1 ST MODULE. The Present Perfect Tense Class 1. How to form the Present Perfect. Ele é presente ou passado? Simple Past x Past Participle

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1 The Present Perfect Tense Class 1 1 ST MODULE How to form the Present Perfect have/has + verb in the Past Participle I have seen that movie. (I ve seen that movie.) I haven t seen that movie. Have you seen that movie? Sue has gone out. (Sue s gone out.) Sue hasn t gone out. Has Sue gone out? Ele é presente ou passado? Presente: I ve known Beth for 6 months. She s lived in Mexico since Passado: I ve been to Paris several times. He s lost his key. Simple Past x Past Participle Regular Verbs: CALL CALLED CALLED STUDY STUDIED STUDIED PLAY PLAYED PLAYED LIVE LIVED LIVED TALK TALKED TALKED FINISH FINISHED FINISHED

2 Simple Past x Past Participle Irregular Verbs: BE WAS/WERE BEEN GO WENT GONE SEE SAW SEEN DO DID DONE GET GOT GOTTEN (GOT) EAT ATE EATEN Simple Past: I went to Peru on my last vacation. Natasha ate scrambled eggs for breakfast this morning. Present Perfect: I have lost my wallet. The president has resigned. Simple Past x Present Perfect I ve been to Canada last year. He s ate a lot. We ve finished the Project. Jane haven t read that book. You have seen that movie? I ve lived in the US in My parents has arrived. Spot the Mistakes The Present Perfect Tense Class 2 Past Experiences: -I heard South Africa is an amazing country! 1. Oh yeah, I ve been there several times. 2. Oh yeah, I went there last year.

3 Past Experiences -Everybody says caviar isn t very tasty. Have you tried it? 1. I ve tried it once. 2. Yes, I have. I ate caviar at my wedding party. Common questions with the verb be -Have you been to the USA? Yes, I have. I went there 2 years ago. -Has your sister been to that new coffee shop around the corner? Yes, she s been there twice. She like it very much. Bob has been to India. X Bob has gone to India. Did you know that? been I ve been to London once. Have you been to Australia? gone Where is Lucy? She s gone to work. / She s gone to Toronto. Common questions with other verbs -Have you read Paulo Coelho s latest book? Yes, I have. I read it last month. -Have you seen The Green Mile? Yes, I have. What a touching movie! I saw it 2 years ago.

4 -Fill in the blanks appropriately. you Titanic (the movie)? Yes, I it 5 times. your sister to Paris? She there once. She there on her last vacation. you The Little Prince (the book)? Yes, I it twice. My mother me that book on my last birthday. -Fill in the blanks appropriately. Homework 1. you as a flight attendant? Yes, I. I for Emirates Airlines from 2008 to you on your last vacation? (to travel) Yes, I. I to New York. you there? No, I, but my brother there twice. 3. you Star Wars? Yes, I. I it with my best friend last Sunday. 4. you to that new Japanese restaurant? No, I, but Ashley there 3 times. She said the food was great! The Present Perfect Tense Class 3 With Present Results I ve broken my leg. I won t go to work today. I ve lost my phone. I can t find it anywhere. -Where is Sally? She s gone out.

5 Recent happenings Ouch! I ve cut my finger. Why is this road congested? There has been an accident. The president has resigned. He made a speech yesterday and said he was very sick. Write the past participle of the following verbs. To be To break To take Fill in the blanks with the verbs from the previous exercise. -Why is Joshua crying? He his arm. -You look so sad, what s wrong? I fired. The Prime Minister a flight to Mexico. Homework -Write the past participle of the following verbs. to go up to find to go to improve to have to leave to call to see

