2 Look at the photo. nswer the questions. 1 What are these people doing? 2 Does you ever have to do this? 3 What kind of phone do you have now? Do you like it? UNIT GOLS 1 Use formal and informal language on the phone 2 Talk about phone etiquette 3 Discuss plans and opinions 4 Describe your personal phone habits In the country of Djibouti, migrants from Somalia search for a phone signal in order to call home _U10_rev05_ indd 141
3 Lesson using the telephone 1 Video B onference all in Real Life What are the challenges of holding a conference call with people in many different places? Discuss with a partner. Read about the challenges of conference calls below. Then watch and check off the ones you see in the video. The challenges of conference calls Some people are late in joining the call. The conversation can be awkward. The calls are too expensive. There are too many outside interruptions. People talk at the same time. No one leads the call. You can t hear well. Word Bank conference call or teleconference is a telephone meeting for people in different locations. Each person joins the meeting by calling in on a separate phone, entering an access code, and saying their name. Some people leave the call early. Do you think conference calls are useful? Why or why not? Discuss with a partner. 142 Unit 10 Telephoning 50992_U10_rev05_ indd 142
4 2 Vocabulary Word Bank Phrases with phone answer the phone hang up the phone turn on your phone turn off your phone mute / silence your phone be on the phone / talk on the phone borrow / use someone s phone Phrases with call call someone / make a call call someone back / return a call get a call from someone screen your calls Phrases with message get a (text / phone) message leave a message 1 / send a message 2 check your (text / phone) messages take a message 1 You leave a (voice) message on the phone. 2 You send text messages. Look at the Word Bank. Use a dictionary to look up any words you don t know. B Use the Word Bank to complete the dialogs below. Use the correct form of the verb. In some cases, more than one answer may be possible. 1. : Emily just called. She s running five minutes late. B: Really? But the movie is starting in five minutes! : Let s her a text message. Now, what should we tell her? 2. : Hello, is Mr. hoi there? B: He is, but he s the phone right now. : Oh, OK. an I a message for him? 3. : Your phone is ringing. re you going to it? B: No, I m not. I m my calls. : I see. Who are you trying to avoid? 4. : an I your phone for a second? B: Sure. Here you go. : Thanks. I have to a couple of calls right away. 5. : Your phone is beeping. I think you need to your text messages. B: You re right. Wow! I just 13 new messages! : Really? Who are they from? Work with a partner. hoose one of the dialogs in B. dd two more lines to it. Then perform your dialog for another pair. LESSON Using the telephone _U10_rev05_ indd 143
5 3 Listening Pronunciation: Stress in clarification questions. Listen to the dialog. Notice the intonation of B s sentence. Why does B stress the underlined number? D 2 Track 26 : My number is B: ? : Yes B Pronunciation: Stress in clarification questions. Listen and complete the dialogs. D 2 Track : My Skype username is nancy_p12. B: Did you say? : No, p12. That s p as in Paul. 2. : My username B:? : That s correct. 3. : My address is B: Was that at sf.edu? : No, it s joy m as in Mary. Many people use Skype to communicate with friends, family, and coworkers around the world. How to say these = at _ = underscore # = hashtag D Practice the dialogs in B with a partner. Then use your own information and practice again. Read the sentences below. Then listen to six dialogs. In each dialog, what could be said next? hoose the best response. D 2 Track a. OK, I ll check my messages. b. No, thanks. I ll call back later. c. Yes, I left a message. 2. a. Please leave me a message, and I ll call you back. b. Would you like to leave a message? c. May I ask who s calling? 3. a. When is a good time to call? b. OK, I ll return your call. c. Thanks, I will. 4. a. No, he sent me a text message. b. He can t come to class today. c. I don t know. He hung up. 5. a. re you screening your calls? b. heck your text messages. c. Hang up and call me back. 6. a. You can make a call. b. Don t forget to silence your phone. c. an I borrow your phone? E Listen and check your answers. D 2 Track 29 F What does the voic greeting on your cell phone say? Say it to a partner in English. 144 Unit 10 Telephoning 50992_U10_rev05_ indd 144
