2. Take notes using our 'Note-taking paper', or buy: https://scoreclefnotes.com/buy/ 3.

### Music Department Music Literacy Workbook Name

Music Department N4 Music Literacy Workbook Name National 4 Music Literacy Workbook : DMG 2013 Page 1 Contents Assignment 1 Assignment 2 Assignment 3 Assignment 4 Assignment 5 Note Names Notation Rhythm

### Theory of Music Grade 1

Theory of Music Grade 1 May 2010 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre Instructions to Candidates 1. The time allowed for answering

### Syllabus for Fundamentals of Music (MUSI 1313 section 001) UT Dallas Fall 2011 Hours: p.m. JO

Syllabus for Fundamentals of Music (MUSI 1313 section 001) UT Dallas Fall 2011 Hours: 2. 30 3. 45 p.m. JO. 2. 504 Professor Contact Information Dr. Jamila Javadova-Spitzberg, DMA Arts and Humanities JO

### FREEHOLD REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION MUSIC DEPARTMENT MUSIC THEORY 1. Grade Level: 9-12.

FREEHOLD REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION MUSIC DEPARTMENT MUSIC THEORY 1 Grade Level: 9-12 Credits: 5 BOARD OF EDUCATION ADOPTION DATE: AUGUST 30, 2010 SUPPORTING RESOURCES

### Grade Five. MyMusicTheory.com. Music Theory Practice Test. (ABRSM Syllabus) BY VICTORIA WILLIAMS BA MUSIC AMUSTCL

MyMusicTheory.com Grade Five Music Theory Practice Test (ABRSM Syllabus) BY VICTORIA WILLIAMS BA MUSIC AMUSTCL www.mymusictheory.com Published: 7th February 2017 1 TIME LIMIT: 2 HOURS PASS MARK: 66% MERIT:

### Theory of Music Grade 1

Theory of Music Grade 1 November 2007 Your full name (as on appointment slip). Please use BLOCK CAPITALS. Your signature Registration number Centre Instructions to Candidates 1. The time allowed for answering

### Chorale Completion Cribsheet

Fingerprint One (3-2 - 1) Chorale Completion Cribsheet Fingerprint Two (2-2 - 1) You should be able to fit a passing seventh with 3-2-1. If you cannot do so you have made a mistake (most commonly doubling)

### Cadet Music Theory Workbook. Level One

Name: Unit: Cadet Music Theory Workbook Level One Level One Dotted Notes and Rests 1. In Level Basic you studied the values of notes and rests. 2. There exists another sign of value. It is the dot placed

### Musicianship Question booklet 1. Examination information

1 Question booklet 1 Part 1: Theory, aural recognition, and musical techniques Section 1 (Questions 1 to 18) 122 marks Section 2 (Questions 19 and 20) 18 marks Answer all questions in Part 1 Write your