6 Homework -Fill in the blanks appropriately. 1. I am very excited! I a new job. 2. The train tickets were U$12,00, but now they cost U$20,00. The price. 3. Where is John? He for work. 4. Kate is in hospital. She a baby. 5. I can t find my phone. you it? 6. I can t take you to dinner, my boss me. 7. Your English is much better now, you a lot. 8. Bob is on leave. He to Japan. The Present Perfect Tense CLASS 4 Present Perfect + EVER -Have you ever been to New Zealand? Yes, I have. I went there last year. -Have you ever eaten kimichi? No, I haven t. -Have you ever been abroad? Yes, I have been to Argentina once. When to use been -Have you ever been to Bali? Yes, I have. I went there with my family in SWIMMING ICE SKATING SKIING CYCLING RUNNING KARATE YOGA JUDO BALLET EXERCISE Play? Go? Do? VOLLEYBALL BASKETBALL SOCCER TENNIS RUGBY

7 -Fill in the blanks appropriately. Have you ever to Canada? Have you ever ice skating? Have you ever yoga? Have you ever karate? Have you ever abroad? Present Perfect + Simple Past -Have you ever been to China? Yes, I ve been there once. I went there last year. It was an amazing experience! -Have you ever gone ice skating? Yes, I ve gone ice skating 2 or 3 times. I went ice skating last weekend with my best friend. It was so much fun! Write the past and the past participle of the following verbs. To be To see To break To eat To go -Fill in the blanks and answer the questions. Have you ever to Rio de Janeiro? Have you ever surfing? Have you ever a leg/an arm? Have you ever paella? Have you ever a Broadway show?

8 Recap In today s class we learned... When to use Have you ever...? and how to answer this question; The difference between go / play / do (sports) The Present Perfect Tense CLASS 5 Superlatives - Review -Long adjectives Interesting Beautiful Exciting The most + adjective+ noun Eg. Porto de Galinhas is one of the most beautiful beaches in Pernambuco. Superlatives - Review -Short adjectives Nice Tall Short Eg. My father is the tallest person in my family. The + adjective + est + noun Superlatives - Review -Adjectives ending in Y Spicy healthy Funny The + adjective (Y) + iest + noun Eg. My brother is the funniest person in my family.

9 Superlatives - Review -Exceptions Good bad The + best/worst + noun Eg. He is the best student in my English class. Present Perfect + ever Avatar was the most exciting movie I have ever seen. Avatar was one of the most exciting movies I have ever seen. That was the most delicious pizza I ve ever eaten. That was on of the most delicious pizza I ve ever eaten. Harry Potter was the best book I ve ever read. Harry Potter was one of the best books I ve ever read. Present Perfect + ever (been to) Fernando de Noronha is the most beautiful beach I ve ever been to. Fernando de Noronha is one of the most beautiful beaches I ve ever been to. New York is the most exciting city I ve ever been to. New York is one of the most exciting cities I ve ever been to. Adele is the best singer ever. That was the best concert ever. He is the funniest guy ever. Did you know that?

10 Eg. You met Paul yesterday. He is such a nice guy. Paul is the nicest guy I ve ever met. Paul is one of the nicest guys I ve ever met. 1. You finished eating an amazing risotto. 2. You went to New Zealand on your vacation. It is such an exciting country! 3. You saw Titanic. It was such a long movie! 4. You finished reading The Lord of the rings. It was such a great book! 1. You finished eating an amazing risotto. That was the most amazing risotto I ve ever eaten. That was one of the most amazing risottos I ve ever eaten. 2. You went to New Zealand on your vacation. It is such an exciting country! New Zealand is the most exciting country I ve ever been to. New Zealand is one of the most exciting countries I ve ever been to. 3. You saw Titanic. It was such a long movie! Titanic is the longest movie I ve ever seen. Titanic is one of the longest movies I ve ever seen. 4. You finished reading The Lord of the Rings. It was such a great book! The Lord of the Rings was the greatest book I ve ever read. The Lord of the Rings was one of the greatest books I ve ever read. -Write sentences A book / great A movie / bad A place / beautiful A person / funny Homework