6 4 Speaking elia and Lisa are chatting when their phone call is interrupted. Listen to the conversations. Which one is more formal? D 2 Track 30 Lisa: elia: Lisa: elia: Lisa: elia: Lisa: Prof. Larson: Hello? Lisa? Hi. It s elia. Oh, hey, elia. How are you doing? Pretty good. So, are you ready for the big test tomorrow? lmost, but I have one question... (phone beeps) Oh, elia... can you hang on? I ve got another call coming in. Yeah, no problem. Hello? Yes, hello. May I speak to Lisa Sanchez, please? Lisa: Prof. Larson: Lisa: Prof. Larson: Lisa: elia: Speaking. Lisa, this is Professor Larson. You left me a message earlier today. You had a question about tomorrow s exam. Oh, right. Professor Larson, could you hold for a moment? Of course. Hello, elia? an I call you back? I have to take the other call. Sure. Talk to you later. B Practice the conversation in with two classmates. Use your own names in the conversation. Speaking Strategy D Make the conversation below more formal by changing the underlined words. Use the Useful Expressions to help you. Then practice it with a partner. : Hello? B: Hi. Is Kurt there? : Who s calling? B: This is Martin. : OK, hang on. B: Sure. : Sorry, he s not in. an I take a message? B: No, thanks. I ll call back later. reate two phone conversations with your partner. One should be informal. The other should be more formal. sking for someone and responding sking for identification of caller sking someone to wait Taking a message Useful Expressions Using the Telephone Hi, Lisa? / Hi. Is Lisa there? Hello. May / ould / an I speak to Lisa, please? [formal] This is Lisa. / Speaking. Who s calling? May I ask who s calling? [formal] Hang on. / an you hang on (for a moment / second)? Would / ould you hold (for a moment / second)? [formal] an I take a message? May I take a message? [formal] Would you like to leave a message? [formal] E Perform your conversations for another pair. an they guess which one is more formal? LESSON Using the telephone _U10_rev05_ indd 145
7 5 Grammar Turn to page 214. omplete the exercises. Then do B D below. sking for Permission Would it be OK if I used your phone? Would you mind Do you mind if I use your phone? May / ould / an I use your phone? Responses ertainly. / Of course. / Sure, no problem. (I m) sorry, but No, not at all. / No, go ahead. (I m) sorry, but No, not at all. / No, go ahead. (I m) sorry, but ertainly. / Of course. / Sure, no problem. (I m) sorry, but B Look at the photo. The passenger is asking the flight attendant for permission. Use the words in parentheses to complete the questions. 1. (move to another seat) Would you? 2. (have a vegetarian meal) May? 3. (use the restroom now) Would it? 4. (turn on my laptop now) an? Read each situation. Use the verbs in parentheses to ask permission. 1. Your friend is doing his or her homework. You have finished your homework, and you want to watch TV. sk permission informally. (turn on) 2. You re invited to a party on Saturday night. You want your friend to go, too. sk the host s permission a little formally. (bring) 3. You were sick yesterday and missed an important test in class. You want to take it this Friday. sk your teacher s permission formally. (take) 4. Your teacher doesn t allow phones in class. You are waiting for an important text and need to leave your phone on silent. sk your teacher s permission formally. (check) D With a partner, take turns asking and answering the questions in. Refuse (say no to) one request and give a reason why. 146 Unit 10 Telephoning 50992_U10_rev05_ indd 146
8 6 ommunication Get into groups of three: Student, Student B, and Student. Read the instructions. Student : hoose one piece of good news from the list below. I bought a new car! I got an on my exam! I ve got two tickets to a concert! I found your lost wallet! I got a new job! your idea: Student B: Have a piece of paper and a pen ready to write down a message. Student : hoose a reason you are busy from the list below. You re taking a nap. You re at the library. You re out with friends. your idea: B Work with your group. Follow the steps below. Step 1: Student has some good news for Student, but Student B answers the phone. Student B explains why Student is busy and takes Student s message. : Hello. May I speak to Bianca, please? B: I m sorry, she s taking a nap. an I take a message? : Yes. This is Ernesto. Would you tell her I found her wallet? B: Sure, no problem. What s your number? : It s... Step 2: Student B writes down the message and gives the information to Student. l : : WHILE YOU WERE OUT : : l Ernesto called. Time: 3:30 Message: He found your wallet. Phone number: Remember! How to make a request an / ould / Will / Would you answer the phone? OK. / Sure, no problem. / I d be glad to. Would you mind answering the phone? No, not at all. / No, I d be glad to. Step 3: Student calls Student back to find out about the good news. sk at least two questions. : Hi, Ernesto. It s Bianca. : Hi, Bianca. I have some good news. I found your wallet. : That s great! Where did you find it? : In the school cafeteria. : Thanks a lot, Ernesto. ould you bring it to school tomorrow? Switch roles so everyone gets a chance to play each role. LESSON Using the telephone _U10_rev05_ indd 147
9 Lesson B lways connected It is polite to step aside if you need to use your phone in a busy place. 1 vocabulary Read the quiz. Pay attention to the words and in blue. Use your dictionary to help you. Talk about the meanings of the words with a partner. Then complete the chart with a word or phrase in blue. If you respond to a question, you answer it. The opposite is ignore. B Take the quiz. heck ( ) your answers. add / post Word ban polite raise your voice respond thoughtless turn down (the music) turn down (a request) delete ignore Opposite Explain your answers in B to a partner. Phone Etiquette: How polite are you? 1. You re on a date. You get a text from a friend. What do you do? heck it and respond right away. Ignore the message. nswering it now would be rude. My idea: 2. The person next to you on the bus is listening to loud music. What do you do? sk him to turn down the music. You don t want to hear it! Put on your headphones and turn up your music loud, too. My idea: 3. I think we should... ban phones in crowded places like subways and airplanes. No one should be able to use them. allow phones everywhere. I should always be able to use my phone. My idea: 4. When talking on my phone in public, I usually... raise my voice so the caller can hear me clearly. lower my voice. I don t want others to hear my conversation. My idea: 5. You want to post some funny photos of your friend online, but the photos might be embarrassing. What do you do? Show your friend the photos first. It s the thoughtful thing to do. Post the photos. If he doesn t like them, you can delete them. My idea: 6. You just started a new job, and your boss sends you a friend request on social media. What do you do? ccept the request. He must like me! Turn down the request. I don t want people at work seeing my personal information. My idea: 148 Unit 10 Telephoning 50992_U10_rev05_ indd 148
10 2 Listening Listen for gist. Read the sentences below. Then listen to three different conversations and choose the best answer for each sentence. D 2 Track 31 onversation 1 1. The speakers are in a. a. classroom b. restaurant c. movie theater onversation 2 2. The speakers are a party. a. taking photos at b. posting pictures from c. looking at photos from onversation 3 3. The speakers are waiting for their friend Manny. Manny is. a. late for a party b. still at school c. talking on his phone B Listen for details; Infer information. Listen again and choose the best answer. D 2 Track 31 onversation 1 1. The man is asking the girl to. a. turn off her phone b. lower her voice c. turn down her music 2. The girl. a. apologizes and b. ignores the man c. gets angry with the man agrees onversation 2 3. The girl thinks the photo of her is. a. thoughtful b. silly c. terrible 4. The girl decides to. a. ignore people s b. tell onnor to c. both a and b comments delete the photos onversation 3 5. The guy texts Manny, and Manny. a. responds right b. ignores the text c. calls the guy away 6. The girl thinks Manny is. a. polite b. angry c. thoughtless Word Bank If a person does something at the last minute, he or she does it at the latest time possible. nswer the questions with a partner. 1. In each conversation, what happened? Use your answers in and B to help you explain. 2. Have any of these things ever happened to you? In the first conversation, the girl was and the man asked her to LESSON B lways connected _U10_rev05_ indd 149
11 3 Reading Read for the gist. Read the title and first paragraph on the next page. Tell a partner: What does the new law do? B Read for opinions. Read the article. Then complete the sentences below. Why does each person have this opinion about cell phones and driving? Write a reason. 1. Simon thinks some / all cell phone use should be allowed / banned. Reason: PHONE-FREE ON THE ROD? 2. lexis thinks some / all cell phone use should be allowed / banned. Reason: 3. nn thinks some / all cell phone use should be allowed / banned. Reason: Infer meaning. Find these expressions in the reading: come on, I mean, look Match each expression with its meaning. Use this expression to 1. say you disagree with something 2. make something you ve just said clearer 3. introduce an important point D Summarize and evaluate; Exemplify. Work in a group of three. Follow the steps below. 1. Each person should take one person s comment and read it aloud. Try to read with feeling. 2. Role-play a conversation among the three people. Talk about the law and your opinion about it. Try to make the others agree with you. 3. Whose opinion(s) from the reading do you agree with? Why? 150 Unit 10 Telephoning 50992_U10_rev05_ indd 150
12 new law bans all cell phone use while you are driving including talking on the phone and texting. The fine 1 for breaking the law 2 is high, but many drivers are ignoring the ban. What do you think about this problem? Simon R. Peru Look, I ve got a phone, and I m glad to have it. But come on! Talking on the phone, checking social media, or texting while you re driving is crazy. nd yet, I see people doing things like this every day. Using your phone and driving at the same time causes accidents. There have been many studies to prove this. My question is, where are the police? They don t seem to care, so it s easy for drivers to ignore the law. When people are afraid of getting a large fine, phone use in the car will stop. Everyone needs to learn that when you drive, you should turn off your phone. It s very simple! lexis. Greece Ok, I agree texting while driving is hazardous. But can we really ban all phone use in cars? For example, yesterday I was driving home, and I saw an accident on the road. I called and reported it. Did I stop driving to make the call? No. But did I help someone? Yes. We need to talk more about this new law. I just don t think the answer to the problem is so simple. nn T. hina I don t think we can ban all phone use in cars especially if you use a hands-free device 3 while driving, like I do. Sometimes my friend is in the car with me. I talk to her while I m driving. Is that dangerous? I mean, isn t talking on the phone the same as talking to a passenger? In my opinion, they are the same, and so I think we should be able to chat on the phone while we re driving. 