11 The Present Perfect Tense Class 6 JUST I ve just taken a shower. JUST I ve just had breakfast. I ve just got home. Mary has just finished her homework. They ve just called me. What has just happened? She s just woken up. She s just taken a shower. They ve just had a fight. He s just won the lottery. She s just come back from the gym. He s just had a car accident. The Present Perfect Tense CLASS 7 Already - Pronunciation Already Always Law Almost

12 Already I ve already been to London. I ve already had lunch. My sister has already taken a shower. She s already spoken to Mark. Already -Would you like to go to the movies with us? We are going to watch Spiderman. No, thanks. I ve already seen that movie twice. -Would you like to join us for dinner? No, thanks. I ve already eaten. -Can I come by to pick you up? Sure. I ve already taken a shower. I ll be ready in two shakes. Do the laundry (done) Do the dishes (done) Do the ironing (done) Sweep the floor (swept) Mop the floor (mopped) Take out the garbage (taken) Walk/feed the dog (walked/fed) Already Household chores Already Business trip checklist To book a hotel room (booked) To book a flight (booked) To pack (packed) To schedule a meeting with a supplier/manufacturer (scheduled) To inform your senior (informed)

13 The Present Perfect Tense Class 8 Yet The car is beautiful, yet expensive. Brazil is amazing, yet dangerous. I ve studied a lot, yet I don t feel I prepared. Yet (negative) I haven t had lunch yet. My sister hasn t taken a shower yet. Mary hasn t spoken to Bob yet. He hasn t left home yet. Yet -Would you like to go to the movies with us? We are going to watch Spiderman? Sure. I haven t seen that movie yet -Would you like to join us for dinner? That d be great! I haven t eaten yet. -Can I come by to pick you up? Sorry, I m a little late. I haven t taken a shower yet. 1. Harry Potter to read (you) 2. Pocahontas to see (your kid) 3. Lunch to have (your father) 4. Your boss to speak (you) 5. Your wife/husband to call (you) 6. The laundry to do (you) 7. The garbage to take out (your son)

14 1. I haven t read Harry Potter yet. 2. My kid hasn t seen Pocahontas yet. 3. My father hasn t had lunch yet. 4. I haven t spoken to my boss yet. 5. I haven t called my wife/husband yet. 6. I haven t done the laundry yet. 7. My son hasn t taken out the garbage yet. The Present Perfect Tense Class 9 Have you eaten yet? Has Lucy called you yet? Have you finished your homework yet? Yet (questions) You ve asked your secretary to schedule a meeting with the suppliers, finish the weekly report, repply to all your customers s and book your flight for your next business trip. You call her 2 hours later. What would you ask her? Yet (negative) You ve asked your secretary to schedule a meeting with the suppliers, finish the weekly report, repply to all your customers s and book your flight for your next business trip. You call her. 2 hours later. What would you ask her? Have you scheduled the meeting with suppliers yet? Have you finished the weekly report yet? Have you repplied to all my customers s yet? Have you booked my flight yet?

15 Ever x Yet -Have you ever eaten oysters? No, I haven t. -Have you ever gone on a safari? Yes, I ve done it twice. -Have you finished your homework yet? No, not yet. -Has your secretary booked your flight yet? Yes, she has. The Present Perfect Tense Class 10 NEVER I ve never eaten sushi. I ve never been to Thailand. She s never been abroad. NEVER...BEFORE -Would you like to go to that new Japanese restaurant? Sure. I ve never been there before. I am so excited to meet Adele. I ve never met a famous person before. -Have you ever gone skydiving? No, I ve never gone skydiving. No, I haven t gone skydiving yet. NEVER X YET

16 Ever x Yet -Have you ever eaten paella? No, I ve never eaten paella. No, I haven t eaten paella yet. Yes, I ve already eaten paella once. -To see / A Broadway show Have you ever seen a Broadway show? No, I ve never seen a Broadway show. No, I haven t seen a Broadway show yet. Yes, I ve already seen a Broadway show once.

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