1 fine is money you pay when you break a law. 2 If you break a law, you do something illegal. 3 hands-free device allows you to use your phone in the car without touching it or looking at it. LESSON B lways connected _U10_rev05_ indd 151
13 4 Grammar Turn to page 215. omplete the exercises. Then do B and below. Verb + Infinitive vs. Verb + Gerund I need to buy a new phone. I avoid talking on the phone when I m driving. I tried to call / calling you earlier. ertain verbs can be followed by an infinitive: agree, decide, hope, learn, need, plan, seem, want, would like ertain verbs can be followed by a gerund: appreciate, avoid, dislike, enjoy, feel like, keep ertain verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund: begin, can t stand, hate, like, love, prefer, start, try B How do you feel about the activities below? Write sentences in your notebook, using the verbs in the box. avoid can t stand / hate enjoy like (not) mind need prefer Example: I hate talking on the phone. I prefer to text people. 1. talk on the phone 2. respond to texts late at night 3. walk and text at the same time 4. take selfies in public 5. post weird photos of myself online 6. say mean things on social media 7. play games on my phone 8. accept friend requests from strangers online Work in a small group. ompare your answers in B. I can t stand when people take selfies in public. Really? I think it s fun. 152 Unit 10 Telephoning 50992_U10_rev05_ indd 152
14 5 Writing Read the question and the paragraph. Then discuss with a partner: What is the writer s opinion? What examples does she give to explain her opinion? B List all the ways you use your phone in a day. Then use your notes and the sample to write a paragraph that answers the question. Use at least two verbs from the grammar chart. Exchange papers with a partner. 1. nswer the questions in the direction line in. ircle any mistakes in your partner s paper. 2. Return the paper to your partner. Make corrections to your own paragraph. 3. re you and your partner similar or different? Why do you think people spend so much time on their phones? Question: Do you spend a lot of time on your phone? Why or why not? Yes, I spend a lot of time on my phone. For example, when I wake up, I check my phone and I respond to texts right away. Then I check social media. When I have breakfast, I can t stand just eating. I prefer to watch a video or play a game. Even at the bus stop, I dislike just waiting. I usually call a friend or browse the Internet. t night, I avoid doing my homework by using my phone. I text my friends or listen to music. My mom tried to ban phones from 7:00 to 10:00 PM in our house, but it didn t work. We are all addicted to our phones! 6 ommunication Work in a group of four. Felipe is 11 years old. He wants a phone. Each group member should choose one person below. Read only the information for your part. Word Bank If you are addicted to something, you can t stop doing it B Felipe Dias I want to get a phone. ll my friends have one. I need one to text my friends, watch videos, and play games. nd without a phone, I don t know what my friends are doing. Mrs. Dias I don t mind getting Felipe a phone. He has so many after-school activities, and I worry about him. I can t stand wondering where he is. I want to be able to text or call him if I have to. Role-play a discussion among the four people. Each person should explain his or her opinion. Bring in your own ideas, too. Try to make the other people agree with you. Mr. Dias I ve avoided getting Felipe a phone. I know he wants one, but I prefer to wait another year. Do you know how many adults are addicted to their phones? I mean, at his age, Felipe should be playing sports, not staring at a screen. Felipe s school principal ell phones are convenient, but too much phone use can be bad for children s brains. lso, there are lots of problems these days with Internet bullying at school, and phones make this easy. Texting in class is also a problem. I don t think kids should bring phones to school. ome on, Dad. I need a phone. ll my friends have one! Should Felipe get a phone? Why or why not? What is your group s final decision? Tell the class. Look, Felipe, you don t need to have a cell phone. LESSON B lways connected _U10_rev05_ indd 153
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Introduction to tense shifting GRAMMAR LEVEL NUMBER LANGUAGE Advanced C1_2021G_EN English Goals Learn about tense shifting, using reported speech as an example. Practise tense shifting in various situations.
1 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR 1 Put the words in the correct order. Example: is Lily now what doing? What is Lily doing now? 1 read every do a day newspaper you? 2 wearing are they
2 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation B GRAMMAR 1 Complete the time expressions with for or since. Example: for many years 1 Monday 2 the lecture began 3 a really long time 4 a couple of weeks we met
Written test 2 Name: Date: Total Score /100 points A B Alice is calling a restaurant. Listen to the phone conversation. Circle the correct answers. www.languagecentre.ir 1. Alice is calling the restaurant
5A Now and then 5 We ve gotten along well since we met. Grammar Present perfect with for and since Vocabulary Collocations with make and do Function Talk about length of time Get started 1 How would you
Test 1 PAPER 1 READING AND WRITING (1 hour 1 minutes) PART 1 QUESTIONS 1 5 Which notice (A H) says this (1 5)? For questions 1 5, mark the correct letter A H on your answer sheet. You must use this door
Gerunds: Subject and Object Prof Marcelo Pereira de Leão Running for Office 1 Voting is an important responsibility. Let s discuss improving our schools. I will keep fighting for a new hospital. Running
Classify the following adjectives as positive or negative. Choose the correct answer. helpful/ reliable/ offensive/ annoying/ Fun/ Lovable/ unfair Choose the word or phrase that correctly completes each
HEALTHY RELATIONSHIPS PUPPET SHOWS These puppet shows were developed by the Spokane County (Washington State) Domestic Violence Consortium Education Committee. These can be adapted to be sensitive to the
www.breaking News English.com Ready-to-use ESL / EFL Lessons BBC to put programs online URL: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/0508/050828-bbc-e.html Today s contents The Article 2 Warm-ups 3 Before Reading
Child s name (first & last) after* about along a lot accept a* all* above* also across against am also* across* always afraid American and* an add another afternoon although as are* after* anything almost
SELLING NI T POWER U IN THE PICTURE In a store Talk about shopping WORK WITH WORDS RECALL Work in pairs. Do the tasks. You have three minutes. a Name at least eight stores. bakery b Complete the phrases
Let s Master English Podcast Episode 16 is dictated by Joaquin, Margherita, Yuka, Bertha and MaxJoaquin Hello everybody! You re listening to Let s Master English and my name is Coach Shane. How are you
CLSS Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation GRMMR 1 Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the verb in parentheses. Example: I usually get up (get up) at seven o clock. 1 Tod (watch) TV at the
PTE Young Learners - Breakthrough Hello kids, hello boys and girls. Today s test is Breakthrough. Tasks One and Two are listening. Good luck and have fun!! Task One: Let s Go to the Zoo Mrs Brown is talking
Imagining Level: 1º de Bachillerato. Grammar: Conditions type I, II and III. Phrasal verb to come Functions: Talking about imaginary situations and concepts. Vocabulary: Vocabulary related to human behaviour,
a I love this job! Grammar: Present simple and present continuous Match the questions ( 0) to the answers (a j) MY LIFE What does your dad do? Where do you usually go on Fridays? Do you often read in bed?
3 Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation A GRAMMAR 1 Make sentences about future arrangements using the present continuous. Example: you / see / Tom tomorrow? Are you seeing Tom tomorrow? 1 I / spend /
American Herbert Puchta & Jeff Stranks Gunther Gerngross Christian Holzmann Peter Lewis-Jones Interactive CD-ROM with Student s Book U N I T 1 Football? Soccer? Grammar simple present, present continuous,
PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB RU, UK 40
Level: Upper Intermediate Lesson: 24 Title: Getting Away Summary: Denise and Lisa are chatting over the phone about getting away. Denise and Lisa are chatting over the phone. Listen to their conversation